Effects of Step-Wise Increases in Dietary Carbohydrate on Circulating Saturated Fatty Acids and Palmitoleic Acid in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome
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{"title"=>"Effects of step-wise increases in dietary carbohydrate on circulating saturated fatty acids and palmitoleic acid in adults with metabolic syndrome", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Brittanie M.", "last_name"=>"Volk", "scopus_author_id"=>"33368299500"}, {"first_name"=>"Laura J.", "last_name"=>"Kunces", "scopus_author_id"=>"55827477000"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel J.", "last_name"=>"Freidenreich", "scopus_author_id"=>"33367897600"}, {"first_name"=>"Brian R.", "last_name"=>"Kupchak", "scopus_author_id"=>"6505995074"}, {"first_name"=>"Catherine", "last_name"=>"Saenz", "scopus_author_id"=>"55354944700"}, {"first_name"=>"Juan C.", "last_name"=>"Artistizabal", "scopus_author_id"=>"56433494500"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria Luz", "last_name"=>"Fernandez", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403379016"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard S.", "last_name"=>"Bruno", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101907547"}, {"first_name"=>"Carl M.", "last_name"=>"Maresh", "scopus_author_id"=>"55877295933"}, {"first_name"=>"William J.", "last_name"=>"Kraemer", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102360794"}, {"first_name"=>"Stephen D.", "last_name"=>"Phinney", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005678770"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeff S.", "last_name"=>"Volek", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005510355"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"600550029", "sgr"=>"84913534683", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84913534683", "pmid"=>"25415333", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0113605", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"6020c1f1-03ef-3756-bfc3-7c8c4cb5dae2", "abstract"=>"Recent meta-analyses have found no association between heart disease and dietary saturated fat; however, higher proportions of plasma saturated fatty acids (SFA) predict greater risk for developing type-2 diabetes and heart disease. These observations suggest a disconnect between dietary saturated fat and plasma SFA, but few controlled feeding studies have specifically examined how varying saturated fat intake across a broad range affects circulating SFA levels. Sixteen adults with metabolic syndrome (age 44.9±9.9 yr, BMI 37.9±6.3 kg/m2) were fed six 3-wk diets that progressively increased carbohydrate (from 47 to 346 g/day) with concomitant decreases in total and saturated fat. Despite a distinct increase in saturated fat intake from baseline to the low-carbohydrate diet (46 to 84 g/day), and then a gradual decrease in saturated fat to 32 g/day at the highest carbohydrate phase, there were no significant changes in the proportion of total SFA in any plasma lipid fractions. Whereas plasma saturated fat remained relatively stable, the proportion of palmitoleic acid in plasma triglyceride and cholesteryl ester was significantly and uniformly reduced as carbohydrate intake decreased, and then gradually increased as dietary carbohydrate was re-introduced. The results show that dietary and plasma saturated fat are not related, and that increasing dietary carbohydrate across a range of intakes promotes incremental increases in plasma palmitoleic acid, a biomarker consistently associated with adverse health outcomes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-stepwise-increases-dietary-carbohydrate-circulating-saturated-fatty-acids-palmitoleic-acid-a", "reader_count"=>168, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>35, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. 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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804318"], "description"=>"<p><i><sup>1</sup>Values are mean ± SD (range).</i></p><p><i><sup>2</sup>Determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.</i></p><p><i><sup>3</sup>HOMA  =  homeostatic model assessment  =  [fasting glucose (mmol/L) x insulin (mU/L)]/22.5.</i></p><p><i>*5 subjects were using anti-hypertensive medications.</i></p><p>Baseline subject characteristics<sup><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0113605#nt101\" target=\"_blank\">1</a></sup>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["plasma palmitoleic acid", "heart disease", "proportion", "sfa", "bmi", "intake", "plasma lipid fractions", "carbohydrate"], "article_id"=>1249489, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brittanie M. Volk", "Laura J. Kunces", "Daniel J. Freidenreich", "Brian R. Kupchak", "Catherine Saenz", "Juan C. Artistizabal", "Maria Luz Fernandez", "Richard S. Bruno", "Carl M. Maresh", "William J. Kraemer", "Stephen D. Phinney", "Jeff S. Volek"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113605.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Baseline_subject_characteristics_1_/1249489", "title"=>"Baseline subject characteristics<sup>1</sup>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:52:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804316"], "description"=>"<p>BL  =  baseline, FL  =  free-living low-carbohydrate diet). Significant differences from Baseline vs C1 were determined by dependent t-test and indicated by an asterisk. Differences from C1 to C6 were determined by repeated measures ANOVA and Fisher's LSD post hoc. Different letters at a time point indicate statistical significance.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["plasma palmitoleic acid", "heart disease", "proportion", "sfa", "bmi", "intake", "plasma lipid fractions", "carbohydrate"], "article_id"=>1249487, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brittanie M. Volk", "Laura J. Kunces", "Daniel J. Freidenreich", "Brian R. Kupchak", "Catherine Saenz", "Juan C. Artistizabal", "Maria Luz Fernandez", "Richard S. Bruno", "Carl M. Maresh", "William J. Kraemer", "Stephen D. Phinney", "Jeff S. Volek"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113605.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cumulative_change_from_baseline_in_A_body_mass_and_fat_mass_from_dual_energy_x_ray_absorptiometry_B_fasting_lipoproteins_C_insulin_resistance_determined_from_homeostatic_model_assessment_HOMA_and_D_blood_pressure_in_16_subjects_who_switched_to_a_very_low/1249487", "title"=>"Cumulative change from baseline in (A) body mass and fat mass from dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, (B) fasting lipoproteins, (C) insulin resistance determined from homeostatic model assessment (HOMA), and (D) blood pressure in 16 subjects who switched to a very low carbohydrate diet and then incrementally increased carbohydrate every 3 wk over six sequential phases (C1→C2→C3→C4→C5→C6).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:52:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804317"], "description"=>"<p>(<b>A</b>) Change from baseline in plasma palmitoleic acid (16∶1) in triglyceride (TG) and cholesteryl ester (CE) in subjects who consumed a very low carbohydrate diet (C1) and then gradually transitioned to a high carbohydrate diet over six sequential phases (C1→C2→C3→C4→C5→C6). (<b>B</b>) Individual responses in plasma TG 16∶1 from C1 to C4 to C6 corresponding to 47, 179, and 344 g carbohydrate/day. Open circles are subjects who went from low- to high-carbohydrate, and shaded triangles are subjects who went from high- to low-carbohydrate intake.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["plasma palmitoleic acid", "heart disease", "proportion", "sfa", "bmi", "intake", "plasma lipid fractions", "carbohydrate"], "article_id"=>1249488, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brittanie M. Volk", "Laura J. Kunces", "Daniel J. Freidenreich", "Brian R. Kupchak", "Catherine Saenz", "Juan C. Artistizabal", "Maria Luz Fernandez", "Richard S. Bruno", "Carl M. Maresh", "William J. Kraemer", "Stephen D. Phinney", "Jeff S. Volek"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113605.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_Step_Wise_Increases_in_Dietary_Carbohydrate_on_Circulating_Saturated_Fatty_Acids_and_Palmitoleic_Acid_in_Adults_with_Metabolic_Syndrome_Figure_3_/1249488", "title"=>"Effects of Step-Wise Increases in Dietary Carbohydrate on Circulating Saturated Fatty Acids and Palmitoleic Acid in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome - Figure 3", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:52:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804315"], "description"=>"<p>CHO = carbohydrate, SFA  =  saturated fat.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["plasma palmitoleic acid", "heart disease", "proportion", "sfa", "bmi", "intake", "plasma lipid fractions", "carbohydrate"], "article_id"=>1249486, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brittanie M. Volk", "Laura J. Kunces", "Daniel J. Freidenreich", "Brian R. Kupchak", "Catherine Saenz", "Juan C. Artistizabal", "Maria Luz Fernandez", "Richard S. Bruno", "Carl M. Maresh", "William J. Kraemer", "Stephen D. Phinney", "Jeff S. Volek"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113605.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_approach_/1249486", "title"=>"Experimental approach.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:52:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804320"], "description"=>"<p><i><sup>1</sup>Values are mean ± SD from 16. SFA  =  total saturated fatty acids; MUFA  =  total monounsaturated fatty acids.</i></p><p><i><sup>2</sup>C1  =  lowest carbohydrate diet and C6  =  highest carbohydrate intake.</i></p><p><i><sup>3</sup>3wk run-in diet phase before entering feeding portion of study.</i></p><p><i><sup>4</sup>Dependent t-test (Baseline vs C1).</i></p><p>Plasma fatty acid responses<sup><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0113605#nt107\" target=\"_blank\">1</a></sup>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["plasma palmitoleic acid", "heart disease", "proportion", "sfa", "bmi", "intake", "plasma lipid fractions", "carbohydrate"], "article_id"=>1249491, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brittanie M. Volk", "Laura J. Kunces", "Daniel J. Freidenreich", "Brian R. Kupchak", "Catherine Saenz", "Juan C. Artistizabal", "Maria Luz Fernandez", "Richard S. Bruno", "Carl M. Maresh", "William J. Kraemer", "Stephen D. Phinney", "Jeff S. Volek"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113605.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Plasma_fatty_acid_responses_1_/1249491", "title"=>"Plasma fatty acid responses<sup>1</sup>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:52:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1804319"], "description"=>"<p><i><sup>1</sup>Values are mean ± SD.</i></p><p><i><sup>2</sup>Determined from 3-day diet records.</i></p><p>Daily nutrient intakes at baseline (habitual diet) and during each dietary phase<sup><a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0113605#nt105\" target=\"_blank\">1</a></sup>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["plasma palmitoleic acid", "heart disease", "proportion", "sfa", "bmi", "intake", "plasma lipid fractions", "carbohydrate"], "article_id"=>1249490, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Brittanie M. Volk", "Laura J. Kunces", "Daniel J. Freidenreich", "Brian R. Kupchak", "Catherine Saenz", "Juan C. Artistizabal", "Maria Luz Fernandez", "Richard S. Bruno", "Carl M. Maresh", "William J. Kraemer", "Stephen D. Phinney", "Jeff S. Volek"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0113605.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Daily_nutrient_intakes_at_baseline_habitual_diet_and_during_each_dietary_phase_1_/1249490", "title"=>"Daily nutrient intakes at baseline (habitual diet) and during each dietary phase<sup>1</sup>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-21 03:52:44"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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