Differential Gene Expression in the Liver of the African Lungfish, Protopterus annectens, after 6 Months of Aestivation in Air or 1 Day of Arousal from 6 Months of Aestivation
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{"title"=>"Differential gene expression in the liver of the African lungfish, Protopterus annectens, after 6 months of aestivation in air or 1 day of arousal from 6 months of aestivation", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Kum C.", "last_name"=>"Hiong", "scopus_author_id"=>"6506284900"}, {"first_name"=>"Yuen K.", "last_name"=>"Ip", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006740134"}, {"first_name"=>"Wai P.", "last_name"=>"Wong", "scopus_author_id"=>"7403972139"}, {"first_name"=>"Shit F.", "last_name"=>"Chew", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202524632"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84926358199", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0121224", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84926358199", "issn"=>"19326203", "pui"=>"603554659"}, "id"=>"331b01da-2111-353c-9d20-3770f960f815", "abstract"=>"The African lungfish, Protopterus annectens, can undergo aestivation during drought. Aestivation has three phases: induction, maintenance and arousal. The objective of this study was to examine the differential gene expression in the liver of P. annectens after 6 months (the maintenance phase) of aestivation as compared with the freshwater control, or after 1 day of arousal from 6 months aestivation as compared with 6 months of aestivation using suppression subtractive hybridization. During the maintenance phase of aestivation, the mRNA expression of argininosuccinate synthetase 1 and carbamoyl phosphate synthetase III were up-regulated, indicating an increase in the ornithine-urea cycle capacity to detoxify ammonia to urea. There was also an increase in the expression of betaine homocysteine-S-transferase 1 which could reduce and prevent the accumulation of hepatic homocysteine. On the other hand, the down-regulation of superoxide dismutase 1 expression could signify a decrease in ROS production during the maintenance phase of aestivation. In addition, the maintenance phase was marked by decreases in expressions of genes related to blood coagulation, complement fixation and iron and copper metabolism, which could be strategies used to prevent thrombosis and to conserve energy. Unlike the maintenance phase of aestivation, there were increases in expressions of genes related to nitrogen, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism and fatty acid transport after 1 day of arousal from 6 months aestivation. There were also up-regulation in expressions of genes that were involved in the electron transport system and ATP synthesis, indicating a greater demand for metabolic energy during arousal. Overall, our results signify the importance of sustaining a low rate of waste production and conservation of energy store during the maintenance phase, and the dependence on internal energy store for repair and structural modification during the arousal phase, of aestivation in the liver of P. annectens. ", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/differential-gene-expression-liver-african-lungfish-protopterus-annectens-after-6-months-aestivation", "reader_count"=>11, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>3, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>4}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>3}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"India"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1994908"], "description"=>"<p>Known transcripts found in the forward library (up-regulation) obtained by suppression subtractive hybridization PCR from the liver of <i>Protopterus annectens</i> after 1 day of arousal from 6 months of aestivation with fish aestivated for 6 months in air as the reference for comparison.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["argininosuccinate synthetase 1", "differential gene expression", "Protopterus annectens", "suppression subtractive hybridization", "6 months", "ros", "maintenance phase", "electron transport system", "energy store", "gene", "atp", "carbamoyl phosphate synthetase III", "6 months aestivation", "1 day", "superoxide dismutase 1 expression"], "article_id"=>1360821, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Kum C. Hiong", "Yuen K. Ip", "Wai P. Wong", "Shit F. Chew"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121224.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Known_transcripts_found_in_the_forward_library_up_regulation_obtained_by_suppression_subtractive_hybridization_PCR_from_the_liver_of_Protopterus_annectens_after_1_day_of_arousal_from_6_months_of_aestivation_with_fish_aestivated_for_6_months_in_air_as_the/1360821", "title"=>"Known transcripts found in the forward library (up-regulation) obtained by suppression subtractive hybridization PCR from the liver of <i>Protopterus annectens</i> after 1 day of arousal from 6 months of aestivation with fish aestivated for 6 months in air as the reference for comparison.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-30 03:25:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1994907"], "description"=>"<p>Known transcripts found in the reverse library (down-regulation) obtained by suppression subtractive hybridization PCR from the liver of <i>Protopterus annectens</i> aestivated for 6 months in air with fish kept in fresh water as the reference for comparison.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["argininosuccinate synthetase 1", "differential gene expression", "Protopterus annectens", "suppression subtractive hybridization", "6 months", "ros", "maintenance phase", "electron transport system", "energy store", "gene", "atp", "carbamoyl phosphate synthetase III", "6 months aestivation", "1 day", "superoxide dismutase 1 expression"], "article_id"=>1360820, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Kum C. Hiong", "Yuen K. Ip", "Wai P. Wong", "Shit F. Chew"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121224.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Known_transcripts_found_in_the_reverse_library_down_regulation_obtained_by_suppression_subtractive_hybridization_PCR_from_the_liver_of_Protopterus_annectens_aestivated_for_6_months_in_air_with_fish_kept_in_fresh_water_as_the_reference_for_comparison_/1360820", "title"=>"Known transcripts found in the reverse library (down-regulation) obtained by suppression subtractive hybridization PCR from the liver of <i>Protopterus annectens</i> aestivated for 6 months in air with fish kept in fresh water as the reference for comparison.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-30 03:25:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1994903"], "description"=>"<p>Relative quantification of mRNA expression (fold change) of (A) <i>betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase 1</i> (<i>bhmt1</i>, JZ575536), (B) <i>fumarate hydratase</i> (<i>fh</i>, JZ575565), (C) <i>argininosuccinate synthetase 1</i> (<i>ass1</i>, JZ575533), (D) <i>carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase III</i> (<i>cpsIII</i>, JZ575539), (E) <i>superoxide dismutase 1</i> (<i>sod1</i>, JZ575606), (F) <i>ceruloplasmin</i> (<i>cp</i>, JZ575541), (G) <i>acyl-CoA desaturase</i> (<i>acd</i>, JZ575387), (H) <i>ferritin light chain</i> (<i>ftl</i>, JZ575418) and (I) <i>glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase</i> (<i>gapdh</i>, JZ575429), using <i>β-actin</i> as the reference gene, in the liver of <i>Protopterus annectens</i> after 6 months (mon) of aestivation as compared with the freshwater control (A-F), or 1 day (d) of arousal from 6 mon aestivation as compared with fish aestivated for 6 mon (G-I). Results represent mean + S.E.M. (<i>N</i> = 6). *Significantly different from the corresponding control (<i>P</i><0.05).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["argininosuccinate synthetase 1", "differential gene expression", "Protopterus annectens", "suppression subtractive hybridization", "6 months", "ros", "maintenance phase", "electron transport system", "energy store", "gene", "atp", "carbamoyl phosphate synthetase III", "6 months aestivation", "1 day", "superoxide dismutase 1 expression"], "article_id"=>1360816, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Kum C. Hiong", "Yuen K. Ip", "Wai P. Wong", "Shit F. Chew"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121224.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Quantitative_RT_PCR_results_of_selected_genes_that_were_differentially_expressed_in_the_SSH_libraries_/1360816", "title"=>"Quantitative RT-PCR results of selected genes that were differentially expressed in the SSH libraries.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-03-30 03:25:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1994909"], "description"=>"<p>Known transcripts found in the reverse SSH library (down-regulation) obtained by suppression subtractive hybridization PCR from the liver of <i>Protopterus annectens</i> after 1 day of arousal from 6 months of aestivation with fish aestivated for 6 months in air as the reference for comparison.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["argininosuccinate synthetase 1", "differential gene expression", "Protopterus annectens", "suppression subtractive hybridization", "6 months", "ros", "maintenance phase", "electron transport system", "energy store", "gene", "atp", "carbamoyl phosphate synthetase III", "6 months aestivation", "1 day", "superoxide dismutase 1 expression"], "article_id"=>1360822, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Kum C. Hiong", "Yuen K. Ip", "Wai P. Wong", "Shit F. Chew"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121224.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Known_transcripts_found_in_the_reverse_SSH_library_down_regulation_obtained_by_suppression_subtractive_hybridization_PCR_from_the_liver_of_Protopterus_annectens_after_1_day_of_arousal_from_6_months_of_aestivation_with_fish_aestivated_for_6_months_in_air_/1360822", "title"=>"Known transcripts found in the reverse SSH library (down-regulation) obtained by suppression subtractive hybridization PCR from the liver of <i>Protopterus annectens</i> after 1 day of arousal from 6 months of aestivation with fish aestivated for 6 months in air as the reference for comparison.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-30 03:25:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1994906"], "description"=>"<p>Known transcripts found in the forward library (up-regulation) obtained by suppression subtractive hybridization PCR from the liver of <i>Protopterus annectens</i> aestivated for 6 months in air with fish kept in fresh water as the reference for comparison.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["argininosuccinate synthetase 1", "differential gene expression", "Protopterus annectens", "suppression subtractive hybridization", "6 months", "ros", "maintenance phase", "electron transport system", "energy store", "gene", "atp", "carbamoyl phosphate synthetase III", "6 months aestivation", "1 day", "superoxide dismutase 1 expression"], "article_id"=>1360819, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Kum C. Hiong", "Yuen K. Ip", "Wai P. Wong", "Shit F. Chew"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121224.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Known_transcripts_found_in_the_forward_library_up_regulation_obtained_by_suppression_subtractive_hybridization_PCR_from_the_liver_of_Protopterus_annectens_aestivated_for_6_months_in_air_with_fish_kept_in_fresh_water_as_the_reference_for_comparison_/1360819", "title"=>"Known transcripts found in the forward library (up-regulation) obtained by suppression subtractive hybridization PCR from the liver of <i>Protopterus annectens</i> aestivated for 6 months in air with fish kept in fresh water as the reference for comparison.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-30 03:25:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/1994904"], "description"=>"<p>Primers used for quantitative real-time PCR on <i>acyl-CoA desaturase</i> (<i>acd</i>), <i>argininosuccinate synthetase 1</i> (<i>ass1</i>), <i>betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase 1</i> (<i>bhmt1</i>), <i>ceruloplasmin</i> (<i>cp</i>), <i>carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase III</i> (<i>cpsIII</i>), <i>fumarate hydratase</i> (<i>fh</i>), <i>ferritin light chain</i> (<i>ftl</i>), <i>glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase</i> (<i>gapdh</i>), <i>superoxide dismutase 1</i> (<i>sod1</i>) from the liver of <i>Protopterus annectens</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["argininosuccinate synthetase 1", "differential gene expression", "Protopterus annectens", "suppression subtractive hybridization", "6 months", "ros", "maintenance phase", "electron transport system", "energy store", "gene", "atp", "carbamoyl phosphate synthetase III", "6 months aestivation", "1 day", "superoxide dismutase 1 expression"], "article_id"=>1360818, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Kum C. Hiong", "Yuen K. Ip", "Wai P. Wong", "Shit F. Chew"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0121224.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Primers_used_for_quantitative_real_time_PCR_on_acyl_CoA_desaturase_acd_argininosuccinate_synthetase_1_ass1_betaine_homocysteine_S_methyltransferase_1_bhmt1_ceruloplasmin_cp_carbamoyl_phosphate_synthetase_III_cpsIII_fumarate_hydratase_fh_ferritin_light_ch/1360818", "title"=>"Primers used for quantitative real-time PCR on <i>acyl-CoA desaturase</i> (<i>acd</i>), <i>argininosuccinate synthetase 1</i> (<i>ass1</i>), <i>betaine-homocysteine S-methyltransferase 1</i> (<i>bhmt1</i>), <i>ceruloplasmin</i> (<i>cp</i>), <i>carbamoyl-phosphate synthetase III</i> (<i>cpsIII</i>), <i>fumarate hydratase</i> (<i>fh</i>), <i>ferritin light chain</i> (<i>ftl</i>), <i>glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase</i> (<i>gapdh</i>), <i>superoxide dismutase 1</i> (<i>sod1</i>) from the liver of <i>Protopterus annectens</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-03-30 03:25:41"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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