The Scars of Childhood Adversity: Minor Stress Sensitivity and Depressive Symptoms in Remitted Recurrently Depressed Adult Patients
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{"title"=>"The scars of childhood adversity: Minor stress sensitivity and depressive symptoms in remitted recurrently depressed adult patients", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Gemma", "last_name"=>"Kok", "scopus_author_id"=>"36952963400"}, {"first_name"=>"Gerard", "last_name"=>"Van Rijsbergen", "scopus_author_id"=>"36761738800"}, {"first_name"=>"Huibert", "last_name"=>"Burger", "scopus_author_id"=>"56537733600"}, {"first_name"=>"Hermien", "last_name"=>"Elgersma", "scopus_author_id"=>"35310255900"}, {"first_name"=>"Heleen", "last_name"=>"Riper", "scopus_author_id"=>"15925963800"}, {"first_name"=>"Pim", "last_name"=>"Cuijpers", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005376994"}, {"first_name"=>"Jack", "last_name"=>"Dekker", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202456973"}, {"first_name"=>"Filip", "last_name"=>"Smit", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005490687"}, {"first_name"=>"Claudi", "last_name"=>"Bockting", "scopus_author_id"=>"8921403800"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"600506790", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0111711", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84911912371", "pmid"=>"25393812", "sgr"=>"84911912371"}, "id"=>"a647eba5-5c6b-3870-bc09-86db7124fe63", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Childhood adversity may lead to depressive relapse through its long-lasting influence on stress sensitivity. In line with the stress sensitization hypothesis, minor (daily) stress is associated with depressive relapse. Therefore, we examine the impact of childhood adversity on daily stress and its predictive value on prospectively assessed depressive symptoms in recurrently depressed patients. METHOD: Daily stress was assessed in recurrently depressed adult patients, enrolled into two randomized trials while remitted. The reported intensity and frequency of dependent and independent daily stress was assessed at baseline. Independent stress is externally generated, for example an accident happening to a friend, while dependent stress is internally generated, for example getting into a fight with a neighbor. Hierarchical regression analyses were performed with childhood adversity, independent and dependent daily stress as predictor variables of prospectively measured depressive symptoms after three months of follow-up (n = 138). RESULTS: We found that childhood adversity was not significantly associated with a higher frequency and intensity of daily stress. The intensity of both independent and dependent daily stress was predictive of depressive symptom levels at follow-up (unadjusted models respectively: B = 0.47, t = 2.05, p = 0.041, 95% CI = 0.02-0.92; B = 0.29, t = 2.20, p = 0.028, 95% CI = 0.03-0.55). No associations were found between childhood adversity and depressive symptoms at follow-up. CONCLUSION: No evidence was found supporting stress sensitization due to the experience of childhood adversity in this recurrently depressed but remitted patient group. Nevertheless, our research indicates that daily stress might be a target for preventive treatment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Trial A: Nederlands Trial Register NTR1907 Trial B: Nederlands Trial Register NTR2503.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/scars-childhood-adversity-minor-stress-sensitivity-depressive-symptoms-remitted-recurrently-depresse", "reader_count"=>36, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Researcher"=>8, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Philosophy"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>19, "Social Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>19}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Mexico"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1792698"], "description"=>"<p>Consort Flow Diagram of participant flow.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Nederlands Trial Register NTR 1907 Trial B", "depressive relapse", "Minor Stress Sensitivity", "depressive symptom levels", "stress sensitization hypothesis", "depressive symptoms", "ci", "childhood adversity", "Remitted Recurrently Depressed Adult Patients BackgroundChildhood adversity", "Hierarchical regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1240110, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gemma Kok", "Gerard van Rijsbergen", "Huibert Burger", "Hermien Elgersma", "Heleen Riper", "Pim Cuijpers", "Jack Dekker", "Filip Smit", "Claudi Bockting"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111711.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Consort_Flow_Diagram_of_participant_flow_/1240110", "title"=>"Consort Flow Diagram of participant flow.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:34:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1792699"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>, <sup>a</sup> p-value based on chi-square statistic for categorical variables and analyses of variance for continuous variables and the Mann-Whitney U for previous episodes of MDD ADM  =  Antidepressant medication; MDD  =  Major Depressive Disorder; HDRS<sub>17</sub>  = 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression; IDS  =  Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology</p><p>Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics (n = 138).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Nederlands Trial Register NTR 1907 Trial B", "depressive relapse", "Minor Stress Sensitivity", "depressive symptom levels", "stress sensitization hypothesis", "depressive symptoms", "ci", "childhood adversity", "Remitted Recurrently Depressed Adult Patients BackgroundChildhood adversity", "Hierarchical regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1240111, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gemma Kok", "Gerard van Rijsbergen", "Huibert Burger", "Hermien Elgersma", "Heleen Riper", "Pim Cuijpers", "Jack Dekker", "Filip Smit", "Claudi Bockting"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111711.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Baseline_demographic_and_clinical_characteristics_n_8202_8202_138_/1240111", "title"=>"Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics (n = 138).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:34:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1792701"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>, CA  =  Childhood adversity; R<sup>2</sup> final model  = 0.048, Adjusted R<sup>2</sup> = 0.012.</p><p>* p<0.05.</p><p>** p <0.01.</p><p>Hierarchical regression model of the TAU and continuation of ADM group for the prediction of depressive symptoms at 3-month follow-up from childhood adversity (n = 138).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Nederlands Trial Register NTR 1907 Trial B", "depressive relapse", "Minor Stress Sensitivity", "depressive symptom levels", "stress sensitization hypothesis", "depressive symptoms", "ci", "childhood adversity", "Remitted Recurrently Depressed Adult Patients BackgroundChildhood adversity", "Hierarchical regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1240114, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gemma Kok", "Gerard van Rijsbergen", "Huibert Burger", "Hermien Elgersma", "Heleen Riper", "Pim Cuijpers", "Jack Dekker", "Filip Smit", "Claudi Bockting"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111711.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hierarchical_regression_model_of_the_TAU_and_continuation_of_ADM_group_for_the_prediction_of_depressive_symptoms_at_3_month_follow_up_from_childhood_adversity_n_8202_8202_138_/1240114", "title"=>"Hierarchical regression model of the TAU and continuation of ADM group for the prediction of depressive symptoms at 3-month follow-up from childhood adversity (n = 138).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:34:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1792703"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>, <sup>a</sup>p-value based on analyses of variance; IDS-SR <i> = </i> Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology.</p><p>Depressive symptoms at baseline and three-month follow-up in participants with,-and without childhood adversity (n = 138).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Nederlands Trial Register NTR 1907 Trial B", "depressive relapse", "Minor Stress Sensitivity", "depressive symptom levels", "stress sensitization hypothesis", "depressive symptoms", "ci", "childhood adversity", "Remitted Recurrently Depressed Adult Patients BackgroundChildhood adversity", "Hierarchical regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1240115, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gemma Kok", "Gerard van Rijsbergen", "Huibert Burger", "Hermien Elgersma", "Heleen Riper", "Pim Cuijpers", "Jack Dekker", "Filip Smit", "Claudi Bockting"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111711.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Depressive_symptoms_at_baseline_and_three_month_follow_up_in_participants_with_and_without_childhood_adversity_n_8202_8202_138_/1240115", "title"=>"Depressive symptoms at baseline and three-month follow-up in participants with,-and without childhood adversity (n = 138).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:34:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1792704"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>: R<sup>2</sup> final model  = 0.073, Adjusted R<sup>2</sup> = 0.045.</p><p>* p <0.05.</p><p>** p <0.01.</p><p>Hierarchical regression model of the TAU and continuation of ADM group for the prediction of depressive symptoms at 3-month follow-up from independent stress intensity (n = 138).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Nederlands Trial Register NTR 1907 Trial B", "depressive relapse", "Minor Stress Sensitivity", "depressive symptom levels", "stress sensitization hypothesis", "depressive symptoms", "ci", "childhood adversity", "Remitted Recurrently Depressed Adult Patients BackgroundChildhood adversity", "Hierarchical regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1240116, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gemma Kok", "Gerard van Rijsbergen", "Huibert Burger", "Hermien Elgersma", "Heleen Riper", "Pim Cuijpers", "Jack Dekker", "Filip Smit", "Claudi Bockting"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111711.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hierarchical_regression_model_of_the_TAU_and_continuation_of_ADM_group_for_the_prediction_of_depressive_symptoms_at_3_month_follow_up_from_independent_stress_intensity_n_8202_8202_138_/1240116", "title"=>"Hierarchical regression model of the TAU and continuation of ADM group for the prediction of depressive symptoms at 3-month follow-up from independent stress intensity (n = 138).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:34:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1792705"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>: R<sup>2</sup> final model  = 0.064, Adjusted R<sup>2</sup> = 0.036.</p><p>* p<0.05.</p><p>** p<0.01.</p><p>Hierarchical regression model of the TAU and continuation of ADM group for the prediction of depressive symptoms at 3-month follow-up from dependent stress intensity (n = 138).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Nederlands Trial Register NTR 1907 Trial B", "depressive relapse", "Minor Stress Sensitivity", "depressive symptom levels", "stress sensitization hypothesis", "depressive symptoms", "ci", "childhood adversity", "Remitted Recurrently Depressed Adult Patients BackgroundChildhood adversity", "Hierarchical regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1240117, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gemma Kok", "Gerard van Rijsbergen", "Huibert Burger", "Hermien Elgersma", "Heleen Riper", "Pim Cuijpers", "Jack Dekker", "Filip Smit", "Claudi Bockting"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111711.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hierarchical_regression_model_of_the_TAU_and_continuation_of_ADM_group_for_the_prediction_of_depressive_symptoms_at_3_month_follow_up_from_dependent_stress_intensity_n_8202_8202_138_/1240117", "title"=>"Hierarchical regression model of the TAU and continuation of ADM group for the prediction of depressive symptoms at 3-month follow-up from dependent stress intensity (n = 138).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:34:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1792706"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>: R<sup>2</sup> final model  = 0.054, Adjusted R<sup>2</sup> = 0.026.</p><p>* p <0.05.</p><p>** p <0.01.</p><p>Hierarchical regression model of the TAU and continuation of ADM group for the prediction of depressive symptoms at 3-month follow-up from independent stress frequency (n = 138).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Nederlands Trial Register NTR 1907 Trial B", "depressive relapse", "Minor Stress Sensitivity", "depressive symptom levels", "stress sensitization hypothesis", "depressive symptoms", "ci", "childhood adversity", "Remitted Recurrently Depressed Adult Patients BackgroundChildhood adversity", "Hierarchical regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1240118, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gemma Kok", "Gerard van Rijsbergen", "Huibert Burger", "Hermien Elgersma", "Heleen Riper", "Pim Cuijpers", "Jack Dekker", "Filip Smit", "Claudi Bockting"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111711.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hierarchical_regression_model_of_the_TAU_and_continuation_of_ADM_group_for_the_prediction_of_depressive_symptoms_at_3_month_follow_up_from_independent_stress_frequency_n_8202_8202_138_/1240118", "title"=>"Hierarchical regression model of the TAU and continuation of ADM group for the prediction of depressive symptoms at 3-month follow-up from independent stress frequency (n = 138).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:34:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1792707"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>: R<sup>2</sup> final model  = 0.044, Adjusted R<sup>2</sup> = 0.015.</p><p>* p <0.05.</p><p>** p <0.01.</p><p>Hierarchical regression model of the TAU and continuation of ADM group for the prediction of depressive symptoms at 3-month follow-up from dependent stress frequency (n = 138).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Nederlands Trial Register NTR 1907 Trial B", "depressive relapse", "Minor Stress Sensitivity", "depressive symptom levels", "stress sensitization hypothesis", "depressive symptoms", "ci", "childhood adversity", "Remitted Recurrently Depressed Adult Patients BackgroundChildhood adversity", "Hierarchical regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1240119, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gemma Kok", "Gerard van Rijsbergen", "Huibert Burger", "Hermien Elgersma", "Heleen Riper", "Pim Cuijpers", "Jack Dekker", "Filip Smit", "Claudi Bockting"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111711.t007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hierarchical_regression_model_of_the_TAU_and_continuation_of_ADM_group_for_the_prediction_of_depressive_symptoms_at_3_month_follow_up_from_dependent_stress_frequency_n_8202_8202_138_/1240119", "title"=>"Hierarchical regression model of the TAU and continuation of ADM group for the prediction of depressive symptoms at 3-month follow-up from dependent stress frequency (n = 138).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:34:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1792709", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1792710", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1792711"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Childhood adversity may lead to depressive relapse through its long-lasting influence on stress sensitivity. In line with the stress sensitization hypothesis, minor (daily) stress is associated with depressive relapse. Therefore, we examine the impact of childhood adversity on daily stress and its predictive value on prospectively assessed depressive symptoms in recurrently depressed patients.</p><p>Method</p><p>Daily stress was assessed in recurrently depressed adult patients, enrolled into two randomized trials while remitted. The reported intensity and frequency of dependent and independent daily stress was assessed at baseline. Independent stress is externally generated, for example an accident happening to a friend, while dependent stress is internally generated, for example getting into a fight with a neighbor. Hierarchical regression analyses were performed with childhood adversity, independent and dependent daily stress as predictor variables of prospectively measured depressive symptoms after three months of follow-up (n = 138).</p><p>Results</p><p>We found that childhood adversity was not significantly associated with a higher frequency and intensity of daily stress. The intensity of both independent and dependent daily stress was predictive of depressive symptom levels at follow-up (unadjusted models respectively: B = 0.47, t = 2.05, <i>p</i> = 0.041, 95% CI = 0.02–0.92; B = 0.29, t = 2.20, <i>p</i> = 0.028, 95% CI = 0.03–0.55). No associations were found between childhood adversity and depressive symptoms at follow-up.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>No evidence was found supporting stress sensitization due to the experience of childhood adversity in this recurrently depressed but remitted patient group. Nevertheless, our research indicates that daily stress might be a target for preventive treatment.</p><p>Trial Registration</p><p>Trial A: Nederlands Trial Register <a href=\"http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=1907\" target=\"_blank\">NTR1907</a> Trial B: Nederlands Trial Register <a href=\"http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=2503\" target=\"_blank\">NTR2503</a></p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Nederlands Trial Register NTR 1907 Trial B", "depressive relapse", "Minor Stress Sensitivity", "depressive symptom levels", "stress sensitization hypothesis", "depressive symptoms", "ci", "childhood adversity", "Remitted Recurrently Depressed Adult Patients BackgroundChildhood adversity", "Hierarchical regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1240121, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Gemma Kok", "Gerard van Rijsbergen", "Huibert Burger", "Hermien Elgersma", "Heleen Riper", "Pim Cuijpers", "Jack Dekker", "Filip Smit", "Claudi Bockting"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111711.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111711.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111711.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>27, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Scars_of_Childhood_Adversity_Minor_Stress_Sensitivity_and_Depressive_Symptoms_in_Remitted_Recurrently_Depressed_Adult_Patients_/1240121", "title"=>"The Scars of Childhood Adversity: Minor Stress Sensitivity and Depressive Symptoms in Remitted Recurrently Depressed Adult Patients", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:34:50"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[307]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Mental health and psychiatry", "average_usage"=>[299, 481]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Population groupings", "average_usage"=>[300]}]}
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