A Pilot RCT of Psychodynamic Group Art Therapy for Patients in Acute Psychotic Episodes: Feasibility, Impact on Symptoms and Mentalising Capacity
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"A pilot RCT of psychodynamic group art therapy for patients in acute psychotic episodes: Feasibility, impact on symptoms and Mentalising capacity", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Christiane", "last_name"=>"Montag", "scopus_author_id"=>"56255956300"}, {"first_name"=>"Laura", "last_name"=>"Haase", "scopus_author_id"=>"56426140100"}, {"first_name"=>"Dorothea", "last_name"=>"Seidel", "scopus_author_id"=>"56425274800"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin", "last_name"=>"Bayerl", "scopus_author_id"=>"35767370700"}, {"first_name"=>"Jurgen", "last_name"=>"Gallinat", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003503772"}, {"first_name"=>"Uwe", "last_name"=>"Herrmann", "scopus_author_id"=>"56425644500"}, {"first_name"=>"Karin", "last_name"=>"Dannecker", "scopus_author_id"=>"56426234800"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84911928492", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0112348", "pui"=>"600507559", "pmid"=>"25393414", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84911928492", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"19766583-799b-3bc1-ab6f-024c68e2649c", "abstract"=>"UNLABELLED: This pilot study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of an assessor-blind, randomised controlled trial of psychodynamic art therapy for the treatment of patients with schizophrenia, and to generate preliminary data on the efficacy of this intervention during acute psychotic episodes. Fifty-eight inpatients with DSM-diagnoses of schizophrenia were randomised to either 12 twice-weekly sessions of psychodynamic group art therapy plus treatment as usual or to standard treatment alone. Primary outcome criteria were positive and negative psychotic and depressive symptoms as well as global assessment of functioning. Secondary outcomes were mentalising function, estimated with the Reading the mind in the eyes test and the Levels of emotional awareness scale, self-efficacy, locus of control, quality of life and satisfaction with care. Assessments were made at baseline, at post-treatment and at 12 weeks' follow-up. At 12 weeks, 55% of patients randomised to art therapy, and 66% of patients receiving treatment as usual were examined. In the per-protocol sample, art therapy was associated with a significantly greater mean reduction of positive symptoms and improved psychosocial functioning at post-treatment and follow-up, and with a greater mean reduction of negative symptoms at follow-up compared to standard treatment. The significant reduction of positive symptoms at post-treatment was maintained in an attempted intention-to-treat analysis. There were no group differences regarding depressive symptoms. Of secondary outcome parameters, patients in the art therapy group showed a significant improvement in levels of emotional awareness, and particularly in their ability to reflect about others' emotional mental states. This is one of the first randomised controlled trials on psychodynamic group art therapy for patients with acute psychotic episodes receiving hospital treatment. Results prove the feasibility of trials on art therapy during acute psychotic episodes and justify further research to substantiate preliminary positive results regarding symptom reduction and the recovery of mentalising function. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01622166.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/pilot-rct-psychodynamic-group-art-therapy-patients-acute-psychotic-episodes-feasibility-impact-sympt", "reader_count"=>77, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>15, "Lecturer"=>4, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>7, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Postgraduate"=>6, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>15, "Lecturer"=>4, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>13, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Psychology"=>45, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>2, "Linguistics"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>13}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>45}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>3}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>8}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84911928492"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84911928492?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84911928492&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84911928492&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84911928492", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84911928492", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84911928492", "dc:title"=>"A pilot RCT of psychodynamic group art therapy for patients in acute psychotic episodes: Feasibility, impact on symptoms and Mentalising capacity", "dc:creator"=>"Montag C.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"9", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"11", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-11-13", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"13 November 2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0112348", "citedby-count"=>"26", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin", "affiliation-city"=>"Berlin", "affiliation-country"=>"Germany"}], "pubmed-id"=>"25393414", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e112348", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0112348", "share_count"=>6, "like_count"=>4, "comment_count"=>2, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>12}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"9", "html_views"=>"316"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"251"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"342"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"180"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"182"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"209"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"135"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"156"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"105"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"123"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"154"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"147"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"136"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"135"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"165"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"152"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"39", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"143"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"113"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"108"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"40", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"211"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"211"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"195"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"245"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"252"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"243"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"231"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"237"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"154"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"123"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"220"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"205"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"222"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"328"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"446"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"452"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"45", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"130"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"44", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"129"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"55", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"173"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"70", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"159"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"60", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"73", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"71", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"112"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"74", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"72", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"96"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"73", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"77", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"56", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1793124"], "description"=>"1<p>: n<sub>AT</sub> = 16/n<sub>TAU</sub> = 20;</p>2<p>: n<sub>AT</sub> = 16/n<sub>TAU</sub> = 19;</p>3<p>: ANCOVA factors: intervention, gender; covariates: verbal IQ, AVLT<sup>(1–5)</sup>, baseline value of dependent variable.</p>4<p>: ANCOVA factors: intervention, gender; covariates: verbal IQ, baseline value of dependent variable; (post hoc) F<sub>[df]</sub>; *: p<0.05; corrected p-value (Bonferroni) p<0.007.</p><p>(LEAS: Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale; RME: Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test; FKK SKI: sum score self-efficacy; FKK PC: sum score externality; MSQoL: Modular system for quality of life; ZUF-8: satisfaction with care).</p><p>Means, standard deviations, group differences (F<sub>[df]</sub>) and effect sizes (η<sup><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112348#nt110\" target=\"_blank\">2</a></sup><sub>p)</sub> between art therapy and treatment as usual for social cognition (LEAS, RME), self-efficacy/locus of control (FKK), quality of life (MSQoL) and satisfaction with care (ZUF-8) scores in the per-protocol sample.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychodynamic group art therapy", "psychodynamic art therapy", "Acute Psychotic Episodes", "12 weeks", "Art therapy", "depressive symptoms", "art therapy group", "episode", "Primary outcome criteria", "rct", "randomised", "nct"], "article_id"=>1240488, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Christiane Montag", "Laura Haase", "Dorothea Seidel", "Martin Bayerl", "Jürgen Gallinat", "Uwe Herrmann", "Karin Dannecker"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112348.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>31, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Means_standard_deviations_group_differences_F_df_and_effect_sizes_951_2_p_between_art_therapy_and_treatment_as_usual_for_social_cognition_LEAS_RME_self_efficacy_locus_of_control_FKK_quality_of_life_MSQoL_and_satisfaction_with_care_ZUF_8_scores_in_the_per/1240488", "title"=>"Means, standard deviations, group differences (F<sub>[df]</sub>) and effect sizes (η<sup>2</sup><sub>p)</sub> between art therapy and treatment as usual for social cognition (LEAS, RME), self-efficacy/locus of control (FKK), quality of life (MSQoL) and satisfaction with care (ZUF-8) scores in the per-protocol sample.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:51:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1793139", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1793140"], "description"=>"<div><p></p><p>This pilot study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of an assessor-blind, randomised controlled trial of psychodynamic art therapy for the treatment of patients with schizophrenia, and to generate preliminary data on the efficacy of this intervention during acute psychotic episodes. Fifty-eight inpatients with DSM-diagnoses of schizophrenia were randomised to either 12 twice-weekly sessions of psychodynamic group art therapy plus treatment as usual or to standard treatment alone. Primary outcome criteria were positive and negative psychotic and depressive symptoms as well as global assessment of functioning. Secondary outcomes were mentalising function, estimated with the Reading the mind in the eyes test and the Levels of emotional awareness scale, self-efficacy, locus of control, quality of life and satisfaction with care. Assessments were made at baseline, at post-treatment and at 12 weeks' follow-up. At 12 weeks, 55% of patients randomised to art therapy, and 66% of patients receiving treatment as usual were examined. In the per-protocol sample, art therapy was associated with a significantly greater mean reduction of positive symptoms and improved psychosocial functioning at post-treatment and follow-up, and with a greater mean reduction of negative symptoms at follow-up compared to standard treatment. The significant reduction of positive symptoms at post-treatment was maintained in an attempted intention-to-treat analysis. There were no group differences regarding depressive symptoms. Of secondary outcome parameters, patients in the art therapy group showed a significant improvement in levels of emotional awareness, and particularly in their ability to reflect about others' emotional mental states. This is one of the first randomised controlled trials on psychodynamic group art therapy for patients with acute psychotic episodes receiving hospital treatment. Results prove the feasibility of trials on art therapy during acute psychotic episodes and justify further research to substantiate preliminary positive results regarding symptom reduction and the recovery of mentalising function.</p><p>Trial Registration</p><p>ClinicalTrials.gov <a href=\"http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01622166\" target=\"_blank\">NCT01622166</a></p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychodynamic group art therapy", "psychodynamic art therapy", "Acute Psychotic Episodes", "12 weeks", "Art therapy", "depressive symptoms", "art therapy group", "episode", "Primary outcome criteria", "rct", "randomised", "nct"], "article_id"=>1240492, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Christiane Montag", "Laura Haase", "Dorothea Seidel", "Martin Bayerl", "Jürgen Gallinat", "Uwe Herrmann", "Karin Dannecker"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112348.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112348.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>12, "page_views"=>26, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_Pilot_RCT_of_Psychodynamic_Group_Art_Therapy_for_Patients_in_Acute_Psychotic_Episodes_Feasibility_Impact_on_Symptoms_and_Mentalising_Capacity_/1240492", "title"=>"A Pilot RCT of Psychodynamic Group Art Therapy for Patients in Acute Psychotic Episodes: Feasibility, Impact on Symptoms and Mentalising Capacity", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:51:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1793119"], "description"=>"<p>CONSORT 2010 flow diagram.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychodynamic group art therapy", "psychodynamic art therapy", "Acute Psychotic Episodes", "12 weeks", "Art therapy", "depressive symptoms", "art therapy group", "episode", "Primary outcome criteria", "rct", "randomised", "nct"], "article_id"=>1240483, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Christiane Montag", "Laura Haase", "Dorothea Seidel", "Martin Bayerl", "Jürgen Gallinat", "Uwe Herrmann", "Karin Dannecker"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112348.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_CONSORT_2010_flow_diagram_/1240483", "title"=>"CONSORT 2010 flow diagram.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:51:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1793120"], "description"=>"<p>T-test for independent samples;</p>1<p>: χ<sup>2</sup>-test;</p><p>*: p<005 (AT: art therapy; TAU: treatment as usual; AVLT: Auditory verbal learning test; CPZ equiv.: antipsychotic dose converted to chlorpromazine equivalents).</p><p>Baseline demographic and neuropsychological parameters, and illness characteristics in patients receiving art therapy or treatment as usual.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychodynamic group art therapy", "psychodynamic art therapy", "Acute Psychotic Episodes", "12 weeks", "Art therapy", "depressive symptoms", "art therapy group", "episode", "Primary outcome criteria", "rct", "randomised", "nct"], "article_id"=>1240484, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Christiane Montag", "Laura Haase", "Dorothea Seidel", "Martin Bayerl", "Jürgen Gallinat", "Uwe Herrmann", "Karin Dannecker"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112348.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Baseline_demographic_and_neuropsychological_parameters_and_illness_characteristics_in_patients_receiving_art_therapy_or_treatment_as_usual_/1240484", "title"=>"Baseline demographic and neuropsychological parameters, and illness characteristics in patients receiving art therapy or treatment as usual.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:51:16"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1793122"], "description"=>"1<p>: n<sub>AT</sub> = 16/n<sub>TAU</sub> = 19;</p>2<p>: n<sub>AT</sub> = 16/n<sub>TAU</sub> = 20;</p>3<p>: n<sub>AT</sub> = 24/n<sub>TAU</sub> = 29.</p><p>Per-protocol sample: ANCOVA factors: intervention, gender; covariates: verbal IQ, baseline value of dependent variable; F<sub>[df]</sub>; *: p<0.05; **: p<0.01; η<sup>2</sup><sub>p</sub>; corrected p-value (Bonferroni) p<0.0125 (significant results underlined).</p><p>Intention-to treat sample: descriptive statistics and ANCOVA on multiply imputed data (m = 50): covariates: intervention, baseline value of dependent variable; pooled F<sub>[df]</sub>; *: p<0.05; <sup>†</sup>: p = 0.078 (AT: art therapy; TAU: treatment as usual; SANS: Scale for the assessment of negative symptoms; SAPS: Scale for the assessment of positive symptoms; CDSS: Calgary depression scale for schizophrenia; GAF: Global assessment of functioning).</p><p>Means, standard deviations, and group comparisons between art therapy and treatment as usual for psychopathological symptoms (SAPS, SANS, CDSS) and global assessment of functioning (GAF) in per-protocol and intention-to-treat samples at post-treatment and follow-up visits.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["psychodynamic group art therapy", "psychodynamic art therapy", "Acute Psychotic Episodes", "12 weeks", "Art therapy", "depressive symptoms", "art therapy group", "episode", "Primary outcome criteria", "rct", "randomised", "nct"], "article_id"=>1240486, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Christiane Montag", "Laura Haase", "Dorothea Seidel", "Martin Bayerl", "Jürgen Gallinat", "Uwe Herrmann", "Karin Dannecker"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112348.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Means_standard_deviations_and_group_comparisons_between_art_therapy_and_treatment_as_usual_for_psychopathological_symptoms_SAPS_SANS_CDSS_and_global_assessment_of_functioning_GAF_in_per_protocol_and_intention_to_treat_samples_at_post_treatment_and_follow/1240486", "title"=>"Means, standard deviations, and group comparisons between art therapy and treatment as usual for psychopathological symptoms (SAPS, SANS, CDSS) and global assessment of functioning (GAF) in per-protocol and intention-to-treat samples at post-treatment and follow-up visits.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-13 03:51:16"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"61", "full-text"=>"93", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"73", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"57", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"53", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"68", "full-text"=>"83", "pdf"=>"36", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"56", "full-text"=>"66", "pdf"=>"25", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"78", "full-text"=>"76", "pdf"=>"34", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"67", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"26", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"83", "full-text"=>"99", "pdf"=>"45", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"64", "full-text"=>"71", "pdf"=>"21", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"56", "pdf"=>"20", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"43", "full-text"=>"44", "pdf"=>"23", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"69", "full-text"=>"79", "pdf"=>"25", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"79", "full-text"=>"80", "pdf"=>"40", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"53", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"64", "full-text"=>"82", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"71", "full-text"=>"78", "pdf"=>"24", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"50", "full-text"=>"62", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"62", "pdf"=>"24", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"57", "pdf"=>"20", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"65", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"49", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"59", "full-text"=>"72", "pdf"=>"24", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"61", "full-text"=>"75", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"40", "full-text"=>"44", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"55", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"61", "full-text"=>"61", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"47", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"69", "full-text"=>"90", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"60", "pdf"=>"21", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"34", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"18", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"42", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"68", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"56", "full-text"=>"68", "pdf"=>"27", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"35", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"55", "full-text"=>"62", "pdf"=>"12", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"49", "full-text"=>"61", "pdf"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"20", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"59", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"27", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"45", "full-text"=>"57", "pdf"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"46", "pdf"=>"20", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"5", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"56", "full-text"=>"67", "pdf"=>"23", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"18", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"59", "full-text"=>"57", "pdf"=>"14", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"43", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"49", "full-text"=>"64", "pdf"=>"15", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"51", "full-text"=>"55", "pdf"=>"14", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"54", "full-text"=>"57", "pdf"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Health care", "average_usage"=>[283, 456]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts