Spiders on a Hot Volcanic Roof: Colonisation Pathways and Phylogeography of the Canary Islands Endemic Trap-Door Spider Titanidiops canariensis (Araneae, Idiopidae)
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Spiders on a Hot Volcanic Roof: Colonisation Pathways and Phylogeography of the Canary Islands Endemic Trap-Door Spider Titanidiops canariensis (Araneae, Idiopidae)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Vera", "last_name"=>"Opatova", "scopus_author_id"=>"36810184700"}, {"first_name"=>"Miquel A.", "last_name"=>"Arnedo", "scopus_author_id"=>"35605536900"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PloS one", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"618745139", "sgr"=>"84916897409", "issn"=>"19326203", "arxiv"=>"1406.1548", "pmid"=>"23929473", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84916897409", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0115078", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"82e5f298-999c-344d-8abc-0e7c7e0ff5c3", "abstract"=>"Studies conducted on volcanic islands have greatly contributed to our current understanding of how organisms diversify. The Canary Islands archipelago, located northwest of the coast of northern Africa, harbours a large number of endemic taxa. Because of their low vagility, mygalomorph spiders are usually absent from oceanic islands. The spider Titanidiops canariensis, which inhabits the easternmost islands of the archipelago, constitutes an exception to this rule. Here, we use a multi-locus approach that combines three mitochondrial and four nuclear genes to investigate the origins and phylogeography of this remarkable trap-door spider. We provide a timeframe for the colonisation of the Canary Islands using two alternative approaches: concatenation and species tree inference in a Bayesian relaxed clock framework. Additionally, we investigate the existence of cryptic species on the islands by means of a Bayesian multi-locus species delimitation method. Our results indicate that T. canariensis colonised the Canary Islands once, most likely during the Miocene, although discrepancies between the timeframes from different approaches make the exact timing uncertain. A complex evolutionary history for the species in the archipelago is revealed, which involves two independent colonisations of Fuerteventura from the ancestral range of T. canariensis in northern Lanzarote and a possible back colonisation of southern Lanzarote. The data further corroborate a previously proposed volcanic refugium, highlighting the impact of the dynamic volcanic history of the island on the phylogeographic patterns of the endemic taxa. T. canariensis includes at least two different species, one inhabiting the Jandia peninsula and central Fuerteventura and one spanning from central Fuerteventura to Lanzarote. Our data suggest that the extant northern African Titanidiops lineages may have expanded to the region after the islands were colonised and, hence, are not the source of colonisation. In addition, T. maroccanus may harbour several cryptic species. ", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/spiders-hot-volcanic-roof-colonisation-pathways-phylogeography-canary-islands-endemic-trapdoor-spide", "reader_count"=>116, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Researcher"=>21, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>18, "Other"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>15, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Researcher"=>21, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>20, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>18, "Other"=>10, "Student > Bachelor"=>15, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>8}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>9, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>36, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>2, "Computer Science"=>4, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>11, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>7, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>24, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Psychology"=>5, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>7}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>24}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>9}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>3}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>7}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>36}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>4}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>7}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>11}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Netherlands"=>1, "Argentina"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Qatar"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Spain"=>3}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus

{"@_fa"=>"true", "error"=>"Result set was empty"}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0115078", "share_count"=>0, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>0}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2014", "pdf_views"=>"135", "xml_views"=>"10", "html_views"=>"1200"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"73"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"51"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"71"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"22"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"3"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832359", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832360", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832361", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832363"], "description"=>"<div><p>Studies conducted on volcanic islands have greatly contributed to our current understanding of how organisms diversify. The Canary Islands archipelago, located northwest of the coast of northern Africa, harbours a large number of endemic taxa. Because of their low vagility, mygalomorph spiders are usually absent from oceanic islands. The spider <i>Titanidiops canariensis</i>, which inhabits the easternmost islands of the archipelago, constitutes an exception to this rule. Here, we use a multi-locus approach that combines three mitochondrial and four nuclear genes to investigate the origins and phylogeography of this remarkable trap-door spider. We provide a timeframe for the colonisation of the Canary Islands using two alternative approaches: concatenation and species tree inference in a Bayesian relaxed clock framework. Additionally, we investigate the existence of cryptic species on the islands by means of a Bayesian multi-locus species delimitation method. Our results indicate that <i>T. canariensis</i> colonised the Canary Islands once, most likely during the Miocene, although discrepancies between the timeframes from different approaches make the exact timing uncertain. A complex evolutionary history for the species in the archipelago is revealed, which involves two independent colonisations of Fuerteventura from the ancestral range of <i>T. canariensis</i> in northern Lanzarote and a possible back colonisation of southern Lanzarote. The data further corroborate a previously proposed volcanic refugium, highlighting the impact of the dynamic volcanic history of the island on the phylogeographic patterns of the endemic taxa. <i>T. canariensis</i> includes at least two different species, one inhabiting the Jandia peninsula and central Fuerteventura and one spanning from central Fuerteventura to Lanzarote. Our data suggest that the extant northern African <i>Titanidiops</i> lineages may have expanded to the region after the islands were colonised and, hence, are not the source of colonisation. In addition, <i>T. maroccanus</i> may harbour several cryptic species.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spider Titanidiops canariensis", "species tree inference", "Hot Volcanic Roof", "African Titanidiops lineages", "approach", "Canary Islands", "colonisation", "fuerteventura", "lanzarote", "Canary Islands archipelago"], "article_id"=>1266549, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Vera Opatova", "Miquel A. Arnedo"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115078.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115078.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115078.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115078.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>25, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Spiders_on_a_Hot_Volcanic_Roof_Colonisation_Pathways_and_Phylogeography_of_the_Canary_Islands_Endemic_Trap_Door_Spider_Titanidiops_canariensis_Araneae_Idiopidae_/1266549", "title"=>"Spiders on a Hot Volcanic Roof: Colonisation Pathways and Phylogeography of the Canary Islands Endemic Trap-Door Spider <i>Titanidiops canariensis</i> (Araneae, Idiopidae)", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-12-10 02:42:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832343"], "description"=>"<p>Concatenated mtDNA time refers to concatenated analyses conducted with BEAST including informed substitution rate priors.</p><p>Evolutionary models and partition schemes selected by PARTITIONFINDER for the different analyses conducted.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spider Titanidiops canariensis", "species tree inference", "Hot Volcanic Roof", "African Titanidiops lineages", "approach", "Canary Islands", "colonisation", "fuerteventura", "lanzarote", "Canary Islands archipelago"], "article_id"=>1266533, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Vera Opatova", "Miquel A. Arnedo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115078.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>44, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Evolutionary_models_and_partition_schemes_selected_by_PARTITIONFINDER_for_the_different_analyses_conducted_/1266533", "title"=>"Evolutionary models and partition schemes selected by PARTITIONFINDER for the different analyses conducted.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-10 02:42:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832341"], "description"=>"<p>Only results obtained under the small population sizes (θs <i>∼G</i>(2, 2000)) and shallow divergence (τ0 <i>∼G</i>(2, 2000)) scenarios are shown. Circles on nodes indicate lineages (descendants) supported as independent evolutionary lineages (i.e., species) and the total number of independent lineages supported under alternative models of number of starting species (K). Terminal colour codes as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0115078#pone-0115078-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 3</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spider Titanidiops canariensis", "species tree inference", "Hot Volcanic Roof", "African Titanidiops lineages", "approach", "Canary Islands", "colonisation", "fuerteventura", "lanzarote", "Canary Islands archipelago"], "article_id"=>1266531, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Vera Opatova", "Miquel A. Arnedo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115078.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>44, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Multi_locus_Bayesian_species_delimitation_with_BPP_/1266531", "title"=>"Multi-locus Bayesian species delimitation with BPP.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-10 02:42:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832331"], "description"=>"<p><i>Titanidiops canariensis</i> is represented by single representatives from each GMYC cluster identified (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0115078#pone-0115078-g001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 3</a>, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0115078#pone.0115078.s003\" target=\"_blank\">S1 Table</a>). <i>T. maroccanus</i> GMYC clusters are highlighted in boxes. Dots on nodes denote support as follows: left semi-circles are Bayesian posterior probabilities (PP) and right ones are maximum likelihood bootstraps, black = PP>0.95, ML bootstrap support >80%, grey  =  clade determined but with support values less than the thresholds above, white  =  topology not determined. Terminal colour codes as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0115078#pone-0115078-g003\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 3</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spider Titanidiops canariensis", "species tree inference", "Hot Volcanic Roof", "African Titanidiops lineages", "approach", "Canary Islands", "colonisation", "fuerteventura", "lanzarote", "Canary Islands archipelago"], "article_id"=>1266521, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Vera Opatova", "Miquel A. Arnedo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115078.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Topology_obtained_in_the_concatenated_Bayesian_analyses_/1266521", "title"=>"Topology obtained in the concatenated Bayesian analyses.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-10 02:42:06"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1832337"], "description"=>"<p>Dots on nodes denote Bayesian posterior probabilities above 0.95. Node bars indicate the 95% HPD confidence intervals of the divergence time. The common x-axis is time in million years (My). Terminal colour codes are as in the figure inset. Samples from the localities marked as stars on the map were only included in the concatenated approach.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["spider Titanidiops canariensis", "species tree inference", "Hot Volcanic Roof", "African Titanidiops lineages", "approach", "Canary Islands", "colonisation", "fuerteventura", "lanzarote", "Canary Islands archipelago"], "article_id"=>1266527, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Vera Opatova", "Miquel A. Arnedo"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115078.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>114, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Chronograms_obtained_with_a_the_concatenated_approach_using_BEAST_and_with_b_the_multispecies_coalescent_species_tree_approach_using_BEAST_/1266527", "title"=>"Chronograms obtained with (a) the concatenated approach using BEAST and with (b) the multispecies coalescent (species tree) approach using *BEAST.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-10 02:42:06"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2014", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"9", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"10", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts