Frequent Video Game Players Resist Perceptual Interference
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{"title"=>"Frequent video game players resist perceptual interference", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Aaron V.", "last_name"=>"Berard", "scopus_author_id"=>"56581547000"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthew S.", "last_name"=>"Cain", "scopus_author_id"=>"36917788300"}, {"first_name"=>"Takeo", "last_name"=>"Watanabe", "scopus_author_id"=>"55700068500"}, {"first_name"=>"Yuka", "last_name"=>"Sasaki", "scopus_author_id"=>"54585951800"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"25807394", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0120011", "sgr"=>"84926363067", "isbn"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0120011", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84926363067", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"603466397"}, "id"=>"ac3e3180-bd3b-37fb-bdf6-e7ea08aaaf70", "abstract"=>"Playing certain types of video games for a long time can improve a wide range of mental processes, from visual acuity to cognitive control. Frequent gamers have also displayed generalized improvements in perceptual learning. In the Texture Discrimination Task (TDT), a widely used perceptual learning paradigm, participants report the orientation of a target embedded in a field of lines and demonstrate robust over-night improvement. However, changing the orientation of the background lines midway through TDT training interferes with overnight improvements in overall performance on TDT. Interestingly, prior research has suggested that this effect will not occur if a one-hour break is allowed in between the changes. These results have suggested that after training is over, it may take some time for learning to become stabilized and resilient against interference. Here, we tested whether frequent gamers have faster stabilization of perceptual learning compared to non-gamers and examined the effect of daily video game playing on interference of training of TDT with one background orientation on perceptual learning of TDT with a different background orientation. As a result, we found that non-gamers showed overnight performance improvement only on one background orientation, replicating previous results with the interference in TDT. In contrast, frequent gamers demonstrated overnight improvements in performance with both background orientations, suggesting that they are better able to overcome interference in perceptual learning. This resistance to interference suggests that video game playing not only enhances the amplitude and speed of perceptual learning but also leads to faster and/or more robust stabilization of perceptual learning.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/frequent-video-game-players-resist-perceptual-interference", "reader_count"=>57, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>11, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Researcher"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>11, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3, "Arts and Humanities"=>2, "Philosophy"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Computer Science"=>2, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1, "Engineering"=>3, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Neuroscience"=>6, "Sports and Recreations"=>1, "Psychology"=>23, "Social Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>23}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>5}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>2}, "Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>6}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>3}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Philosophy"=>{"Philosophy"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Denmark"=>1, "Portugal"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1988069"], "description"=>"<p>The blue and light-blue lines represent background 1 whereas the red and light-red lines represent background 2. Darker lines are day 1 and lighter lines are day 2. “d1b1” for example, corresponds to day 1 background 1, and “d1b2” corresponds to day 1 background 2, and so forth. Results are shown in standard error.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interference", "performance", "background orientation", "training", "video game", "gamer", "Frequent Video Game Players", "texture discrimination task", "tdt"], "article_id"=>1355390, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Aaron V. Berard", "Matthew S. Cain", "Takeo Watanabe", "Yuka Sasaki"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120011.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_percent_correct_for_each_SOA_for_both_frequent_gamers_and_non_gamers_/1355390", "title"=>"The percent correct for each SOA for both frequent gamers and non-gamers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-25 04:39:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1988058"], "description"=>"<p>An example of using TDT to create the interference in learning Subjects were trained on one background (either horizontal or vertical) and then trained on the opposite background with no resting period in between. Previous research suggests that the immediate switch in background stimulus disrupts learning of one or both backgrounds [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0120011#pone.0120011.ref017\" target=\"_blank\">17</a>].</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interference", "performance", "background orientation", "training", "video game", "gamer", "Frequent Video Game Players", "texture discrimination task", "tdt"], "article_id"=>1355379, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Aaron V. Berard", "Matthew S. Cain", "Takeo Watanabe", "Yuka Sasaki"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120011.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_TDT_background_line_orientation_changes_/1355379", "title"=>"TDT background line orientation changes.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-25 04:39:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1988056"], "description"=>"<p>An adapted version of the standard TDT used frequently in VPL experimentation. The first target is highlighted in blue where subjects report either the presence of an L or T, which is designed to hold fixation. This is referred to as the fixation task. The second target (peripheral orientation task) is highlighted in orange and requires the subject to respond with an H or V depending if the targets orientation was horizontal or vertical. The peripheral orientation task is the primary measure of performance in the experiment. Note that the blue and orange circles are provided just for illustrative purposes. They did not appear in the actual experiment. The shorter the SOA, the more difficult the task becomes.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interference", "performance", "background orientation", "training", "video game", "gamer", "Frequent Video Game Players", "texture discrimination task", "tdt"], "article_id"=>1355377, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Aaron V. Berard", "Matthew S. Cain", "Takeo Watanabe", "Yuka Sasaki"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120011.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>12, "page_views"=>293, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_texture_discrimination_task_TDT_stimulus_/1355377", "title"=>"The texture discrimination task (TDT) stimulus.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-25 04:39:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1988070"], "description"=>"<div><p>Playing certain types of video games for a long time can improve a wide range of mental processes, from visual acuity to cognitive control. Frequent gamers have also displayed generalized improvements in perceptual learning. In the Texture Discrimination Task (TDT), a widely used perceptual learning paradigm, participants report the orientation of a target embedded in a field of lines and demonstrate robust over-night improvement. However, changing the orientation of the background lines midway through TDT training interferes with overnight improvements in overall performance on TDT. Interestingly, prior research has suggested that this effect will not occur if a one-hour break is allowed in between the changes. These results have suggested that after training is over, it may take some time for learning to become stabilized and resilient against interference. Here, we tested whether frequent gamers have faster stabilization of perceptual learning compared to non-gamers and examined the effect of daily video game playing on interference of training of TDT with one background orientation on perceptual learning of TDT with a different background orientation. As a result, we found that non-gamers showed overnight performance improvement only on one background orientation, replicating previous results with the interference in TDT. In contrast, frequent gamers demonstrated overnight improvements in performance with both background orientations, suggesting that they are better able to overcome interference in perceptual learning. This resistance to interference suggests that video game playing not only enhances the amplitude and speed of perceptual learning but also leads to faster and/or more robust stabilization of perceptual learning.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interference", "performance", "background orientation", "training", "video game", "gamer", "Frequent Video Game Players", "texture discrimination task", "tdt"], "article_id"=>1355391, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Aaron V. Berard", "Matthew S. Cain", "Takeo Watanabe", "Yuka Sasaki"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120011", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequent_Video_Game_Players_Resist_Perceptual_Interference_/1355391", "title"=>"Frequent Video Game Players Resist Perceptual Interference", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-25 04:39:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1988064"], "description"=>"<p>The first background trained is highlighted in blue, whereas the second background trained is highlighted in red. The threshold percent improvement across day 1 and day 2 for both frequent gamers and non-gamers (B). The first trained background is colored in blue whereas the second trained background is colored in red. The frequent gamers and non-gamers differed on background 1 performance change, while not much difference is seen in background 2. Results are shown in standard error.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interference", "performance", "background orientation", "training", "video game", "gamer", "Frequent Video Game Players", "texture discrimination task", "tdt"], "article_id"=>1355385, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Aaron V. Berard", "Matthew S. Cain", "Takeo Watanabe", "Yuka Sasaki"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120011.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_threshold_SOA_for_both_frequent_gamers_and_non_gamers_A_/1355385", "title"=>"The threshold SOA for both frequent gamers and non-gamers (A).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-25 04:39:17"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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