Hybridization of Two Major Termite Invaders as a Consequence of Human Activity
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{"title"=>"Hybridization of two major termite invaders as a consequence of human activity", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Thomas", "last_name"=>"Chouvenc", "scopus_author_id"=>"24463312100"}, {"first_name"=>"Ericka E.", "last_name"=>"Helmick", "scopus_author_id"=>"24483649800"}, {"first_name"=>"Nan Yao", "last_name"=>"Su", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103232370"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84926376032", "sgr"=>"84926376032", "pui"=>"603466514", "isbn"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0120745", "pmid"=>"25806968", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0120745"}, "id"=>"e2a06076-10e8-36d3-b49c-54f595c5a0b6", "abstract"=>"While hybridization of an invasive species with a native species is a common occurrence, hybridization between two invasive species is rare. Formosan subterranean termites (Coptotermes formosanus) and Asian subterranean termites (C. gestroi) are both ecologically successful and are the two most economically important termite pests in the world. Both species have spread throughout many areas of the world due to human activity; however, their distributions overlap in only three narrow areas because of distinct ecological requirements. In south Florida, where C. formosanus and C. gestroi are both invasive, the dispersal flight seasons of both species overlapped for the first time on record in 2013 and 2014. Pairings of heterospecific individuals were readily observed in the field and C. gestroi males preferentially engaged in mating behavior with C. formosanus females rather than females from their own species. In the laboratory, heterospecific and conspecific pairings had an equal colony establishment rate, but heterospecific incipient colonies had twice the growth rate of conspecific incipient colonies, suggesting a potential case of hybrid vigor. As all pre-zygotic barriers were lifted between the two species in the field, the apparent absence of post-zygotic barriers in the laboratory raises the possibility for introgressive hybridization in south Florida. While laboratory observations remain to be confirmed in the field, and the alate hybrid fertility is currently unknown, our results raise a tangible concern about the hybridization of two major destructive pest species. Such hybridization would likely be associated with a new economic impact.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/hybridization-two-major-termite-invaders-consequence-human-activity", "reader_count"=>43, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>10, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Engineering"=>2, "Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Energy"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Energy"=>{"Energy"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>28}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Colombia"=>1, "Canada"=>1, "Ecuador"=>1, "United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "France"=>2, "Australia"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1987251"], "description"=>"<p>Shown here is a eight month-old incipient colony that contains the male <i>C. gestroi</i>, the female <i>C. formosanus</i>, eggs, larvae, workers and soldiers.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Major Termite Invaders", "conspecific pairings", "Human Activity", "distributions overlap", "Mating behavior", "Coptotermes formosanus", "introgressive hybridization", "Such hybridization", "gestroi males", "laboratory observations", "colony establishment rate", "pest species", "2014. Pairings", "formosanus females", "heterospecific individuals", "growth rate", "termite pests", "dispersal flight seasons"], "article_id"=>1354750, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas Chouvenc", "Ericka E. Helmick", "Nan-Yao Su"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Heterospecific_colonies_have_viable_hybrid_offspring_/1354750", "title"=>"Heterospecific colonies have viable hybrid offspring.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-25 03:45:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1987248"], "description"=>"<p>From left to right: Taiwan, Hawaii, south Florida, according to [<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745#pone.0120745.ref032\" target=\"_blank\">32</a>,<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745#pone.0120745.ref033\" target=\"_blank\">33</a>] (modified for illustrative purpose only).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Major Termite Invaders", "conspecific pairings", "Human Activity", "distributions overlap", "Mating behavior", "Coptotermes formosanus", "introgressive hybridization", "Such hybridization", "gestroi males", "laboratory observations", "colony establishment rate", "pest species", "2014. Pairings", "formosanus females", "heterospecific individuals", "growth rate", "termite pests", "dispersal flight seasons"], "article_id"=>1354747, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas Chouvenc", "Ericka E. Helmick", "Nan-Yao Su"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>31, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_distributions_of_C_formosanus_and_C_gestroi_overlap_in_three_areas_in_the_word_/1354747", "title"=>"The distributions of <i>C. formosanus</i> and <i>C. gestroi</i> overlap in three areas in the word.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-25 03:45:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1987262", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1987263", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1987264", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1987265", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1987266", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1987267"], "description"=>"<div><p>While hybridization of an invasive species with a native species is a common occurrence, hybridization between two invasive species is rare. Formosan subterranean termites (<i>Coptotermes formosanus</i>) and Asian subterranean termites (<i>C. gestroi</i>) are both ecologically successful and are the two most economically important termite pests in the world. Both species have spread throughout many areas of the world due to human activity; however, their distributions overlap in only three narrow areas because of distinct ecological requirements. In south Florida, where <i>C. formosanus</i> and <i>C. gestroi</i> are both invasive, the dispersal flight seasons of both species overlapped for the first time on record in 2013 and 2014. Pairings of heterospecific individuals were readily observed in the field and <i>C. gestroi</i> males preferentially engaged in mating behavior with <i>C. formosanus</i> females rather than females from their own species. In the laboratory, heterospecific and conspecific pairings had an equal colony establishment rate, but heterospecific incipient colonies had twice the growth rate of conspecific incipient colonies, suggesting a potential case of hybrid vigor. As all pre-zygotic barriers were lifted between the two species in the field, the apparent absence of post-zygotic barriers in the laboratory raises the possibility for introgressive hybridization in south Florida. While laboratory observations remain to be confirmed in the field, and the alate hybrid fertility is currently unknown, our results raise a tangible concern about the hybridization of two major destructive pest species. Such hybridization would likely be associated with a new economic impact.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Major Termite Invaders", "conspecific pairings", "Human Activity", "distributions overlap", "Mating behavior", "Coptotermes formosanus", "introgressive hybridization", "Such hybridization", "gestroi males", "laboratory observations", "colony establishment rate", "pest species", "2014. Pairings", "formosanus females", "heterospecific individuals", "growth rate", "termite pests", "dispersal flight seasons"], "article_id"=>1354761, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas Chouvenc", "Ericka E. Helmick", "Nan-Yao Su"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>30, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hybridization_of_Two_Major_Termite_Invaders_as_a_Consequence_of_Human_Activity_/1354761", "title"=>"Hybridization of Two Major Termite Invaders as a Consequence of Human Activity", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-03-25 03:45:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1987250"], "description"=>"<p>(A) male <i>C. formosanus</i> maintaining tandem with female <i>C. gestroi</i> (B) male <i>C. gestroi</i> maintaining tandem with female <i>C. formosanus</i> (C) Tandem preference in a choice test, where male <i>C. gestroi</i> and male <i>C. formosanus</i> primarily initiated tandem behavior with female <i>C. formosanus</i> (binomial test, 91% and 94% respectively, <i>p</i><0.001 for both). (D) Sex ratio was male-biased (linear model, <i>F</i><sub><i>(42)</i></sub> = 133, <i>p</i><0.001) for <i>C. gestroi</i> at the time of the swarming overlap, increasing the chance for male <i>C. gestroi</i> and female <i>C. formosanus</i> tandem formation in the field.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Major Termite Invaders", "conspecific pairings", "Human Activity", "distributions overlap", "Mating behavior", "Coptotermes formosanus", "introgressive hybridization", "Such hybridization", "gestroi males", "laboratory observations", "colony establishment rate", "pest species", "2014. Pairings", "formosanus females", "heterospecific individuals", "growth rate", "termite pests", "dispersal flight seasons"], "article_id"=>1354749, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas Chouvenc", "Ericka E. Helmick", "Nan-Yao Su"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Interspecies_tandem_/1354749", "title"=>"Interspecies tandem.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-25 03:45:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1987249"], "description"=>"<p>“Major simultaneous swarming event” indicates that more than 100 individuals were collected this day while “minor simultaneous swarming event” indicates that fewer than 100 individuals were collected for at least one of the species. Between March 18<sup>th</sup> and June 9<sup>th</sup>, there were 24 events of simultaneous <i>C. formosanus</i> and <i>C. gestroi</i> dispersal flights including 5 major simultaneous swarming events. The relative number of alates collected every day is presented on a log scale.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Major Termite Invaders", "conspecific pairings", "Human Activity", "distributions overlap", "Mating behavior", "Coptotermes formosanus", "introgressive hybridization", "Such hybridization", "gestroi males", "laboratory observations", "colony establishment rate", "pest species", "2014. Pairings", "formosanus females", "heterospecific individuals", "growth rate", "termite pests", "dispersal flight seasons"], "article_id"=>1354748, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas Chouvenc", "Ericka E. Helmick", "Nan-Yao Su"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_In_south_east_Florida_the_dispersal_flights_swarming_seasons_of_both_species_overlapped_in_2014_/1354748", "title"=>"In south-east Florida, the dispersal flights (swarming seasons) of both species overlapped in 2014.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-25 03:45:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1987254"], "description"=>"<p>Results of the microsatellite <i>Cg33</i> locus for the male, the female and five random offspring from the four mating combinations, where (A) conspecific colonies are homozygous for a species specific allele, and (B) heterospecific colonies have offspring displaying alleles from both species, confirming the hybridization.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Major Termite Invaders", "conspecific pairings", "Human Activity", "distributions overlap", "Mating behavior", "Coptotermes formosanus", "introgressive hybridization", "Such hybridization", "gestroi males", "laboratory observations", "colony establishment rate", "pest species", "2014. Pairings", "formosanus females", "heterospecific individuals", "growth rate", "termite pests", "dispersal flight seasons"], "article_id"=>1354753, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas Chouvenc", "Ericka E. Helmick", "Nan-Yao Su"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_the_microsatellite_Cg33_locus_for_the_male_the_female_and_five_random_offspring_from_the_four_mating_combinations_where_A_conspecific_colonies_are_homozygous_for_a_species_specific_allele_and_B_heterospecific_colonies_have_offspring_displaying/1354753", "title"=>"Results of the microsatellite <i>Cg33</i> locus for the male, the female and five random offspring from the four mating combinations, where (A) conspecific colonies are homozygous for a species specific allele, and (B) heterospecific colonies have offspring displaying alleles from both species, confirming the hybridization.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-25 03:45:27"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1987252"], "description"=>"<p>After one year of development, heterospecific colonies have average 2.03 times the number of individuals than conspecific colonies (<i>F</i><sub><i>(3</i>,<i>32)</i></sub> = 24.21, <i>p</i><0.001, HSD post-hoc, same letter in a category indicates no significant difference).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Major Termite Invaders", "conspecific pairings", "Human Activity", "distributions overlap", "Mating behavior", "Coptotermes formosanus", "introgressive hybridization", "Such hybridization", "gestroi males", "laboratory observations", "colony establishment rate", "pest species", "2014. Pairings", "formosanus females", "heterospecific individuals", "growth rate", "termite pests", "dispersal flight seasons"], "article_id"=>1354751, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Thomas Chouvenc", "Ericka E. Helmick", "Nan-Yao Su"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120745.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_After_one_year_of_development_heterospecific_colonies_have_average_2_03_times_the_number_of_individuals_than_conspecific_colonies_F_3_32_24_21_p_/1354751", "title"=>"After one year of development, heterospecific colonies have average 2.03 times the number of individuals than conspecific colonies (<i>F</i><sub><i>(3</i>,<i>32)</i></sub> = 24.21, <i>p</i><0.001, HSD post-hoc, same letter in a category indicates no significant difference).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-25 03:45:27"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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