Linking Human Health and Livestock Health: A “One-Health” Platform for Integrated Analysis of Human Health, Livestock Health, and Economic Welfare in Livestock Dependent Communities
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{"title"=>"Linking human health and livestock health: A \"one-health\" platform for integrated analysis of human health, livestock health, and economic welfare in livestock dependent communities", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"S. M.", "last_name"=>"Thumbi", "scopus_author_id"=>"26436244600"}, {"first_name"=>"M. Kariuki", "last_name"=>"Njenga", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003876196"}, {"first_name"=>"Thomas L.", "last_name"=>"Marsh", "scopus_author_id"=>"7101898013"}, {"first_name"=>"Susan", "last_name"=>"Noh", "scopus_author_id"=>"56573423900"}, {"first_name"=>"Elkanah", "last_name"=>"Otiang", "scopus_author_id"=>"56574307700"}, {"first_name"=>"Peninah", "last_name"=>"Munyua", "scopus_author_id"=>"36094881700"}, {"first_name"=>"Linus", "last_name"=>"Ochieng", "scopus_author_id"=>"56574204100"}, {"first_name"=>"Eric", "last_name"=>"Ogola", "scopus_author_id"=>"55674732100"}, {"first_name"=>"Jonathan", "last_name"=>"Yoder", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102730485"}, {"first_name"=>"Allan", "last_name"=>"Audi", "scopus_author_id"=>"25960738400"}, {"first_name"=>"Joel M.", "last_name"=>"Montgomery", "scopus_author_id"=>"35262685400"}, {"first_name"=>"Godfrey", "last_name"=>"Bigogo", "scopus_author_id"=>"36080353200"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert F.", "last_name"=>"Breiman", "scopus_author_id"=>"34567511600"}, {"first_name"=>"Guy H.", "last_name"=>"Palmer", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202018545"}, {"first_name"=>"Terry F.", "last_name"=>"McElwain", "scopus_author_id"=>"56573668200"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84925703349", "pui"=>"603282165", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0120761", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "sgr"=>"84925703349", "pmid"=>"25798951"}, "id"=>"975d2231-22a8-3d31-8a20-59adf48fdd0b", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND: For most rural households in sub-Saharan Africa, healthy livestock play a key role in averting the burden associated with zoonotic diseases, and in meeting household nutritional and socio-economic needs. However, there is limited understanding of the complex nutritional, socio-economic, and zoonotic pathways that link livestock health to human health and welfare. Here we describe a platform for integrated human health, animal health and economic welfare analysis designed to address this challenge. We provide baseline epidemiological data on disease syndromes in humans and the animals they keep, and provide examples of relationships between human health, animal health and household socio-economic status.\\n\\nMETHOD: We designed a study to obtain syndromic disease data in animals along with economic and behavioral information for 1500 rural households in Western Kenya already participating in a human syndromic disease surveillance study. Data collection started in February 2013, and each household is visited bi-weekly and data on four human syndromes (fever, jaundice, diarrhea and respiratory illness) and nine animal syndromes (death, respiratory, reproductive, musculoskeletal, nervous, urogenital, digestive, udder disorders, and skin disorders in cattle, sheep, goats and chickens) are collected. Additionally, data from a comprehensive socio-economic survey is collected every 3 months in each of the study households.\\n\\nFINDINGS: Data from the first year of study showed 93% of the households owned at least one form of livestock (55%, 19%, 41% and 88% own cattle, sheep, goats and chickens respectively). Digestive disorders, mainly diarrhea episodes, were the most common syndromes observed in cattle, goats and sheep, accounting for 56% of all livestock syndromes, followed by respiratory illnesses (18%). In humans, respiratory illnesses accounted for 54% of all illnesses reported, followed by acute febrile illnesses (40%) and diarrhea illnesses (5%). While controlling for household size, the incidence of human illness increased 1.31-fold for every 10 cases of animal illness or death observed (95% CI 1.16-1.49). Access and utilization of animal source foods such as milk and eggs were positively associated with the number of cattle and chickens owned by the household. Additionally, health care seeking was correlated with household incomes and wealth, which were in turn correlated with livestock herd size.\\n\\nCONCLUSION: This study platform provides a unique longitudinal dataset that allows for the determination and quantification of linkages between human and animal health, including the impact of healthy animals on human disease averted, malnutrition, household educational attainment, and income levels.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/linking-human-health-livestock-health-onehealth-platform-integrated-analysis-human-health-livestock-1", "reader_count"=>87, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Other"=>6, "Student > Master"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Librarian"=>2, "Researcher"=>25, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>13, "Student > Postgraduate"=>7, "Other"=>6, "Student > Master"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>4, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>31, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>19, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>20, "Social Sciences"=>4, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>19}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>4}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>4}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>31}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>4}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>20}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Brazil"=>1, "Switzerland"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>9}

Scopus | Further Information

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1982380"], "description"=>"<p>Distribution of the number of human and animal illnesses and deaths per household during the first 12 months of the study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Livestock Health", "animal source foods", "Livestock Dependent Communities BackgroundFor", "link livestock health", "human health", "syndromic disease data", "ci", "animal health", "illness", "household", "livestock herd size.ConclusionThis study platform", "syndrome", "syndromic disease surveillance study"], "article_id"=>1350920, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["S. M. Thumbi", "M. Kariuki Njenga", "Thomas L. Marsh", "Susan Noh", "Elkanah Otiang", "Peninah Munyua", "Linus Ochieng", "Eric Ogola", "Jonathan Yoder", "Allan Audi", "Joel M. Montgomery", "Godfrey Bigogo", "Robert F. Breiman", "Guy H. Palmer", "Terry F. McElwain"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120761.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_the_number_of_human_and_animal_illnesses_and_deaths_per_household_during_the_first_12_months_of_the_study_/1350920", "title"=>"Distribution of the number of human and animal illnesses and deaths per household during the first 12 months of the study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-23 05:06:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1982378"], "description"=>"<p>Showing a summary of the distribution of the 4 human syndromes under investigation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Livestock Health", "animal source foods", "Livestock Dependent Communities BackgroundFor", "link livestock health", "human health", "syndromic disease data", "ci", "animal health", "illness", "household", "livestock herd size.ConclusionThis study platform", "syndrome", "syndromic disease surveillance study"], "article_id"=>1350918, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["S. M. Thumbi", "M. Kariuki Njenga", "Thomas L. Marsh", "Susan Noh", "Elkanah Otiang", "Peninah Munyua", "Linus Ochieng", "Eric Ogola", "Jonathan Yoder", "Allan Audi", "Joel M. Montgomery", "Godfrey Bigogo", "Robert F. Breiman", "Guy H. Palmer", "Terry F. McElwain"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120761.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Showing_a_summary_of_the_distribution_of_the_4_human_syndromes_under_investigation_/1350918", "title"=>"Showing a summary of the distribution of the 4 human syndromes under investigation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-23 05:06:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1982375"], "description"=>"<p>The x-axis represents a percentage of each age group by gender.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Livestock Health", "animal source foods", "Livestock Dependent Communities BackgroundFor", "link livestock health", "human health", "syndromic disease data", "ci", "animal health", "illness", "household", "livestock herd size.ConclusionThis study platform", "syndrome", "syndromic disease surveillance study"], "article_id"=>1350915, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["S. M. Thumbi", "M. Kariuki Njenga", "Thomas L. Marsh", "Susan Noh", "Elkanah Otiang", "Peninah Munyua", "Linus Ochieng", "Eric Ogola", "Jonathan Yoder", "Allan Audi", "Joel M. Montgomery", "Godfrey Bigogo", "Robert F. Breiman", "Guy H. Palmer", "Terry F. McElwain"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120761.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Population_pyramid_showing_the_age_structure_of_the_household_heads_by_gender_in_years_/1350915", "title"=>"Population pyramid showing the age structure of the household heads by gender in years.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-23 05:06:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1982389", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1982390"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>For most rural households in sub-Saharan Africa, healthy livestock play a key role in averting the burden associated with zoonotic diseases, and in meeting household nutritional and socio-economic needs. However, there is limited understanding of the complex nutritional, socio-economic, and zoonotic pathways that link livestock health to human health and welfare. Here we describe a platform for integrated human health, animal health and economic welfare analysis designed to address this challenge. We provide baseline epidemiological data on disease syndromes in humans and the animals they keep, and provide examples of relationships between human health, animal health and household socio-economic status.</p><p>Method</p><p>We designed a study to obtain syndromic disease data in animals along with economic and behavioral information for 1500 rural households in Western Kenya already participating in a human syndromic disease surveillance study. Data collection started in February 2013, and each household is visited bi-weekly and data on four human syndromes (fever, jaundice, diarrhea and respiratory illness) and nine animal syndromes (death, respiratory, reproductive, musculoskeletal, nervous, urogenital, digestive, udder disorders, and skin disorders in cattle, sheep, goats and chickens) are collected. Additionally, data from a comprehensive socio-economic survey is collected every 3 months in each of the study households.</p><p>Findings</p><p>Data from the first year of study showed 93% of the households owned at least one form of livestock (55%, 19%, 41% and 88% own cattle, sheep, goats and chickens respectively). Digestive disorders, mainly diarrhea episodes, were the most common syndromes observed in cattle, goats and sheep, accounting for 56% of all livestock syndromes, followed by respiratory illnesses (18%). In humans, respiratory illnesses accounted for 54% of all illnesses reported, followed by acute febrile illnesses (40%) and diarrhea illnesses (5%). While controlling for household size, the incidence of human illness increased 1.31-fold for every 10 cases of animal illness or death observed (95% CI 1.16–1.49). Access and utilization of animal source foods such as milk and eggs were positively associated with the number of cattle and chickens owned by the household. Additionally, health care seeking was correlated with household incomes and wealth, which were in turn correlated with livestock herd size.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>This study platform provides a unique longitudinal dataset that allows for the determination and quantification of linkages between human and animal health, including the impact of healthy animals on human disease averted, malnutrition, household educational attainment, and income levels.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Livestock Health", "animal source foods", "Livestock Dependent Communities BackgroundFor", "link livestock health", "human health", "syndromic disease data", "ci", "animal health", "illness", "household", "livestock herd size.ConclusionThis study platform", "syndrome", "syndromic disease surveillance study"], "article_id"=>1350929, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["S. M. Thumbi", "M. Kariuki Njenga", "Thomas L. Marsh", "Susan Noh", "Elkanah Otiang", "Peninah Munyua", "Linus Ochieng", "Eric Ogola", "Jonathan Yoder", "Allan Audi", "Joel M. Montgomery", "Godfrey Bigogo", "Robert F. Breiman", "Guy H. Palmer", "Terry F. McElwain"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120761.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120761.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Linking_Human_Health_and_Livestock_Health_A_8220_One_Health_8221_Platform_for_Integrated_Analysis_of_Human_Health_Livestock_Health_and_Economic_Welfare_in_Livestock_Dependent_Communities_/1350929", "title"=>"Linking Human Health and Livestock Health: A “One-Health” Platform for Integrated Analysis of Human Health, Livestock Health, and Economic Welfare in Livestock Dependent Communities", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-03-23 05:06:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1982386"], "description"=>"<p>Results of regression between household human illness cases and animal illness and death cases (while accounting for household size), relationship between seeking health care and livestock ownership, household income and assets and livestock ownership, and household animal source food consumption and livestock ownership.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Livestock Health", "animal source foods", "Livestock Dependent Communities BackgroundFor", "link livestock health", "human health", "syndromic disease data", "ci", "animal health", "illness", "household", "livestock herd size.ConclusionThis study platform", "syndrome", "syndromic disease surveillance study"], "article_id"=>1350926, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["S. M. Thumbi", "M. Kariuki Njenga", "Thomas L. Marsh", "Susan Noh", "Elkanah Otiang", "Peninah Munyua", "Linus Ochieng", "Eric Ogola", "Jonathan Yoder", "Allan Audi", "Joel M. Montgomery", "Godfrey Bigogo", "Robert F. Breiman", "Guy H. Palmer", "Terry F. McElwain"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120761.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_regression_between_household_human_illness_cases_and_animal_illness_and_death_cases_while_accounting_for_household_size_relationship_between_seeking_health_care_and_livestock_ownership_household_income_and_assets_and_livestock_ownership_and_ho/1350926", "title"=>"Results of regression between household human illness cases and animal illness and death cases (while accounting for household size), relationship between seeking health care and livestock ownership, household income and assets and livestock ownership, and household animal source food consumption and livestock ownership.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-23 05:06:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1982383"], "description"=>"<p>The PBASS study design is summarised in a schematic diagram in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0120761#pone.0120761.g002\" target=\"_blank\">Fig. 2</a>.</p><p>Description of the household socio-economic data collected every 3 months.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Livestock Health", "animal source foods", "Livestock Dependent Communities BackgroundFor", "link livestock health", "human health", "syndromic disease data", "ci", "animal health", "illness", "household", "livestock herd size.ConclusionThis study platform", "syndrome", "syndromic disease surveillance study"], "article_id"=>1350923, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["S. M. Thumbi", "M. Kariuki Njenga", "Thomas L. Marsh", "Susan Noh", "Elkanah Otiang", "Peninah Munyua", "Linus Ochieng", "Eric Ogola", "Jonathan Yoder", "Allan Audi", "Joel M. Montgomery", "Godfrey Bigogo", "Robert F. Breiman", "Guy H. Palmer", "Terry F. McElwain"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120761.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Description_of_the_household_socio_economic_data_collected_every_3_months_/1350923", "title"=>"Description of the household socio-economic data collected every 3 months.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-23 05:06:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1982382"], "description"=>"<p>A summary of the syndromes in cattle, goats, sheep and chickens investigated in the PBASS study.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Livestock Health", "animal source foods", "Livestock Dependent Communities BackgroundFor", "link livestock health", "human health", "syndromic disease data", "ci", "animal health", "illness", "household", "livestock herd size.ConclusionThis study platform", "syndrome", "syndromic disease surveillance study"], "article_id"=>1350922, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["S. M. Thumbi", "M. Kariuki Njenga", "Thomas L. Marsh", "Susan Noh", "Elkanah Otiang", "Peninah Munyua", "Linus Ochieng", "Eric Ogola", "Jonathan Yoder", "Allan Audi", "Joel M. Montgomery", "Godfrey Bigogo", "Robert F. Breiman", "Guy H. Palmer", "Terry F. McElwain"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120761.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_summary_of_the_syndromes_in_cattle_goats_sheep_and_chickens_investigated_in_the_PBASS_study_/1350922", "title"=>"A summary of the syndromes in cattle, goats, sheep and chickens investigated in the PBASS study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-23 05:06:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1982377"], "description"=>"<p>Distribution of the disease syndromes by species for data collected over the first 12 months of the study (February 2013—February 2014).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Livestock Health", "animal source foods", "Livestock Dependent Communities BackgroundFor", "link livestock health", "human health", "syndromic disease data", "ci", "animal health", "illness", "household", "livestock herd size.ConclusionThis study platform", "syndrome", "syndromic disease surveillance study"], "article_id"=>1350917, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["S. M. Thumbi", "M. Kariuki Njenga", "Thomas L. Marsh", "Susan Noh", "Elkanah Otiang", "Peninah Munyua", "Linus Ochieng", "Eric Ogola", "Jonathan Yoder", "Allan Audi", "Joel M. Montgomery", "Godfrey Bigogo", "Robert F. Breiman", "Guy H. Palmer", "Terry F. McElwain"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120761.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distribution_of_the_disease_syndromes_by_species_for_data_collected_over_the_first_12_months_of_the_study_February_2013_8212_February_2014_/1350917", "title"=>"Distribution of the disease syndromes by species for data collected over the first 12 months of the study (February 2013—February 2014).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-23 05:06:21"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1982373"], "description"=>"<p>All PBASS study households participate in the population based infectious disease surveillance (PBIDS) study, thereby generating human health, animal health, and socio-economic data linkable at the household level.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Livestock Health", "animal source foods", "Livestock Dependent Communities BackgroundFor", "link livestock health", "human health", "syndromic disease data", "ci", "animal health", "illness", "household", "livestock herd size.ConclusionThis study platform", "syndrome", "syndromic disease surveillance study"], "article_id"=>1350913, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["S. M. Thumbi", "M. Kariuki Njenga", "Thomas L. Marsh", "Susan Noh", "Elkanah Otiang", "Peninah Munyua", "Linus Ochieng", "Eric Ogola", "Jonathan Yoder", "Allan Audi", "Joel M. Montgomery", "Godfrey Bigogo", "Robert F. Breiman", "Guy H. Palmer", "Terry F. McElwain"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0120761.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Schematic_diagram_showing_the_design_of_the_population_based_animal_syndromic_surveillance_PBASS_Study_/1350913", "title"=>"Schematic diagram showing the design of the population based animal syndromic surveillance (PBASS) Study.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-23 05:06:21"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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