Bt Rice Expressing Cry2Aa Does Not Harm Cyrtorhinus lividipennis, a Main Predator of the Nontarget Herbivore Nilapavarta lugens
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{"title"=>"Bt rice expressing Cry2Aa does not harm Cyrtorhinus lividipennis, a main predator of the nontarget herbivore Nilapavarta lugens", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Yu", "last_name"=>"Han", "scopus_author_id"=>"56381802300"}, {"first_name"=>"Jiarong", "last_name"=>"Meng", "scopus_author_id"=>"56417014800"}, {"first_name"=>"Jie", "last_name"=>"Chen", "scopus_author_id"=>"56381721300"}, {"first_name"=>"Wanlun", "last_name"=>"Cai", "scopus_author_id"=>"9940091400"}, {"first_name"=>"Yu", "last_name"=>"Wang", "scopus_author_id"=>"56418756000"}, {"first_name"=>"Jing", "last_name"=>"Zhao", "scopus_author_id"=>"57188751776"}, {"first_name"=>"Yueping", "last_name"=>"He", "scopus_author_id"=>"56316437000"}, {"first_name"=>"Yanni", "last_name"=>"Feng", "scopus_author_id"=>"56531055500"}, {"first_name"=>"Hongxia", "last_name"=>"Hua", "scopus_author_id"=>"22934160900"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"600434778", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0112315", "sgr"=>"84910656639", "pmid"=>"25375147", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84910656639"}, "id"=>"3e7403c8-4997-3d2e-b175-487761b2fbd5", "abstract"=>"T2A-1 is a newly developed transgenic rice that expresses a synthesized cry2Aa gene driven by the maize ubiquitin promoter. T2A-1 exhibits high resistance against lepidopteran pests of rice. The brown planthopper, Nilapavarta lugens (Stal), is a main nontarget sap-sucking insect pest of rice, and Cyrtorhinus lividipennis (Reuter) is the major predator of the eggs and young nymphs of planthoppers. As C. lividipennis may expose to the Cry2Aa protein via N. lugens, it is therefore essential to assess the potential effects of transgenic cry2Aa rice on this predator. In the present study, three experiments were conducted to evaluate the ecological risk of transgenic cry2Aa rice to C. lividipennis: (1) a direct feeding experiment in which C. lividipennis was fed an artificial diet containing Cry2Aa at the dose of 10-time higher than that it may encounter in the realistic field condition; (2) a tritrophic experiment in which the Cry2Aa protein was delivered to C. lividipennis indirectly through prey eggs or nymphs; (3) a realistic field experiment in which the population dynamics of C. lividipennis were investigated using vacuum-suction. Both direct exposure to elevated doses of the Cry2Aa protein and prey-mediated exposure to realistic doses of the protein did not result in significant detrimental effects on the development, survival, female ratio and body weight of C. lividipennis. No significant differences in population density and population dynamics were observed between C. lividipennis in transgenic cry2Aa and nontransgenic rice fields. It may be concluded that transgenic cry2Aa rice had no detrimental effects on C. lividipennis. This study represents the first report of an assessment continuum for the effects of transgenic cry2Aa rice on C. lividipennis.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/bt-rice-expressing-cry2aa-not-harm-cyrtorhinus-lividipennis-main-predator-nontarget-herbivore-nilapa", "reader_count"=>7, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1781443"], "description"=>"<p>300 µg Cry2Aa and 40 µg PA per ml were incorporated into artificial diets. Pure diet served as a negative control (N = 36).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cry 2Aa gene", "cry 2Aa rice", "experiment", "Harm Cyrtorhinus lividipennis", "Cry 2Aa", "maize ubiquitin promoter", "Population Dynamics", "nontransgenic rice fields", "Cry 2Aa protein", "Nontarget Herbivore Nilapavarta lugens T 2A", "T 2A exhibits"], "article_id"=>1230732, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Yu Han", "Jiarong Meng", "Jie Chen", "Wanlun Cai", "Yu Wang", "Jing Zhao", "Yueping He", "Yanni Feng", "Hongxia Hua"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112315.g001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Survival_of_Cyrtorhinus_lividipennis_fed_pure_artificial_diet_or_diet_containing_different_insecticidal_compounds_/1230732", "title"=>"Survival of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i> fed pure artificial diet or diet containing different insecticidal compounds.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-06 03:34:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1781444"], "description"=>"<p>Functional response of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i> collected from T2A-1 and Minghui 63.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cry 2Aa gene", "cry 2Aa rice", "experiment", "Harm Cyrtorhinus lividipennis", "Cry 2Aa", "maize ubiquitin promoter", "Population Dynamics", "nontransgenic rice fields", "Cry 2Aa protein", "Nontarget Herbivore Nilapavarta lugens T 2A", "T 2A exhibits"], "article_id"=>1230733, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Yu Han", "Jiarong Meng", "Jie Chen", "Wanlun Cai", "Yu Wang", "Jing Zhao", "Yueping He", "Yanni Feng", "Hongxia Hua"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112315.g002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Functional_response_of_Cyrtorhinus_lividipennis_collected_from_T2A_1_and_Minghui_63_/1230733", "title"=>"Functional response of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i> collected from T2A-1 and Minghui 63.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-06 03:34:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1781445"], "description"=>"<p>Data are represented as mean ± SE. (A). Xiaogan, 2011; (B). Xiaogan, 2012; (C). Xiaogan, 2013; (D) Suizhou, 2012. There was no significant difference between <i>Bt</i> rice and control plots at the same sampling time, based on Student's <i>t</i>-test (N = 4). Repeated measures ANOVA: (A). F<sub>1,6</sub> = 0.059, <i>P</i> = 0.816; (B). F<sub>1,6</sub> = 0.058, <i>P</i> = 0.777; (C). F<sub>1,6</sub> = 1.366, <i>P</i> = 0.287; (D). F<sub>1,6</sub> = 0.964, <i>P</i> = 0.364.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cry 2Aa gene", "cry 2Aa rice", "experiment", "Harm Cyrtorhinus lividipennis", "Cry 2Aa", "maize ubiquitin promoter", "Population Dynamics", "nontransgenic rice fields", "Cry 2Aa protein", "Nontarget Herbivore Nilapavarta lugens T 2A", "T 2A exhibits"], "article_id"=>1230734, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Yu Han", "Jiarong Meng", "Jie Chen", "Wanlun Cai", "Yu Wang", "Jing Zhao", "Yueping He", "Yanni Feng", "Hongxia Hua"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112315.g003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Population_dynamics_of_Cyrtorhinus_lividipennis_collected_by_vacuum_suction_/1230734", "title"=>"Population dynamics of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i> collected by vacuum-suction.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-06 03:34:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1781446"], "description"=>"<p>The experiment started with 32 nymphs per treatment. (n), number of individuals at each development stage.</p>a<p>Mann–Whitney <i>U</i>-test.</p>b<p>Chi-square test.</p>c<p>Student's <i>t</i>-test.</p><p>Prey-mediated effects of Cry2Aa on life-table parameters of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i> preying eggs of <i>Nilapavarta lugens</i> reared with T2A-1 or Minghui 63 rice plants.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cry 2Aa gene", "cry 2Aa rice", "experiment", "Harm Cyrtorhinus lividipennis", "Cry 2Aa", "maize ubiquitin promoter", "Population Dynamics", "nontransgenic rice fields", "Cry 2Aa protein", "Nontarget Herbivore Nilapavarta lugens T 2A", "T 2A exhibits"], "article_id"=>1230735, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Yu Han", "Jiarong Meng", "Jie Chen", "Wanlun Cai", "Yu Wang", "Jing Zhao", "Yueping He", "Yanni Feng", "Hongxia Hua"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112315.t001"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Prey_mediated_effects_of_Cry2Aa_on_life_table_parameters_of_Cyrtorhinus_lividipennis_preying_eggs_of_Nilapavarta_lugens_reared_with_T2A_1_or_Minghui_63_rice_plants_/1230735", "title"=>"Prey-mediated effects of Cry2Aa on life-table parameters of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i> preying eggs of <i>Nilapavarta lugens</i> reared with T2A-1 or Minghui 63 rice plants.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-06 03:34:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1781447"], "description"=>"<p>The experiment started with 80 nymphs per treatment. (n), number of individuals at each development stage.</p><p>*E3 = 10<sup>−3</sup>.</p>a<p>Mann–Whitney <i>U</i>-test.</p>b<p>Chi-square test.</p>c<p>Student's <i>t</i>-test.</p><p>Prey-mediated effects of Cry2Aa on life-table parameters of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i> preying nymphs of <i>Nilapavarta lugens</i> reared with T2A-1 or Minghui 63 rice plants.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cry 2Aa gene", "cry 2Aa rice", "experiment", "Harm Cyrtorhinus lividipennis", "Cry 2Aa", "maize ubiquitin promoter", "Population Dynamics", "nontransgenic rice fields", "Cry 2Aa protein", "Nontarget Herbivore Nilapavarta lugens T 2A", "T 2A exhibits"], "article_id"=>1230736, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Yu Han", "Jiarong Meng", "Jie Chen", "Wanlun Cai", "Yu Wang", "Jing Zhao", "Yueping He", "Yanni Feng", "Hongxia Hua"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112315.t002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Prey_mediated_effects_of_Cry2Aa_on_life_table_parameters_of_Cyrtorhinus_lividipennis_preying_nymphs_of_Nilapavarta_lugens_reared_with_T2A_1_or_Minghui_63_rice_plants_/1230736", "title"=>"Prey-mediated effects of Cry2Aa on life-table parameters of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i> preying nymphs of <i>Nilapavarta lugens</i> reared with T2A-1 or Minghui 63 rice plants.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-06 03:34:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1781448"], "description"=>"<p>Data are represented as mean ± SE.</p><p>Contents of Cry2Aa protein in rice sheath tissue, <i>Nilapavarta lugens</i> and <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cry 2Aa gene", "cry 2Aa rice", "experiment", "Harm Cyrtorhinus lividipennis", "Cry 2Aa", "maize ubiquitin promoter", "Population Dynamics", "nontransgenic rice fields", "Cry 2Aa protein", "Nontarget Herbivore Nilapavarta lugens T 2A", "T 2A exhibits"], "article_id"=>1230737, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Yu Han", "Jiarong Meng", "Jie Chen", "Wanlun Cai", "Yu Wang", "Jing Zhao", "Yueping He", "Yanni Feng", "Hongxia Hua"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112315.t003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Contents_of_Cry2Aa_protein_in_rice_sheath_tissue_Nilapavarta_lugens_and_Cyrtorhinus_lividipennis_/1230737", "title"=>"Contents of Cry2Aa protein in rice sheath tissue, <i>Nilapavarta lugens</i> and <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-06 03:34:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1781449"], "description"=>"<p>Nymphs of <i>C. lividipennis</i> were fed with an artificial diet containing 300 µg/ml Cry2Aa or 40 µg/ml PA (positive control). Pure diet served as a negative control (N = 36). The experiment lasted until adult eclosed. Statistical comparisons were made separately for each of the insecticidal compounds comparing with the control. Asterisks denote significant differences: <i>P</i><0.01.</p>a<p>Mann–Whitney <i>U</i>-test with Bonferroni correction (adjusted α = 0.025).</p>b<p>Chi-square test with Bonferroni correction (adjusted α = 0.025).</p>c<p>Student's <i>t</i>-test.</p><p>Effects of purified Cry2Aa incorporating into artificial diet on life-table parameters of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cry 2Aa gene", "cry 2Aa rice", "experiment", "Harm Cyrtorhinus lividipennis", "Cry 2Aa", "maize ubiquitin promoter", "Population Dynamics", "nontransgenic rice fields", "Cry 2Aa protein", "Nontarget Herbivore Nilapavarta lugens T 2A", "T 2A exhibits"], "article_id"=>1230738, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Yu Han", "Jiarong Meng", "Jie Chen", "Wanlun Cai", "Yu Wang", "Jing Zhao", "Yueping He", "Yanni Feng", "Hongxia Hua"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112315.t004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_purified_Cry2Aa_incorporating_into_artificial_diet_on_life_table_parameters_of_Cyrtorhinus_lividipennis_/1230738", "title"=>"Effects of purified Cry2Aa incorporating into artificial diet on life-table parameters of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-06 03:34:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1781450"], "description"=>"<p><i>a</i>: instantaneous search rate (day<sup>−1</sup>). <i>Th</i>: time required to handle a prey (day). Data are represented as mean ± SE.</p><p>There was no significant difference between T2A-1 and Minghui 63, based on Student's <i>t</i>-test (<i>P</i><0.05).</p><p>Parameters of Type II functional response of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i> to <i>Nilapavarta lugens</i> nymph fed on <i>Bt</i> or non-<i>Bt</i> rice.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cry 2Aa gene", "cry 2Aa rice", "experiment", "Harm Cyrtorhinus lividipennis", "Cry 2Aa", "maize ubiquitin promoter", "Population Dynamics", "nontransgenic rice fields", "Cry 2Aa protein", "Nontarget Herbivore Nilapavarta lugens T 2A", "T 2A exhibits"], "article_id"=>1230739, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Yu Han", "Jiarong Meng", "Jie Chen", "Wanlun Cai", "Yu Wang", "Jing Zhao", "Yueping He", "Yanni Feng", "Hongxia Hua"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112315.t005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Parameters_of_Type_II_functional_response_of_Cyrtorhinus_lividipennis_to_Nilapavarta_lugens_nymph_fed_on_Bt_or_non_Bt_rice_/1230739", "title"=>"Parameters of Type II functional response of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i> to <i>Nilapavarta lugens</i> nymph fed on <i>Bt</i> or non-<i>Bt</i> rice.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-06 03:34:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1781451"], "description"=>"<p>N = 4 at both sites in 2011, 2012, and 2013. Data are represented as mean ± SE. There was no significant difference between T2A-1 and Minghui 63 field, based on Student's <i>t</i>-test.</p><p>Population densities (no. of per 0.25 m<sup>2</sup>) of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i> collected by vacuum-suction.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cry 2Aa gene", "cry 2Aa rice", "experiment", "Harm Cyrtorhinus lividipennis", "Cry 2Aa", "maize ubiquitin promoter", "Population Dynamics", "nontransgenic rice fields", "Cry 2Aa protein", "Nontarget Herbivore Nilapavarta lugens T 2A", "T 2A exhibits"], "article_id"=>1230740, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Yu Han", "Jiarong Meng", "Jie Chen", "Wanlun Cai", "Yu Wang", "Jing Zhao", "Yueping He", "Yanni Feng", "Hongxia Hua"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112315.t006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Population_densities_no_of_per_0_25_m_2_of_Cyrtorhinus_lividipennis_collected_by_vacuum_suction_/1230740", "title"=>"Population densities (no. of per 0.25 m<sup>2</sup>) of <i>Cyrtorhinus lividipennis</i> collected by vacuum-suction.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-06 03:34:33"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[285]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Nutrition", "average_usage"=>[285]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Population groupings", "average_usage"=>[300]}]}
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