Maternal Obesity Is Associated with Alterations in the Gut Microbiome in Toddlers
Publication Date
November 19, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Jeffrey D. Galley, Michael Bailey, Claire Kamp Dush, Sarah Schoppe Sullivan, et al
Volume
9
Issue
11
Pages
e113026
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0113026
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25409177
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4237395
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/25409177
Web of Science
000345533200059
Scopus
84913553263
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/maternal-obesity-associated-alterations-gut-microbiome-toddlers-8
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Maternal obesity is associated with alterations in the gut microbiome in toddlers", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Jeffrey D.", "last_name"=>"Galley", "scopus_author_id"=>"36022390400"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael", "last_name"=>"Bailey", "scopus_author_id"=>"36068467300"}, {"first_name"=>"Claire Kamp", "last_name"=>"Dush", "scopus_author_id"=>"9042809100"}, {"first_name"=>"Sarah", "last_name"=>"Schoppe-Sullivan", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507558325"}, {"first_name"=>"Lisa M.", "last_name"=>"Christian", "scopus_author_id"=>"14051654400"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"600550297", "sgr"=>"84913553263", "pmid"=>"25409177", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84913553263", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0113026", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"17375670-a389-3504-88df-6e3e8fb24126", "abstract"=>"Children born to obese mothers are at increased risk for obesity, but the mechanisms behind this association are not fully delineated. A novel possible pathway linking maternal and child weight is the transmission of obesogenic microbes from mother to child. The current study examined whether maternal obesity was associated with differences in the composition of the gut microbiome in children in early life. Fecal samples from children 18-27 months of age (n = 77) were analyzed by pyro-tag 16S sequencing. Significant effects of maternal obesity on the composition of the gut microbiome of offspring were observed among dyads of higher socioeconomic status (SES). In the higher SES group (n = 47), children of obese (BMI≥30) versus non-obese mothers clustered on a principle coordinate analysis (PCoA) and exhibited greater homogeneity in the composition of their gut microbiomes as well as greater alpha diversity as indicated by the Shannon Diversity Index, and measures of richness and evenness. Also in the higher SES group, children born to obese versus non-obese mothers had differences in abundances of Faecalibacterium spp., Eubacterium spp., Oscillibacter spp., and Blautia spp. Prior studies have linked some of these bacterial groups to differences in weight and diet. This study provides novel evidence that maternal obesity is associated with differences in the gut microbiome in children in early life, particularly among those of higher SES. Among obese adults, the relative contribution of genetic versus behavioral factors may differ based on SES. Consequently, the extent to which maternal obesity confers measureable changes to the gut microbiome of offspring may differ based on the etiology of maternal obesity. Continued research is needed to examine this question as well as the relevance of the observed differences in gut microbiome composition for weight trajectory over the life course.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/maternal-obesity-associated-alterations-gut-microbiome-toddlers-8", "reader_count"=>39, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>9, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>10, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>2, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>10}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>13}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>4}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933740"], "description"=>"<p>In the overall sample, children born to obese versus non-obese mothers had significantly greater alpha diversity as indicated by A) Shannon Diversity Index (SDI), a measure of overall alpha diversity; B) equitability, a measurement of evenness; C) Chao1, an estimation of richness; and D) the total observed operational taxonomic units (OTUs) (<i>p</i>s <.05; Means ±1 SE).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["obesity", "gut microbiome", "bmi", "Shannon Diversity Index", "life", "gut microbiome composition", "spp", "SES group"], "article_id"=>1324493, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jeffrey D. Galley", "Michael Bailey", "Claire Kamp Dush", "Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan", "Lisa M. Christian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_In_the_overall_sample_children_born_to_obese_versus_non_obese_mothers_had_significantly_greater_alpha_diversity_as_indicated_by_A_Shannon_Diversity_Index_SDI_a_measure_of_overall_alpha_diversity_B_equitability_a_measurement_of_evenness_C_Chao1_an_estimat/1324493", "title"=>"In the overall sample, children born to obese versus non-obese mothers had significantly greater alpha diversity as indicated by A) Shannon Diversity Index (SDI), a measure of overall alpha diversity; B) equitability, a measurement of evenness; C) Chao1, an estimation of richness; and D) the total observed operational taxonomic units (OTUs) (<i>p</i>s <.05; Means ±1 SE).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-19 21:41:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933736"], "description"=>"<p>A) In the higher income group, children born to obese versus non-obese mothers clustered (adonis, p = 0.041) and had higher homogeneity (permdisp, p = 0.003). B) These effects of maternal obesity were not seen in children in the lower income group.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["obesity", "gut microbiome", "bmi", "Shannon Diversity Index", "life", "gut microbiome composition", "spp", "SES group"], "article_id"=>1324489, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jeffrey D. Galley", "Michael Bailey", "Claire Kamp Dush", "Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan", "Lisa M. Christian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Interactive_effects_of_maternal_obesity_and_socioeconomic_status_were_observed_effects_of_maternal_obesity_on_the_child_microbiome_were_primarily_seen_among_the_higher_SES_group_/1324489", "title"=>"Interactive effects of maternal obesity and socioeconomic status were observed; effects of maternal obesity on the child microbiome were primarily seen among the higher SES group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-19 21:41:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933734"], "description"=>"<p>The beta-diversity non-parametric statistic adonis showed that children born to obese (n = 26) versus non-obese mothers (n = 51) had unique microbial profiles (<i>p</i> = 0.044). However, this was due to greater homogeneity among the obese group as measured with permdisp (<i>p</i> = 0.035).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["obesity", "gut microbiome", "bmi", "Shannon Diversity Index", "life", "gut microbiome composition", "spp", "SES group"], "article_id"=>1324487, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jeffrey D. Galley", "Michael Bailey", "Claire Kamp Dush", "Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan", "Lisa M. Christian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_In_the_overall_sample_datapoints_did_not_cluster_on_a_principle_coordinate_analysis_PCoA_scatter_plot_as_a_function_of_maternal_obesity_/1324487", "title"=>"In the overall sample, datapoints did not cluster on a principle coordinate analysis (PCoA) scatter-plot as a function of maternal obesity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-19 21:41:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933747"], "description"=>"<p>Data are the mean relative abundance ± standard error.</p><p>**p<.05 vs. Non-Obese, passed correction for multiple comparisions.</p><p>Top 20 Most Abundant Genera Among High-Income Subjects.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["obesity", "gut microbiome", "bmi", "Shannon Diversity Index", "life", "gut microbiome composition", "spp", "SES group"], "article_id"=>1324500, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jeffrey D. Galley", "Michael Bailey", "Claire Kamp Dush", "Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan", "Lisa M. Christian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Top_20_Most_Abundant_Genera_Among_High_Income_Subjects_/1324500", "title"=>"Top 20 Most Abundant Genera Among High-Income Subjects.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-19 21:41:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933744"], "description"=>"<p>*<i>p</i><.05.</p><p><a href=\"mailto:@White\" target=\"_blank\">@White</a> versus non-white.</p><p>Demographic Characteristics.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["obesity", "gut microbiome", "bmi", "Shannon Diversity Index", "life", "gut microbiome composition", "spp", "SES group"], "article_id"=>1324497, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jeffrey D. Galley", "Michael Bailey", "Claire Kamp Dush", "Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan", "Lisa M. Christian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Demographic_Characteristics_/1324497", "title"=>"Demographic Characteristics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-19 21:41:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933742"], "description"=>"<p>In the higher-income group, children born to obese versus non-obese mothers had significantly higher A) Shannon Diversity Index, B) equitability, C) Chao1 estimation, and D) observed operational taxonomic units (OTUs) (<i>p</i>s≤0.05). In contrast, in the lower-income group, no significant effects of maternal obesity on alpha diversity indicators were observed (E–H).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["obesity", "gut microbiome", "bmi", "Shannon Diversity Index", "life", "gut microbiome composition", "spp", "SES group"], "article_id"=>1324495, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jeffrey D. Galley", "Michael Bailey", "Claire Kamp Dush", "Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan", "Lisa M. Christian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_As_with_measures_of_beta_diversity_differences_in_alpha_diversity_in_relation_to_maternal_obesity_were_seen_predominately_in_the_higher_SES_group_/1324495", "title"=>"As with measures of beta diversity, differences in alpha diversity in relation to maternal obesity were seen predominately in the higher SES group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-19 21:41:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933743"], "description"=>"<p>However, there were no differences between the children born to obese versus non-obese mothers in abundances of the major phyla, <i>Firmicutes</i> (<i>p</i> = 0.667) and <i>Bacteroidetes</i> (<i>p</i> = 0.914).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["obesity", "gut microbiome", "bmi", "Shannon Diversity Index", "life", "gut microbiome composition", "spp", "SES group"], "article_id"=>1324496, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jeffrey D. Galley", "Michael Bailey", "Claire Kamp Dush", "Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan", "Lisa M. Christian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Across_individuals_there_was_considerable_variance_in_the_Firmicutes_Bacteroidetes_ratio_as_shown_/1324496", "title"=>"Across individuals, there was considerable variance in the <i>Firmicutes:Bacteroidetes</i> ratio, as shown.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-19 21:41:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933751", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933752", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933753", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933754", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933755", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933756", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933757", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933758", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933759"], "description"=>"<div><p>Children born to obese mothers are at increased risk for obesity, but the mechanisms behind this association are not fully delineated. A novel possible pathway linking maternal and child weight is the transmission of obesogenic microbes from mother to child. The current study examined whether maternal obesity was associated with differences in the composition of the gut microbiome in children in early life. Fecal samples from children 18–27 months of age (n = 77) were analyzed by pyro-tag 16S sequencing. Significant effects of maternal obesity on the composition of the gut microbiome of offspring were observed among dyads of higher socioeconomic status (SES). In the higher SES group (n = 47), children of obese (BMI≥30) versus non-obese mothers clustered on a principle coordinate analysis (PCoA) and exhibited greater homogeneity in the composition of their gut microbiomes as well as greater alpha diversity as indicated by the Shannon Diversity Index, and measures of richness and evenness. Also in the higher SES group, children born to obese versus non-obese mothers had differences in abundances of <i>Faecalibacterium</i> spp., <i>Eubacterium</i> spp., <i>Oscillibacter</i> spp., and <i>Blautia</i> spp. Prior studies have linked some of these bacterial groups to differences in weight and diet. This study provides novel evidence that maternal obesity is associated with differences in the gut microbiome in children in early life, particularly among those of higher SES. Among obese adults, the relative contribution of genetic versus behavioral factors may differ based on SES. Consequently, the extent to which maternal obesity confers measureable changes to the gut microbiome of offspring may differ based on the etiology of maternal obesity. Continued research is needed to examine this question as well as the relevance of the observed differences in gut microbiome composition for weight trajectory over the life course.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["obesity", "gut microbiome", "bmi", "Shannon Diversity Index", "life", "gut microbiome composition", "spp", "SES group"], "article_id"=>1324504, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jeffrey D. Galley", "Michael Bailey", "Claire Kamp Dush", "Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan", "Lisa M. Christian"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.s009"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maternal_Obesity_Is_Associated_with_Alterations_in_the_Gut_Microbiome_in_Toddlers_/1324504", "title"=>"Maternal Obesity Is Associated with Alterations in the Gut Microbiome in Toddlers", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-11-19 21:41:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933749"], "description"=>"<p>Data are the mean relative abundance ± standard error.</p><p>*p<.05 vs. Non-Obese; did not pass correction for multiple comparisons.</p><p>Top 20 Most Abundant Genera Among Low-Income Subjects.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["obesity", "gut microbiome", "bmi", "Shannon Diversity Index", "life", "gut microbiome composition", "spp", "SES group"], "article_id"=>1324502, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jeffrey D. Galley", "Michael Bailey", "Claire Kamp Dush", "Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan", "Lisa M. Christian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Top_20_Most_Abundant_Genera_Among_Low_Income_Subjects_/1324502", "title"=>"Top 20 Most Abundant Genera Among Low-Income Subjects.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-19 21:41:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933746"], "description"=>"<p>Data are the mean relative abundance ± standard error.</p><p>**p<.05 vs. Non-Obese, passed correction for multiple comparisions.</p><p>*p<.05 vs. Non-Obese.</p><p>Top 20 Most Abundant Genera.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["obesity", "gut microbiome", "bmi", "Shannon Diversity Index", "life", "gut microbiome composition", "spp", "SES group"], "article_id"=>1324499, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jeffrey D. Galley", "Michael Bailey", "Claire Kamp Dush", "Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan", "Lisa M. Christian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Top_20_Most_Abundant_Genera_/1324499", "title"=>"Top 20 Most Abundant Genera.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-19 21:41:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1933745"], "description"=>"<p>#Never and <3 months combined in analyses due to low occurrence.</p>∧<p>5–6 months and ≥7 months combined in analyses due to low occurrence.</p><p>Health/Behavioral Characteristics.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["obesity", "gut microbiome", "bmi", "Shannon Diversity Index", "life", "gut microbiome composition", "spp", "SES group"], "article_id"=>1324498, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Jeffrey D. Galley", "Michael Bailey", "Claire Kamp Dush", "Sarah Schoppe-Sullivan", "Lisa M. Christian"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113026.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Health_Behavioral_Characteristics_/1324498", "title"=>"Health/Behavioral Characteristics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-19 21:41:55"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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