Effects of Cadmium Exposure on Growth and Metabolic Profile of Bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.]
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{"title"=>"Effects of cadmium exposure on growth and metabolic profile of bermudagrass [Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.]", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Yan", "last_name"=>"Xie", "scopus_author_id"=>"8922689300"}, {"first_name"=>"Longxing", "last_name"=>"Hu", "scopus_author_id"=>"35113274800"}, {"first_name"=>"Zhimin", "last_name"=>"Du", "scopus_author_id"=>"56208764300"}, {"first_name"=>"Xiaoyan", "last_name"=>"Sun", "scopus_author_id"=>"56191256500"}, {"first_name"=>"Erick", "last_name"=>"Amombo", "scopus_author_id"=>"56327262300"}, {"first_name"=>"Jibiao", "last_name"=>"Fan", "scopus_author_id"=>"55650401800"}, {"first_name"=>"Jinmin", "last_name"=>"Fu", "scopus_author_id"=>"8322831700"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "sgr"=>"84920175226", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84920175226", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "pui"=>"601081383", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0115279", "pmid"=>"25545719"}, "id"=>"2756cfbe-0eac-3b55-8be3-e0b59e6b2c63", "abstract"=>"Metabolic responses to cadmium (Cd) may be associated with variations in Cd tolerance in plants. The objectives of this study were to examine changes in metabolic profiles in bermudagrass in response to Cd stress and to identify predominant metabolites associated with differential Cd tolerance using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Two genotypes of bermudagrass with contrasting Cd tolerance were exposed to 0 and 1.5 mM CdSO4 for 14 days in hydroponics. Physiological responses to Cd were evaluated by determining turf quality, growth rate, chlorophyll content and normalized relative transpiration. All these parameters exhibited higher tolerance in WB242 than in WB144. Cd treated WB144 transported more Cd to the shoot than in WB242. The metabolite analysis of leaf polar extracts revealed 39 Cd responsive metabolites in both genotypes, mainly consisting of amino acids, organic acids, sugars, fatty acids and others. A difference in the metabolic profiles was observed between the two bermudagrass genotypes exposed to Cd stress. Seven amino acids (norvaline, glycine, proline, serine, threonine, glutamic acid and gulonic acid), four organic acids (glyceric acid, oxoglutaric acid, citric acid and malic acid,) and three sugars (xylulose, galactose and talose) accumulated more in WB242 than WB144. However, compared to the control, WB144 accumulated higher quantities of sugars than WB242 in the Cd regime. The differential accumulation of these metabolites could be associated with the differential Cd tolerance in bermudagrass.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-cadmium-exposure-growth-metabolic-profile-bermudagrass-cynodon-dactylon-l-pers", "reader_count"=>16, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10, "Chemistry"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>3}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>10}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1932595"], "description"=>"<p>Means followed by the different letter in a row for each metabolite was not significantly different based on Tukey's test (<i>P</i><0.05). UD, undeterminable.</p><p>Metabolite levels in leaves of bermudagrass exposed for 14 d to different concentrations of Cd (0, 1.5 mM).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["1.5 mM CdSO 4", "acid", "WB 144", "Cd Tolerance", "Cd stress", "WB 242", "WB 144. Cd"], "article_id"=>1323643, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yan Xie", "Longxing Hu", "Zhimin Du", "Xiaoyan Sun", "Erick Amombo", "Jibiao Fan", "Jinmin Fu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115279.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Metabolite_levels_in_leaves_of_bermudagrass_exposed_for_14_d_to_different_concentrations_of_Cd_0_1_5_mM_/1323643", "title"=>"Metabolite levels in leaves of bermudagrass exposed for 14 d to different concentrations of Cd (0, 1.5 mM).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-29 20:17:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1932594"], "description"=>"<p>Means followed by the same lower-case letter in a column and followed by the same upper-case letter in a row for a given chlorophyll were not significantly different based on Tukey's test (<i>P</i><0.05).</p><p>Chlorophyll content in bermudagrass exposed to Cd stress (0, 1.5 mM).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["1.5 mM CdSO 4", "acid", "WB 144", "Cd Tolerance", "Cd stress", "WB 242", "WB 144. Cd"], "article_id"=>1323642, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yan Xie", "Longxing Hu", "Zhimin Du", "Xiaoyan Sun", "Erick Amombo", "Jibiao Fan", "Jinmin Fu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115279.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Chlorophyll_content_in_bermudagrass_exposed_to_Cd_stress_0_1_5_mM_/1323642", "title"=>"Chlorophyll content in bermudagrass exposed to Cd stress (0, 1.5 mM).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-29 20:17:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1932589"], "description"=>"<p>Metabolites that have significantly higher or lower abundance in Cd-treatment leaves of WB242 (left) or WB144 (right) compared with their untreated control (<i>P</i><0.05) are represented by red (higher) and green (lower) boxes. The pink boxes represent metabolites whose abundance is unchanged. The gray boxes represent metabolites concentrations that are undeterminable.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["1.5 mM CdSO 4", "acid", "WB 144", "Cd Tolerance", "Cd stress", "WB 242", "WB 144. Cd"], "article_id"=>1323637, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yan Xie", "Longxing Hu", "Zhimin Du", "Xiaoyan Sun", "Erick Amombo", "Jibiao Fan", "Jinmin Fu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115279.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Metabolic_pathways_for_metabolite_shift_in_leaves_under_Cd_stress_in_bermudagrass_corresponding_to_Table_2_/1323637", "title"=>"Metabolic pathways for metabolite shift in leaves under Cd stress in bermudagrass (corresponding to Table 2).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-29 20:17:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1932588"], "description"=>"<p>Normalized relative transpiration (NRT) of two genotypes in response to Cd stress.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["1.5 mM CdSO 4", "acid", "WB 144", "Cd Tolerance", "Cd stress", "WB 242", "WB 144. Cd"], "article_id"=>1323636, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yan Xie", "Longxing Hu", "Zhimin Du", "Xiaoyan Sun", "Erick Amombo", "Jibiao Fan", "Jinmin Fu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115279.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Normalized_relative_transpiration_NRT_of_two_genotypes_in_response_to_Cd_stress_/1323636", "title"=>"Normalized relative transpiration (NRT) of two genotypes in response to Cd stress.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-29 20:17:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1932597"], "description"=>"<div><p>Metabolic responses to cadmium (Cd) may be associated with variations in Cd tolerance in plants. The objectives of this study were to examine changes in metabolic profiles in bermudagrass in response to Cd stress and to identify predominant metabolites associated with differential Cd tolerance using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Two genotypes of bermudagrass with contrasting Cd tolerance were exposed to 0 and 1.5 mM CdSO<sub>4</sub> for 14 days in hydroponics. Physiological responses to Cd were evaluated by determining turf quality, growth rate, chlorophyll content and normalized relative transpiration. All these parameters exhibited higher tolerance in WB242 than in WB144. Cd treated WB144 transported more Cd to the shoot than in WB242. The metabolite analysis of leaf polar extracts revealed 39 Cd responsive metabolites in both genotypes, mainly consisting of amino acids, organic acids, sugars, fatty acids and others. A difference in the metabolic profiles was observed between the two bermudagrass genotypes exposed to Cd stress. Seven amino acids (norvaline, glycine, proline, serine, threonine, glutamic acid and gulonic acid), four organic acids (glyceric acid, oxoglutaric acid, citric acid and malic acid,) and three sugars (xylulose, galactose and talose) accumulated more in WB242 than WB144. However, compared to the control, WB144 accumulated higher quantities of sugars than WB242 in the Cd regime. The differential accumulation of these metabolites could be associated with the differential Cd tolerance in bermudagrass.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["1.5 mM CdSO 4", "acid", "WB 144", "Cd Tolerance", "Cd stress", "WB 242", "WB 144. Cd"], "article_id"=>1323645, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yan Xie", "Longxing Hu", "Zhimin Du", "Xiaoyan Sun", "Erick Amombo", "Jibiao Fan", "Jinmin Fu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115279", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/Effects_of_Cadmium_Exposure_on_Growth_and_Metabolic_Profile_of_Bermudagrass_Cynodon_dactylon_L_Pers_/1323645", "title"=>"Effects of Cadmium Exposure on Growth and Metabolic Profile of Bermudagrass [<i>Cynodon dactylon</i> (L.) Pers.]", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-29 20:17:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1932596"], "description"=>"<p>Means followed by the same lower-case letter in a column and followed by the same upper-case letter in a row for a given tissue were not significantly different based on Tukey's test (<i>P</i><0.05).</p><p>Cd concentration (mg kg<sup>−1</sup>) in plant tissues and translocation factor (TF) in Cd-treated substrates for 14 d.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["1.5 mM CdSO 4", "acid", "WB 144", "Cd Tolerance", "Cd stress", "WB 242", "WB 144. Cd"], "article_id"=>1323644, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yan Xie", "Longxing Hu", "Zhimin Du", "Xiaoyan Sun", "Erick Amombo", "Jibiao Fan", "Jinmin Fu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115279.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cd_concentration_mg_kg_8722_1_in_plant_tissues_and_translocation_factor_TF_in_Cd_treated_substrates_for_14_d_/1323644", "title"=>"Cd concentration (mg kg<sup>−1</sup>) in plant tissues and translocation factor (TF) in Cd-treated substrates for 14 d.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-29 20:17:08"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1932593"], "description"=>"<p>Hierarchical clustering analysis of metabolites affected by Cd treatment in bermudagrass.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["1.5 mM CdSO 4", "acid", "WB 144", "Cd Tolerance", "Cd stress", "WB 242", "WB 144. Cd"], "article_id"=>1323641, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Yan Xie", "Longxing Hu", "Zhimin Du", "Xiaoyan Sun", "Erick Amombo", "Jibiao Fan", "Jinmin Fu"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115279.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hierarchical_clustering_analysis_of_metabolites_affected_by_Cd_treatment_in_bermudagrass_/1323641", "title"=>"Hierarchical clustering analysis of metabolites affected by Cd treatment in bermudagrass.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-29 20:17:08"}
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PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2014-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2014-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[{"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences", "average_usage"=>[291]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Biochemistry", "average_usage"=>[282]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Cell biology", "average_usage"=>[286]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Biology and life sciences/Plant science", "average_usage"=>[278, 438]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences", "average_usage"=>[271]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Chemistry", "average_usage"=>[262]}, {"subject_area"=>"/Physical sciences/Materials science", "average_usage"=>[259]}]}
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