Habitat Capacity for Cougar Recolonization in the Upper Great Lakes Region
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{"title"=>"Habitat capacity for cougar recolonization in the upper great lakes region", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Shawn T.", "last_name"=>"Oneil", "scopus_author_id"=>"56422101500"}, {"first_name"=>"Kasey C.", "last_name"=>"Rahn", "scopus_author_id"=>"56421598400"}, {"first_name"=>"Joseph K.", "last_name"=>"Bump", "scopus_author_id"=>"17344906800"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"600489351", "sgr"=>"84911408698", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0112565", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84911408698", "pmid"=>"25389761"}, "id"=>"689ffe96-e99a-377c-8254-0170dafe2f7c", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Recent findings indicate that cougars (Puma concolor) are expanding their range into the midwestern United States. Confirmed reports of cougar in Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin have increased dramatically in frequency during the last five years, leading to speculation that cougars may re-establish in the Upper Great Lakes (UGL) region, USA. Recent work showed favorable cougar habitat in northeastern Minnesota, suggesting that the northern forested regions of Michigan and Wisconsin may have similar potential. Recolonization of cougars in the UGL states would have important ecological, social, and political impacts that will require effective management.\\n\\nMETHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS), we extended a cougar habitat model to Michigan and Wisconsin and incorporated primary prey densities to estimate the capacity of the region to support cougars. Results suggest that approximately 39% (>58,000 km2) of the study area could support cougars, and that there is potential for a population of approximately 500 or more animals. An exploratory validation of this habitat model revealed strong association with 58 verified cougar locations occurring in the study area between 2008 and 2013.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Spatially explicit information derived from this study could potentially lead to estimation of a viable population, delineation of possible cougar-human conflict areas, and the targeting of site locations for current monitoring. Understanding predator-prey interactions, interspecific competition, and human-wildlife relationships is becoming increasingly critical as top carnivores continue to recolonize the UGL region.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/habitat-capacity-cougar-recolonization-upper-great-lakes-region", "reader_count"=>41, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>11, "Student > Master"=>5, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>10, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>24, "Social Sciences"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>24}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>10}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1790491"], "description"=>"<p>Weights for attributes within variables used to model potential habitat suitability for cougars in the Upper Great Lakes states (Adapted from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565#pone.0112565-LaRue4\" target=\"_blank\">[26]</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gis", "Upper Great Lakes", "Upper Great Lakes Region BackgroundRecent findings", "study area", "cougar habitat model", "UGL", "region", "usa"], "article_id"=>1238464, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Shawn T. O′Neil", "Kasey C. Rahn", "Joseph K. Bump"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Weights_for_attributes_within_variables_used_to_model_potential_habitat_suitability_for_cougars_in_the_Upper_Great_Lakes_states_Adapted_from_26_/1238464", "title"=>"Weights for attributes within variables used to model potential habitat suitability for cougars in the Upper Great Lakes states (Adapted from [26]).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 03:36:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1790494"], "description"=>"<p>Coefficients, odds ratios, and area under curve (AUC) statistics were generated by logistic regression models linking modeled habitat values to verified occurrences.</p><p>Modelled cougar habitat values (0–100%) association with 58 cougar occurrences in Michigan and Wisconsin, USA at 4 spatial scales between 2008 and 2013.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gis", "Upper Great Lakes", "Upper Great Lakes Region BackgroundRecent findings", "study area", "cougar habitat model", "UGL", "region", "usa"], "article_id"=>1238467, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Shawn T. O′Neil", "Kasey C. Rahn", "Joseph K. Bump"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Modelled_cougar_habitat_values_0_8211_100_association_with_58_cougar_occurrences_in_Michigan_and_Wisconsin_USA_at_4_spatial_scales_between_2008_and_2013_/1238467", "title"=>"Modelled cougar habitat values (0–100%) association with 58 cougar occurrences in Michigan and Wisconsin, USA at 4 spatial scales between 2008 and 2013.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 03:36:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1790493"], "description"=>"a<p>Ordered from most frequent to least frequent.</p>b<p>Only includes confirmations reported through 1 June, 2013.</p><p>Confirmations are those verified by the Department of Natural Resources from either state as cougar (Michigan DNR, <i>unpublished data</i>; Wisconsin DNR, <i>unpublished reports</i>). Probable sightings were also reported in Wisconsin during the same time period.</p><p>Confirmations of cougars by year, 1 January, 2008 to 1 June, 2013, in Michigan and Wisconsin, USA.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gis", "Upper Great Lakes", "Upper Great Lakes Region BackgroundRecent findings", "study area", "cougar habitat model", "UGL", "region", "usa"], "article_id"=>1238466, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Shawn T. O′Neil", "Kasey C. Rahn", "Joseph K. Bump"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Confirmations_of_cougars_by_year_1_January_2008_to_1_June_2013_in_Michigan_and_Wisconsin_USA_/1238466", "title"=>"Confirmations of cougars by year, 1 January, 2008 to 1 June, 2013, in Michigan and Wisconsin, USA.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 03:36:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1790488"], "description"=>"<p>The cougar habitat model was generated based on expert-assisted variables and weights from LaRue <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565#pone.0112565-LaRue3\" target=\"_blank\">[20]</a>, and LaRue and Nielsen <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565#pone.0112565-LaRue2\" target=\"_blank\">[16]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565#pone.0112565-LaRue4\" target=\"_blank\">[26]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gis", "Upper Great Lakes", "Upper Great Lakes Region BackgroundRecent findings", "study area", "cougar habitat model", "UGL", "region", "usa"], "article_id"=>1238461, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Shawn T. O′Neil", "Kasey C. Rahn", "Joseph K. Bump"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cougar_habitat_rankings_in_the_Upper_Great_Lakes_region_USA_/1238461", "title"=>"Cougar habitat rankings in the Upper Great Lakes region, USA.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 03:36:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1790487"], "description"=>"<p>Probable and verified cougar locations are represented from 1 January, 2008 to 1 June, 2013.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gis", "Upper Great Lakes", "Upper Great Lakes Region BackgroundRecent findings", "study area", "cougar habitat model", "UGL", "region", "usa"], "article_id"=>1238460, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Shawn T. O′Neil", "Kasey C. Rahn", "Joseph K. Bump"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_study_area_for_an_analysis_of_cougar_habitat_and_capacity_for_the_Upper_Great_Lakes_states_USA_/1238460", "title"=>"The study area for an analysis of cougar habitat and capacity for the Upper Great Lakes states, USA.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 03:36:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1790495"], "description"=>"<p>Estimates of white-tailed deer biomass within deer management units for Michigan and Wisconsin (the Upper Great Lakes region, or UGL); estimates are based on three conceivable age/sex structures for white-tailed deer and are restricted to favorable habitat as indicated by cougar habitat model values ≥0.75.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gis", "Upper Great Lakes", "Upper Great Lakes Region BackgroundRecent findings", "study area", "cougar habitat model", "UGL", "region", "usa"], "article_id"=>1238468, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Shawn T. O′Neil", "Kasey C. Rahn", "Joseph K. Bump"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Estimates_of_white_tailed_deer_biomass_within_deer_management_units_for_Michigan_and_Wisconsin_the_Upper_Great_Lakes_region_or_UGL_estimates_are_based_on_three_conceivable_age_sex_structures_for_white_tailed_deer_and_are_restricted_to_favorable_habitat_a/1238468", "title"=>"Estimates of white-tailed deer biomass within deer management units for Michigan and Wisconsin (the Upper Great Lakes region, or UGL); estimates are based on three conceivable age/sex structures for white-tailed deer and are restricted to favorable habitat as indicated by cougar habitat model values ≥0.75.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 03:36:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1790492"], "description"=>"<p>Weights were based on an Analytical Hierarchy Process analysis <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565#pone.0112565-Saaty1\" target=\"_blank\">[31]</a> and represent the relative importance of each variable to cougar habitat as established by a survey of experts <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565#pone.0112565-LaRue3\" target=\"_blank\">[20]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565#pone.0112565-LaRue4\" target=\"_blank\">[26]</a>.</p><p>Weights for each variable used in the calculation of potential habitat suitability for cougars in the Upper Great Lakes states (Modified from <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565#pone.0112565-LaRue4\" target=\"_blank\">[26]</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gis", "Upper Great Lakes", "Upper Great Lakes Region BackgroundRecent findings", "study area", "cougar habitat model", "UGL", "region", "usa"], "article_id"=>1238465, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Shawn T. O′Neil", "Kasey C. Rahn", "Joseph K. Bump"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Weights_for_each_variable_used_in_the_calculation_of_potential_habitat_suitability_for_cougars_in_the_Upper_Great_Lakes_states_Modified_from_26_/1238465", "title"=>"Weights for each variable used in the calculation of potential habitat suitability for cougars in the Upper Great Lakes states (Modified from [26]).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 03:36:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1790490"], "description"=>"<p><b>a</b>) Whitetail deer density estimates were based on best available information from state natural resource management agencies <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565#pone.0112565-Wisconsin4\" target=\"_blank\">[48]</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565#pone.0112565-Michigan1\" target=\"_blank\">[49]</a>. <b>b</b>) Geographic variation in cougar capacity based on our most conservative potential deer biomass estimates. Deer biomass estimates were generally high enough to support >3 cougars/100 km<sup>2</sup> across much of the study area.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gis", "Upper Great Lakes", "Upper Great Lakes Region BackgroundRecent findings", "study area", "cougar habitat model", "UGL", "region", "usa"], "article_id"=>1238463, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Shawn T. O′Neil", "Kasey C. Rahn", "Joseph K. Bump"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112565.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Prey_densities_and_cougar_capacity_in_the_Upper_Great_Lakes_region_USA_/1238463", "title"=>"Prey densities and cougar capacity in the Upper Great Lakes region, USA.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-12 03:36:17"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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