Simulating Irrational Human Behavior to Prevent Resource Depletion
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{"title"=>"Simulating irrational human behavior to prevent resource depletion", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Anna", "last_name"=>"Sircova", "scopus_author_id"=>"51964636100"}, {"first_name"=>"Fariba", "last_name"=>"Karimi", "scopus_author_id"=>"57197209181"}, {"first_name"=>"Evgeny N.", "last_name"=>"Osin", "scopus_author_id"=>"35737831400"}, {"first_name"=>"Sungmin", "last_name"=>"Lee", "scopus_author_id"=>"36767798500"}, {"first_name"=>"Petter", "last_name"=>"Holme", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003326827"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"Strömbom", "scopus_author_id"=>"39863680000"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"602884879", "sgr"=>"84924401916", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0117612", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84924401916", "pmid"=>"25760635"}, "id"=>"96e91ba2-b331-33ab-9874-6d79973020aa", "abstract"=>"In a situation with a limited common resource, cooperation between individuals sharing the resource is essential. However, people often act upon self-interest in irrational ways that threaten the long-term survival of the whole group. A lack of sustainable or environmentally responsible behavior is often observed. In this study, we examine how the maximization of benefits principle works in a wider social interactive context of personality preferences in order to gain a more realistic insight into the evolution of cooperation. We used time perspective (TP), a concept reflecting individual differences in orientation towards past, present, or future, and relevant for making sustainable choices. We developed a personality-driven agent-based model that explores the role of personality in the outcomes of social dilemmas and includes multiple facets of diversity: (1) The agents have different behavior strategies: individual differences derived by applying cluster analysis to survey data from 22 countries (N = 10,940) and resulting in 7 cross-cultural profiles of TP; (2) The non-uniform distribution of the types of agents across countries; (3) The diverse interactions between the agents; and (4) diverse responses to those interactions in a well-mixed population. As one of the results, we introduced an index of overall cooperation for each of the 22 countries, which was validated against cultural, economic, and sustainability indicators (HDI, dimensions of national culture, and Environment Performance Index). It was associated with higher human development, higher individualism, lower power distance, and better environmental performance. The findings illustrate how individual differences in TP can be simulated to predict the ways people in different countries solve the personal vs. common gain dilemma in the global limited-resource situation. This interdisciplinary approach to social simulation can be adopted to explain the possible causes of global environmental issues and to predict their possible outcomes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/simulating-irrational-human-behavior-prevent-resource-depletion", "reader_count"=>18, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>9, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1, "Lecturer"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>2, "Unspecified"=>3, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>2, "Psychology"=>4, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Switzerland"=>1, "India"=>1, "Russia"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945200"], "description"=>"<p>Note: C—cooperate, D—defect, h is the probability of cooperating (for personality types 1,4,5,6) for d days; percentages denote probabilities of respective changes.</p><p>Initial conditions and interaction rules for agents in the model according to their personality types.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["benefits principle works", "personality", "cooperation", "resource", "22 countries", "people", "hdi", "interaction", "Simulating Irrational Human Behavior", "Environment Performance Index", "gain", "situation", "outcome", "agent", "tp"], "article_id"=>1333069, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Anna Sircova", "Fariba Karimi", "Evgeny N. Osin", "Sungmin Lee", "Petter Holme", "Daniel Strömbom"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Initial_conditions_and_interaction_rules_for_agents_in_the_model_according_to_their_personality_types_/1333069", "title"=>"Initial conditions and interaction rules for agents in the model according to their personality types.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-11 03:10:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945185"], "description"=>"<p>Horizontal axis represents different values of <i>d</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["benefits principle works", "personality", "cooperation", "resource", "22 countries", "people", "hdi", "interaction", "Simulating Irrational Human Behavior", "Environment Performance Index", "gain", "situation", "outcome", "agent", "tp"], "article_id"=>1333054, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Anna Sircova", "Fariba Karimi", "Evgeny N. Osin", "Sungmin Lee", "Petter Holme", "Daniel Strömbom"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_effects_of_three_different_levels_of_policing_on_the_percentage_of_cooperators_/1333054", "title"=>"The effects of three different levels of policing on the percentage of cooperators.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-11 03:10:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945199"], "description"=>"<p>Cluster distribution per country (numbers indicate percentages of members of each cluster of the respective country sample).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["benefits principle works", "personality", "cooperation", "resource", "22 countries", "people", "hdi", "interaction", "Simulating Irrational Human Behavior", "Environment Performance Index", "gain", "situation", "outcome", "agent", "tp"], "article_id"=>1333068, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Anna Sircova", "Fariba Karimi", "Evgeny N. Osin", "Sungmin Lee", "Petter Holme", "Daniel Strömbom"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cluster_distribution_per_country_numbers_indicate_percentages_of_members_of_each_cluster_of_the_respective_country_sample_/1333068", "title"=>"Cluster distribution per country (numbers indicate percentages of members of each cluster of the respective country sample).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-11 03:10:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945189"], "description"=>"<p>The contour plot of overall percentage of cooperators after 100 days depending on the control parameters <i>h</i> (policing efficiency) and <i>d</i> (days behavior changes). Horizontal axis shows value of <i>d</i> and vertical axis represents <i>h</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["benefits principle works", "personality", "cooperation", "resource", "22 countries", "people", "hdi", "interaction", "Simulating Irrational Human Behavior", "Environment Performance Index", "gain", "situation", "outcome", "agent", "tp"], "article_id"=>1333058, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Anna Sircova", "Fariba Karimi", "Evgeny N. Osin", "Sungmin Lee", "Petter Holme", "Daniel Strömbom"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fraction_of_overall_cooperators_in_Sweden_/1333058", "title"=>"Fraction of overall cooperators in Sweden.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-11 03:10:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945202", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945203", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945204", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945205", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945206", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945207", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945208", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945209", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945210", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945211", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945212", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945213", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945214"], "description"=>"<div><p>In a situation with a limited common resource, cooperation between individuals sharing the resource is essential. However, people often act upon self-interest in irrational ways that threaten the long-term survival of the whole group. A lack of sustainable or environmentally responsible behavior is often observed. In this study, we examine how the maximization of benefits principle works in a wider social interactive context of personality preferences in order to gain a more realistic insight into the evolution of cooperation. We used time perspective (TP), a concept reflecting individual differences in orientation towards past, present, or future, and relevant for making sustainable choices. We developed a personality-driven agent-based model that explores the role of personality in the outcomes of social dilemmas and includes multiple facets of diversity: (1) The agents have different behavior strategies: individual differences derived by applying cluster analysis to survey data from 22 countries (N = 10,940) and resulting in 7 cross-cultural profiles of TP; (2) The non-uniform distribution of the types of agents across countries; (3) The diverse interactions between the agents; and (4) diverse responses to those interactions in a well-mixed population. As one of the results, we introduced an index of overall cooperation for each of the 22 countries, which was validated against cultural, economic, and sustainability indicators (HDI, dimensions of national culture, and Environment Performance Index). It was associated with higher human development, higher individualism, lower power distance, and better environmental performance. The findings illustrate how individual differences in TP can be simulated to predict the ways people in different countries solve the personal vs. common gain dilemma in the global limited-resource situation. This interdisciplinary approach to social simulation can be adopted to explain the possible causes of global environmental issues and to predict their possible outcomes.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["benefits principle works", "personality", "cooperation", "resource", "22 countries", "people", "hdi", "interaction", "Simulating Irrational Human Behavior", "Environment Performance Index", "gain", "situation", "outcome", "agent", "tp"], "article_id"=>1333071, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Anna Sircova", "Fariba Karimi", "Evgeny N. Osin", "Sungmin Lee", "Petter Holme", "Daniel Strömbom"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.s013"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Simulating_Irrational_Human_Behavior_to_Prevent_Resource_Depletion_/1333071", "title"=>"Simulating Irrational Human Behavior to Prevent Resource Depletion", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-03-11 03:10:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945201"], "description"=>"<p>Note: * p<.05. The number of countries was 21 for variables 4–10, as the data were not available for Algeria.</p><p>Correlations between the cooperation index and socio-economic indicators (N = 22).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["benefits principle works", "personality", "cooperation", "resource", "22 countries", "people", "hdi", "interaction", "Simulating Irrational Human Behavior", "Environment Performance Index", "gain", "situation", "outcome", "agent", "tp"], "article_id"=>1333070, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Anna Sircova", "Fariba Karimi", "Evgeny N. Osin", "Sungmin Lee", "Petter Holme", "Daniel Strömbom"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Correlations_between_the_cooperation_index_and_socio_economic_indicators_N_22_/1333070", "title"=>"Correlations between the cooperation index and socio-economic indicators (N = 22).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-11 03:10:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945198"], "description"=>"<p>The control parameter in the model are fixed for <i>h</i> = 0.50 and <i>d</i> = 20. The values are reported according to the fitting results based on the <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612#pone.0117612.e001\" target=\"_blank\">equation 1</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["benefits principle works", "personality", "cooperation", "resource", "22 countries", "people", "hdi", "interaction", "Simulating Irrational Human Behavior", "Environment Performance Index", "gain", "situation", "outcome", "agent", "tp"], "article_id"=>1333067, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Anna Sircova", "Fariba Karimi", "Evgeny N. Osin", "Sungmin Lee", "Petter Holme", "Daniel Strömbom"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cooperation_index_across_countries_/1333067", "title"=>"Cooperation index across countries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-11 03:10:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945183"], "description"=>"<p>Horizontal axis represents time (on a logarithmic scale), vertical axis represents percentage of cooperators. Note that for the uniform distribution the behavior of personalities 2, 3 and 7 are exactly similar.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["benefits principle works", "personality", "cooperation", "resource", "22 countries", "people", "hdi", "interaction", "Simulating Irrational Human Behavior", "Environment Performance Index", "gain", "situation", "outcome", "agent", "tp"], "article_id"=>1333052, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Anna Sircova", "Fariba Karimi", "Evgeny N. Osin", "Sungmin Lee", "Petter Holme", "Daniel Strömbom"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Daily_behavior_of_seven_personality_types_top_Sweden_bottom_uniform_distribution_/1333052", "title"=>"Daily behavior of seven personality types (top: Sweden, bottom: uniform distribution).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-11 03:10:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945180"], "description"=>"<p>Note: PN—Past-Negative, PH—Present-Hedonistic, FU—Future, PP—Past-Positive, PF—Present-Fatalistic.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["benefits principle works", "personality", "cooperation", "resource", "22 countries", "people", "hdi", "interaction", "Simulating Irrational Human Behavior", "Environment Performance Index", "gain", "situation", "outcome", "agent", "tp"], "article_id"=>1333049, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Anna Sircova", "Fariba Karimi", "Evgeny N. Osin", "Sungmin Lee", "Petter Holme", "Daniel Strömbom"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Standardized_scores_of_the_seven_TP_profiles_on_the_ZTPI_scales_/1333049", "title"=>"Standardized scores of the seven TP profiles on the ZTPI scales.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-11 03:10:55"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1945186"], "description"=>"<p>We fix <i>h</i> = 0.50 and simulate the model for various <i>d</i> to see how the outcome of cooperation will improve for non-cooperative personalities.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["benefits principle works", "personality", "cooperation", "resource", "22 countries", "people", "hdi", "interaction", "Simulating Irrational Human Behavior", "Environment Performance Index", "gain", "situation", "outcome", "agent", "tp"], "article_id"=>1333055, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Anna Sircova", "Fariba Karimi", "Evgeny N. Osin", "Sungmin Lee", "Petter Holme", "Daniel Strömbom"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0117612.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_learning_curve_for_non_cooperative_personalities_in_Sweden_/1333055", "title"=>"The learning curve for non-cooperative personalities in Sweden.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-11 03:10:55"}

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"26", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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