Did School Food and Nutrient-Based Standards in England Impact on 11–12Y Olds Nutrient Intake at Lunchtime and in Total Diet? Repeat Cross-Sectional Study
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{"title"=>"Did school food and nutrient-based standards in England impact on 11-12Y olds nutrient intake at lunchtime and in total diet? Repeat cross-sectional study", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Suzanne", "last_name"=>"Spence", "scopus_author_id"=>"55752441500"}, {"first_name"=>"Jennifer", "last_name"=>"Delve", "scopus_author_id"=>"55694530100"}, {"first_name"=>"Elaine", "last_name"=>"Stamp", "scopus_author_id"=>"26028146600"}, {"first_name"=>"John N.S.", "last_name"=>"Matthews", "scopus_author_id"=>"15723679100"}, {"first_name"=>"Martin", "last_name"=>"White", "scopus_author_id"=>"7404177029"}, {"first_name"=>"Ashley J.", "last_name"=>"Adamson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006256559"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"600653307", "sgr"=>"84919394161", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0112648", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84919394161", "pmid"=>"25409298"}, "id"=>"d914c456-b37e-3431-85d2-5b829aaff051", "abstract"=>"INTRODUCTION: In September 2009, middle and secondary schools in England were required to comply with food and nutrient-based standards for school food. We examined the impact of this policy change on children's lunchtime and total dietary intake.\\n\\nMETHODS: We undertook repeat cross-sectional surveys in six Northumberland middle schools in 1999-2000 and 2009-10. Dietary data were collected from 11-12 y olds (n = 298 in 1999-2000; n = 215 in 2009-10). Children completed two consecutive 3-day food diaries, each followed by an interview. Linear mixed effect models examined the effect of year, lunch type and level of socio-economic deprivation on children's mean total dietary intake.\\n\\nRESULTS: We found both before and after the introduction of the food and nutrient-based standards children consuming a school lunch, had a lower per cent energy from saturated fat (-0.5%; p = 0.02), and a lower intake of sodium (-143 mg; p = 0.02), and calcium (-81 mg; p = 0.001) in their total diet, compared with children consuming a home-packed lunch. We found no evidence that lunch type was associated with mean energy, or absolute amounts of NSP, vitamin C and iron intake. There was marginal evidence of an association between lunch type and per cent energy NMES (p = 0.06). In 1999-2000, children consuming a school lunch had a higher per cent energy from fat in their total diet compared with children consuming a home-packed lunch (2.8%), whereas by 2009-10, they had slightly less (-0.2%) (year by lunch type interaction p<0.001; change in mean differences -3%).\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: We found limited evidence of an impact of the school food and nutrient-based standards on total diet among 11-12 year olds. Such policies may need to be supported by additional measures, including guidance on individual food choice, and the development of wider supportive environments in school and beyond the school gates.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/school-food-nutrientbased-standards-england-impact-1112y-olds-nutrient-intake-lunchtime-total-diet-r", "reader_count"=>22, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Psychology"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>5}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4344199"], "description"=>"<p>Total diet: The effect of lunch type (school or home-packed lunch) on children’s mean daily nutrient intake and Dietary Reference Values/Reference Nutrient Intakes (DRV/RNI) <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0112648#pone.0112648-Department3\" target=\"_blank\">[39]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Northumberland middle schools", "cent energy", "lunch type", "standard", "school lunch", "NSP", "school food", "evidence", "cent energy NMES", "diet"], "article_id"=>2680183, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Suzanne Spence", "Jennifer Delve", "Elaine Stamp", "John N. S. Matthews", "Martin White", "Ashley J. Adamson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112648.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Total_diet_The_effect_of_lunch_type_school_or_home_packed_lunch_on_children_s_mean_daily_nutrient_intake_and_Dietary_Reference_Values_Reference_Nutrient_Intakes_DRV_RNI_39_/2680183", "title"=>"Total diet: The effect of lunch type (school or home-packed lunch) on children’s mean daily nutrient intake and Dietary Reference Values/Reference Nutrient Intakes (DRV/RNI) [39].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-19 16:41:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/4344181"], "description"=>"<p>Number (percentage) of children consuming a school lunch by year and level of deprivation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Northumberland middle schools", "cent energy", "lunch type", "standard", "school lunch", "NSP", "school food", "evidence", "cent energy NMES", "diet"], "article_id"=>2680165, "categories"=>["Biotechnology", "Evolutionary Biology", "Ecology", "Biological Sciences not elsewhere classified", "Science Policy", "Infectious Diseases"], "users"=>["Suzanne Spence", "Jennifer Delve", "Elaine Stamp", "John N. S. Matthews", "Martin White", "Ashley J. Adamson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112648.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>0, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Number_percentage_of_children_consuming_a_school_lunch_by_year_and_level_of_deprivation_/2680165", "title"=>"Number (percentage) of children consuming a school lunch by year and level of deprivation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-19 16:41:32"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[285]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences/Nutrition", "average_usage"=>[285]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences", "average_usage"=>[318]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Sociology", "average_usage"=>[365]}]}
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