Community Functional Responses to Soil and Climate at Multiple Spatial Scales: When Does Intraspecific Variation Matter?
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{"title"=>"Community functional responses to soil and climate at multiple spatial scales: When does intraspecific variation matter?", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Andrew", "last_name"=>"Siefert", "scopus_author_id"=>"56618633700"}, {"first_name"=>"Jason D.", "last_name"=>"Fridley", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701851263"}, {"first_name"=>"Mark E.", "last_name"=>"Ritchie", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102927055"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"25329794", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0111189", "sgr"=>"84908181098", "isbn"=>"19326203 (ISSN)", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84908181098", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"600198834"}, "id"=>"b2933951-6940-3b7b-8022-22f496a9fccc", "abstract"=>"Despite increasing evidence of the importance of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities, its role in community trait responses to environmental variation, particularly along broad-scale climatic gradients, is poorly understood. We analyzed functional trait variation among early-successional herbaceous plant communities (old fields) across a 1200-km latitudinal extent in eastern North America, focusing on four traits: vegetative height, leaf area, specific leaf area (SLA), and leaf dry matter content (LDMC). We determined the contributions of species turnover and intraspecific variation to between-site functional dissimilarity at multiple spatial scales and community trait responses to edaphic and climatic factors. Among-site variation in community mean trait values and community trait responses to the environment were generated by a combination of species turnover and intraspecific variation, with species turnover making a greater contribution for all traits. The relative importance of intraspecific variation decreased with increasing geographic and environmental distance between sites for SLA and leaf area. Intraspecific variation was most important for responses of vegetative height and responses to edaphic compared to climatic factors. Individual species displayed strong trait responses to environmental factors in many cases, but these responses were highly variable among species and did not usually scale up to the community level. These findings provide new insights into the role of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities and the factors controlling its relative importance. The contribution of intraspecific variation to community trait responses was greatest at fine spatial scales and along edaphic gradients, while species turnover dominated at broad spatial scales and along climatic gradients.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/community-functional-responses-soil-climate-multiple-spatial-scales-intraspecific-variation-matter-3", "reader_count"=>81, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>23, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>19, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>8, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>23, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>19, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>31, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>45, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>45}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>31}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>3, "Brazil"=>2, "France"=>4, "Australia"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1724391"], "description"=>"<p>Positive covariation indicates that sites dominated by species with high trait values also have individuals with higher than average trait values for their species.</p><p>Percentages of total variation in community-weighted mean trait values due to species turnover, intraspecific variation, and their covariation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ldmc", "intraspecific variation", "leaf area", "Intraspecific Variation Matter", "community trait responses", "intraspecific trait variation", "sla", "community Functional Responses", "factor", "plant communities", "species turnover"], "article_id"=>1209996, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Andrew Siefert", "Jason D. Fridley", "Mark E. Ritchie"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentages_of_total_variation_in_community_weighted_mean_trait_values_due_to_species_turnover_intraspecific_variation_and_their_covariation_/1209996", "title"=>"Percentages of total variation in community-weighted mean trait values due to species turnover, intraspecific variation, and their covariation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-20 02:48:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1724384"], "description"=>"<p>Examples of relationships between trait values of individual species and important environmental predictors are shown for each trait measured in the study: (A) height vs. soil P; (B) leaf area vs. mean annual precipitation; (C) specific leaf area vs. soil pH; (D) leaf dry matter content vs. mean annual precipitation. Points represent site-specific mean trait values of all species sampled in each site. Mean trait values and best fit lines from linear regressions are indicated for the five most abundant and widespread species in the study area: <i>Andropogon virginicus</i>, <i>Poa pratensis</i>, <i>Schedonorus pratensis</i>, <i>Solidago altissima</i>, and <i>Solidago rugosa</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ldmc", "intraspecific variation", "leaf area", "Intraspecific Variation Matter", "community trait responses", "intraspecific trait variation", "sla", "community Functional Responses", "factor", "plant communities", "species turnover"], "article_id"=>1209992, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Andrew Siefert", "Jason D. Fridley", "Mark E. Ritchie"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Intraspecific_trait_responses_to_environment_/1209992", "title"=>"Intraspecific trait responses to environment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-20 02:48:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1724393"], "description"=>"<p>Results are shown for the best edaphic and climatic models for each trait as determined by stepwise selection, including the predictor variables retained in each model and the direction of their effects (negative or positive) on the community trait value. Abbreviations: SLA, specific leaf area; LDMC, leaf dry matter content; predictor variables abbreviated as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189#pone-0111189-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>.</p><p>Relationships between community-weighted mean trait values and environmental variables measured in the study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ldmc", "intraspecific variation", "leaf area", "Intraspecific Variation Matter", "community trait responses", "intraspecific trait variation", "sla", "community Functional Responses", "factor", "plant communities", "species turnover"], "article_id"=>1209998, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Andrew Siefert", "Jason D. Fridley", "Mark E. Ritchie"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationships_between_community_weighted_mean_trait_values_and_environmental_variables_measured_in_the_study_/1209998", "title"=>"Relationships between community-weighted mean trait values and environmental variables measured in the study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-20 02:48:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1724390"], "description"=>"<p>Mean, standard deviation, and range of environmental variables included in regression analyses.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ldmc", "intraspecific variation", "leaf area", "Intraspecific Variation Matter", "community trait responses", "intraspecific trait variation", "sla", "community Functional Responses", "factor", "plant communities", "species turnover"], "article_id"=>1209995, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Andrew Siefert", "Jason D. Fridley", "Mark E. Ritchie"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_standard_deviation_and_range_of_environmental_variables_included_in_regression_analyses_/1209995", "title"=>"Mean, standard deviation, and range of environmental variables included in regression analyses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-10-20 02:48:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1724386"], "description"=>"<p>Panels A-C and I-L show the trait dissimilarity (difference in community-weighted mean trait values) between sites as a function of geographic or environmental distance. Panels E-H and M-P show the relative contribution of species turnover vs. intraspecific variation (measured as log of species turnover effect divided by intraspecific variation effect) to the total trait dissimilarity between sites. Values were calculated for each pair of sites in the study area and binned by geographic or environmental distance (n = 57–58 pairs per bin) for ease of interpretation. Points represent mean values for each distance bin; error bars represent 95% bootstrap confidence intervals. Abbreviations: SLA, specific leaf area; LDMC, leaf dry matter content.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ldmc", "intraspecific variation", "leaf area", "Intraspecific Variation Matter", "community trait responses", "intraspecific trait variation", "sla", "community Functional Responses", "factor", "plant communities", "species turnover"], "article_id"=>1209994, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Andrew Siefert", "Jason D. Fridley", "Mark E. Ritchie"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_geographic_and_environmental_distance_on_between_site_variation_in_plant_functional_traits_/1209994", "title"=>"Effects of geographic and environmental distance on between-site variation in plant functional traits.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-20 02:48:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1724380"], "description"=>"<p>Among-site variance in community-weighted mean trait values explained by (A) edaphic and (B) climatic variables is partitioned into species turnover, intraspecific variation, and covariation effects. Covariation is represented by the difference between the total variance and the sum of the species turnover and intraspecific variation effects. Total variance greater than the sum of species turnover and intraspecific variation effects indicates positive covariance. Total variance less than the sum of species turnover and intraspecific variation effects indicates negative covariance. Abbreviations: SLA, specific leaf area; LDMC, leaf dry matter content.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ldmc", "intraspecific variation", "leaf area", "Intraspecific Variation Matter", "community trait responses", "intraspecific trait variation", "sla", "community Functional Responses", "factor", "plant communities", "species turnover"], "article_id"=>1209988, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Andrew Siefert", "Jason D. Fridley", "Mark E. Ritchie"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Decomposition_of_community_trait_responses_to_environment_/1209988", "title"=>"Decomposition of community trait responses to environment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-10-20 02:48:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1724397", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1724398", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1724399", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1724400", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1724401", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1724402", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1724403"], "description"=>"<div><p>Despite increasing evidence of the importance of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities, its role in community trait responses to environmental variation, particularly along broad-scale climatic gradients, is poorly understood. We analyzed functional trait variation among early-successional herbaceous plant communities (old fields) across a 1200-km latitudinal extent in eastern North America, focusing on four traits: vegetative height, leaf area, specific leaf area (SLA), and leaf dry matter content (LDMC). We determined the contributions of species turnover and intraspecific variation to between-site functional dissimilarity at multiple spatial scales and community trait responses to edaphic and climatic factors. Among-site variation in community mean trait values and community trait responses to the environment were generated by a combination of species turnover and intraspecific variation, with species turnover making a greater contribution for all traits. The relative importance of intraspecific variation decreased with increasing geographic and environmental distance between sites for SLA and leaf area. Intraspecific variation was most important for responses of vegetative height and responses to edaphic compared to climatic factors. Individual species displayed strong trait responses to environmental factors in many cases, but these responses were highly variable among species and did not usually scale up to the community level. These findings provide new insights into the role of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities and the factors controlling its relative importance. The contribution of intraspecific variation to community trait responses was greatest at fine spatial scales and along edaphic gradients, while species turnover dominated at broad spatial scales and along climatic gradients.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["ldmc", "intraspecific variation", "leaf area", "Intraspecific Variation Matter", "community trait responses", "intraspecific trait variation", "sla", "community Functional Responses", "factor", "plant communities", "species turnover"], "article_id"=>1210002, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Andrew Siefert", "Jason D. Fridley", "Mark E. Ritchie"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111189.s007"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Community_Functional_Responses_to_Soil_and_Climate_at_Multiple_Spatial_Scales_When_Does_Intraspecific_Variation_Matter_/1210002", "title"=>"Community Functional Responses to Soil and Climate at Multiple Spatial Scales: When Does Intraspecific Variation Matter?", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-10-20 02:48:58"}

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{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Ecology and environmental sciences/Ecology", "average_usage"=>[313]}]}
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