Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum at the Crossroads of Exchange among Islands in Vanuatu: Implications for Malaria Elimination Strategies
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{"title"=>"Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum at the crossroads of exchange among Islands in Vanuatu: Implications for malaria elimination strategies", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Chim W.", "last_name"=>"Chan", "scopus_author_id"=>"14621532200"}, {"first_name"=>"Naoko", "last_name"=>"Sakihama", "scopus_author_id"=>"55431398800"}, {"first_name"=>"Shin Ichiro", "last_name"=>"Tachibana", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103189639"}, {"first_name"=>"Zulkarnain Md", "last_name"=>"Idris", "scopus_author_id"=>"55151560300"}, {"first_name"=>"J. Koji", "last_name"=>"Lum", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005329372"}, {"first_name"=>"Kazuyuki", "last_name"=>"Tanabe", "scopus_author_id"=>"7401523427"}, {"first_name"=>"Akira", "last_name"=>"Kaneko", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201497673"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"603270827", "sgr"=>"84925638044", "pmid"=>"25793260", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84925638044", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0119475", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"c0669e16-c5db-3a40-9197-68be5142d5f5", "abstract"=>"Understanding the transmission and movement of Plasmodium parasites is crucial for malaria elimination and prevention of resurgence. Located at the limit of malaria transmission in the Pacific, Vanuatu is an ideal candidate for elimination programs due to low endemicity and the isolated nature of its island setting. We analyzed the variation in the merozoite surface protein 1 (msp1) and the circumsporozoite protein (csp) of P. falciparum and P. vivax populations to examine the patterns of gene flow and population structures among seven sites on five islands in Vanuatu. Genetic diversity was in general higher in P. vivax than P. falciparum from the same site. In P. vivax, high genetic diversity was likely maintained by greater extent of gene flow among sites and among islands. Consistent with the different patterns of gene flow, the proportion of genetic variance found among islands was substantially higher in P. falciparum (28.81-31.23%) than in P. vivax (-0.53-3.99%). Our data suggest that the current island-by-island malaria elimination strategy in Vanuatu, while adequate for P. falciparum elimination, might need to be complemented with more centrally integrated measures to control P. vivax movement across islands.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/plasmodium-vivax-plasmodium-falciparum-crossroads-exchange-among-islands-vanuatu-implications-malari", "reader_count"=>17, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Student > Master"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>6}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1965972"], "description"=>"<div><p>Understanding the transmission and movement of <i>Plasmodium</i> parasites is crucial for malaria elimination and prevention of resurgence. Located at the limit of malaria transmission in the Pacific, Vanuatu is an ideal candidate for elimination programs due to low endemicity and the isolated nature of its island setting. We analyzed the variation in the merozoite surface protein 1 (<i>msp1</i>) and the circumsporozoite protein (<i>csp</i>) of <i>P</i>. <i>falciparum</i> and <i>P</i>. <i>vivax</i> populations to examine the patterns of gene flow and population structures among seven sites on five islands in Vanuatu. Genetic diversity was in general higher in <i>P</i>. <i>vivax</i> than <i>P</i>. <i>falciparum</i> from the same site. In <i>P</i>. <i>vivax</i>, high genetic diversity was likely maintained by greater extent of gene flow among sites and among islands. Consistent with the different patterns of gene flow, the proportion of genetic variance found among islands was substantially higher in <i>P</i>. <i>falciparum</i> (28.81–31.23%) than in <i>P</i>. <i>vivax</i> (-0.53–3.99%). Our data suggest that the current island-by-island malaria elimination strategy in Vanuatu, while adequate for <i>P</i>. <i>falciparum</i> elimination, might need to be complemented with more centrally integrated measures to control <i>P</i>. <i>vivax</i> movement across islands.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Gene flow", "site", "Malaria Elimination Strategies", "vanuatu", "plasmodium", "merozoite surface protein 1", "malaria", "vivax", "elimination", "falciparum"], "article_id"=>1346782, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Chim W. Chan", "Naoko Sakihama", "Shin-Ichiro Tachibana", "Zulkarnain Md Idris", "J. Koji Lum", "Kazuyuki Tanabe", "Akira Kaneko"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119475", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Plasmodium_vivax_and_Plasmodium_falciparum_at_the_Crossroads_of_Exchange_among_Islands_in_Vanuatu_Implications_for_Malaria_Elimination_Strategies/1346782", "title"=>"<i>Plasmodium vivax</i> and <i>Plasmodium falciparum</i> at the Crossroads of Exchange among Islands in Vanuatu: Implications for Malaria Elimination Strategies", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-20 05:36:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1965969"], "description"=>"<p>Gene flow as defined by non-statistically significant (<i>p</i> > 0.05) F<sub>ST</sub> distance is indicated by an asterisk (*).</p><p>Pairwise F<sub>ST</sub> genetic distances based on <i>msp1</i> (lower triangle) and <i>csp</i> (upper triangle) haplotype frequencies in <i>P</i>. <i>falciparum</i> from seven sites in Vanuatu.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Gene flow", "site", "Malaria Elimination Strategies", "vanuatu", "plasmodium", "merozoite surface protein 1", "malaria", "vivax", "elimination", "falciparum"], "article_id"=>1346779, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Chim W. Chan", "Naoko Sakihama", "Shin-Ichiro Tachibana", "Zulkarnain Md Idris", "J. Koji Lum", "Kazuyuki Tanabe", "Akira Kaneko"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119475.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pairwise_F_ST_genetic_distances_based_on_msp1_lower_triangle_and_csp_upper_triangle_haplotype_frequencies_in_P_falciparum_from_seven_sites_in_Vanuatu_/1346779", "title"=>"Pairwise F<sub>ST</sub> genetic distances based on <i>msp1</i> (lower triangle) and <i>csp</i> (upper triangle) haplotype frequencies in <i>P</i>. <i>falciparum</i> from seven sites in Vanuatu.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-20 05:36:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1965968"], "description"=>"<p>Haplotype diversities of <i>msp1</i> and <i>csp</i> in <i>P</i>. <i>falciparum</i> and <i>P</i>. <i>vivax</i> from seven sites in Vanuatu.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Gene flow", "site", "Malaria Elimination Strategies", "vanuatu", "plasmodium", "merozoite surface protein 1", "malaria", "vivax", "elimination", "falciparum"], "article_id"=>1346778, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Chim W. Chan", "Naoko Sakihama", "Shin-Ichiro Tachibana", "Zulkarnain Md Idris", "J. Koji Lum", "Kazuyuki Tanabe", "Akira Kaneko"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119475.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Haplotype_diversities_of_msp1_and_csp_in_P_falciparum_and_P_vivax_from_seven_sites_in_Vanuatu_/1346778", "title"=>"Haplotype diversities of <i>msp1</i> and <i>csp</i> in <i>P</i>. <i>falciparum</i> and <i>P</i>. <i>vivax</i> from seven sites in Vanuatu.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-20 05:36:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1965971"], "description"=>"<p>* <i>p</i> < 0.05</p><p>Percentages of genetic variance partitioned at different population levels using analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Gene flow", "site", "Malaria Elimination Strategies", "vanuatu", "plasmodium", "merozoite surface protein 1", "malaria", "vivax", "elimination", "falciparum"], "article_id"=>1346781, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Chim W. Chan", "Naoko Sakihama", "Shin-Ichiro Tachibana", "Zulkarnain Md Idris", "J. Koji Lum", "Kazuyuki Tanabe", "Akira Kaneko"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119475.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentages_of_genetic_variance_partitioned_at_different_population_levels_using_analysis_of_molecular_variance_AMOVA_/1346781", "title"=>"Percentages of genetic variance partitioned at different population levels using analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-20 05:36:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1965970"], "description"=>"<p>Gene flow as defined by non-statistically significant (<i>p</i> > 0.05) F<sub>ST</sub> distance is indicated by an asterisk (*).</p><p>Pairwise F<sub>ST</sub> genetic distances based on <i>msp1</i> (lower triangle) and <i>csp</i> (upper triangle) haplotype frequencies in <i>P</i>. <i>vivax</i> from seven sites in Vanuatu.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Gene flow", "site", "Malaria Elimination Strategies", "vanuatu", "plasmodium", "merozoite surface protein 1", "malaria", "vivax", "elimination", "falciparum"], "article_id"=>1346780, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Chim W. Chan", "Naoko Sakihama", "Shin-Ichiro Tachibana", "Zulkarnain Md Idris", "J. Koji Lum", "Kazuyuki Tanabe", "Akira Kaneko"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119475.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pairwise_F_ST_genetic_distances_based_on_msp1_lower_triangle_and_csp_upper_triangle_haplotype_frequencies_in_P_vivax_from_seven_sites_in_Vanuatu_/1346780", "title"=>"Pairwise F<sub>ST</sub> genetic distances based on <i>msp1</i> (lower triangle) and <i>csp</i> (upper triangle) haplotype frequencies in <i>P</i>. <i>vivax</i> from seven sites in Vanuatu.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-20 05:36:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1965967"], "description"=>"<p>The numbers of infection with multiple genotypes are given in parentheses.</p><p>Numbers of merozoite surface protein 1 (<i>msp1</i>) and circumsporozoite protein (<i>csp</i>) sequences from seven sites in Vanuatu.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Gene flow", "site", "Malaria Elimination Strategies", "vanuatu", "plasmodium", "merozoite surface protein 1", "malaria", "vivax", "elimination", "falciparum"], "article_id"=>1346777, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Chim W. Chan", "Naoko Sakihama", "Shin-Ichiro Tachibana", "Zulkarnain Md Idris", "J. Koji Lum", "Kazuyuki Tanabe", "Akira Kaneko"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119475.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Numbers_of_merozoite_surface_protein_1_msp1_and_circumsporozoite_protein_csp_sequences_from_seven_sites_in_Vanuatu_/1346777", "title"=>"Numbers of merozoite surface protein 1 (<i>msp1</i>) and circumsporozoite protein (<i>csp</i>) sequences from seven sites in Vanuatu.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-20 05:36:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1965965"], "description"=>"<p>The names of the six provinces in Vanuatu are capitalized and underlined, and approximate provincial boundaries are indicated by solid lines. Species-specific parasite rates (<i>P</i>. <i>falciparum</i>/<i>P</i>. <i>vivax</i>) for each site were determined by microscopy. Maps were provided by the Library at the CIA (regional) and DIVA-GIS (Vanuatu).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Gene flow", "site", "Malaria Elimination Strategies", "vanuatu", "plasmodium", "merozoite surface protein 1", "malaria", "vivax", "elimination", "falciparum"], "article_id"=>1346775, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Chim W. Chan", "Naoko Sakihama", "Shin-Ichiro Tachibana", "Zulkarnain Md Idris", "J. Koji Lum", "Kazuyuki Tanabe", "Akira Kaneko"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119475.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_Vanuatu_showing_the_seven_collection_sites_black_circles_on_five_islands_/1346775", "title"=>"Map of Vanuatu showing the seven collection sites (black circles) on five islands.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-20 05:36:10"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1965966"], "description"=>"<p>Solid lines represent inferred gene flow based on merozoite surface protein 1 (<i>msp1</i>) F<sub>ST</sub> genetic distances, while dotted lines represent gene flow based on circumsporozoite protein (<i>csp</i>) distances. No gene flow was observed in <i>P</i>. <i>falciparum msp1</i>. The map of Vanuatu was provided by DIVA-GIS.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Gene flow", "site", "Malaria Elimination Strategies", "vanuatu", "plasmodium", "merozoite surface protein 1", "malaria", "vivax", "elimination", "falciparum"], "article_id"=>1346776, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Chim W. Chan", "Naoko Sakihama", "Shin-Ichiro Tachibana", "Zulkarnain Md Idris", "J. Koji Lum", "Kazuyuki Tanabe", "Akira Kaneko"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119475.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Gene_flow_among_P_falciparum_gray_and_P_vivax_black_populations_from_five_islands_in_Vanuatu_/1346776", "title"=>"Gene flow among <i>P</i>. <i>falciparum</i> (gray) and <i>P</i>. <i>vivax</i> (black) populations from five islands in Vanuatu.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-20 05:36:10"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"24", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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