Disclosure of Genetic Information and Change in Dietary Intake: A Randomized Controlled Trial
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{"title"=>"Disclosure of genetic information and change in dietary intake: A randomized controlled trial", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Daiva E.", "last_name"=>"Nielsen", "scopus_author_id"=>"37020337000"}, {"first_name"=>"Ahmed", "last_name"=>"El-Sohemy", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701540724"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0112665", "pmid"=>"25398084", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84911893836", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0112665", "sgr"=>"84911893836", "pui"=>"600506659"}, "id"=>"85e8fe92-298a-354c-a030-7c1c9a4bf23b", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND Proponents of consumer genetic tests claim that the information can positively impact health behaviors and aid in chronic disease prevention. However, the effects of disclosing genetic information on dietary intake behavior are not clear. METHODS A double-blinded, parallel group, 2:1 online randomized controlled trial was conducted to determine the short- and long-term effects of disclosing nutrition-related genetic information for personalized nutrition on dietary intakes of caffeine, vitamin C, added sugars, and sodium. Participants were healthy men and women aged 20-35 years (n = 138). The intervention group (n = 92) received personalized DNA-based dietary advice for 12-months and the control group (n = 46) received general dietary recommendations with no genetic information for 12-months. Food frequency questionnaires were collected at baseline and 3- and 12-months after the intervention to assess dietary intakes. General linear models were used to compare changes in intakes between those receiving general dietary advice and those receiving DNA-based dietary advice. RESULTS Compared to the control group, no significant changes to dietary intakes of the nutrients were observed at 3-months. At 12-months, participants in the intervention group who possessed a risk version of the ACE gene, and were advised to limit their sodium intake, significantly reduced their sodium intake (mg/day) compared to the control group (-287.3 ± 114.1 vs. 129.8 ± 118.2, p = 0.008). Those who had the non-risk version of ACE did not significantly change their sodium intake compared to the control group (12-months: -244.2 ± 150.2, p = 0.11). Among those with the risk version of the ACE gene, the proportion who met the targeted recommendation of 1500 mg/day increased from 19% at baseline to 34% after 12 months (p = 0.06). CONCLUSIONS These findings demonstrate that disclosing genetic information for personalized nutrition results in greater changes in intake for some dietary components compared to general population-based dietary advice. TRIAL REGISTRATION ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01353014.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/disclosure-genetic-information-change-dietary-intake-randomized-controlled-trial", "reader_count"=>92, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>19, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>20, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>19, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>19, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>20, "Other"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>19, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30, "Computer Science"=>6, "Engineering"=>3, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>7, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>10, "Mathematics"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>18, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>2, "Psychology"=>4, "Social Sciences"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>18}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>4}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>30}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>6}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>7}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>10}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Luxembourg"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "South Africa"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Italy"=>1, "Israel"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>9}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795809"], "description"=>"‡<p>p-values are for log-transformed values.</p><p>Results are adjusted for ethnicity.</p><p>Changes in dietary intake after 3-months and 12-months.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intervention group", "food frequency questionnaires", "control group", "sodium intake", "ACE gene", "risk version", "Randomized Controlled Trial BackgroundProponents", "information", "nct"], "article_id"=>1242688, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Daiva E. Nielsen", "Ahmed El-Sohemy"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112665.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changes_in_dietary_intake_after_3_months_and_12_months_/1242688", "title"=>"Changes in dietary intake after 3-months and 12-months.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 03:23:52"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795807"], "description"=>"a<p>RDA: Recommended dietary allowance.</p>b<p>UL: Tolerable upper intake level.</p>c<p>AI: Adequate intake.</p><p>Prevalence of risk alleles in intervention group (n = 92) and associated risk.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intervention group", "food frequency questionnaires", "control group", "sodium intake", "ACE gene", "risk version", "Randomized Controlled Trial BackgroundProponents", "information", "nct"], "article_id"=>1242686, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Daiva E. Nielsen", "Ahmed El-Sohemy"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112665.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Prevalence_of_risk_alleles_in_intervention_group_n_8202_8202_92_and_associated_risk_/1242686", "title"=>"Prevalence of risk alleles in intervention group (n = 92) and associated risk.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 03:23:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795810", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795811"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Proponents of consumer genetic tests claim that the information can positively impact health behaviors and aid in chronic disease prevention. However, the effects of disclosing genetic information on dietary intake behavior are not clear.</p><p>Methods</p><p>A double-blinded, parallel group, 2∶1 online randomized controlled trial was conducted to determine the short- and long-term effects of disclosing nutrition-related genetic information for personalized nutrition on dietary intakes of caffeine, vitamin C, added sugars, and sodium. Participants were healthy men and women aged 20–35 years (n = 138). The intervention group (n = 92) received personalized DNA-based dietary advice for 12-months and the control group (n = 46) received general dietary recommendations with no genetic information for 12-months. Food frequency questionnaires were collected at baseline and 3- and 12-months after the intervention to assess dietary intakes. General linear models were used to compare changes in intakes between those receiving general dietary advice and those receiving DNA-based dietary advice.</p><p>Results</p><p>Compared to the control group, no significant changes to dietary intakes of the nutrients were observed at 3-months. At 12-months, participants in the intervention group who possessed a risk version of the <i>ACE</i> gene, and were advised to limit their sodium intake, significantly reduced their sodium intake (mg/day) compared to the control group (−287.3±114.1 vs. 129.8±118.2, p = 0.008). Those who had the non-risk version of <i>ACE</i> did not significantly change their sodium intake compared to the control group (12-months: −244.2±150.2, p = 0.11). Among those with the risk version of the <i>ACE</i> gene, the proportion who met the targeted recommendation of 1500 mg/day increased from 19% at baseline to 34% after 12 months (p = 0.06).</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>These findings demonstrate that disclosing genetic information for personalized nutrition results in greater changes in intake for some dietary components compared to general population-based dietary advice.</p><p>Trial Registration</p><p>ClinicalTrials.gov <a href=\"http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01353014?term=NCT01353014&rank=1\" target=\"_blank\">NCT01353014</a></p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intervention group", "food frequency questionnaires", "control group", "sodium intake", "ACE gene", "risk version", "Randomized Controlled Trial BackgroundProponents", "information", "nct"], "article_id"=>1242689, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Daiva E. Nielsen", "Ahmed El-Sohemy"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112665.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112665.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>22, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Disclosure_of_Genetic_Information_and_Change_in_Dietary_Intake_A_Randomized_Controlled_Trial_/1242689", "title"=>"Disclosure of Genetic Information and Change in Dietary Intake: A Randomized Controlled Trial", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 03:23:52"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795808"], "description"=>"<p><sup>*</sup>Values shown are mean ± standard deviation.</p><p>Participant characteristics.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intervention group", "food frequency questionnaires", "control group", "sodium intake", "ACE gene", "risk version", "Randomized Controlled Trial BackgroundProponents", "information", "nct"], "article_id"=>1242687, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Daiva E. Nielsen", "Ahmed El-Sohemy"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112665.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Participant_characteristics_/1242687", "title"=>"Participant characteristics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 03:23:52"}

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