Proportional Upregulation of CD97 Isoforms in Glioblastoma and Glioblastoma-Derived Brain Tumor Initiating Cells
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{"title"=>"Proportional upregulation of CD97 isoforms in glioblastoma and glioblastoma-derived brain tumor initiating cells", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Michael", "last_name"=>"Safaee", "scopus_author_id"=>"22942328300"}, {"first_name"=>"Shayan", "last_name"=>"Fakurnejad", "scopus_author_id"=>"56118241600"}, {"first_name"=>"Orin", "last_name"=>"Bloch", "scopus_author_id"=>"9741455300"}, {"first_name"=>"Aaron J.", "last_name"=>"Clark", "scopus_author_id"=>"56309461200"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael E.", "last_name"=>"Ivan", "scopus_author_id"=>"36015318300"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthew Z.", "last_name"=>"Sun", "scopus_author_id"=>"55255453400"}, {"first_name"=>"Taemin", "last_name"=>"Oh", "scopus_author_id"=>"55669274000"}, {"first_name"=>"Joanna J.", "last_name"=>"Phillips", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404582468"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew T.", "last_name"=>"Parsa", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003634163"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"25714433", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84923899594", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0111532", "pui"=>"602543299", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "sgr"=>"84923899594"}, "id"=>"1e9b36a0-7b8e-33cd-8ae7-aa62ddfc36e3", "abstract"=>"CD97 is a novel glioma antigen that confers an invasive phenotype and poor survival in patients with glioblastoma (GBM), the most aggressive primary malignant brain tumor. The short isoform of CD97, known as EGF(1,2,5), has been shown to promote invasion and metastasis, but its role in gliomas and GBM-derived brain tumor initiating cells (BTICs) has not been studied. We sought to characterize CD97 expression among gliomas and identify the specific isoforms expressed. The short isoform of CD97 was identified in GBM and GBM-derived BTICs, but not low grade or anaplastic astrocytomas. All samples expressing the EGF(1,2,5) isoform were also found to express the EGF(1,2,3,5) isoform. These isoforms are believed to possess similar ligand binding patterns and interact with chondroitin sulfate, a component of the extracellular matrix, and the integrin alpha5beta1. Using data acquired from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we show that CD97 is upregulated among the classical and mesenchymal subtypes of GBM and significantly decreased among IDH1 mutant GBMs. Given its proven roles in tumor invasion, expression among aggressive genetic subtypes of GBM, and association with overall survival, CD97 is an attractive therapeutic target for patients with GBM.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/proportional-upregulation-cd97-isoforms-glioblastoma-glioblastomaderived-brain-tumor-initiating-cell", "reader_count"=>8, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>3, "Chemistry"=>1, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>3}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Brazil"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1924936"], "description"=>"<p>Brain tumor initiating cell lines were derived from three patients with histologically confirmed GBM. These cell lines were found to express the stem cell markers nestin and Sox2, as well as CD97, while normal human brain expressed none of these (A). PCR analysis of these cell lines found them to express the EGF(1,2,5) and EGF(1,2,3,5) isoforms of CD97 as confirmed by sequencing analysis (B). Immunocytochemistry demonstrated localization of CD97 to the cell membrane in BTIC cell line 3 (C).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["egf", "Cancer Genome Atlas", "gbm", "CD 97 Isoforms", "CD 97 expression", "novel glioma antigen", "btic", "idh", "isoform", "Cells CD 97", "TCGA", "ligand binding patterns", "tumor", "CD 97"], "article_id"=>1318348, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael Safaee", "Shayan Fakurnejad", "Orin Bloch", "Aaron J. Clark", "Michael E. Ivan", "Matthew Z. Sun", "Taemin Oh", "Joanna J. Phillips", "Andrew T. Parsa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111532.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_CD97_expression_in_glioblastoma_derived_brain_tumor_initiating_cells_/1318348", "title"=>"CD97 expression in glioblastoma-derived brain tumor initiating cells.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-02-25 03:59:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1924933"], "description"=>"<p>Gene expression data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) was used to characterize CD97 expression across genetic subtypes of glioblastoma. CD97 upregulation was most commonly found in the classical and mesenchymal subtypes, while downregulation was more common in the neural and proneural subtypes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["egf", "Cancer Genome Atlas", "gbm", "CD 97 Isoforms", "CD 97 expression", "novel glioma antigen", "btic", "idh", "isoform", "Cells CD 97", "TCGA", "ligand binding patterns", "tumor", "CD 97"], "article_id"=>1318345, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael Safaee", "Shayan Fakurnejad", "Orin Bloch", "Aaron J. Clark", "Michael E. Ivan", "Matthew Z. Sun", "Taemin Oh", "Joanna J. Phillips", "Andrew T. Parsa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111532.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_CD97_expression_across_genetic_subtypes_of_glioblastoma_/1318345", "title"=>"CD97 expression across genetic subtypes of glioblastoma.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-02-25 03:59:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1924931"], "description"=>"<p>Quantitative PCR was performed on frozen tumor specimens histologically confirmed as low grade astrocytoma (n = 3) and GBM (n = 3). The mean proportion of EGF(1,2,3,5) in low grade astrocytomas was 15% compared to 17% in GBM (p = 0.46), a difference that was not statistically significant (A). Among in vitro samples, the mean percent of EGF(1,2,3,5) comprising total CD97 in patient-matched GBM and BTIC cell lines was 16% and 14%, respectively (p = 0.83). Normal human astrocytes were found to express 4% EGF(1,2,3,5), which was significantly less than both GBM (p = 0.01) and BTIC (p = 0.02) cell lines (B).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["egf", "Cancer Genome Atlas", "gbm", "CD 97 Isoforms", "CD 97 expression", "novel glioma antigen", "btic", "idh", "isoform", "Cells CD 97", "TCGA", "ligand binding patterns", "tumor", "CD 97"], "article_id"=>1318343, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael Safaee", "Shayan Fakurnejad", "Orin Bloch", "Aaron J. Clark", "Michael E. Ivan", "Matthew Z. Sun", "Taemin Oh", "Joanna J. Phillips", "Andrew T. Parsa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111532.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_CD97_isoform_expression_in_low_grade_astrocytoma_and_glioblastoma_/1318343", "title"=>"CD97 isoform expression in low grade astrocytoma and glioblastoma.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-02-25 03:59:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1924927"], "description"=>"<p>RNA was isolated from the GBM cell lines U251 and U87MG, then converted to cDNA. PCR with primers spanning the variably spliced regions of CD97 were used to identify the specific isoforms expressed in these cells. Sequencing analysis confirmed these as the EGF(1,2,5) and EGF(1,2,3,5) isoforms of CD97 (A). A schematic of these gene transcripts is also shown with the signal peptide (SP), RGD domain, and seven-span transmembrane (7TM) segments (B).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["egf", "Cancer Genome Atlas", "gbm", "CD 97 Isoforms", "CD 97 expression", "novel glioma antigen", "btic", "idh", "isoform", "Cells CD 97", "TCGA", "ligand binding patterns", "tumor", "CD 97"], "article_id"=>1318339, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael Safaee", "Shayan Fakurnejad", "Orin Bloch", "Aaron J. Clark", "Michael E. Ivan", "Matthew Z. Sun", "Taemin Oh", "Joanna J. Phillips", "Andrew T. Parsa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111532.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characterization_of_CD97_isoforms_in_glioblastoma_/1318339", "title"=>"Characterization of CD97 isoforms in glioblastoma.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-02-25 03:59:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1924934"], "description"=>"<p>Three frozen GBM specimens used for previous analysis and known to express CD97 were found to express wild-type IDH1, but not mutant IDH1 (R132H) by Western blot.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["egf", "Cancer Genome Atlas", "gbm", "CD 97 Isoforms", "CD 97 expression", "novel glioma antigen", "btic", "idh", "isoform", "Cells CD 97", "TCGA", "ligand binding patterns", "tumor", "CD 97"], "article_id"=>1318346, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael Safaee", "Shayan Fakurnejad", "Orin Bloch", "Aaron J. Clark", "Michael E. Ivan", "Matthew Z. Sun", "Taemin Oh", "Joanna J. Phillips", "Andrew T. Parsa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111532.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_IDH1_mutation_status_of_human_GBM_samples_/1318346", "title"=>"IDH1 mutation status of human GBM samples.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-02-25 03:59:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1924929"], "description"=>"<p>Frozen tumor specimens histologically confirmed as low grade astrocytoma (n = 3), anaplastic astrocytoma (n = 3), and GBM (n = 3) were homogenized analyzed by Western blot. CD97 was expressed in the GBM specimens, but not low grade or anaplastic astrocytomas (A). Quantitative PCR was performed using these specimens and demonstrated a significant increase in CD97 expression among GBMs compared to low grade and anaplastic astrocytomas when normalized to normal brain (B). PCR using primers flanking the variably spliced regions of the CD97 transcript demonstrate the EGF(1,2,5) and EGF(1,2,3,5) in all GBM specimens and a single anaplastic astrocytoma, but not in the low grade or remaining anaplastic astrocytomas (C).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["egf", "Cancer Genome Atlas", "gbm", "CD 97 Isoforms", "CD 97 expression", "novel glioma antigen", "btic", "idh", "isoform", "Cells CD 97", "TCGA", "ligand binding patterns", "tumor", "CD 97"], "article_id"=>1318341, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Michael Safaee", "Shayan Fakurnejad", "Orin Bloch", "Aaron J. Clark", "Michael E. Ivan", "Matthew Z. Sun", "Taemin Oh", "Joanna J. Phillips", "Andrew T. Parsa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111532.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Expression_of_CD97_across_glioma_grades_/1318341", "title"=>"Expression of CD97 across glioma grades.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-02-25 03:59:31"}

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{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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