Harvesting Effects, Recovery Mechanisms, and Management Strategies for a Long-Lived and Structural Precious Coral
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{"title"=>"Harvesting effects, recovery mechanisms, and management strategies for a long-lived and structural precious coral", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Ignasi", "last_name"=>"Montero-Serra", "scopus_author_id"=>"56089550200"}, {"first_name"=>"Cristina", "last_name"=>"Linares", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004158450"}, {"first_name"=>"Marina", "last_name"=>"García", "scopus_author_id"=>"56531145200"}, {"first_name"=>"Francesca", "last_name"=>"Pancaldi", "scopus_author_id"=>"56531846400"}, {"first_name"=>"Maša", "last_name"=>"Frleta-Valić", "scopus_author_id"=>"56532081000"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean Baptiste", "last_name"=>"Ledoux", "scopus_author_id"=>"26435818000"}, {"first_name"=>"Frederic", "last_name"=>"Zuberer", "scopus_author_id"=>"26436276700"}, {"first_name"=>"Djamel", "last_name"=>"Merad", "scopus_author_id"=>"17434913000"}, {"first_name"=>"Pierre", "last_name"=>"Drap", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506360695"}, {"first_name"=>"Joaquim", "last_name"=>"Garrabou", "scopus_author_id"=>"55938079700"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84923813348", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0117250", "pui"=>"602523593", "pmid"=>"25706556", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84923813348", "issn"=>"19326203", "arxiv"=>"2514"}, "id"=>"f5875850-3eaa-33a8-b7ec-4e94c21ca7ae", "abstract"=>"Overexploitation is a major threat for the integrity of marine ecosystems. Understanding the ecological consequences of different extractive practices and the mechanisms underlying the recovery of populations is essential to ensure sustainable management plans. Precious corals are long-lived structural invertebrates, historically overfished, and their conservation is currently a worldwide concern. However, the processes underlying their recovery are poorly known. Here, we examined harvesting effects and recovery mechanisms of red coral Corallium rubrum by analyzing long-term photographic series taken on two populations that were harvested. We compared the relative importance of reproduction and re-growth as drivers of resilience. Harvesting heavily impacted coral populations causing large decreases in biomass and strong size-class distribution shifts towards populations dominated by small colonies. At the end of the study (after 4 and 7 years) only partial recovery was observed. The observed general pattern of low recruitment and high mortality of new recruits demonstrated limited effects of reproduction on population recovery. Adversely, low mortality of partially harvested adults and a large proportion of colonies showing new branches highlighted the importance of re-growth in the recovery process. The demographic projections obtained through stochastic models confirmed that the recovery rates of C. rubrum can be strongly modulated depending on harvesting procedures. Thus, leaving the basal section of the colonies when harvesting to avoid total mortality largely enhances the resilience of C. rubrum populations and quickens their recovery. On the other hand, the high survival of harvested colonies and the significant biomass reduction indicated that abundance may not be an adequate metric to assess the conservation status of clonal organisms because it can underestimate harvesting effects. This study highlights the unsustainability of current harvesting practices of C. rubrum and provides urgently needed data to improve management practices that are still largely based on untested assumptions.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/harvesting-effects-recovery-mechanisms-management-strategies-longlived-structural-precious-coral", "reader_count"=>38, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Master"=>13, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>9, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Master"=>13, "Student > Bachelor"=>2, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>1, "Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>14, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>18, "Psychology"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>18}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>14}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Mexico"=>1, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1920293"], "description"=>"<p>Scenario 1) 90% total mortality and 10% partial mortality. Scenario 2) 10% total mortality and 90% partial mortality. Horizontal broken lines show initial conditions at Riou. Black lines represent the mean trend and dot lines the standard deviation (n = 100).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "practice", "harvesting effects", "Structural Precious Coral Overexploitation", "rubrum", "recovery"], "article_id"=>1314989, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Ignasi Montero-Serra", "Cristina Linares", "Marina García", "Francesca Pancaldi", "Maša Frleta-Valić", "Jean-Baptiste Ledoux", "Frederic Zuberer", "Djamel Merad", "Pierre Drap", "Joaquim Garrabou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117250.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biomass_projections_of_red_coral_populations_to_compare_different_harvesting_scenarios_/1314989", "title"=>"Biomass projections of red coral populations to compare different harvesting scenarios.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-02-23 02:42:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1920289"], "description"=>"<p>Biomass changes during the study period at (a) Riou and (b) Maire.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "practice", "harvesting effects", "Structural Precious Coral Overexploitation", "rubrum", "recovery"], "article_id"=>1314985, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Ignasi Montero-Serra", "Cristina Linares", "Marina García", "Francesca Pancaldi", "Maša Frleta-Valić", "Jean-Baptiste Ledoux", "Frederic Zuberer", "Djamel Merad", "Pierre Drap", "Joaquim Garrabou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117250.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Biomass_changes_during_the_study_period_at_a_Riou_and_b_Maire_/1314985", "title"=>"Biomass changes during the study period at (a) Riou and (b) Maire.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-02-23 02:42:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1920287"], "description"=>"<p>Partial mortality at Riou is shown a) before and b) after a harvesting event. c) Detail of re-growth of new branches on a partially harvested colony. Photo credit: Medrecover (<a href=\"http://www.medrecover.org\" target=\"_blank\">www.medrecover.org</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "practice", "harvesting effects", "Structural Precious Coral Overexploitation", "rubrum", "recovery"], "article_id"=>1314983, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Ignasi Montero-Serra", "Cristina Linares", "Marina García", "Francesca Pancaldi", "Maša Frleta-Valić", "Jean-Baptiste Ledoux", "Frederic Zuberer", "Djamel Merad", "Pierre Drap", "Joaquim Garrabou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117250.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Harvesting_effects_on_red_coral_populations_/1314983", "title"=>"Harvesting effects on red coral populations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-02-23 02:42:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1920294", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1920295"], "description"=>"<div><p>Overexploitation is a major threat for the integrity of marine ecosystems. Understanding the ecological consequences of different extractive practices and the mechanisms underlying the recovery of populations is essential to ensure sustainable management plans. Precious corals are long-lived structural invertebrates, historically overfished, and their conservation is currently a worldwide concern. However, the processes underlying their recovery are poorly known. Here, we examined harvesting effects and recovery mechanisms of red coral <i>Corallium rubrum</i> by analyzing long-term photographic series taken on two populations that were harvested. We compared the relative importance of reproduction and re-growth as drivers of resilience. Harvesting heavily impacted coral populations causing large decreases in biomass and strong size-class distribution shifts towards populations dominated by small colonies. At the end of the study (after 4 and 7 years) only partial recovery was observed. The observed general pattern of low recruitment and high mortality of new recruits demonstrated limited effects of reproduction on population recovery. Adversely, low mortality of partially harvested adults and a large proportion of colonies showing new branches highlighted the importance of re-growth in the recovery process. The demographic projections obtained through stochastic models confirmed that the recovery rates of <i>C. rubrum</i> can be strongly modulated depending on harvesting procedures. Thus, leaving the basal section of the colonies when harvesting to avoid total mortality largely enhances the resilience of <i>C. rubrum</i> populations and quickens their recovery. On the other hand, the high survival of harvested colonies and the significant biomass reduction indicated that abundance may not be an adequate metric to assess the conservation status of clonal organisms because it can underestimate harvesting effects. This study highlights the unsustainability of current harvesting practices of <i>C. rubrum</i> and provides urgently needed data to improve management practices that are still largely based on untested assumptions.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "practice", "harvesting effects", "Structural Precious Coral Overexploitation", "rubrum", "recovery"], "article_id"=>1314990, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Ignasi Montero-Serra", "Cristina Linares", "Marina García", "Francesca Pancaldi", "Maša Frleta-Valić", "Jean-Baptiste Ledoux", "Frederic Zuberer", "Djamel Merad", "Pierre Drap", "Joaquim Garrabou"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117250.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117250.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Harvesting_Effects_Recovery_Mechanisms_and_Management_Strategies_for_a_Long_Lived_and_Structural_Precious_Coral_/1314990", "title"=>"Harvesting Effects, Recovery Mechanisms, and Management Strategies for a Long-Lived and Structural Precious Coral", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-02-23 02:42:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1920291"], "description"=>"<p>Cumulative survival probability estimated at Riou (a) and Maire (b) for non-harvested colonies, harvested colonies, and recruits. (c) Temporal variation on the proportion of colonies showing new branches after fishing. (d) Temporal variation of mean (± SD) number of branches after harvesting.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "practice", "harvesting effects", "Structural Precious Coral Overexploitation", "rubrum", "recovery"], "article_id"=>1314987, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Ignasi Montero-Serra", "Cristina Linares", "Marina García", "Francesca Pancaldi", "Maša Frleta-Valić", "Jean-Baptiste Ledoux", "Frederic Zuberer", "Djamel Merad", "Pierre Drap", "Joaquim Garrabou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117250.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Demographic_parameters_estimated_during_the_study_period_at_Maire_and_Riou_populations_/1314987", "title"=>"Demographic parameters estimated during the study period at Maire and Riou populations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-02-23 02:42:44"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1920290"], "description"=>"<p>a) Size-distribution at Riou before harvesting, after harvesting, and four years after harvesting. b) Size-distribution at Maire after harvesting and seven years after harvesting.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "practice", "harvesting effects", "Structural Precious Coral Overexploitation", "rubrum", "recovery"], "article_id"=>1314986, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Ignasi Montero-Serra", "Cristina Linares", "Marina García", "Francesca Pancaldi", "Maša Frleta-Valić", "Jean-Baptiste Ledoux", "Frederic Zuberer", "Djamel Merad", "Pierre Drap", "Joaquim Garrabou"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117250.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Size_distribution_changes_on_harvested_red_coral_populations_/1314986", "title"=>"Size-distribution changes on harvested red coral populations.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-02-23 02:42:44"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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