Lens Subluxation after Plasmin and SF6 Injections in Rabbit Eyes
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{"title"=>"Lens subluxation after plasmin and SF6 injections in rabbit eyes", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Wei Chi", "last_name"=>"Wu", "scopus_author_id"=>"24469425800"}, {"first_name"=>"Chi Hsien", "last_name"=>"Liu", "scopus_author_id"=>"35233954500"}, {"first_name"=>"Nan Kai", "last_name"=>"Wang", "scopus_author_id"=>"34877866400"}, {"first_name"=>"Kwan Jen", "last_name"=>"Chen", "scopus_author_id"=>"56424219900"}, {"first_name"=>"Tun Lu", "last_name"=>"Chen", "scopus_author_id"=>"56336877900"}, {"first_name"=>"Yih Shiou", "last_name"=>"Hwang", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402311137"}, {"first_name"=>"Pei Ju", "last_name"=>"Liao", "scopus_author_id"=>"23009677100"}, {"first_name"=>"Lien Min", "last_name"=>"Li", "scopus_author_id"=>"7501443029"}, {"first_name"=>"Chi Chun", "last_name"=>"Lai", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403086404"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"600506870", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0112957", "sgr"=>"84911878353", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84911878353"}, "id"=>"1168b6c5-b32d-372c-8987-e4ce0a5f46ec", "abstract"=>"Purpose To investigate the rate of lens subluxation following plasmin and/or SF6 injections in eyes, and whether a subsequent elevated level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and vitreous tap would aggravate subluxation. Methods Four groups of rabbits were used. Group 1 received an intravitreal injection (IVI) of plasmin and SF6 in the right eye; group 2 received an IVI of plasmin in the right eye; group 3 received an IVI of SF6 in the right eye; and group 4 received an IVI of balanced salt solution in the right eye. After treatment, IVIs of VEGF were given and vitreous tap was performed three times, followed by clinical observation of lens subluxation and scanning electronic microscope evaluation of the zonular fibers. Results After IVIs of plasmin and SF6, and VEGF and vitreous tap had been performed one to three times, lens subluxation was noted in 0%, 43%, 71%, 71%, and 86% of the eyes in group 1. After IVIs of plasmin, VEGF, and vitreous tap had been performed one to three times, lens subluxation was noted in 11%, 22%, 44%, 44%, and 67% of the eyes in group 2. The eyes in group 3 and 4 did not show signs of lens subluxation after VEGF IVIs and vitreous tap. Histology confirmed zonular fiber damage in the eyes treated with plasmin. Conclusions The incidence of lens subluxation increased following plasmin injections in the eyes, and this was aggravated by the subsequent high VEGF level in the eyes and vitreous tapping. Zonular fibers were disrupted following plasmin treatment. These effects should be kept in mind when using plasmin enzymes in patients with vitreoretinal abnormalities.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/lens-subluxation-after-plasmin-sf6-injections-rabbit-eyes", "reader_count"=>5, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Professor"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795045"], "description"=>"<p>The time points of treatments and the clinical evaluation. D, days. IVI, intravitreal injection.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vegf", "zonular fibers.ResultsAfter IVIs", "Group 3", "SF 6 Injections", "plasmin", "Rabbit Eyes PurposeTo", "right eye", "lens subluxation", "Vitreou", "SF 6", "zonular fiber damage"], "article_id"=>1242040, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Wei-Chi Wu", "Chi-Hsien Liu", "Nan-Kai Wang", "Kwan-Jen Chen", "Tun-Lu Chen", "Yih-Shiou Hwang", "Pei-Ju Liao", "Lien-Min Li", "Chi-Chun Lai"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112957.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Study_design_/1242040", "title"=>"Study design.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 02:55:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795059"], "description"=>"<p>Rate of lens subluxation after intravitreal injections of plasmin and/or SF<sub>6</sub> and subsequent elevation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels, and vitreous tap was performed 3 times is shown. Lens subluxation was noted in the eyes treated with plasmin before the injection of VEGF. After intravitreal injections of VEGF, and vitreous tap was performed 3 times, lens subluxation increased in the eyes treated with plasmin and SF<sub>6</sub> (plasmin+SF<sub>6</sub> group) or plasmin alone (plasmin group). The eyes treated with SF<sub>6</sub> (SF<sub>6</sub> group) or BSS (BSS group) showed no signs of lens subluxation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vegf", "zonular fibers.ResultsAfter IVIs", "Group 3", "SF 6 Injections", "plasmin", "Rabbit Eyes PurposeTo", "right eye", "lens subluxation", "Vitreou", "SF 6", "zonular fiber damage"], "article_id"=>1242048, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Wei-Chi Wu", "Chi-Hsien Liu", "Nan-Kai Wang", "Kwan-Jen Chen", "Tun-Lu Chen", "Yih-Shiou Hwang", "Pei-Ju Liao", "Lien-Min Li", "Chi-Chun Lai"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112957.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Rate_of_lens_subluxation_/1242048", "title"=>"Rate of lens subluxation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 02:55:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795061"], "description"=>"<p>Ciliary process disruption after intravitreal injections of plasmin. Viewed from the back of the eye, partial ciliary body disruption was noted in the eyes treated with plasmin and SF<sub>6</sub> (plasmin+SF<sub>6</sub> group) or plasmin alone (plasmin group) (black arrows). The eyes treated with SF<sub>6</sub> (SF<sub>6</sub> group) or BSS (BSS group) showed no signs of ciliary process disruption.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vegf", "zonular fibers.ResultsAfter IVIs", "Group 3", "SF 6 Injections", "plasmin", "Rabbit Eyes PurposeTo", "right eye", "lens subluxation", "Vitreou", "SF 6", "zonular fiber damage"], "article_id"=>1242050, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Wei-Chi Wu", "Chi-Hsien Liu", "Nan-Kai Wang", "Kwan-Jen Chen", "Tun-Lu Chen", "Yih-Shiou Hwang", "Pei-Ju Liao", "Lien-Min Li", "Chi-Chun Lai"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112957.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ciliary_process_disruption_after_plasmin_treatment_/1242050", "title"=>"Ciliary process disruption after plasmin treatment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 02:55:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795050"], "description"=>"<p>Representative figures of lens subluxation after intravitreal injections of plasmin and SF<sub>6</sub>, or plasmin alone, with a subsequent high intraocular level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and vitreous tap. After intravitreal injections of plasmin with/without SF<sub>6</sub>, VEGF, and vitreous tap, lens subluxation was noted in the eyes treated with plasmin and SF<sub>6</sub> (plasmin+SF<sub>6</sub> group) or plasmin alone (plasmin group) (white arrows). Lens subluxation was progressive in some cases (case number 711, wr17, and wr13) and stationary in others (case 423, and 513). IVI, intravitreal injection.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vegf", "zonular fibers.ResultsAfter IVIs", "Group 3", "SF 6 Injections", "plasmin", "Rabbit Eyes PurposeTo", "right eye", "lens subluxation", "Vitreou", "SF 6", "zonular fiber damage"], "article_id"=>1242045, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Wei-Chi Wu", "Chi-Hsien Liu", "Nan-Kai Wang", "Kwan-Jen Chen", "Tun-Lu Chen", "Yih-Shiou Hwang", "Pei-Ju Liao", "Lien-Min Li", "Chi-Chun Lai"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112957.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Lens_subluxation_following_plasmin_treatment_/1242045", "title"=>"Lens subluxation following plasmin treatment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 02:55:33"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795074"], "description"=>"<p>Zonular fiber disruption after intravitreal injections of plasmin in scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The SEM findings showed that the zonular fibers remained intact in the control eyes (A), however zonular fiber disruption was noted in the eyes treated with plasmin (B). Scale: 400 μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["vegf", "zonular fibers.ResultsAfter IVIs", "Group 3", "SF 6 Injections", "plasmin", "Rabbit Eyes PurposeTo", "right eye", "lens subluxation", "Vitreou", "SF 6", "zonular fiber damage"], "article_id"=>1242062, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Wei-Chi Wu", "Chi-Hsien Liu", "Nan-Kai Wang", "Kwan-Jen Chen", "Tun-Lu Chen", "Yih-Shiou Hwang", "Pei-Ju Liao", "Lien-Min Li", "Chi-Chun Lai"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112957.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Zonular_fiber_disruption_after_plasmin_treatment_/1242062", "title"=>"Zonular fiber disruption after plasmin treatment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 02:55:33"}

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Relative Metric

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