Effects of Sodium Bicarbonate on High-Intensity Endurance Performance in Cyclists: A Double-Blind, Randomized Cross-Over Trial
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Effects of sodium bicarbonate on high-intensity endurance performance in cyclists: A double-blind, randomized cross-over trial", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Florian", "last_name"=>"Egger", "scopus_author_id"=>"57109185800"}, {"first_name"=>"Tim", "last_name"=>"Meyer", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403382765"}, {"first_name"=>"Ulf", "last_name"=>"Such", "scopus_author_id"=>"36951922900"}, {"first_name"=>"Anne", "last_name"=>"Hecksteden", "scopus_author_id"=>"55252828800"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84916889723", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0114729", "pui"=>"600717192", "pmid"=>"25494054", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84916889723", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"6c24268b-6491-3d54-865e-9c97a45bc033", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: While the ergogenic effect of sodium bicarbonate (BICA) on short-term, sprint-type performance has been repeatedly demonstrated, little is known about its effectiveness during prolonged high-intensity exercise in well-trained athletes. Therefore, this study aims to examine the influence of BICA on performance during exhaustive, high-intensity endurance cycling.\\n\\nMETHODS: This was a single-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled cross-over study. Twenty-one well-trained cyclists (mean ± SD: age 24±8 y, BMI 21.3±1.7, VO2peak 67.3±9.8 ml·kg-1·min-1) were randomly allocated to sequences of following interventions: oral ingestion of 0.3 g·kg-1 BICA or 4 g of sodium chloride (placebo), respectively. One h after ingestion subjects exercised for 30 min at 95% of the individual anaerobic threshold (IAT) followed by 110% IAT until exhaustion. Prior to these constant load tests stepwise incremental exercise tests were conducted under both conditions to determine IAT and VO2peak. Analysis of blood gas parameters, blood lactate (BLa) and gas exchange measurements were conducted before, during and after the tests. The main outcome measure was the time to exhaustion in the constant load test.\\n\\nRESULTS: Cycling time to exhaustion was improved (p<0.05) under BICA (49.5±11.5 min) compared with placebo (45.0±9.5 min). No differences in maximal or sub-maximal measures of performance were observed during stepwise incremental tests. BICA ingestion resulted in an increased pH, bicarbonate concentration and BLa before, throughout and after both exercise testing modes.\\n\\nCONCLUSION: The results suggest that ingestion of BICA may improve prolonged, high-intensity cycling performance.\\n\\nTRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS) DRKS00006198.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-sodium-bicarbonate-highintensity-endurance-performance-cyclists-doubleblind-randomized-cross", "reader_count"=>60, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>16, "Student > Bachelor"=>23, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>4, "Student > Postgraduate"=>5, "Student > Master"=>16, "Student > Bachelor"=>23, "Lecturer"=>4, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>4, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>17, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>30, "Social Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>17}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>30}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>4}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Norway"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84916889723"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84916889723?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84916889723&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84916889723&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84916889723", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84916889723", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84916889723", "dc:title"=>"Effects of sodium bicarbonate on high-intensity endurance performance in cyclists: A double-blind, randomized cross-over trial", "dc:creator"=>"Egger F.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"9", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"12", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2014-12-10", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"10 December 2014", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0114729", "citedby-count"=>"14", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Universität des Saarlandes", "affiliation-city"=>"Saarbrucken", "affiliation-country"=>"Germany"}], "pubmed-id"=>"25494054", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e114729", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0114729", "share_count"=>1, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>1}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"79", "xml_views"=>"11", "html_views"=>"339"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"84"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"100"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"116"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"89"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"72"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"149"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"312"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"380"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"377"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"203"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"143"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"127"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"156"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"195"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"195"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"118"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"108"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"148"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"125"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"61"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"67"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"95"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"86"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"82"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"53"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832645"], "description"=>"<p>pH, bicarbonate concentration, base excess, partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO<sub>2</sub>), partial pressure of oxygen (pO<sub>2</sub>) and oxygen saturation were determined at rest (post drink), after 30 minutes cycling and 2 minutes post-exercise. Values are means ± SD.</p><p>Significance testing: one-factorial repeated measures analysis of variance (factor: condition; post-hoc: Scheffé test).</p><p>Blood gas parameters during constant load tests.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gas exchange measurements", "DRKS", "4 g", "IAT", "outcome measure", "ingestion subjects", "endurance cycling.MethodsThis", "bmi", "exercise tests", "blood gas parameters", "blood lactate", "VO 2peak Analysis", "exhaustion", "sodium bicarbonate", "bicarbonate concentration", "load test.ResultsCycling time", "sd", "BICA ingestion", "sodium chloride", "exercise testing modes.ConclusionThe results", "ergogenic effect", "30 min", "cycling performance.Trial RegistrationGerman Clinical Trials Register", "load tests"], "article_id"=>1266776, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Florian Egger", "Tim Meyer", "Ulf Such", "Anne Hecksteden"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114729.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Blood_gas_parameters_during_constant_load_tests_/1266776", "title"=>"Blood gas parameters during constant load tests.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-10 02:51:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832646"], "description"=>"<p>pH, bicarbonate concentration, base excess, partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO<sub>2</sub>), partial pressure of oxygen (pO<sub>2</sub>) and oxygen saturation were determined at rest (pre and post drink) and 2 minutes post-exercise. Values are means ± SD.</p><p>Significance testing: one-factorial repeated measures analysis of variance (factor: condition; post-hoc: Scheffé test).</p><p>Blood gas parameters before and after incremental tests.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gas exchange measurements", "DRKS", "4 g", "IAT", "outcome measure", "ingestion subjects", "endurance cycling.MethodsThis", "bmi", "exercise tests", "blood gas parameters", "blood lactate", "VO 2peak Analysis", "exhaustion", "sodium bicarbonate", "bicarbonate concentration", "load test.ResultsCycling time", "sd", "BICA ingestion", "sodium chloride", "exercise testing modes.ConclusionThe results", "ergogenic effect", "30 min", "cycling performance.Trial RegistrationGerman Clinical Trials Register", "load tests"], "article_id"=>1266777, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Florian Egger", "Tim Meyer", "Ulf Such", "Anne Hecksteden"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114729.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Blood_gas_parameters_before_and_after_incremental_tests_/1266777", "title"=>"Blood gas parameters before and after incremental tests.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-10 02:51:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832641"], "description"=>"<p>Flow of participants through the study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gas exchange measurements", "DRKS", "4 g", "IAT", "outcome measure", "ingestion subjects", "endurance cycling.MethodsThis", "bmi", "exercise tests", "blood gas parameters", "blood lactate", "VO 2peak Analysis", "exhaustion", "sodium bicarbonate", "bicarbonate concentration", "load test.ResultsCycling time", "sd", "BICA ingestion", "sodium chloride", "exercise testing modes.ConclusionThe results", "ergogenic effect", "30 min", "cycling performance.Trial RegistrationGerman Clinical Trials Register", "load tests"], "article_id"=>1266772, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Florian Egger", "Tim Meyer", "Ulf Such", "Anne Hecksteden"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114729.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Flow_of_participants_through_the_study_/1266772", "title"=>"Flow of participants through the study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-10 02:51:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832650", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832651", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832652", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832653"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>While the ergogenic effect of sodium bicarbonate (BICA) on short-term, sprint-type performance has been repeatedly demonstrated, little is known about its effectiveness during prolonged high-intensity exercise in well-trained athletes. Therefore, this study aims to examine the influence of BICA on performance during exhaustive, high-intensity endurance cycling.</p><p>Methods</p><p>This was a single-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled cross-over study. Twenty-one well-trained cyclists (mean ± SD: age 24±8 y, BMI 21.3±1.7, VO<sub>2peak</sub> 67.3±9.8 ml·kg<sup>−1</sup>·min<sup>−1</sup>) were randomly allocated to sequences of following interventions: oral ingestion of 0.3 g·kg<sup>−1</sup> BICA or 4 g of sodium chloride (placebo), respectively. One h after ingestion subjects exercised for 30 min at 95% of the individual anaerobic threshold (IAT) followed by 110% IAT until exhaustion. Prior to these constant load tests stepwise incremental exercise tests were conducted under both conditions to determine IAT and VO<sub>2peak</sub>. Analysis of blood gas parameters, blood lactate (BLa) and gas exchange measurements were conducted before, during and after the tests. The main outcome measure was the time to exhaustion in the constant load test.</p><p>Results</p><p>Cycling time to exhaustion was improved (p<0.05) under BICA (49.5±11.5 min) compared with placebo (45.0±9.5 min). No differences in maximal or sub-maximal measures of performance were observed during stepwise incremental tests. BICA ingestion resulted in an increased pH, bicarbonate concentration and BLa before, throughout and after both exercise testing modes.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>The results suggest that ingestion of BICA may improve prolonged, high-intensity cycling performance.</p><p>Trial Registration</p><p>German Clinical Trials Register (DRKS) <a href=\"https://drks-neu.uniklinik-freiburg.de/drks_web/setLocale_EN.do\" target=\"_blank\">DRKS00006198</a>.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gas exchange measurements", "DRKS", "4 g", "IAT", "outcome measure", "ingestion subjects", "endurance cycling.MethodsThis", "bmi", "exercise tests", "blood gas parameters", "blood lactate", "VO 2peak Analysis", "exhaustion", "sodium bicarbonate", "bicarbonate concentration", "load test.ResultsCycling time", "sd", "BICA ingestion", "sodium chloride", "exercise testing modes.ConclusionThe results", "ergogenic effect", "30 min", "cycling performance.Trial RegistrationGerman Clinical Trials Register", "load tests"], "article_id"=>1266781, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Florian Egger", "Tim Meyer", "Ulf Such", "Anne Hecksteden"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114729.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114729.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114729.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114729.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_Sodium_Bicarbonate_on_High_Intensity_Endurance_Performance_in_Cyclists_A_Double_Blind_Randomized_Cross_Over_Trial_/1266781", "title"=>"Effects of Sodium Bicarbonate on High-Intensity Endurance Performance in Cyclists: A Double-Blind, Randomized Cross-Over Trial", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-12-10 02:51:20"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832643"], "description"=>"<p>Double bar = decrease in number of exercising subjects (n<21). p = interaction between condition and time. * significant effect of condition, p<0.05; ** significant effect of condition, p<0.01; *** significant effect of condition, p<0.001.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["gas exchange measurements", "DRKS", "4 g", "IAT", "outcome measure", "ingestion subjects", "endurance cycling.MethodsThis", "bmi", "exercise tests", "blood gas parameters", "blood lactate", "VO 2peak Analysis", "exhaustion", "sodium bicarbonate", "bicarbonate concentration", "load test.ResultsCycling time", "sd", "BICA ingestion", "sodium chloride", "exercise testing modes.ConclusionThe results", "ergogenic effect", "30 min", "cycling performance.Trial RegistrationGerman Clinical Trials Register", "load tests"], "article_id"=>1266774, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Florian Egger", "Tim Meyer", "Ulf Such", "Anne Hecksteden"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114729.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Blood_lactate_BLa_concentrations_after_ingestion_post_drink_and_during_constant_load_tests_mean_177_SD_for_the_BICA_open_circles_and_placebo_closed_squares_trials_/1266774", "title"=>"Blood lactate (BLa) concentrations after ingestion (post drink) and during constant load tests (mean ± SD) for the BICA (open circles) and placebo (closed squares) trials.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-10 02:51:20"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"68", "full-text"=>"116", "pdf"=>"40", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"58", "full-text"=>"81", "pdf"=>"44", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"19", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"44", "full-text"=>"60", "pdf"=>"29", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"51", "full-text"=>"54", "pdf"=>"28", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"59", "full-text"=>"63", "pdf"=>"30", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"56", "full-text"=>"77", "pdf"=>"22", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"29", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"23", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"96", "full-text"=>"113", "pdf"=>"51", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"18", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"52", "full-text"=>"52", "pdf"=>"31", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"17", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"41", "pdf"=>"20", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"176", "pdf"=>"22", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"39", "full-text"=>"44", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"66", "full-text"=>"78", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"61", "full-text"=>"73", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"15", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"33", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"74", "full-text"=>"85", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"82", "full-text"=>"93", "pdf"=>"21", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"55", "full-text"=>"63", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"46", "full-text"=>"56", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"62", "full-text"=>"85", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"12", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"66", "full-text"=>"71", "pdf"=>"14", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"62", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"11", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"84", "full-text"=>"99", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"42", "full-text"=>"51", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"14", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"74", "full-text"=>"98", "pdf"=>"13", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"97", "full-text"=>"121", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"84", "full-text"=>"95", "pdf"=>"13", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"74", "full-text"=>"84", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"122", "full-text"=>"171", "pdf"=>"18", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"129", "full-text"=>"140", "pdf"=>"14", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"198", "full-text"=>"251", "pdf"=>"24", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"87", "full-text"=>"108", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"74", "full-text"=>"81", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"100", "full-text"=>"119", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"107", "full-text"=>"138", "pdf"=>"17", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"95", "full-text"=>"115", "pdf"=>"9", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"83", "full-text"=>"100", "pdf"=>"11", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"103", "full-text"=>"129", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"110", "full-text"=>"135", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"166", "full-text"=>"196", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"94", "full-text"=>"107", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"83", "full-text"=>"90", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"92", "full-text"=>"96", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"82", "full-text"=>"83", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts