Direct Detection of Fungal Siderophores on Bats with White-Nose Syndrome via Fluorescence Microscopy-Guided Ambient Ionization Mass Spectrometry
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{"title"=>"Direct detection of fungal siderophores on bats with white-nose syndrome via fluorescence microscopy-guided ambient ionization mass spectrometry", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Samantha J.", "last_name"=>"Mascuch", "scopus_author_id"=>"24473180500"}, {"first_name"=>"Wilna J.", "last_name"=>"Moree", "scopus_author_id"=>"57193449028"}, {"first_name"=>"Cheng Chih", "last_name"=>"Hsu", "scopus_author_id"=>"55286346000"}, {"first_name"=>"Gregory G.", "last_name"=>"Turner", "scopus_author_id"=>"36850213000"}, {"first_name"=>"Tina L.", "last_name"=>"Cheng", "scopus_author_id"=>"56376149000"}, {"first_name"=>"David S.", "last_name"=>"Blehert", "scopus_author_id"=>"8068121600"}, {"first_name"=>"A. Marm", "last_name"=>"Kilpatrick", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003746164"}, {"first_name"=>"Winifred F.", "last_name"=>"Frick", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005669251"}, {"first_name"=>"Michael J.", "last_name"=>"Meehan", "scopus_author_id"=>"27567968000"}, {"first_name"=>"Pieter C.", "last_name"=>"Dorrestein", "scopus_author_id"=>"8644051700"}, {"first_name"=>"Lena", "last_name"=>"Gerwick", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506616376"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"603051691", "sgr"=>"84925003403", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"25781976", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84925003403", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0119668", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"c0463f74-6139-31c5-abc5-afc4d37646a2", "abstract"=>"White-nose syndrome (WNS) caused by the pathogenic fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans is decimating the populations of several hibernating North American bat species. Little is known about the molecular interplay between pathogen and host in this disease. Fluorescence microscopy ambient ionization mass spectrometry was used to generate metabolic profiles from the wings of both healthy and diseased bats of the genus Myotis. Fungal siderophores, molecules that scavenge iron from the environment, were detected on the wings of bats with WNS, but not on healthy bats. This work is among the first examples in which microbial molecules are directly detected from an infected host and highlights the ability of atmospheric ionization methodologies to provide direct molecular insight into infection.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/direct-detection-fungal-siderophores-bats-whitenose-syndrome-via-fluorescence-microscopyguided-ambie", "reader_count"=>33, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Chemistry"=>4, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>2, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Chemistry"=>{"Chemistry"=>4}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Immunology and Microbiology"=>{"Immunology and Microbiology"=>2}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>12}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>3, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1953197"], "description"=>"<p>Specimen information for the <i>Myotis</i> used in the study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans", "Fungal Siderophores", "Direct Detection", "host", "ionization methodologies", "wns", "hibernating North American bat species", "genus Myotis", "molecule", "Fluorescence microscopy ambient ionization mass spectrometry", "scavenge iron"], "article_id"=>1339120, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Samantha J. Mascuch", "Wilna J. Moree", "Cheng-Chih Hsu", "Gregory G. Turner", "Tina L. Cheng", "David S. Blehert", "A. Marm Kilpatrick", "Winifred F. Frick", "Michael J. Meehan", "Pieter C. Dorrestein", "Lena Gerwick"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Specimen_information_for_the_Myotis_used_in_the_study_/1339120", "title"=>"Specimen information for the <i>Myotis</i> used in the study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-17 04:45:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1953195"], "description"=>"<p>Molecular networking of the MS/MS data was used to determine the structural relationships between the metabolites detected from wing surfaces, cultured <i>Pseudogymnoascus destructans</i>, and commercial siderophore standards. The siderophores desferrichrome (<i>m/z</i> 710.324) and ferrichrome (<i>m/z</i> 763.230) were observed from the wings of bats with white-nose syndrome and from cultured <i>P</i>. <i>destructans</i> and formed consensus nodes with commercial standards (A,B). Triacetylfusarinine C (<i>m/z</i> 928.344) was also present on WNS wings and in the <i>P</i>. <i>destructans</i> colony (C). None of the three siderophores were detected on the wings of healthy bats. In A and C insets only the node with the <i>m/z</i> of interest and its first and second neighbors have been displayed from the overall cluster for simplicity.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans", "Fungal Siderophores", "Direct Detection", "host", "ionization methodologies", "wns", "hibernating North American bat species", "genus Myotis", "molecule", "Fluorescence microscopy ambient ionization mass spectrometry", "scavenge iron"], "article_id"=>1339118, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Samantha J. Mascuch", "Wilna J. Moree", "Cheng-Chih Hsu", "Gregory G. Turner", "Tina L. Cheng", "David S. Blehert", "A. Marm Kilpatrick", "Winifred F. Frick", "Michael J. Meehan", "Pieter C. Dorrestein", "Lena Gerwick"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Detection_of_siderophores_on_the_wings_of_bats_with_white_nose_syndrome_via_molecular_networking_/1339118", "title"=>"Detection of siderophores on the wings of bats with white-nose syndrome via molecular networking.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-17 04:45:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1953193"], "description"=>"<p>Tissue samples from the wings of healthy bats and individuals with white-nose syndrome were subjected to microscopy ambient ionization mass spectrometry (A). <i>Pseudogymnoascus destructans</i> infection was confirmed by the presence of fluorescent lesions when the tissue was excited with UV light (B). A nanoDESI source was used to desorb analytes from fluorescent tissue regions for MS analysis (capillary junction making contact with the tissue surface, C).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans", "Fungal Siderophores", "Direct Detection", "host", "ionization methodologies", "wns", "hibernating North American bat species", "genus Myotis", "molecule", "Fluorescence microscopy ambient ionization mass spectrometry", "scavenge iron"], "article_id"=>1339116, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Samantha J. Mascuch", "Wilna J. Moree", "Cheng-Chih Hsu", "Gregory G. Turner", "Tina L. Cheng", "David S. Blehert", "A. Marm Kilpatrick", "Winifred F. Frick", "Michael J. Meehan", "Pieter C. Dorrestein", "Lena Gerwick"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Microscopy_ambient_ionization_mass_spectrometry_of_bat_wings_/1339116", "title"=>"Microscopy ambient ionization mass spectrometry of bat wings.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-17 04:45:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1953203", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1953204", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1953205", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1953206", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1953207", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1953208", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1953209", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1953210", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1953211"], "description"=>"<div><p>White-nose syndrome (WNS) caused by the pathogenic fungus <i>Pseudogymnoascus destructans</i> is decimating the populations of several hibernating North American bat species. Little is known about the molecular interplay between pathogen and host in this disease. Fluorescence microscopy ambient ionization mass spectrometry was used to generate metabolic profiles from the wings of both healthy and diseased bats of the genus <i>Myotis</i>. Fungal siderophores, molecules that scavenge iron from the environment, were detected on the wings of bats with WNS, but not on healthy bats. This work is among the first examples in which microbial molecules are directly detected from an infected host and highlights the ability of atmospheric ionization methodologies to provide direct molecular insight into infection.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans", "Fungal Siderophores", "Direct Detection", "host", "ionization methodologies", "wns", "hibernating North American bat species", "genus Myotis", "molecule", "Fluorescence microscopy ambient ionization mass spectrometry", "scavenge iron"], "article_id"=>1339126, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Samantha J. Mascuch", "Wilna J. Moree", "Cheng-Chih Hsu", "Gregory G. Turner", "Tina L. Cheng", "David S. Blehert", "A. Marm Kilpatrick", "Winifred F. Frick", "Michael J. Meehan", "Pieter C. Dorrestein", "Lena Gerwick"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668.s009"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Direct_Detection_of_Fungal_Siderophores_on_Bats_with_White_Nose_Syndrome_via_Fluorescence_Microscopy_Guided_Ambient_Ionization_Mass_Spectrometry_/1339126", "title"=>"Direct Detection of Fungal Siderophores on Bats with White-Nose Syndrome via Fluorescence Microscopy-Guided Ambient Ionization Mass Spectrometry", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-03-17 04:45:42"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1953196"], "description"=>"<p>Analysis of variance (ANOVA) of the absolute intensities of the desferrichrome daughter ion, <i>m/z</i> 650 (neutral loss of C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>4</sub>O<sub>2</sub>), observed on WNS and healthy bat wings (See also <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668#pone.0119668.s005\" target=\"_blank\">S4 Fig</a>.). A ± 3 <i>m/z</i> ion window was allowed when selecting the precursor, <i>m/z</i> 710. Differences in the absolute intensities of the daughter ions among 10 of the 11 WNS wings and 5 healthy wings were statistically significant (<i>p</i> = 0.025). On the eleventh WNS wing, no ions within the <i>m/z</i> 710 ± 3 <i>m/z</i> range was selected for fragmentation by the automatic data-dependent method due to low ion intensity and the sample could therefore not be included in the plot.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans", "Fungal Siderophores", "Direct Detection", "host", "ionization methodologies", "wns", "hibernating North American bat species", "genus Myotis", "molecule", "Fluorescence microscopy ambient ionization mass spectrometry", "scavenge iron"], "article_id"=>1339119, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Samantha J. Mascuch", "Wilna J. Moree", "Cheng-Chih Hsu", "Gregory G. Turner", "Tina L. Cheng", "David S. Blehert", "A. Marm Kilpatrick", "Winifred F. Frick", "Michael J. Meehan", "Pieter C. Dorrestein", "Lena Gerwick"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0119668.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistical_analysis_of_desferrichrome_daughter_ion_intensity_among_healthy_and_diseased_bat_wings_/1339119", "title"=>"Statistical analysis of desferrichrome daughter ion intensity among healthy and diseased bat wings.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-17 04:45:42"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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