Voting Behavior, Coalitions and Government Strength through a Complex Network Analysis
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{"title"=>"Voting behavior, coalitions and government strength through a complex network analysis", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Carlo", "last_name"=>"Dal Maso", "scopus_author_id"=>"14822018100"}, {"first_name"=>"Gabriele", "last_name"=>"Pompa", "scopus_author_id"=>"56088205600"}, {"first_name"=>"Michelangelo", "last_name"=>"Puliga", "scopus_author_id"=>"15077156900"}, {"first_name"=>"Gianni", "last_name"=>"Riotta", "scopus_author_id"=>"56157833600"}, {"first_name"=>"Alessandro", "last_name"=>"Chessa", "scopus_author_id"=>"6604050350"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"601097985", "sgr"=>"84920166551", "issn"=>"19326203", "arxiv"=>"1407.0913", "pmid"=>"25549351", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84920166551", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0116046"}, "id"=>"c467622d-7534-3c19-b4e7-84bd39f6fd41", "abstract"=>"We analyze the network of relations between parliament members according to their voting behavior. In particular, we examine the emergent community structure with respect to political coalitions and government alliances. We rely on tools developed in the Complex Network literature to explore the core of these communities and use their topological features to develop new metrics for party polarization, internal coalition cohesiveness and government strength. As a case study, we focus on the Chamber of Deputies of the Italian Parliament, for which we are able to characterize the heterogeneity of the ruling coalition as well as parties specific contributions to the stability of the government over time. We find sharp contrast in the political debate which surprisingly does not imply a relevant structure based on establised parties. We take a closer look to changes in the community structure after parties split up and their effect on the position of single deputies within communities. Finally, we introduce a way to track the stability of the government coalition over time that is able to discern the contribution of each member along with the impact of its possible defection. While our case study relies on the Italian parliament, whose relevance has come into the international spotlight in the present economic downturn, the methods developed here are entirely general and can therefore be applied to a multitude of other scenarios.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/voting-behavior-coalitions-government-strength-through-complex-network-analysis", "reader_count"=>31, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Mathematics"=>3, "Physics and Astronomy"=>4, "Social Sciences"=>9, "Computer Science"=>6, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>9}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>4}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>4}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>6}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Luxembourg"=>1, "Japan"=>1, "Italy"=>2, "Switzerland"=>1}, "group_count"=>7}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1857940"], "description"=>"<p>We capture the former by the intra-cluster density and the latter by the inter-cluster density . The party shows high cohesion when the two lie considerably higher and lower respectively copared to the average link density of the whole parliament .</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stability", "community structure", "Complex Network Analysis", "member", "parliament", "Complex Network literature", "case study", "coalition", "contribution", "voting"], "article_id"=>1282042, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlo Dal maso", "Gabriele Pompa", "Michelangelo Puliga", "Gianni Riotta", "Alessandro Chessa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116046.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Members_of_a_party_show_cohesion_if_the_links_connecting_them_are_stronger_than_the_ties_with_other_deputies_/1282042", "title"=>"Members of a party show cohesion if the links connecting them are stronger than the ties with other deputies.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-30 03:21:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1857954"], "description"=>"<p>In this particular case the PDL party in mid November 2013 splits into two different parties ‘Forza Italia’ and ‘Nuovo Centrodestra’. Interestigly, nodes at the core of the government coalition become core in the opposition one when the split up occurs. This is evidence of political voting being driven by coalitions' affilitions rather than the policy content of each roll call vote.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stability", "community structure", "Complex Network Analysis", "member", "parliament", "Complex Network literature", "case study", "coalition", "contribution", "voting"], "article_id"=>1282056, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlo Dal maso", "Gabriele Pompa", "Michelangelo Puliga", "Gianni Riotta", "Alessandro Chessa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116046.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_position_of_single_deputies_within_communities_provides_insights_on_what_happens_when_a_party_splits_up_/1282056", "title"=>"The position of single deputies within communities provides insights on what happens when a party splits up.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-30 03:21:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1857949"], "description"=>"<p>Here we show the arrangement of deputies/nodes in the network of their relationships containing the information of all the votes in the time frame we considered. We highlight with different colors, the different parties.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stability", "community structure", "Complex Network Analysis", "member", "parliament", "Complex Network literature", "case study", "coalition", "contribution", "voting"], "article_id"=>1282051, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlo Dal maso", "Gabriele Pompa", "Michelangelo Puliga", "Gianni Riotta", "Alessandro Chessa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116046.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>37, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Network_Structure_of_the_Italian_Parliament_/1282051", "title"=>"Network Structure of the Italian Parliament.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-30 03:21:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1857942"], "description"=>"<p>The vertical dashed line separates the two main coalitions/communities (Government/Opposition). Each coalition comprises different parties corresponding to different colors. The quantity ‘dQ’ is associated to the coreness of each deputy/party. The distributions are obtained computing the coreness of each deputy and then aggregating them in the form of a stacked istogram. The more the distance of the bars from the vertical dashed line, the more the deputies/parties are at the core of their coalition. Notice how the main parties tend to segregate in clusterd distributions with different positions in the ‘dQ’ axes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stability", "community structure", "Complex Network Analysis", "member", "parliament", "Complex Network literature", "case study", "coalition", "contribution", "voting"], "article_id"=>1282044, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlo Dal maso", "Gabriele Pompa", "Michelangelo Puliga", "Gianni Riotta", "Alessandro Chessa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116046.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Community_Structure_of_the_Italian_Parliament_/1282044", "title"=>"Community Structure of the Italian Parliament.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-30 03:21:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1857956"], "description"=>"<p>*Shares updated to may 2014, smaller parties omitted.</p><p>Outline of the main Italian parties.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stability", "community structure", "Complex Network Analysis", "member", "parliament", "Complex Network literature", "case study", "coalition", "contribution", "voting"], "article_id"=>1282058, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlo Dal maso", "Gabriele Pompa", "Michelangelo Puliga", "Gianni Riotta", "Alessandro Chessa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116046.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Outline_of_the_main_Italian_parties_/1282058", "title"=>"Outline of the main Italian parties.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2014-12-30 03:21:50"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1857950"], "description"=>"<p>The empyrical analog of the cohesion is represented here by the interquantile difference of the distribution, where higher cohesion occurs for lower values of the interquantile. On the other hand higher parliament polarization is captured by the distance between the two medians. Finally the <i>safety zone</i> that divides the last critical deputy able to break down the majority from the vertical dashed line () is represented in green.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["stability", "community structure", "Complex Network Analysis", "member", "parliament", "Complex Network literature", "case study", "coalition", "contribution", "voting"], "article_id"=>1282052, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Carlo Dal maso", "Gabriele Pompa", "Michelangelo Puliga", "Gianni Riotta", "Alessandro Chessa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116046.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_evolution_of_community_structure_over_time_provides_a_way_to_track_the_cohesion_of_the_government_and_the_overall_polarization_in_the_parliament_/1282052", "title"=>"The evolution of community structure over time provides a way to track the cohesion of the government and the overall polarization in the parliament.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-30 03:21:50"}

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