Adaptive Potential of Maritime Pine (Pinus pinaster) Populations to the Emerging Pitch Canker Pathogen, Fusarium circinatum
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{"title"=>"Adaptive potential of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster) populations to the emerging pitch canker pathogen, Fusarium circinatum", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Margarita", "last_name"=>"Elvira-Recuenco", "scopus_author_id"=>"6508001118"}, {"first_name"=>"Eugenia", "last_name"=>"Iturritxa", "scopus_author_id"=>"35213453300"}, {"first_name"=>"Juan", "last_name"=>"Majada", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603562237"}, {"first_name"=>"Ricardo", "last_name"=>"Alia", "scopus_author_id"=>"55899093000"}, {"first_name"=>"Rosa", "last_name"=>"Raposo", "scopus_author_id"=>"16304708200"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"25500822", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0114971", "sgr"=>"84918588430", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84918588430", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"600738277"}, "id"=>"64022a16-a439-38ab-82c9-e12cc68a9cd5", "abstract"=>"There is a concern on how emerging pests and diseases will affect the distribution range and adaptability of their host species, especially due to different conditions derived from climate change and growing globalization. Fusarium circinatum, which causes pitch canker disease in Pinus species, is an exotic pathogen of recent introduction in Spain that threatens its maritime pine (P. pinaster) stands. To predict the impact this disease will have on the species, we examine host resistance traits and their genetic architecture. Resistance phenotyping was done in a clonal provenance/progeny trial, using three-year-old cuttings artificially inoculated with the pathogen and maintained under controlled environmental conditions. A total number of 670 ramets were assessed, distributed in 10 populations, with a total of 47 families, 2 to 5 half-sibs per family, and 3-7 ramets per clone. High genetic variation was found at the three hierarchical levels studied: population, family and clone, being both additive and non-additive effects important. Narrow-sense and broad-sense heritability estimates were relatively high, with respective values of 0.43-0.58 and 0.51-0.8, depending on the resistance traits measured (lesion length, lesion length rate, time to wilting, and survival). These values suggest the species' high capacity of evolutionary response to the F. circinatum pathogen. A population originated in Northern Spain was the most resistant, while another from Morocco was the most susceptible. The total number of plants that did not show lesion development or presented a small lesion (length<30 mm) was 224 out of 670, indicating a high proportion of resistant trees in the offspring within the analyzed populations. We found large differences among populations and considerable genetic variation within populations, which should allow, through natural or artificial selection, the successful adaptation of maritime pine to pitch canker disease.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/adaptive-potential-maritime-pine-pinus-pinaster-populations-emerging-pitch-canker-pathogen-fusarium", "reader_count"=>20, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>14}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Brazil"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1839146"], "description"=>"<p>A: Altitude (m), LA: Latitude (°), LO: Longitude (°), AMT: Annual mean temperature (°C), MTWM: maximum temperature of the warmest month, MTCM: minimum temperature of the coldest month, AP: annual precipitation (mm).</p><p>Location, climatic data and altitude of the <i>Pinus pinaster</i> populations tested in 2012 (except CDVO) and 2013 trials.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["show lesion development", "Pitch Canker Pathogen", "pathogen", "causes pitch canker disease", "Fusarium circinatum", "lesion length rate", "pitch canker disease", "species", "host resistance traits"], "article_id"=>1267646, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Margarita Elvira-Recuenco", "Eugenia Iturritxa", "Juan Majada", "Ricardo Alía", "Rosa Raposo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114971.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Location_climatic_data_and_altitude_of_the_Pinus_pinaster_populations_tested_in_2012_except_CDVO_and_2013_trials_/1267646", "title"=>"Location, climatic data and altitude of the <i>Pinus pinaster</i> populations tested in 2012 (except CDVO) and 2013 trials.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-11 02:42:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1839158"], "description"=>"<div><p>There is a concern on how emerging pests and diseases will affect the distribution range and adaptability of their host species, especially due to different conditions derived from climate change and growing globalization. <i>Fusarium circinatum,</i> which causes pitch canker disease in <i>Pinus</i> species, is an exotic pathogen of recent introduction in Spain that threatens its maritime pine (<i>P. pinaster</i>) stands. To predict the impact this disease will have on the species, we examine host resistance traits and their genetic architecture. Resistance phenotyping was done in a clonal provenance/progeny trial, using three-year-old cuttings artificially inoculated with the pathogen and maintained under controlled environmental conditions. A total number of 670 ramets were assessed, distributed in 10 populations, with a total of 47 families, 2 to 5 half-sibs per family, and 3–7 ramets per clone. High genetic variation was found at the three hierarchical levels studied: population, family and clone, being both additive and non-additive effects important. Narrow-sense and broad-sense heritability estimates were relatively high, with respective values of 0.43–0.58 and 0.51–0.8, depending on the resistance traits measured (lesion length, lesion length rate, time to wilting, and survival). These values suggest the species' high capacity of evolutionary response to the <i>F. circinatum</i> pathogen. A population originated in Northern Spain was the most resistant, while another from Morocco was the most susceptible. The total number of plants that did not show lesion development or presented a small lesion (length<30 mm) was 224 out of 670, indicating a high proportion of resistant trees in the offspring within the analyzed populations. We found large differences among populations and considerable genetic variation within populations, which should allow, through natural or artificial selection, the successful adaptation of maritime pine to pitch canker disease.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["show lesion development", "Pitch Canker Pathogen", "pathogen", "causes pitch canker disease", "Fusarium circinatum", "lesion length rate", "pitch canker disease", "species", "host resistance traits"], "article_id"=>1267657, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Margarita Elvira-Recuenco", "Eugenia Iturritxa", "Juan Majada", "Ricardo Alía", "Rosa Raposo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114971", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Adaptive_Potential_of_Maritime_Pine_Pinus_pinaster_Populations_to_the_Emerging_Pitch_Canker_Pathogen_Fusarium_circinatum_/1267657", "title"=>"Adaptive Potential of Maritime Pine (<i>Pinus pinaster</i>) Populations to the Emerging Pitch Canker Pathogen, <i>Fusarium circinatum</i>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-11 02:42:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1839155"], "description"=>"<p>Lower triangle correlations between population BLUE values. Upper triangle: for each trait, first row correlations between family BLUP values (additive genetic correlation), second row correlations between family plus clone BLUP values (total genetic correlation). Significant correlations (p<0.05) in bold letter. Trait abbreviations in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0114971#pone-0114971-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>.</p><p>Pearson correlation coefficients among resistance and growth traits for 10 populations, 47 families and 165 clones of <i>P. pinaster</i> (2013 trial).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["show lesion development", "Pitch Canker Pathogen", "pathogen", "causes pitch canker disease", "Fusarium circinatum", "lesion length rate", "pitch canker disease", "species", "host resistance traits"], "article_id"=>1267654, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Margarita Elvira-Recuenco", "Eugenia Iturritxa", "Juan Majada", "Ricardo Alía", "Rosa Raposo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114971.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pearson_correlation_coefficients_among_resistance_and_growth_traits_for_10_populations_47_families_and_165_clones_of_P_pinaster_2013_trial_/1267654", "title"=>"Pearson correlation coefficients among resistance and growth traits for 10 populations, 47 families and 165 clones of <i>P. pinaster</i> (2013 trial).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-11 02:42:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1839144"], "description"=>"<p>Survival function for the event of wilting by populations of <i>P. pinaster</i> plants inoculated with <i>F. circinatum</i> at time 0 and estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method (2013 trial).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["show lesion development", "Pitch Canker Pathogen", "pathogen", "causes pitch canker disease", "Fusarium circinatum", "lesion length rate", "pitch canker disease", "species", "host resistance traits"], "article_id"=>1267644, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Margarita Elvira-Recuenco", "Eugenia Iturritxa", "Juan Majada", "Ricardo Alía", "Rosa Raposo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114971.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Survival_function_for_the_event_of_wilting_by_populations_of_P_pinaster_plants_inoculated_with_F_circinatum_at_time_0_and_estimated_by_the_Kaplan_Meier_method_2013_trial_/1267644", "title"=>"Survival function for the event of wilting by populations of <i>P. pinaster</i> plants inoculated with <i>F. circinatum</i> at time 0 and estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method (2013 trial).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-11 02:42:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1839140"], "description"=>"<p>Proportion of plants of <i>Pinus pinaster</i> inoculated with <i>Fusarium circinatum</i> that did (in red) or did not show (in blue) dieback for intervals of lesion length measured at the sampling date (2013 trial).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["show lesion development", "Pitch Canker Pathogen", "pathogen", "causes pitch canker disease", "Fusarium circinatum", "lesion length rate", "pitch canker disease", "species", "host resistance traits"], "article_id"=>1267639, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Margarita Elvira-Recuenco", "Eugenia Iturritxa", "Juan Majada", "Ricardo Alía", "Rosa Raposo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114971.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>25, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportion_of_plants_of_Pinus_pinaster_inoculated_with_Fusarium_circinatum_that_did_in_red_or_did_not_show_in_blue_dieback_for_intervals_of_lesion_length_measured_at_the_sampling_date_2013_trial_/1267639", "title"=>"Proportion of plants of <i>Pinus pinaster</i> inoculated with <i>Fusarium circinatum</i> that did (in red) or did not show (in blue) dieback for intervals of lesion length measured at the sampling date (2013 trial).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-11 02:42:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1839153"], "description"=>"<p>Traits as described in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0114971#pone-0114971-t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>. F<sub>PR</sub>: F distribution value to test population factor (fixed effect in the mixed model) for each trait, with df<sub>num</sub> = 9, df<sub>den</sub> = 36, P<sub>PR</sub>: p-value of population significance, V<sub>fam</sub>: variance between families, SE<sub>fam</sub>: standard error of V<sub>fam</sub>, P<sub>fam</sub>: p-value of V<sub>fam</sub> significance, V<sub>c</sub>: variance between clones, SE<sub>C</sub>: standard error of V<sub>C</sub>, P<sub>C</sub>: p-value of Vc significance, V<sub>R</sub>: residual variance, SE<sub>R</sub>: standard error of V<sub>R,</sub> h<sup>2</sup>: narrow sense heritability, H<sup>2</sup>: broad sense heritability, SE: standard error of heritability. All tests were performed with significance level of 0.05. The variable SV was analyzed by a binomial logit and heritabilities are indicated in the observed binomial scale (in cursive).</p><p>Variance components, narrow-sense and broad-sense heritability with their standard error for each trait obtained from the mixed model in the 10 studied populations of <i>P. pinaster</i> (2013 trial).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["show lesion development", "Pitch Canker Pathogen", "pathogen", "causes pitch canker disease", "Fusarium circinatum", "lesion length rate", "pitch canker disease", "species", "host resistance traits"], "article_id"=>1267653, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Margarita Elvira-Recuenco", "Eugenia Iturritxa", "Juan Majada", "Ricardo Alía", "Rosa Raposo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114971.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>28, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Variance_components_narrow_sense_and_broad_sense_heritability_with_their_standard_error_for_each_trait_obtained_from_the_mixed_model_in_the_10_studied_populations_of_P_pinaster_2013_trial_/1267653", "title"=>"Variance components, narrow-sense and broad-sense heritability with their standard error for each trait obtained from the mixed model in the 10 studied populations of <i>P. pinaster</i> (2013 trial).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-11 02:42:14"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1839149"], "description"=>"<p>LL: lesion length (mm) of plants with or without dieback at sampling date, LLRATE: lesion length growth per day, T<b>_</b>W: time (days) to first symptoms of wilting above inoculation point, SV: proportion of plants without wilting at the end of experiment, D: stem diameter (mm) at the inoculation point, H: stem height (mm), AFW: aerial fresh weight (g), RDW: root dry weight (g), SDW: stem dry weight (g). Means with the same letter did not differ significantly, according to Tukey-Kramer test (p<0.05) for all variables except SV, in this case Wilcoxon test was used. Populations described in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0114971#pone-0114971-t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>.</p><p>Means of predicted values according to the statistical mixed model, standard errors (in brackets) and statistical significance (with letters) for each trait at the population level (2013 trial).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["show lesion development", "Pitch Canker Pathogen", "pathogen", "causes pitch canker disease", "Fusarium circinatum", "lesion length rate", "pitch canker disease", "species", "host resistance traits"], "article_id"=>1267649, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Margarita Elvira-Recuenco", "Eugenia Iturritxa", "Juan Majada", "Ricardo Alía", "Rosa Raposo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0114971.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Means_of_predicted_values_according_to_the_statistical_mixed_model_standard_errors_in_brackets_and_statistical_significance_with_letters_for_each_trait_at_the_population_level_2013_trial_/1267649", "title"=>"Means of predicted values according to the statistical mixed model, standard errors (in brackets) and statistical significance (with letters) for each trait at the population level (2013 trial).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-11 02:42:14"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

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