Whole-Genome Sequencing of the World’s Oldest People
Publication Date
November 12, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Hinco J. Gierman, Kristen Fortney, Jared C. Roach, Natalie S. Coles, et al
Volume
9
Issue
11
Pages
e112430
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0112430
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25390934
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4229186
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/25390934
Web of Science
000349144400081
Scopus
84911466729
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/wholegenome-sequencing-worlds-oldest-people
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Whole-genome sequencing of the world's oldest people", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Hinco J.", "last_name"=>"Gierman", "scopus_author_id"=>"16480719000"}, {"first_name"=>"Kristen", "last_name"=>"Fortney", "scopus_author_id"=>"36099931500"}, {"first_name"=>"Jared C.", "last_name"=>"Roach", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102293408"}, {"first_name"=>"Natalie S.", "last_name"=>"Coles", "scopus_author_id"=>"56423502100"}, {"first_name"=>"Hong", "last_name"=>"Li", "scopus_author_id"=>"57008027100"}, {"first_name"=>"Gustavo", "last_name"=>"Glusman", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603866416"}, {"first_name"=>"Glenn J.", "last_name"=>"Markov", "scopus_author_id"=>"41361686500"}, {"first_name"=>"Justin D.", "last_name"=>"Smith", "scopus_author_id"=>"55943516300"}, {"first_name"=>"Leroy", "last_name"=>"Hood", "scopus_author_id"=>"36484488700"}, {"first_name"=>"L. Stephen", "last_name"=>"Coles", "scopus_author_id"=>"35261743400"}, {"first_name"=>"Stuart K.", "last_name"=>"Kim", "scopus_author_id"=>"8073488900"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"25390934", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84911466729", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0112430", "sgr"=>"84911466729", "pui"=>"600489406"}, "id"=>"1bdcce9a-61f8-3c13-a774-10fa57cd1cb8", "abstract"=>"Supercentenarians (110 years or older) are the world's oldest people. Seventy four are alive worldwide, with twenty two in the United States. We performed whole-genome sequencing on 17 supercentenarians to explore the genetic basis underlying extreme human longevity. We found no significant evidence of enrichment for a single rare protein-altering variant or for a gene harboring different rare protein altering variants in supercentenarian compared to control genomes. We followed up on the gene most enriched for rare protein-altering variants in our cohort of supercentenarians, TSHZ3, by sequencing it in a second cohort of 99 long-lived individuals but did not find a significant enrichment. The genome of one supercentenarian had a pathogenic mutation in DSC2, known to predispose to arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, which is recommended to be reported to this individual as an incidental finding according to a recent position statement by the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics. Even with this pathogenic mutation, the proband lived to over 110 years. The entire list of rare protein-altering variants and DNA sequence of all 17 supercentenarian genomes is available as a resource to assist the discovery of the genetic basis of extreme longevity in future studies.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/wholegenome-sequencing-worlds-oldest-people", "reader_count"=>141, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>10, "Researcher"=>35, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>36, "Student > Postgraduate"=>9, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>11, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>10, "Researcher"=>35, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>36, "Student > Postgraduate"=>9, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>11, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>71, "Computer Science"=>6, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>26, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>16, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>3, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>16}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>3}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>71}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>6}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>26}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>5, "Japan"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "India"=>1, "Russia"=>1, "Spain"=>1, "Netherlands"=>1, "Czech Republic"=>1, "Luxembourg"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "Italy"=>2, "South Africa"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789896"], "description"=>"<p>Age is age at death or last reported age alive. Age at (blood) draw was validated as described in methods. Sex is female (F) or male (M). Race (or ethnicity) is Caucasian (CAU), Hispanic (HIS) or African-American (AA). Major age-related diseases were known events of cancer, cardiovascular disease, stroke, Alzheimer’s or type 2 diabetes at blood draw (i.e. enrollment). Functional status is indicated as: ••• (good), •• (moderate) or • (poor). Hearing: ••• good in both ears; •• impaired in one, good in other ear; • impaired in both ears. Vision: ••• could read newspaper; •• could watch television; • could do neither. Teeth: ••• had teeth of their own; • no teeth of their own. Communication: ••• talked independently and coherently; •• slow speech, needed interpreter; • incoherent or no communication. Mobility: ••• could walk; •• uses wheelchair; • bed confined.</p><p>Characteristics of supercentenarians.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["position statement", "longevity", "tshz", "future studies", "cohort", "17 supercentenarians", "basis", "DNA sequence", "mutation", "17 supercentenarian genomes", "110 years", "Medical Genetics", "variant", "United States", "control genomes", "sequencing", "dsc", "gene", "American College", "arrhythmogenic right", "enrichment"], "article_id"=>1237961, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Hinco J. Gierman", "Kristen Fortney", "Jared C. Roach", "Natalie S. Coles", "Hong Li", "Gustavo Glusman", "Glenn J. Markov", "Justin D. Smith", "Leroy Hood", "L. Stephen Coles", "Stuart K. Kim"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>45, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_supercentenarians_/1237961", "title"=>"Characteristics of supercentenarians.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:56:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789894"], "description"=>"<p>To see if TSHZ3 is enriched for rare protein-altering variants in long-lived individuals, Sanger sequencing was performed on TSHZ3 in 99 Caucasians with extreme longevity (age 98–105). There was not a significant enrichment comparing the allele frequency of all rare protein-altering variants in the centenarians (4.0%; black bar) to 4300 Caucasian controls from the NHLBI exome project (2.5%; white bar). Both cohorts were annotated for protein-altering variants and filtered against 1000G EUR (MAF<0.015).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["position statement", "longevity", "tshz", "future studies", "cohort", "17 supercentenarians", "basis", "DNA sequence", "mutation", "17 supercentenarian genomes", "110 years", "Medical Genetics", "variant", "United States", "control genomes", "sequencing", "dsc", "gene", "American College", "arrhythmogenic right", "enrichment"], "article_id"=>1237959, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Hinco J. Gierman", "Kristen Fortney", "Jared C. Roach", "Natalie S. Coles", "Hong Li", "Gustavo Glusman", "Glenn J. Markov", "Justin D. Smith", "Leroy Hood", "L. Stephen Coles", "Stuart K. Kim"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>44, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Rare_protein_altering_variants_in_TSHZ3_in_the_Georgia_Centenarian_cohort_versus_NHLBI_cohort_/1237959", "title"=>"Rare protein-altering variants in TSHZ3 in the Georgia Centenarian cohort versus NHLBI cohort.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:56:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789895"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Sanger validation confirmed that one supercentenarian possessed a known pathogenic mutation in a splice acceptor site of Desmocollin-2 (DSC2), a component of the myocardial desmosome. (B) This rare mutation has been reported in 2 independent cases of Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy and has been shown to cause cryptic splicing and mRNA degradation <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430#pone.0112430-Heuser1\" target=\"_blank\">[54]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430#pone.0112430-Baskin1\" target=\"_blank\">[55]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["position statement", "longevity", "tshz", "future studies", "cohort", "17 supercentenarians", "basis", "DNA sequence", "mutation", "17 supercentenarian genomes", "110 years", "Medical Genetics", "variant", "United States", "control genomes", "sequencing", "dsc", "gene", "American College", "arrhythmogenic right", "enrichment"], "article_id"=>1237960, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Hinco J. Gierman", "Kristen Fortney", "Jared C. Roach", "Natalie S. Coles", "Hong Li", "Gustavo Glusman", "Glenn J. Markov", "Justin D. Smith", "Leroy Hood", "L. Stephen Coles", "Stuart K. Kim"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_supercentenarian_with_a_known_pathogenic_mutation_implicated_in_cardiomyopathy_/1237960", "title"=>"A supercentenarian with a known pathogenic mutation implicated in cardiomyopathy.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:56:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789893"], "description"=>"<p>All female Caucasian supercentenarian genomes were annotated for protein-altering variants. (A) To test for enrichment of a single variant, we filtered against dbSNP131 and compared each remaining rare protein-altering variant against 1000G EUR. No single variant was significantly enriched. (B) To test for enrichment of a gene with rare protein-altering variants, we collapsed all variants in to their respective genes and filtered against 1000G EUR (MAF<0.015). We tested for enrichment against 34 control genomes from PGP using the RVT1 burden test or a gene-based Fisher’s Exact (for recessive model). No gene was significantly enriched for rare protein-altering variants in supercentenarians. We then Sanger validated TSHZ3 as the best candidate from our burden-test for follow-up.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["position statement", "longevity", "tshz", "future studies", "cohort", "17 supercentenarians", "basis", "DNA sequence", "mutation", "17 supercentenarian genomes", "110 years", "Medical Genetics", "variant", "United States", "control genomes", "sequencing", "dsc", "gene", "American College", "arrhythmogenic right", "enrichment"], "article_id"=>1237958, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Hinco J. Gierman", "Kristen Fortney", "Jared C. Roach", "Natalie S. Coles", "Hong Li", "Gustavo Glusman", "Glenn J. Markov", "Justin D. Smith", "Leroy Hood", "L. Stephen Coles", "Stuart K. Kim"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>33, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pipeline_to_test_supercentenarians_for_enrichment_of_rare_protein_altering_variants_or_genes_harboring_them_/1237958", "title"=>"Pipeline to test supercentenarians for enrichment of rare protein-altering variants or genes harboring them.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:56:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789898"], "description"=>"<p>Position (bp) on chromosome 19 (Chr19) of variant, reference (Ref) and Variant (Var) allele, Amino Acid (AA) position, AA1 (ref), AA2 (var), Supercentenarian carriers (shown for reference), Centenarians carriers, Nonagenarians carriers, Minor allele frequency (MAF) in 1000G EUR.</p><p>Protein-altering variants in TSHZ3 in Georgia Centenarian cohort.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["position statement", "longevity", "tshz", "future studies", "cohort", "17 supercentenarians", "basis", "DNA sequence", "mutation", "17 supercentenarian genomes", "110 years", "Medical Genetics", "variant", "United States", "control genomes", "sequencing", "dsc", "gene", "American College", "arrhythmogenic right", "enrichment"], "article_id"=>1237963, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Hinco J. Gierman", "Kristen Fortney", "Jared C. Roach", "Natalie S. Coles", "Hong Li", "Gustavo Glusman", "Glenn J. Markov", "Justin D. Smith", "Leroy Hood", "L. Stephen Coles", "Stuart K. Kim"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Protein_altering_variants_in_TSHZ3_in_Georgia_Centenarian_cohort_/1237963", "title"=>"Protein-altering variants in TSHZ3 in Georgia Centenarian cohort.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:56:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789897"], "description"=>"<p>Ages for Georgia Centenarian Study subjects were obtained from Corriell website. Number of females from NHLBI cohort was derived for X chromosome genotypes. Age information for NHLBI controls was obtained from <a href=\"http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/recovery/media/NHLBI_DNA_cohort.htm\" target=\"_blank\">www.nhlbi.nih.gov/recovery/media/NHLBI_DNA_cohort.htm</a>.</p><p>Baseline statistics of follow-up cohorts.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["position statement", "longevity", "tshz", "future studies", "cohort", "17 supercentenarians", "basis", "DNA sequence", "mutation", "17 supercentenarian genomes", "110 years", "Medical Genetics", "variant", "United States", "control genomes", "sequencing", "dsc", "gene", "American College", "arrhythmogenic right", "enrichment"], "article_id"=>1237962, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Hinco J. Gierman", "Kristen Fortney", "Jared C. Roach", "Natalie S. Coles", "Hong Li", "Gustavo Glusman", "Glenn J. Markov", "Justin D. Smith", "Leroy Hood", "L. Stephen Coles", "Stuart K. Kim"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Baseline_statistics_of_follow_up_cohorts_/1237962", "title"=>"Baseline statistics of follow-up cohorts.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:56:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789908", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789909", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789910", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789911", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789912", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1789913"], "description"=>"<div><p>Supercentenarians (110 years or older) are the world’s oldest people. Seventy four are alive worldwide, with twenty two in the United States. We performed whole-genome sequencing on 17 supercentenarians to explore the genetic basis underlying extreme human longevity. We found no significant evidence of enrichment for a single rare protein-altering variant or for a gene harboring different rare protein altering variants in supercentenarian compared to control genomes. We followed up on the gene most enriched for rare protein-altering variants in our cohort of supercentenarians, TSHZ3, by sequencing it in a second cohort of 99 long-lived individuals but did not find a significant enrichment. The genome of one supercentenarian had a pathogenic mutation in DSC2, known to predispose to arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, which is recommended to be reported to this individual as an incidental finding according to a recent position statement by the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics. Even with this pathogenic mutation, the proband lived to over 110 years. The entire list of rare protein-altering variants and DNA sequence of all 17 supercentenarian genomes is available as a resource to assist the discovery of the genetic basis of extreme longevity in future studies.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["position statement", "longevity", "tshz", "future studies", "cohort", "17 supercentenarians", "basis", "DNA sequence", "mutation", "17 supercentenarian genomes", "110 years", "Medical Genetics", "variant", "United States", "control genomes", "sequencing", "dsc", "gene", "American College", "arrhythmogenic right", "enrichment"], "article_id"=>1237970, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Hinco J. Gierman", "Kristen Fortney", "Jared C. Roach", "Natalie S. Coles", "Hong Li", "Gustavo Glusman", "Glenn J. Markov", "Justin D. Smith", "Leroy Hood", "L. Stephen Coles", "Stuart K. Kim"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112430.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>16, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Whole_Genome_Sequencing_of_the_World_8217_s_Oldest_People_/1237970", "title"=>"Whole-Genome Sequencing of the World’s Oldest People", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 02:56:20"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Computational biology", "average_usage"=>[341, 529]}]}
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