Hyper-Theory-of-Mind in Children with Psychotic Experiences
Publication Date
November 14, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Lars Clemmensen, Jim Van Os, Anne Mette Skovgaard, Mette Væver, et al
Volume
9
Issue
11
Pages
e113082
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113082
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0113082
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25397582
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4232592
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/25397582
Web of Science
000345558500132
Scopus
84911900258
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/hypertheoryofmind-children-psychotic-experiences
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Hyper-theory-of-mind in children with psychotic experiences", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Lars", "last_name"=>"Clemmensen", "scopus_author_id"=>"57197424248"}, {"first_name"=>"Jim", "last_name"=>"Van Os", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102358027"}, {"first_name"=>"Anne Mette", "last_name"=>"Skovgaard", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603946975"}, {"first_name"=>"Mette", "last_name"=>"Væver", "scopus_author_id"=>"15731965800"}, {"first_name"=>"Els M.A.", "last_name"=>"Blijd-Hoogewys", "scopus_author_id"=>"24334362400"}, {"first_name"=>"Agna A.", "last_name"=>"Bartels-Velthuis", "scopus_author_id"=>"35323787500"}, {"first_name"=>"Pia", "last_name"=>"Jeppesen", "scopus_author_id"=>"8554468900"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203(Electronic)", "pmid"=>"25397582", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0113082", "pui"=>"600506833", "issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84911900258", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84911900258"}, "id"=>"3ffece27-3776-369f-83ac-d67c9d57632f", "abstract"=>"Background: Abstract Alterations in Theory-of-Mind (ToM) are associated with psychotic disorder. In addition, studies in children have documented that alterations in ToM are associated with Psychotic Experiences (PE). Our aim was to examine associations between an exaggerated type of ToM (HyperToM) and PE in children. Children with this type of alteration in ToM infer mental states when none are obviously suggested, and predict behaviour on the basis of these erroneous beliefs. Individuals with HyperToM do not appear to have a conceptual deficit (i.e. lack of representational abilities), but rather they Method: apply their theory of the minds of others in an incorrect or biased way. Hypotheses were tested in two studies with two independent samples: (i) a general population sample of 1630 Danish children aged 11–12 years, (ii) a population-based sample of 259 Dutch children aged 12–13 years, pertaining to a case-control sampling frame of children with auditory verbal hallucinations. Multinomial regression analyses were carried out to investigate the associations between PE and ToM and HyperToM respectively. Analyses were adjusted for gender and proxy measures of general intelligence. Results: Low ToM score was significantly associated with PE in sample I (OR=1.6 95%CI 1.1–2.3 x2(4)=12.42 p=0.010), but not in sample II (OR=0.9 95%CI 0.5–1.8 x2(3)=7.13 p=0.816). HyperToM was significantly associated with PE both in sample I (OR=1.8, 95%CI 1.2–2.7 x2(3)=10.11 p=0.006) and II (OR=4.6, 95%CI 1.3–16.2 x2(2)=7.56 p=0.018). HyperToM was associated particularly with paranoid delusions in both sample I (OR=2.0, 95%CI: 1.1–3.7% x2(4)=9.93 p=0.021) and II Conclusion: (OR=6.2 95%CI: 1.7–23.6% x2(4)=9.90 p=0.044). Specific alterations in ToM may be associated with specific types of psychotic experiences. HyperToM may index risk for developing psychosis and paranoid delusions in particular.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/hypertheoryofmind-children-psychotic-experiences", "reader_count"=>42, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>8, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Philosophy"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>3, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Psychology"=>21, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Linguistics"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>8}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>21}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Linguistics"=>{"Linguistics"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84911900258"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84911900258?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84911900258&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84911900258&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84911900258", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84911900258", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84911900258", "dc:title"=>"Hyper-theory-of-mind in children with psychotic experiences", "dc:creator"=>"Clemmensen L.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"9", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"11", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-11-14", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"14 November 2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0113082", "citedby-count"=>"24", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Child and Adolescent Mental Health Centre", "affiliation-city"=>"Copenhagen", "affiliation-country"=>"Denmark"}], "pubmed-id"=>"25397582", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e113082", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0113082", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"89", "xml_views"=>"11", "html_views"=>"525"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"53"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"78"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"23"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795075"], "description"=>"<p>Differences in frequency of Psychotic Experiences without paranoid delusions and Psychotic Experiences with Paranoid delusions by ToM groups, gender and measures of general cognition.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intelligence.ResultsLow ToM score", "alteration", "Psychotic Experiences", "pe", "population sample", "Psychotic Experiences BackgroundAlterations", "type", "ci", "proxy measures", "HyperToM", "sample II", "multinomial regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1242064, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Lars Clemmensen", "Jim van Os", "Anne Mette Skovgaard", "Mette Væver", "Els M. A. Blijd-Hoogewys", "Agna A. Bartels-Velthuis", "Pia Jeppesen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113082.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Differences_in_frequency_of_Psychotic_Experiences_without_paranoid_delusions_and_Psychotic_Experiences_with_Paranoid_delusions_by_ToM_groups_gender_and_measures_of_general_cognition_/1242064", "title"=>"Differences in frequency of Psychotic Experiences without paranoid delusions and Psychotic Experiences with Paranoid delusions by ToM groups, gender and measures of general cognition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 02:57:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795078"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Alterations in Theory-of-Mind (ToM) are associated with psychotic disorder. In addition, studies in children have documented that alterations in ToM are associated with Psychotic Experiences (PE). Our aim was to examine associations between an exaggerated type of ToM (HyperToM) and PE in children. Children with this type of alteration in ToM infer mental states when none are obviously suggested, and predict behaviour on the basis of these erroneous beliefs. Individuals with HyperToM do not appear to have a conceptual deficit (i.e. lack of representational abilities), but rather they apply their theory of the minds of others in an incorrect or biased way.</p><p>Method</p><p>Hypotheses were tested in two studies with two independent samples: (i) a general population sample of 1630 Danish children aged 11–12 years, (ii) a population-based sample of 259 Dutch children aged 12–13 years, pertaining to a case-control sampling frame of children with auditory verbal hallucinations. Multinomial regression analyses were carried out to investigate the associations between PE and ToM and HyperToM respectively. Analyses were adjusted for gender and proxy measures of general intelligence.</p><p>Results</p><p>Low ToM score was significantly associated with PE in sample I (OR = 1.6 95%CI 1.1–2.3 χ<sup>2</sup>(4) = 12.42 p = 0.010), but not in sample II (OR = 0.9 95%CI 0.5–1.8 χ<sup>2</sup>(3) = 7.13 p = 0.816). HyperToM was significantly associated with PE both in sample I (OR = 1.8, 95%CI 1.2–2.7 χ<sup>2</sup>(3) = 10.11 p = 0.006) and II (OR = 4.6, 95%CI 1.3–16.2 χ<sup>2</sup>(2) = 7.56 p = 0.018). HyperToM was associated particularly with paranoid delusions in both sample I (OR = 2.0, 95%CI: 1.1–3.7% χ<sup>2</sup>(4) = 9.93 p = 0.021) and II (OR = 6.2 95%CI: 1.7–23.6% χ<sup>2</sup>(4) = 9.90 p = 0.044).</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>Specific alterations in ToM may be associated with specific types of psychotic experiences. HyperToM may index risk for developing psychosis and paranoid delusions in particular.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intelligence.ResultsLow ToM score", "alteration", "Psychotic Experiences", "pe", "population sample", "Psychotic Experiences BackgroundAlterations", "type", "ci", "proxy measures", "HyperToM", "sample II", "multinomial regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1242067, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Lars Clemmensen", "Jim van Os", "Anne Mette Skovgaard", "Mette Væver", "Els M. A. Blijd-Hoogewys", "Agna A. Bartels-Velthuis", "Pia Jeppesen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113082", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>61, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hyper_Theory_of_Mind_in_Children_with_Psychotic_Experiences_/1242067", "title"=>"Hyper-Theory-of-Mind in Children with Psychotic Experiences", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 02:57:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795066"], "description"=>"<p>Overview of the study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intelligence.ResultsLow ToM score", "alteration", "Psychotic Experiences", "pe", "population sample", "Psychotic Experiences BackgroundAlterations", "type", "ci", "proxy measures", "HyperToM", "sample II", "multinomial regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1242055, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Lars Clemmensen", "Jim van Os", "Anne Mette Skovgaard", "Mette Væver", "Els M. A. Blijd-Hoogewys", "Agna A. Bartels-Velthuis", "Pia Jeppesen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113082.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Overview_of_the_study_/1242055", "title"=>"Overview of the study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 02:57:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795069"], "description"=>"<p>Demographic, ToM and PE data from sample I and sample II.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intelligence.ResultsLow ToM score", "alteration", "Psychotic Experiences", "pe", "population sample", "Psychotic Experiences BackgroundAlterations", "type", "ci", "proxy measures", "HyperToM", "sample II", "multinomial regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1242058, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Lars Clemmensen", "Jim van Os", "Anne Mette Skovgaard", "Mette Væver", "Els M. A. Blijd-Hoogewys", "Agna A. Bartels-Velthuis", "Pia Jeppesen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113082.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Demographic_ToM_and_PE_data_from_sample_I_and_sample_II_/1242058", "title"=>"Demographic, ToM and PE data from sample I and sample II.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 02:57:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795071"], "description"=>"<p>*missing data on 12 children.</p><p>Between-group comparisons for differences in age, gender distribution and measures of cognition in children with psychotic experiences compared to children without and in children with paranoid delusions compared to children with psychotic experiences but without paranoid delusions.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intelligence.ResultsLow ToM score", "alteration", "Psychotic Experiences", "pe", "population sample", "Psychotic Experiences BackgroundAlterations", "type", "ci", "proxy measures", "HyperToM", "sample II", "multinomial regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1242060, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Lars Clemmensen", "Jim van Os", "Anne Mette Skovgaard", "Mette Væver", "Els M. A. Blijd-Hoogewys", "Agna A. Bartels-Velthuis", "Pia Jeppesen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113082.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Between_group_comparisons_for_differences_in_age_gender_distribution_and_measures_of_cognition_in_children_with_psychotic_experiences_compared_to_children_without_and_in_children_with_paranoid_delusions_compared_to_children_with_psychotic_experiences_but/1242060", "title"=>"Between-group comparisons for differences in age, gender distribution and measures of cognition in children with psychotic experiences compared to children without and in children with paranoid delusions compared to children with psychotic experiences but without paranoid delusions.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 02:57:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1795073"], "description"=>"<p>Differences in frequency of Psychotic Experiences by ToM groups (and gender and measures of general cognition).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["intelligence.ResultsLow ToM score", "alteration", "Psychotic Experiences", "pe", "population sample", "Psychotic Experiences BackgroundAlterations", "type", "ci", "proxy measures", "HyperToM", "sample II", "multinomial regression analyses"], "article_id"=>1242063, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Lars Clemmensen", "Jim van Os", "Anne Mette Skovgaard", "Mette Væver", "Els M. A. Blijd-Hoogewys", "Agna A. Bartels-Velthuis", "Pia Jeppesen"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113082.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Differences_in_frequency_of_Psychotic_Experiences_by_ToM_groups_and_gender_and_measures_of_general_cognition_/1242063", "title"=>"Differences in frequency of Psychotic Experiences by ToM groups (and gender and measures of general cognition).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-14 02:57:26"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Neuroscience", "average_usage"=>[289]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Medicine and health sciences", "average_usage"=>[285]}, {"subject_area"=>"/People and places/Population groupings", "average_usage"=>[300]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences", "average_usage"=>[271]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Mathematics", "average_usage"=>[286]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Psychology", "average_usage"=>[314, 476]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Social sciences/Sociology", "average_usage"=>[365]}]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts