Tissue-Specific Expression of Monocarboxylate Transporters during Fasting in Mice
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{"title"=>"Tissue-specific expression of monocarboxylate transporters during fasting in mice", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Alexra", "last_name"=>"Schutkowski", "scopus_author_id"=>"55523181100"}, {"first_name"=>"Nicole", "last_name"=>"Wege", "scopus_author_id"=>"35410935400"}, {"first_name"=>"Gabriele I.", "last_name"=>"Stangl", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005911380"}, {"first_name"=>"Bettina", "last_name"=>"Kö Nig", "scopus_author_id"=>"56422489600"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84911393546", "pmid"=>"25390336", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic) 1932-6203 (Linking)", "pui"=>"600489701", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84911393546", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0112118"}, "id"=>"3f356551-553f-322d-bd04-44c6fb582188", "abstract"=>"Monocarboxylates such as pyruvate, lactate and ketone bodies are crucial for energy supply of all tissues, especially during energy restriction. The transport of monocarboxylates across the plasma membrane of cells is mediated by monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs). Out of 14 known mammalian MCTs, six isoforms have been functionally characterized to transport monocarboxylates and short chain fatty acids (MCT1-4), thyroid hormones (MCT8, -10) and aromatic amino acids (MCT10). Knowledge on the regulation of the different MCT isoforms is rare. In an attempt to get more insights in regulation of MCT expression upon energy deprivation, we carried out a comprehensive analysis of tissue specific expression of five MCT isoforms upon 48 h of fasting in mice. Due to the crucial role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-α as a central regulator of energy metabolism and as known regulator of MCT1 expression, we included both wildtype (WT) and PPARα knockout (KO) mice in our study. Liver, kidney, heart, small intestine, hypothalamus, pituitary gland and thyroid gland of the mice were analyzed. Here we show that the expression of all examined MCT isoforms was markedly altered by fasting compared to feeding. Expression of MCT1, MCT2 and MCT10 was either increased or decreased by fasting dependent on the analyzed tissue. MCT4 and MCT8 were down-regulated by fasting in all examined tissues. However, PPARα appeared to have a minor impact on MCT isoform regulation. Due to the fundamental role of MCTs in transport of energy providing metabolites and hormones involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis, we assumed that the observed fasting-induced adaptations of MCT expression seem to ensure an adequate energy supply of tissues during the fasting state. Since, MCT isoforms 1-4 are also necessary for the cellular uptake of drugs, the fasting-induced modifications of MCT expression have to be considered in future clinical care algorithms.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/tissuespecific-expression-monocarboxylate-transporters-during-fasting-mice", "reader_count"=>27, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Neuroscience"=>4, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Chemistry"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>4}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789780", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789781"], "description"=>"<div><p>Monocarboxylates such as pyruvate, lactate and ketone bodies are crucial for energy supply of all tissues, especially during energy restriction. The transport of monocarboxylates across the plasma membrane of cells is mediated by monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs). Out of 14 known mammalian MCTs, six isoforms have been functionally characterized to transport monocarboxylates and short chain fatty acids (MCT1-4), thyroid hormones (MCT8, -10) and aromatic amino acids (MCT10). Knowledge on the regulation of the different MCT isoforms is rare. In an attempt to get more insights in regulation of MCT expression upon energy deprivation, we carried out a comprehensive analysis of tissue specific expression of five MCT isoforms upon 48 h of fasting in mice. Due to the crucial role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-α as a central regulator of energy metabolism and as known regulator of MCT1 expression, we included both wildtype (WT) and PPARα knockout (KO) mice in our study. Liver, kidney, heart, small intestine, hypothalamus, pituitary gland and thyroid gland of the mice were analyzed. Here we show that the expression of all examined MCT isoforms was markedly altered by fasting compared to feeding. Expression of MCT1, MCT2 and MCT10 was either increased or decreased by fasting dependent on the analyzed tissue. MCT4 and MCT8 were down-regulated by fasting in all examined tissues. However, PPARα appeared to have a minor impact on MCT isoform regulation. Due to the fundamental role of MCTs in transport of energy providing metabolites and hormones involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis, we assumed that the observed fasting-induced adaptations of MCT expression seem to ensure an adequate energy supply of tissues during the fasting state. Since, MCT isoforms 1–4 are also necessary for the cellular uptake of drugs, the fasting-induced modifications of MCT expression have to be considered in future clinical care algorithms.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wt", "energy supply", "MCT 1 expression", "MCT isoforms", "ko", "ppar", "MCT isoform regulation", "MCT expression"], "article_id"=>1237865, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alexandra Schutkowski", "Nicole Wege", "Gabriele I. Stangl", "Bettina König"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112118.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112118.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Tissue_Specific_Expression_of_Monocarboxylate_Transporters_during_Fasting_in_Mice_/1237865", "title"=>"Tissue-Specific Expression of Monocarboxylate Transporters during Fasting in Mice", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:49:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789778"], "description"=>"<p>Values represent means ± SD of relative protein expression of wildtype (WT) and PPARα knockout (KO) mice that were fed <i>ad libitum</i> or fasted for 48 h (n = 16). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA. Classification factors were genotype, fasting, and the interaction between both factors. <i>P</i>-values revealed by two-way ANOVA are noted above the figures. Individual means of the treatment groups were compared by Tukey's test in case of variance homogeneity. In case of variance heterogeneity, as revealed by Levene's test, individual means were compared by Games Howell test. No significant differences in post-hoc comparison were revealed.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wt", "energy supply", "MCT 1 expression", "MCT isoforms", "ko", "ppar", "MCT isoform regulation", "MCT expression"], "article_id"=>1237863, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alexandra Schutkowski", "Nicole Wege", "Gabriele I. Stangl", "Bettina König"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112118.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relative_protein_expression_of_monocarboxylate_transporter_MCT_8_in_mouse_tissues_in_response_to_fasting_and_PPAR_945_/1237863", "title"=>"Relative protein expression of monocarboxylate transporter (MCT)-8 in mouse tissues in response to fasting and PPARα.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:49:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789779"], "description"=>"<p>Primer sequences used in real-time RT-PCR.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wt", "energy supply", "MCT 1 expression", "MCT isoforms", "ko", "ppar", "MCT isoform regulation", "MCT expression"], "article_id"=>1237864, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alexandra Schutkowski", "Nicole Wege", "Gabriele I. Stangl", "Bettina König"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112118.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Primer_sequences_used_in_real_time_RT_PCR_/1237864", "title"=>"Primer sequences used in real-time RT-PCR.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:49:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789777"], "description"=>"<p>Values represent means ± SD of relative mRNA concentrations of wildtype (WT) and PPARα knockout (KO) mice that were fed <i>ad libitum</i> or fasted for 48 h (n = 16 for liver, kidney, heart, small intestine and hypothalamus, n = 8 for pituitary gland, n = 6 for thyroid gland). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA. Classification factors were genotype, fasting, and the interaction between both factors. <i>P</i>-values revealed by two-way ANOVA are noted above the figures. Individual means of the treatment groups were compared by Tukey's test in case of variance homogeneity. In case of variance heterogeneity, as revealed by Levene's test, individual means were compared by Games Howell test. Horizontal brackets represent differences between groups in post-hoc comparison (**<i>p</i><0.001, *<i>p</i><0.05). n.e., not evaluable due to extremely low expression.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wt", "energy supply", "MCT 1 expression", "MCT isoforms", "ko", "ppar", "MCT isoform regulation", "MCT expression"], "article_id"=>1237862, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alexandra Schutkowski", "Nicole Wege", "Gabriele I. Stangl", "Bettina König"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112118.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relative_mRNA_concentration_of_A_monocarboxylate_transporter_MCT_8_and_B_MCT10_in_mouse_tissues_in_response_to_fasting_and_PPAR_945_/1237862", "title"=>"Relative mRNA concentration of (A) monocarboxylate transporter (MCT)-8 and (B) MCT10 in mouse tissues in response to fasting and PPARα.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:49:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789774"], "description"=>"<p>Values represent means ± SD of relative mRNA concentrations of wildtype (WT) and PPARα knockout (KO) mice that were fed <i>ad libitum</i> or fasted for 48 h (n = 16 for liver, kidney, heart, small intestine and hypothalamus; n = 8 for pituitary gland, n = 6 for thyroid gland). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA. Classification factors were genotype, fasting, and the interaction between both factors. <i>P</i>-values revealed by two-way ANOVA are noted above the figures. Individual means of the treatment groups were compared by Tukey's test in case of variance homogeneity. In case of variance heterogeneity, as revealed by Levene's test, individual means were compared by Games Howell test. Horizontal brackets represent differences between groups in post-hoc comparison (**<i>p</i><0.001, *<i>p</i><0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wt", "energy supply", "MCT 1 expression", "MCT isoforms", "ko", "ppar", "MCT isoform regulation", "MCT expression"], "article_id"=>1237859, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alexandra Schutkowski", "Nicole Wege", "Gabriele I. Stangl", "Bettina König"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112118.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relative_mRNA_concentrations_of_3_hydroxy_3_methylglutaryl_coenzyme_A_synthase_HMGCS_2_in_mouse_tissues_in_response_to_fasting_and_PPAR_945_/1237859", "title"=>"Relative mRNA concentrations of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A synthase (HMGCS)-2 in mouse tissues in response to fasting and PPARα.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:49:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789773"], "description"=>"<p>Values represent means ± SD of plasma concentrations of wildtype (WT) and PPARα knockout (KO) mice that were fed <i>ad libitum</i> or fasted for 48 h (n = 16 for 3-hydroxybutyrate, n = 8 for NEFA and fT4). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA. Classification factors were genotype, fasting, and the interaction between both factors. <i>P</i>-values revealed by two-way ANOVA are noted above the figures. Individual means of the treatment groups were compared by Tukey's test in case of variance homogeneity. In case of variance heterogeneity, as revealed by Levene's test, individual means were compared by Games Howell test. Horizontal brackets represent differences between groups in post-hoc comparison (**<i>p</i><0.001, *<i>p</i><0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wt", "energy supply", "MCT 1 expression", "MCT isoforms", "ko", "ppar", "MCT isoform regulation", "MCT expression"], "article_id"=>1237858, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alexandra Schutkowski", "Nicole Wege", "Gabriele I. Stangl", "Bettina König"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112118.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>39, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Final_plasma_concentrations_of_A_non_esterified_fatty_acids_NEFA_B_3_hydroxybutyrate_and_C_free_thyroxine_fT4_in_response_to_fasting_and_PPAR_945_/1237858", "title"=>"Final plasma concentrations of (A) non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), (B) 3-hydroxybutyrate and (C) free thyroxine (fT4) in response to fasting and PPARα.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:49:04"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789775"], "description"=>"<p>Values represent means ± SD of relative mRNA concentrations of wildtype (WT) and PPARα knockout (KO) mice that were fed <i>ad libitum</i> or fasted for 48 h (n = 16). Data were analyzed by two-way ANOVA. Classification factors were genotype, fasting, and the interaction between both factors. <i>P</i>-values revealed by two-way ANOVA are noted above the figures. Individual means of the treatment groups were compared by Tukey's test in case of variance homogeneity. In case of variance heterogeneity, as revealed by Levene's test, individual means were compared by Games Howell test. Horizontal brackets represent differences between groups in post-hoc comparison (**<i>p</i><0.001, *<i>p</i><0.05). n.e., not evaluable due to extremely low expression.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["wt", "energy supply", "MCT 1 expression", "MCT isoforms", "ko", "ppar", "MCT isoform regulation", "MCT expression"], "article_id"=>1237860, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Alexandra Schutkowski", "Nicole Wege", "Gabriele I. Stangl", "Bettina König"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112118.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>26, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relative_mRNA_concentrations_of_A_monocarboxylate_transporter_MCT_1_B_MCT2_and_C_MCT4_in_mouse_tissues_in_response_to_fasting_and_PPAR_945_/1237860", "title"=>"Relative mRNA concentrations of (A) monocarboxylate transporter (MCT)-1, (B) MCT2 and (C) MCT4 in mouse tissues in response to fasting and PPARα.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:49:04"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[267]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[289]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Anatomy", "average_usage"=>[266]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Endocrinology", "average_usage"=>[282, 453]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Physiology", "average_usage"=>[278]}]}
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