Comparative Analysis of Duckweed Cultivation with Sewage Water and SH Media for Production of Fuel Ethanol
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{"title"=>"Comparative analysis of duckweed cultivation with sewage water and SH media for production of fuel ethanol", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Changjiang", "last_name"=>"Yu", "scopus_author_id"=>"55653712900"}, {"first_name"=>"Changjiang", "last_name"=>"Sun", "scopus_author_id"=>"56454585100"}, {"first_name"=>"Li", "last_name"=>"Yu", "scopus_author_id"=>"56206253400"}, {"first_name"=>"Ming", "last_name"=>"Zhu", "scopus_author_id"=>"56420952900"}, {"first_name"=>"Hua", "last_name"=>"Xu", "scopus_author_id"=>"56454541700"}, {"first_name"=>"Jinshan", "last_name"=>"Zhao", "scopus_author_id"=>"56454518900"}, {"first_name"=>"Yubin", "last_name"=>"Ma", "scopus_author_id"=>"55622511100"}, {"first_name"=>"Gongke", "last_name"=>"Zhou", "scopus_author_id"=>"15064911200"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pmid"=>"25517893", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0115023", "pui"=>"600807025", "issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84919498350", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84919498350"}, "id"=>"cae63d7a-373d-3e1b-b58b-97b0e8252953", "abstract"=>"Energy crises and environmental pollution have caused considerable concerns; duckweed is considered to be a promising new energy plant that may relieve such problems. Lemna aequinoctialis strain 6000, which has a fast growth rate and the ability to accumulate high levels of starch was grown in both Schenk & Hildebrandt medium (SH) and in sewage water (SW). The maximum growth rates reached 10.0 g DW m-2 day-1 and 4.3 g DW m-2 day-1, respectively, for the SH and SW cultures, while the starch content reached 39% (w/w) and 34% (w/w). The nitrogen and phosphorus removal rate reached 80% (SH) and 90% (SW) during cultivation, and heavy metal ions assimilation was observed. About 95% (w/w) of glucose was released from duckweed biomass hydrolysates, and then fermented by Angel yeast with ethanol yield of 0.19 g g-1 (SH) and 0.17 g g-1 (SW). The amylose/amylopectin ratios of the cultures changed as starch content increased, from 0.252 to 0.155 (SH) and from 0.252 to 0.174 (SW). Lemna aequinoctialis strain 6000 could be considered as valuable feedstock for bioethanol production and water resources purification.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/comparative-analysis-duckweed-cultivation-sewage-water-sh-media-production-fuel-ethanol", "reader_count"=>24, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>7, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Materials Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Materials Science"=>{"Materials Science"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>7}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Hungary"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1846074"], "description"=>"<p>Each data point represents the mean of triplicate values; error bars indicate the standard deviation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Fuel Ethanol Energy crises", "metal ions assimilation", "starch content", "water resources purification", "Lemna aequinoctialis strain 6000", "phosphorus removal rate", "sw", "sh", "dw", "duckweed biomass hydrolysates"], "article_id"=>1273472, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Changjiang Yu", "Changjiang Sun", "Li Yu", "Ming Zhu", "Hua Xu", "Jinshan Zhao", "Yubin Ma", "Gongke Zhou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115023.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>57, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Kinetics_of_starch_content_variation_during_duckweed_cultivation_in_Schenk_amp_Hildebrandt_medium_SH_and_sewage_water_SW_/1273472", "title"=>"Kinetics of starch content variation during duckweed cultivation in Schenk & Hildebrandt medium (SH) and sewage water (SW).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-17 02:53:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1846082"], "description"=>"<p>The ratio of amylose to amylopectin in duckweed and other starch-rich crops <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0115023#pone.0115023-Wang1\" target=\"_blank\">[34]</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Fuel Ethanol Energy crises", "metal ions assimilation", "starch content", "water resources purification", "Lemna aequinoctialis strain 6000", "phosphorus removal rate", "sw", "sh", "dw", "duckweed biomass hydrolysates"], "article_id"=>1273479, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Changjiang Yu", "Changjiang Sun", "Li Yu", "Ming Zhu", "Hua Xu", "Jinshan Zhao", "Yubin Ma", "Gongke Zhou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115023.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>222, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_ratio_of_amylose_to_amylopectin_in_duckweed_and_other_starch_rich_crops_34_/1273479", "title"=>"The ratio of amylose to amylopectin in duckweed and other starch-rich crops [34].", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-17 02:53:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1846083"], "description"=>"<p>Ion concentrations in Schenk & Hildebrandt medium (SH) and sewage water (SW) before and after cultivation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Fuel Ethanol Energy crises", "metal ions assimilation", "starch content", "water resources purification", "Lemna aequinoctialis strain 6000", "phosphorus removal rate", "sw", "sh", "dw", "duckweed biomass hydrolysates"], "article_id"=>1273481, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Changjiang Yu", "Changjiang Sun", "Li Yu", "Ming Zhu", "Hua Xu", "Jinshan Zhao", "Yubin Ma", "Gongke Zhou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115023.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>34, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ion_concentrations_in_Schenk_amp_Hildebrandt_medium_SH_and_sewage_water_SW_before_and_after_cultivation_/1273481", "title"=>"Ion concentrations in Schenk & Hildebrandt medium (SH) and sewage water (SW) before and after cultivation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-17 02:53:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1846084"], "description"=>"<p>All data are presented as the mean of triplicate measurements ± standard deviation. Different letters indicate significant differences between different conditions (<i>p</i><0.05).</p><p>Changes in the amylose, amylopectin, and starch content of <i>L. aequinoctialis</i> before and after cultivation in Schenk & Hildebrandt medium (SH) and sewage water (SW).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Fuel Ethanol Energy crises", "metal ions assimilation", "starch content", "water resources purification", "Lemna aequinoctialis strain 6000", "phosphorus removal rate", "sw", "sh", "dw", "duckweed biomass hydrolysates"], "article_id"=>1273482, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Changjiang Yu", "Changjiang Sun", "Li Yu", "Ming Zhu", "Hua Xu", "Jinshan Zhao", "Yubin Ma", "Gongke Zhou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115023.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changes_in_the_amylose_amylopectin_and_starch_content_of_L_aequinoctialis_before_and_after_cultivation_in_Schenk_Hildebrandt_medium_SH_and_sewage_water_SW_/1273482", "title"=>"Changes in the amylose, amylopectin, and starch content of <i>L. aequinoctialis</i> before and after cultivation in Schenk & Hildebrandt medium (SH) and sewage water (SW).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-17 02:53:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1846089"], "description"=>"<p>Each data is the mean of three replicates ± standard deviation.</p><p>Glucose released from the biomass of duckweed after enzymatic saccharification and ethanol yields of the fermentation in hydrolysates of duckweed biomass with Angel Yeast.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Fuel Ethanol Energy crises", "metal ions assimilation", "starch content", "water resources purification", "Lemna aequinoctialis strain 6000", "phosphorus removal rate", "sw", "sh", "dw", "duckweed biomass hydrolysates"], "article_id"=>1273486, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Changjiang Yu", "Changjiang Sun", "Li Yu", "Ming Zhu", "Hua Xu", "Jinshan Zhao", "Yubin Ma", "Gongke Zhou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115023.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>53, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Glucose_released_from_the_biomass_of_duckweed_after_enzymatic_saccharification_and_ethanol_yields_of_the_fermentation_in_hydrolysates_of_duckweed_biomass_with_Angel_Yeast_/1273486", "title"=>"Glucose released from the biomass of duckweed after enzymatic saccharification and ethanol yields of the fermentation in hydrolysates of duckweed biomass with Angel Yeast.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-17 02:53:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1846090"], "description"=>"<p>Different letters indicate significant differences between different conditions (<i>p</i><0.05)</p><p>Reducing sugar analysis of hydrolyzates of duckweed grown in Schenk & Hildebrandt medium (SH) and sewage water (SW). Glc: glucose, Gal: galactose, Man: mannose.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Fuel Ethanol Energy crises", "metal ions assimilation", "starch content", "water resources purification", "Lemna aequinoctialis strain 6000", "phosphorus removal rate", "sw", "sh", "dw", "duckweed biomass hydrolysates"], "article_id"=>1273487, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Changjiang Yu", "Changjiang Sun", "Li Yu", "Ming Zhu", "Hua Xu", "Jinshan Zhao", "Yubin Ma", "Gongke Zhou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115023.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>30, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Reducing_sugar_analysis_of_hydrolyzates_of_duckweed_grown_in_Schenk_amp_Hildebrandt_medium_SH_and_sewage_water_SW_Glc_glucose_Gal_galactose_Man_mannose_/1273487", "title"=>"Reducing sugar analysis of hydrolyzates of duckweed grown in Schenk & Hildebrandt medium (SH) and sewage water (SW). Glc: glucose, Gal: galactose, Man: mannose.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-17 02:53:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1846096"], "description"=>"<div><p>Energy crises and environmental pollution have caused considerable concerns; duckweed is considered to be a promising new energy plant that may relieve such problems. <i>Lemna aequinoctialis</i> strain 6000, which has a fast growth rate and the ability to accumulate high levels of starch was grown in both Schenk & Hildebrandt medium (SH) and in sewage water (SW). The maximum growth rates reached 10.0 g DW m<sup>−2</sup> day<sup>−1</sup> and 4.3 g DW m<sup>−2</sup> day<sup>−1</sup>, respectively, for the SH and SW cultures, while the starch content reached 39% (w/w) and 34% (w/w). The nitrogen and phosphorus removal rate reached 80% (SH) and 90% (SW) during cultivation, and heavy metal ions assimilation was observed. About 95% (w/w) of glucose was released from duckweed biomass hydrolysates, and then fermented by Angel yeast with ethanol yield of 0.19 g g<sup>−1</sup> (SH) and 0.17 g g<sup>−1</sup> (SW). The amylose/amylopectin ratios of the cultures changed as starch content increased, from 0.252 to 0.155 (SH) and from 0.252 to 0.174 (SW). <i>Lemna aequinoctialis</i> strain 6000 could be considered as valuable feedstock for bioethanol production and water resources purification.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Fuel Ethanol Energy crises", "metal ions assimilation", "starch content", "water resources purification", "Lemna aequinoctialis strain 6000", "phosphorus removal rate", "sw", "sh", "dw", "duckweed biomass hydrolysates"], "article_id"=>1273489, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Changjiang Yu", "Changjiang Sun", "Li Yu", "Ming Zhu", "Hua Xu", "Jinshan Zhao", "Yubin Ma", "Gongke Zhou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115023", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>36, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Comparative_Analysis_of_Duckweed_Cultivation_with_Sewage_Water_and_SH_Media_for_Production_of_Fuel_Ethanol_/1273489", "title"=>"Comparative Analysis of Duckweed Cultivation with Sewage Water and SH Media for Production of Fuel Ethanol", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-17 02:53:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1846067"], "description"=>"<p>Each data point represents the mean of triplicate values; error bars indicate the standard deviation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Fuel Ethanol Energy crises", "metal ions assimilation", "starch content", "water resources purification", "Lemna aequinoctialis strain 6000", "phosphorus removal rate", "sw", "sh", "dw", "duckweed biomass hydrolysates"], "article_id"=>1273465, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Changjiang Yu", "Changjiang Sun", "Li Yu", "Ming Zhu", "Hua Xu", "Jinshan Zhao", "Yubin Ma", "Gongke Zhou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115023.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>45, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Kinetics_of_duckweed_growth_in_Schenk_amp_Hildebrandt_medium_SH_and_sewage_water_SW_/1273465", "title"=>"Kinetics of duckweed growth in Schenk & Hildebrandt medium (SH) and sewage water (SW).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-17 02:53:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1846070"], "description"=>"<p>Each data point represents the mean of triplicate values; error bars indicate the standard deviation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Fuel Ethanol Energy crises", "metal ions assimilation", "starch content", "water resources purification", "Lemna aequinoctialis strain 6000", "phosphorus removal rate", "sw", "sh", "dw", "duckweed biomass hydrolysates"], "article_id"=>1273468, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Changjiang Yu", "Changjiang Sun", "Li Yu", "Ming Zhu", "Hua Xu", "Jinshan Zhao", "Yubin Ma", "Gongke Zhou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115023.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>25, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Duckweed_mediated_nitrogen_removal_from_Schenk_amp_Hildebrandt_medium_SH_and_sewage_water_SW_/1273468", "title"=>"Duckweed-mediated nitrogen removal from Schenk & Hildebrandt medium (SH) and sewage water (SW).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-17 02:53:25"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1846072"], "description"=>"<p>Each data point represents the mean of triplicate values; error bars indicate the standard deviation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Fuel Ethanol Energy crises", "metal ions assimilation", "starch content", "water resources purification", "Lemna aequinoctialis strain 6000", "phosphorus removal rate", "sw", "sh", "dw", "duckweed biomass hydrolysates"], "article_id"=>1273470, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Changjiang Yu", "Changjiang Sun", "Li Yu", "Ming Zhu", "Hua Xu", "Jinshan Zhao", "Yubin Ma", "Gongke Zhou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115023.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Changes_in_total_phosphorus_concentrations_during_duckweed_cultivation_in_Schenk_amp_Hildebrandt_medium_SH_and_sewage_water_SW_/1273470", "title"=>"Changes in total phosphorus concentrations during duckweed cultivation in Schenk & Hildebrandt medium (SH) and sewage water (SW).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-17 02:53:25"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"29", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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