Global Warming and Mass Mortalities of Benthic Invertebrates in the Mediterranean Sea
Publication Date
December 23, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Irene Rivetti, Simonetta Fraschetti, Piero Lionello, Enrico Zambianchi, et al
Volume
9
Issue
12
Pages
e115655
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0115655
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25535973
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4275269
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/25535973
Web of Science
000348563300060
Scopus
84919665197
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/global-warming-mass-mortalities-benthic-invertebrates-mediterranean-sea
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

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CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853508"], "description"=>"<p>Temperature trend is measured in °C/yr. The grey background corresponds to a negative temperature trend, while the white background corresponds to a positive one.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate mass mortality events", "mass mortality events", "Mediterranean Sea show", "benthic marine invertebrates", "invertebrate mass mortalities", "mass mortalities", "World Ocean Database", "basin scale", "temperature trends", "Mediterranean Sea", "Mediterranean Sea Satellite data show", "Water column"], "article_id"=>1278010, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Irene Rivetti", "Simonetta Fraschetti", "Piero Lionello", "Enrico Zambianchi", "Ferdinando Boero"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_observed_mortalities_over_temperature_trend_intervals_/1278010", "title"=>"Distribution of observed mortalities over temperature trend intervals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-23 02:45:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853562", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853563", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853564", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853565", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853566", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853567", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853568", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853569"], "description"=>"<div><p>Satellite data show a steady increase, in the last decades, of the surface temperature (upper few millimetres of the water surface) of the Mediterranean Sea. Reports of mass mortalities of benthic marine invertebrates increased in the same period. Some local studies interpreted the two phenomena in a cause-effect fashion. However, a basin-wide picture of temperature changes combined with a systematic assessment on invertebrate mass mortalities was still lacking. Both the thermal structure of the water column in the Mediterranean Sea over the period 1945–2011 and all documented invertebrate mass mortality events in the basin are analysed to ascertain if: 1- documented mass mortalities occurred under conditions of positive temperature trends at basin scale, and 2- atypical thermal conditions were registered at the smaller spatial and temporal scale of mass mortality events. The thermal structure of the shallow water column over the last 67 years was reconstructed using data from three public sources: MEDAR-MEDATLAS, World Ocean Database, MFS-VOS programme. A review of the mass mortality events of benthic invertebrates at Mediterranean scale was also carried out. The analysis of <i>in situ</i> temperature profiles shows that the Mediterranean Sea changed in a non-homogeneous fashion. The frequency of mass mortalities is increasing. The areas subjected to these events correspond to positive thermal anomalies. Statistically significant temperature trends in the upper layers of the Mediterranean Sea show an increase of up to 0.07°C/yr for a large fraction of the basin. Mass mortalities are consistent with both the temperature increase at basin scale and the thermal changes at local scale, up to 5.2°C. Our research supports the existence of a causal link between positive thermal anomalies and observed invertebrate mass mortalities in the Mediterranean Sea, invoking focused mitigation initiatives in sensitive areas.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate mass mortality events", "mass mortality events", "Mediterranean Sea show", "benthic marine invertebrates", "invertebrate mass mortalities", "mass mortalities", "World Ocean Database", "basin scale", "temperature trends", "Mediterranean Sea", "Mediterranean Sea Satellite data show", "Water column"], "article_id"=>1278061, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Irene Rivetti", "Simonetta Fraschetti", "Piero Lionello", "Enrico Zambianchi", "Ferdinando Boero"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.s008"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>35, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Global_Warming_and_Mass_Mortalities_of_Benthic_Invertebrates_in_the_Mediterranean_Sea_/1278061", "title"=>"Global Warming and Mass Mortalities of Benthic Invertebrates in the Mediterranean Sea", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2014-12-23 02:45:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853522"], "description"=>"<p>Analyzed months are July (a), August (b), September (c), October (d) and November (e). Black and blue lines are the monthly-averaged temperature profiles for the periods 1945–1982 and 1983–2011, shaded areas are their standard deviations. The dashed lines represent the average temperature profile for September 2003 (magenta), September 2005 (green) and September 2009 (orange), when mass mortality occurred.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate mass mortality events", "mass mortality events", "Mediterranean Sea show", "benthic marine invertebrates", "invertebrate mass mortalities", "mass mortalities", "World Ocean Database", "basin scale", "temperature trends", "Mediterranean Sea", "Mediterranean Sea Satellite data show", "Water column"], "article_id"=>1278022, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Irene Rivetti", "Simonetta Fraschetti", "Piero Lionello", "Enrico Zambianchi", "Ferdinando Boero"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>8, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Monthly_average_temperature_profiles_and_mass_mortality_in_the_Eastern_Tyrrhenian_/1278022", "title"=>"Monthly average temperature profiles and mass mortality in the Eastern Tyrrhenian.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-23 02:45:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853533"], "description"=>"<p>Analysed months are July (a), August (b), September (c), October (d) and November (e). Black and blue lines are the monthly-averaged temperature profiles for the periods 1945–1982 and 1983–2011, shaded areas are their standard deviations. The dashed lines represent the average temperature profile for September and October 1999 (red), August 2003 (magenta), September 2005 (green), September and October 2007 (brown) and October 2008 (cyan), when mass mortality occurred.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate mass mortality events", "mass mortality events", "Mediterranean Sea show", "benthic marine invertebrates", "invertebrate mass mortalities", "mass mortalities", "World Ocean Database", "basin scale", "temperature trends", "Mediterranean Sea", "Mediterranean Sea Satellite data show", "Water column"], "article_id"=>1278033, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Irene Rivetti", "Simonetta Fraschetti", "Piero Lionello", "Enrico Zambianchi", "Ferdinando Boero"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Monthly_average_temperature_profiles_and_mass_mortality_in_the_Balearic_and_Columbretes_islands_/1278033", "title"=>"Monthly average temperature profiles and mass mortality in the Balearic and Columbretes islands.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-23 02:45:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853510"], "description"=>"<p>Analysed months are September (a), October (b) and November (c). Black and blue lines are the monthly-averaged temperature profiles for the periods 1945–1982 and 1983–2011, shaded areas are their standard deviations. The dashed lines are the average temperature profiles for September 1999 (red), September 2003 (magenta), October and November 2006 (yellow), October 2008 (cyan) and October 2009 (orange) when mass mortalities occurred.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate mass mortality events", "mass mortality events", "Mediterranean Sea show", "benthic marine invertebrates", "invertebrate mass mortalities", "mass mortalities", "World Ocean Database", "basin scale", "temperature trends", "Mediterranean Sea", "Mediterranean Sea Satellite data show", "Water column"], "article_id"=>1278012, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Irene Rivetti", "Simonetta Fraschetti", "Piero Lionello", "Enrico Zambianchi", "Ferdinando Boero"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Monthly_average_temperature_profiles_and_mass_mortality_in_the_Ligurian_Sea_/1278012", "title"=>"Monthly average temperature profiles and mass mortality in the Ligurian Sea.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-23 02:45:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853504"], "description"=>"<p>Temperature trends at 0–10 m (a), 11–30 m (b), 31–50 m (c) depth layers for the period 1945–2011 in July-November. Linear regressions have been calculated on grids of 1° latitude by 1° longitude and tested for statistical significance at the 90%. Significant increased/decreased temperature trends are reported as coloured cells, not significant increased/decreased temperature trends are reported as grey areas. Dots refers to the locations of documented mass mortalities for depth layer, each colour represents a single event. The asterisks in the legend of mass mortalities (MM) events refer to the taxa affected: * stands for sponges, ** for cnidarians, *** for bryozoans, **** for ascidians, ***** for bivalves.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate mass mortality events", "mass mortality events", "Mediterranean Sea show", "benthic marine invertebrates", "invertebrate mass mortalities", "mass mortalities", "World Ocean Database", "basin scale", "temperature trends", "Mediterranean Sea", "Mediterranean Sea Satellite data show", "Water column"], "article_id"=>1278008, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Irene Rivetti", "Simonetta Fraschetti", "Piero Lionello", "Enrico Zambianchi", "Ferdinando Boero"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temperature_trends_at_Mediterranean_basin_scale_/1278008", "title"=>"Temperature trends at Mediterranean basin scale.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-23 02:45:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1853515"], "description"=>"<p>Analysed months are July (a), August (b), September (c), October (d) and November (e). Black and blue lines are the monthly-averaged temperature profiles for the periods 1945–1982 and 1983–2011, shaded areas are their standard deviations. The dashed lines are the average temperature profiles for October 1993 (grey), August, September, October and November 1999 (red), August and September 2003 (magenta) and July 2006 (yellow), when mass mortalities occurred.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate mass mortality events", "mass mortality events", "Mediterranean Sea show", "benthic marine invertebrates", "invertebrate mass mortalities", "mass mortalities", "World Ocean Database", "basin scale", "temperature trends", "Mediterranean Sea", "Mediterranean Sea Satellite data show", "Water column"], "article_id"=>1278015, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Irene Rivetti", "Simonetta Fraschetti", "Piero Lionello", "Enrico Zambianchi", "Ferdinando Boero"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115655.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>23, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Monthly_average_temperature_profiles_and_mass_mortality_in_the_Provence_Coast_/1278015", "title"=>"Monthly average temperature profiles and mass mortality in the Provence Coast.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-23 02:45:17"}

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Relative Metric

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