Deaths Ascribed to Non-Communicable Diseases among Rural Kenyan Adults Are Proportionately Increasing: Evidence from a Health and Demographic Surveillance System, 2003–2010
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{"title"=>"Deaths ascribed to non-communicable diseases among rural kenyan adults are proportionately increasing: Evidence from a health and demographic surveillance system, 2003-2010", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Penelope A.", "last_name"=>"Phillips-Howard", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005396053"}, {"first_name"=>"Kayla F.", "last_name"=>"Laserson", "scopus_author_id"=>"6601976259"}, {"first_name"=>"Nyaguara", "last_name"=>"Amek", "scopus_author_id"=>"54395006200"}, {"first_name"=>"Caryl M.", "last_name"=>"Beynon", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603728145"}, {"first_name"=>"Sonia Y.", "last_name"=>"Angell", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603719115"}, {"first_name"=>"Sammy", "last_name"=>"Khagayi", "scopus_author_id"=>"55479324100"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter", "last_name"=>"Byass", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006527895"}, {"first_name"=>"Mary J.", "last_name"=>"Hamel", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006562065"}, {"first_name"=>"Anne M.", "last_name"=>"Van Eijk", "scopus_author_id"=>"55587711400"}, {"first_name"=>"Emily", "last_name"=>"Zielinski-Gutierrez", "scopus_author_id"=>"12773907600"}, {"first_name"=>"Laurence", "last_name"=>"Slutsker", "scopus_author_id"=>"55628580879"}, {"first_name"=>"Kevin M.", "last_name"=>"De Cock", "scopus_author_id"=>"34568576100"}, {"first_name"=>"John", "last_name"=>"Vulule", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004162096"}, {"first_name"=>"Frank O.", "last_name"=>"Odhiambo", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603276462"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84913554683", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0114010", "sgr"=>"84913554683", "isbn"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0114010", "pmid"=>"25426945", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"600595928"}, "keywords"=>["Conclusions: NCDs constitute a significant proportion of deaths in rural western kenya. Evidence of the increasing contribution of ncds to overall mortality supports international recommendations to introduce or enhance prevention", "Diagnosis and treatment programmes in lmics.", "Screening"], "id"=>"818c1ca6-ce8d-3e30-b9f6-c52da6fa20a8", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) result in more deaths globally than other causes. Monitoring systems require strengthening to attribute the NCD burden and deaths in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Data from health and demographic surveillance systems (HDSS) can contribute towards this goal. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Between 2003 and 2010, 15,228 deaths in adults aged 15 years (y) and older were identified retrospectively using the HDSS census and verbal autopsy in rural western Kenya, attributed into broad categories using InterVA-4 computer algorithms; 37% were ascribed to NCDs, 60% to communicable diseases (CDs), 3% to injuries, and <1% maternal causes. Median age at death for NCDs was 66y and 71y for females and males, respectively, with 43% (39% male, 48% female) of NCD deaths occurring prematurely among adults aged below 65y. NCD deaths were mainly attributed to cancers (35%) and cardio-vascular diseases (CVDs; 29%). The proportionate mortality from NCDs rose from 35% in 2003 to 45% in 2010 (χ2 linear trend 93.4; p<0.001). While overall annual mortality rates (MRs) for NCDs fell, cancer-specific MRs rose from 200 to 262 per 100,000 population, mainly due to increasing deaths in adults aged 65y and older, and to respiratory neoplasms in all age groups. The substantial fall in CD MRs resulted in similar MRs for CDs and NCDs among all adult females by 2010. NCD MRs for adults aged 15y to <65y fell from 409 to 183 per 100,000 among females and from 517 to 283 per 100,000 population among males. NCD MRs were higher among males than females aged both below, and at or above, 65y. CONCLUSIONS: NCDs constitute a significant proportion of deaths in rural western Kenya. Evidence of the increasing contribution of NCDs to overall mortality supports international recommendations to introduce or enhance prevention, screening, diagnosis and treatment programmes in LMICs.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/deaths-ascribed-noncommunicable-diseases-among-rural-kenyan-adults-proportionately-increasing-eviden", "reader_count"=>75, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>23, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>23, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Decision Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>10, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>36, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>8, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>36}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>8}, "Decision Sciences"=>{"Decision Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>10}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Belgium"=>1, "United States"=>2}, "group_count"=>7}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807903"], "description"=>"<p>Note:</p><p>Mortality rates 2003–2010 exclude villages added to the study site (Karemo) 2008–2010.</p><p>LT: linear trend 2003–2010; MHRR: Mantel Haenszel Relative Risk.</p><p>% other CVDs – the proportion of other/unspecified CVDs deaths among all CVDs deaths by year and sex.</p><p>Cardio-Vascular Disease Mortality Rates per 100,000 population by sex by 65y age threshold by year.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["LMIC", "NCD deaths", "65 y", "hdss", "Demographic Surveillance System", "2010. NCD MRs", "cvd"], "article_id"=>1252577, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Penelope A. Phillips-Howard", "Kayla F. Laserson", "Nyaguara Amek", "Caryl M. Beynon", "Sonia Y. Angell", "Sammy Khagayi", "Peter Byass", "Mary J. Hamel", "Anne M. van Eijk", "Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez", "Laurence Slutsker", "Kevin M. De Cock", "John Vulule", "Frank O. Odhiambo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cardio_Vascular_Disease_Mortality_Rates_per_100_000_population_by_sex_by_65y_age_threshold_by_year_/1252577", "title"=>"Cardio-Vascular Disease Mortality Rates per 100,000 population by sex by 65y age threshold by year.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-26 02:45:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807874"], "description"=>"<p>A. Female Deaths. B. Male Deaths.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["LMIC", "NCD deaths", "65 y", "hdss", "Demographic Surveillance System", "2010. NCD MRs", "cvd"], "article_id"=>1252546, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Penelope A. Phillips-Howard", "Kayla F. Laserson", "Nyaguara Amek", "Caryl M. Beynon", "Sonia Y. Angell", "Sammy Khagayi", "Peter Byass", "Mary J. Hamel", "Anne M. van Eijk", "Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez", "Laurence Slutsker", "Kevin M. De Cock", "John Vulule", "Frank O. Odhiambo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Causes_of_deaths_among_all_adults_aged_15_years_and_above_rural_western_Kenya_2003_8211_2010_/1252546", "title"=>"Causes of deaths among all adults aged 15 years and above, rural western Kenya, 2003–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-26 02:45:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807980", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807981", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807982", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807983", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807984", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807985", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807986", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807987", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807988", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807989", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807990", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807991", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807992"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) result in more deaths globally than other causes. Monitoring systems require strengthening to attribute the NCD burden and deaths in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Data from health and demographic surveillance systems (HDSS) can contribute towards this goal.</p><p>Methods and Findings</p><p>Between 2003 and 2010, 15,228 deaths in adults aged 15 years (y) and older were identified retrospectively using the HDSS census and verbal autopsy in rural western Kenya, attributed into broad categories using InterVA-4 computer algorithms; 37% were ascribed to NCDs, 60% to communicable diseases (CDs), 3% to injuries, and <1% maternal causes. Median age at death for NCDs was 66y and 71y for females and males, respectively, with 43% (39% male, 48% female) of NCD deaths occurring prematurely among adults aged below 65y. NCD deaths were mainly attributed to cancers (35%) and cardio-vascular diseases (CVDs; 29%). The proportionate mortality from NCDs rose from 35% in 2003 to 45% in 2010 (χ<sup>2</sup> linear trend 93.4; p<0.001). While overall annual mortality rates (MRs) for NCDs fell, cancer-specific MRs rose from 200 to 262 per 100,000 population, mainly due to increasing deaths in adults aged 65y and older, and to respiratory neoplasms in all age groups. The substantial fall in CD MRs resulted in similar MRs for CDs and NCDs among all adult females by 2010. NCD MRs for adults aged 15y to <65y fell from 409 to 183 per 100,000 among females and from 517 to 283 per 100,000 population among males. NCD MRs were higher among males than females aged both below, and at or above, 65y.</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>NCDs constitute a significant proportion of deaths in rural western Kenya. Evidence of the increasing contribution of NCDs to overall mortality supports international recommendations to introduce or enhance prevention, screening, diagnosis and treatment programmes in LMICs.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["LMIC", "NCD deaths", "65 y", "hdss", "Demographic Surveillance System", "2010. NCD MRs", "cvd"], "article_id"=>1252651, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Penelope A. Phillips-Howard", "Kayla F. Laserson", "Nyaguara Amek", "Caryl M. Beynon", "Sonia Y. Angell", "Sammy Khagayi", "Peter Byass", "Mary J. Hamel", "Anne M. van Eijk", "Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez", "Laurence Slutsker", "Kevin M. De Cock", "John Vulule", "Frank O. Odhiambo"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.s013"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>19, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Deaths_Ascribed_to_Non_Communicable_Diseases_among_Rural_Kenyan_Adults_Are_Proportionately_Increasing_Evidence_from_a_Health_and_Demographic_Surveillance_System_2003_8211_2010_/1252651", "title"=>"Deaths Ascribed to Non-Communicable Diseases among Rural Kenyan Adults Are Proportionately Increasing: Evidence from a Health and Demographic Surveillance System, 2003–2010", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-11-26 02:45:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807878"], "description"=>"<p>A. All Deaths. B. Deaths <65y.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["LMIC", "NCD deaths", "65 y", "hdss", "Demographic Surveillance System", "2010. NCD MRs", "cvd"], "article_id"=>1252552, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Penelope A. Phillips-Howard", "Kayla F. Laserson", "Nyaguara Amek", "Caryl M. Beynon", "Sonia Y. Angell", "Sammy Khagayi", "Peter Byass", "Mary J. Hamel", "Anne M. van Eijk", "Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez", "Laurence Slutsker", "Kevin M. De Cock", "John Vulule", "Frank O. Odhiambo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_median_ages_at_death_between_CDs_and_NCDs_by_sex_/1252552", "title"=>"Comparison of median ages at death between CDs and NCDs by sex.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-26 02:45:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807881"], "description"=>"<p>A. All Deaths. B. Deaths <65y. C. Deaths ≥65y.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["LMIC", "NCD deaths", "65 y", "hdss", "Demographic Surveillance System", "2010. NCD MRs", "cvd"], "article_id"=>1252555, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Penelope A. Phillips-Howard", "Kayla F. Laserson", "Nyaguara Amek", "Caryl M. Beynon", "Sonia Y. Angell", "Sammy Khagayi", "Peter Byass", "Mary J. Hamel", "Anne M. van Eijk", "Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez", "Laurence Slutsker", "Kevin M. De Cock", "John Vulule", "Frank O. Odhiambo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Trends_in_absolute_number_of_adult_deaths_attributed_to_CD_and_NCD_causes_in_western_Kenya_2003_8211_2010_/1252555", "title"=>"Trends in absolute number of adult deaths attributed to CD and NCD causes in western Kenya, 2003–2010.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-26 02:45:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807904"], "description"=>"<p>Note:</p><p>Mortality rates 2003–2010 exclude villages added to the study site (Karemo) 2008–2010.</p><p>LT: linear trend 2003–2010; MHRR: Mantel Haenszel Relative Risk.</p><p>% Liver Disease – proportion of liver disease deaths to all deaths attributed to abdominal disease by year and gender.</p><p>Abdominal Disease Mortality Rates per 100,000 population by sex by 65y age threshold by year.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["LMIC", "NCD deaths", "65 y", "hdss", "Demographic Surveillance System", "2010. NCD MRs", "cvd"], "article_id"=>1252578, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Penelope A. Phillips-Howard", "Kayla F. Laserson", "Nyaguara Amek", "Caryl M. Beynon", "Sonia Y. Angell", "Sammy Khagayi", "Peter Byass", "Mary J. Hamel", "Anne M. van Eijk", "Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez", "Laurence Slutsker", "Kevin M. De Cock", "John Vulule", "Frank O. Odhiambo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Abdominal_Disease_Mortality_Rates_per_100_000_population_by_sex_by_65y_age_threshold_by_year_/1252578", "title"=>"Abdominal Disease Mortality Rates per 100,000 population by sex by 65y age threshold by year.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-26 02:45:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807890"], "description"=>"<p>–<b>2010.</b> A. Female NCD Deaths. B. Male NCD Deaths.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["LMIC", "NCD deaths", "65 y", "hdss", "Demographic Surveillance System", "2010. NCD MRs", "cvd"], "article_id"=>1252564, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Penelope A. Phillips-Howard", "Kayla F. Laserson", "Nyaguara Amek", "Caryl M. Beynon", "Sonia Y. Angell", "Sammy Khagayi", "Peter Byass", "Mary J. Hamel", "Anne M. van Eijk", "Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez", "Laurence Slutsker", "Kevin M. De Cock", "John Vulule", "Frank O. Odhiambo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Causes_of_NCDs_deaths_among_adults_in_rural_western_Kenya_2003_/1252564", "title"=>"Causes of NCDs deaths among adults in rural western Kenya, 2003", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-26 02:45:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807894"], "description"=>"<p>A. All Deaths. B. Deaths <65y.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["LMIC", "NCD deaths", "65 y", "hdss", "Demographic Surveillance System", "2010. NCD MRs", "cvd"], "article_id"=>1252568, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Penelope A. Phillips-Howard", "Kayla F. Laserson", "Nyaguara Amek", "Caryl M. Beynon", "Sonia Y. Angell", "Sammy Khagayi", "Peter Byass", "Mary J. Hamel", "Anne M. van Eijk", "Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez", "Laurence Slutsker", "Kevin M. De Cock", "John Vulule", "Frank O. Odhiambo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparison_of_median_ages_of_adult_deaths_by_sex_for_different_NCD_causes_in_rural_western_Kenya_/1252568", "title"=>"Comparison of median ages of adult deaths by sex, for different NCD causes in rural western Kenya.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-11-26 02:45:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807896"], "description"=>"<p>Note:</p><p>Mortality rates 2003–2010 exclude villages added to the study site (Karemo) 2008–2010.</p><p>LT: linear trend 2003–2010; MHRR: Mantel Haenszel Relative Risk.</p><p>NCD Mortality Rates per 100,000 adult population by sex and 65 year old age threshold by year.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["LMIC", "NCD deaths", "65 y", "hdss", "Demographic Surveillance System", "2010. NCD MRs", "cvd"], "article_id"=>1252570, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Penelope A. Phillips-Howard", "Kayla F. Laserson", "Nyaguara Amek", "Caryl M. Beynon", "Sonia Y. Angell", "Sammy Khagayi", "Peter Byass", "Mary J. Hamel", "Anne M. van Eijk", "Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez", "Laurence Slutsker", "Kevin M. De Cock", "John Vulule", "Frank O. Odhiambo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_NCD_Mortality_Rates_per_100_000_adult_population_by_sex_and_65_year_old_age_threshold_by_year_/1252570", "title"=>"NCD Mortality Rates per 100,000 adult population by sex and 65 year old age threshold by year.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-26 02:45:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807897"], "description"=>"<p>Note:</p><p>Mortality rates 2003–2010 exclude villages added to the study site (Karemo) 2008–2010.</p><p>LT: linear trend 2003–2010; MHRR: Mantel Haenszel Relative Risk.</p><p>Male CD and NCD Mortality Rates per 100,000 adults by 65 year old age threshold by year.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["LMIC", "NCD deaths", "65 y", "hdss", "Demographic Surveillance System", "2010. NCD MRs", "cvd"], "article_id"=>1252571, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Penelope A. Phillips-Howard", "Kayla F. Laserson", "Nyaguara Amek", "Caryl M. Beynon", "Sonia Y. Angell", "Sammy Khagayi", "Peter Byass", "Mary J. Hamel", "Anne M. van Eijk", "Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez", "Laurence Slutsker", "Kevin M. De Cock", "John Vulule", "Frank O. Odhiambo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Male_CD_and_NCD_Mortality_Rates_per_100_000_adults_by_65_year_old_age_threshold_by_year_/1252571", "title"=>"Male CD and NCD Mortality Rates per 100,000 adults by 65 year old age threshold by year.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-26 02:45:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807900"], "description"=>"<p>Note:</p><p>Mortality rates 2003–2010 exclude villages added to the study site (Karemo) 2008–2010.</p><p>LT: linear trend 2003–2010; MHRR: Mantel Haenszel Relative Risk.</p><p>Female CD and NCD Mortality Rates per 100,000 adults by 65 year old age threshold by year.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["LMIC", "NCD deaths", "65 y", "hdss", "Demographic Surveillance System", "2010. NCD MRs", "cvd"], "article_id"=>1252574, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Penelope A. Phillips-Howard", "Kayla F. Laserson", "Nyaguara Amek", "Caryl M. Beynon", "Sonia Y. Angell", "Sammy Khagayi", "Peter Byass", "Mary J. Hamel", "Anne M. van Eijk", "Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez", "Laurence Slutsker", "Kevin M. De Cock", "John Vulule", "Frank O. Odhiambo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Female_CD_and_NCD_Mortality_Rates_per_100_000_adults_by_65_year_old_age_threshold_by_year_/1252574", "title"=>"Female CD and NCD Mortality Rates per 100,000 adults by 65 year old age threshold by year.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-26 02:45:58"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1807901"], "description"=>"<p>Note:</p><p>Mortality rates 2003–2010 exclude villages added to the study site (Karemo) 2008–2010.</p><p>LT: linear trend 2003–2010; MHRR: Mantel Haenszel Relative Risk.</p><p>%Respiratory Ca– the proportion of respiratory cancer deaths among all cancer deaths by year and sex.</p><p>Cancer Mortality Rates per 100,000 population by sex by 65y age threshold by year.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["LMIC", "NCD deaths", "65 y", "hdss", "Demographic Surveillance System", "2010. NCD MRs", "cvd"], "article_id"=>1252575, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Penelope A. Phillips-Howard", "Kayla F. Laserson", "Nyaguara Amek", "Caryl M. Beynon", "Sonia Y. Angell", "Sammy Khagayi", "Peter Byass", "Mary J. Hamel", "Anne M. van Eijk", "Emily Zielinski-Gutierrez", "Laurence Slutsker", "Kevin M. De Cock", "John Vulule", "Frank O. Odhiambo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114010.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cancer_Mortality_Rates_per_100_000_population_by_sex_by_65y_age_threshold_by_year_/1252575", "title"=>"Cancer Mortality Rates per 100,000 population by sex by 65y age threshold by year.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-11-26 02:45:58"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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