You Turn Me Cold: Evidence for Temperature Contagion
Publication Date
December 31, 2014
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Ella A. Cooper, John Garlick, Eric Featherstone, Valerie Voon, et al
Volume
9
Issue
12
Pages
e116126
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116126
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0116126
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25551826
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4281213
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/25551826
Web of Science
000347119100097
Scopus
84920414573
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/turn-me-cold-evidence-temperature-contagion
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"You turn me cold: Evidence for temperature contagion", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Ella A.", "last_name"=>"Cooper", "scopus_author_id"=>"55613869200"}, {"first_name"=>"John", "last_name"=>"Garlick", "scopus_author_id"=>"56469121800"}, {"first_name"=>"Eric", "last_name"=>"Featherstone", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506118724"}, {"first_name"=>"Valerie", "last_name"=>"Voon", "scopus_author_id"=>"8449219500"}, {"first_name"=>"Tania", "last_name"=>"Singer", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102867452"}, {"first_name"=>"Hugo D.", "last_name"=>"Critchley", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006731538"}, {"first_name"=>"Neil A.", "last_name"=>"Harrison", "scopus_author_id"=>"21742835700"}], "year"=>2014, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84920414573", "pui"=>"601108003", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0116126", "sgr"=>"84920414573", "pmid"=>"25551826"}, "id"=>"13e36c19-46a0-33d3-ae34-d7f535c7b9c3", "abstract"=>"INTRODUCTION: During social interactions, our own physiological responses influence those of others. Synchronization of physiological (and behavioural) responses can facilitate emotional understanding and group coherence through inter-subjectivity. Here we investigate if observing cues indicating a change in another's body temperature results in a corresponding temperature change in the observer.\\n\\nMETHODS: Thirty-six healthy participants (age; 22.9±3.1 yrs) each observed, then rated, eight purpose-made videos (3 min duration) that depicted actors with either their right or left hand in visibly warm (warm videos) or cold water (cold videos). Four control videos with the actors' hand in front of the water were also shown. Temperature of participant observers' right and left hands was concurrently measured using a thermistor within a Wheatstone bridge with a theoretical temperature sensitivity of <0.0001°C. Temperature data were analysed in a repeated measures ANOVA (temperature × actor's hand × observer's hand).\\n\\nRESULTS: Participants rated the videos showing hands immersed in cold water as being significantly cooler than hands immersed in warm water, F(1,34) = 256.67, p<0.001. Participants' own hands also showed a significant temperature-dependent effect: hands were significantly colder when observing cold vs. warm videos F(1,34) = 13.83, p = 0.001 with post-hoc t-test demonstrating a significant reduction in participants' own left (t(35) = -3.54, p = 0.001) and right (t(35) = -2.33, p = 0.026) hand temperature during observation of cold videos but no change to warm videos (p>0.1). There was however no evidence of left-right mirroring of these temperature effects p>0.1). Sensitivity to temperature contagion was also predicted by inter-individual differences in self-report empathy.\\n\\nCONCLUSIONS: We illustrate physiological contagion of temperature in healthy individuals, suggesting that empathetic understanding for primary low-level physiological challenges (as well as more complex emotions) are grounded in somatic simulation.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/turn-me-cold-evidence-temperature-contagion", "reader_count"=>61, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>13, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>6, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9, "Philosophy"=>1, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Computer Science"=>3, "Engineering"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>6, "Neuroscience"=>6, "Design"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Psychology"=>21, "Social Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>6}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>21}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}, "Design"=>{"Design"=>1}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>9}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>3}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>1, "United States"=>2, "China"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "France"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1859334"], "description"=>"<p>The experimental timeline along the bottom shows video playback, red bars represent playback of warm, blue cold and beige control videos. The graph on the top left shows an example of single participants left (black) and right (green) hand temperature responses to a single illustrative cold video. The orange line illustrates changes in ambient temperature. The pictures on the top right show snap shots from the warm, cold and neutral videos.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Temperature Contagion IntroductionDuring", "measures ANOVA", "temperature sensitivity", "body temperature results", "group coherence", "control videos", "responses influence", "Wheatstone bridge", "temperature contagion", "participant observers", "temperature change"], "article_id"=>1283296, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Ella A. Cooper", "John Garlick", "Eric Featherstone", "Valerie Voon", "Tania Singer", "Hugo D. Critchley", "Neil A. Harrison"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116126.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>26, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_Timeline_/1283296", "title"=>"Experimental Timeline.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-31 03:22:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1859341"], "description"=>"<p>Graphic illustrating the experimental setup. Thermistors were attached to the participants' left and right hands with a third thermistor used to record ambient temperature. All three thermistors were connected to Wheatstone bridges (labelled Thermistor transducer) with the output passed to a CED 1902 signal amplifier. Output from the CED 1902 and the Pulse oxymeter (attached to the left hand) were fed into a CED Power 1401 data acquisition interface and the digitized output recorded in a PC running Spike2. A second PC running cogent in Matlab presented all of the task stimuli and passed a timing pulse to the CED Power 1401 to ensure accurate temporal alignment of the data.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Temperature Contagion IntroductionDuring", "measures ANOVA", "temperature sensitivity", "body temperature results", "group coherence", "control videos", "responses influence", "Wheatstone bridge", "temperature contagion", "participant observers", "temperature change"], "article_id"=>1283302, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Ella A. Cooper", "John Garlick", "Eric Featherstone", "Valerie Voon", "Tania Singer", "Hugo D. Critchley", "Neil A. Harrison"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116126.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>30, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Experimental_Setup_/1283302", "title"=>"Experimental Setup.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-31 03:22:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1859354"], "description"=>"<p>A) Relationship between sensitivity to temperature contagion and BEES. B) Relationship between BEES and empathic concern (EC) subscale of the Davis IRI. C) Relationship between EC residuals (after regressing out relationship with BEES) and sensitivity to temperature contagion. D) 3D scatter plot illustrating the relationship between sensitivity to temperature contagion (TC), BEES and empathic concern subscale of ARI (EC).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Temperature Contagion IntroductionDuring", "measures ANOVA", "temperature sensitivity", "body temperature results", "group coherence", "control videos", "responses influence", "Wheatstone bridge", "temperature contagion", "participant observers", "temperature change"], "article_id"=>1283315, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Ella A. Cooper", "John Garlick", "Eric Featherstone", "Valerie Voon", "Tania Singer", "Hugo D. Critchley", "Neil A. Harrison"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116126.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>33, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Relationship_between_sensitivity_to_temperature_contagion_BEES_and_the_empathic_concern_subscale_of_the_Davis_IRI_/1283315", "title"=>"Relationship between sensitivity to temperature contagion, BEES and the empathic concern subscale of the Davis IRI.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-31 03:22:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1859347"], "description"=>"<p><b>A</b>) Graphical illustration of the structure of each of the three Wheatstone bridges each built using a 10 kΩ thermistor and three additional 10 kΩ thermistors. <b>B</b>) Resistance properties of the thermistors illustrating a near linear response over physiological temperature range of interest (20–40°C). <b>C</b>) Rate of change in resistance for the thermistors across the physiological temperature range. <b>D</b>) Theoretical temperature resolution of the temperature gauge across the physiological temperature range. <b>E</b>) Calibration of the temperature gauge.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Temperature Contagion IntroductionDuring", "measures ANOVA", "temperature sensitivity", "body temperature results", "group coherence", "control videos", "responses influence", "Wheatstone bridge", "temperature contagion", "participant observers", "temperature change"], "article_id"=>1283308, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Ella A. Cooper", "John Garlick", "Eric Featherstone", "Valerie Voon", "Tania Singer", "Hugo D. Critchley", "Neil A. Harrison"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116126.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Temperature_Gauge_Characteristics_/1283308", "title"=>"Temperature Gauge Characteristics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-31 03:22:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1859352"], "description"=>"<p><b>A</b>) Participants mean subjective ratings for the observed water temperature (“How Hot or Cold is the Water?”) and temperature of the actor's hand (“How Hot or Cold is the Actor's Hand?”) reported using a keyboard controlled visual analogue scale ranging from ‘Very Cold’ (far left) through ‘Neutral’ (centre) to ‘Very Hot’ (far right). <b>B</b>) Participants mean temperature change for their right (right leaning diagonals) and left (left leaning diagonals) when viewing warm (red) cold (blue) and neutral (grey) stimuli. Bold diagonals denote congruent responses (e.g. participants' left hand response when viewing left hand stimuli) and non-bold diagonals incongruent responses (e.g. e.g. participants' left hand response when viewing right hand stimuli). <b>C</b>) Mean time course response to viewing all warm videos for the left (red) and right (orange) hand displayed in 10 s epochs. <b>D</b>) Mean time course response to viewing all cold videos for the left (dark blue) and right (light blue) hand displayed in 10 s epochs.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Temperature Contagion IntroductionDuring", "measures ANOVA", "temperature sensitivity", "body temperature results", "group coherence", "control videos", "responses influence", "Wheatstone bridge", "temperature contagion", "participant observers", "temperature change"], "article_id"=>1283313, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Ella A. Cooper", "John Garlick", "Eric Featherstone", "Valerie Voon", "Tania Singer", "Hugo D. Critchley", "Neil A. Harrison"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116126.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Behavioural_and_Temperature_responses_to_Warm_and_Cool_stimuli_/1283313", "title"=>"Behavioural and Temperature responses to Warm and Cool stimuli.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2014-12-31 03:22:09"}

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