Evidence for Distinct Coastal and Offshore Communities of Bottlenose Dolphins in the North East Atlantic
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{"title"=>"Evidence for distinct coastal and offshore communities of bottlenose dolphins in the north east atlantic", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Machiel G.", "last_name"=>"Oudejans", "scopus_author_id"=>"55551717600"}, {"first_name"=>"Fleur", "last_name"=>"Visser", "scopus_author_id"=>"24177892400"}, {"first_name"=>"Anneli", "last_name"=>"Englund", "scopus_author_id"=>"16024688100"}, {"first_name"=>"Emer", "last_name"=>"Rogan", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006563051"}, {"first_name"=>"Simon N.", "last_name"=>"Ingram", "scopus_author_id"=>"7005900962"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"604108663", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0122668", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84928919971", "pmid"=>"25853823", "sgr"=>"84928919971"}, "id"=>"395ca74c-581d-3893-b730-32674b4e238b", "abstract"=>"Bottlenose dolphin stock structure in the northeast Atlantic remains poorly understood. However, fine scale photo-id data have shown that populations can comprise multiple overlapping social communities. These social communities form structural elements of bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncates) populations, reflecting specific ecological and behavioural adaptations to local habitats. We investigated the social structure of bottlenose dolphins in the waters of northwest Ireland and present evidence for distinct inshore and offshore social communities. Individuals of the inshore community had a coastal distribution restricted to waters within 3 km from shore. These animals exhibited a cohesive, fission-fusion social organisation, with repeated resightings within the research area, within a larger coastal home range. The offshore community comprised one or more distinct groups, found significantly further offshore (>4 km) than the inshore animals. In addition, dorsal fin scarring patterns differed significantly between inshore and offshore communities with individuals of the offshore community having more distinctly marked dorsal fins. Specifically, almost half of the individuals in the offshore community (48%) had characteristic stereotyped damage to the tip of the dorsal fin, rarely recorded in the inshore community (7%). We propose that this characteristic is likely due to interactions with pelagic fisheries. Social segregation and scarring differences found here indicate that the distinct communities are likely to be spatially and behaviourally segregated. Together with recent genetic evidence of distinct offshore and coastal population structures, this provides evidence for bottlenose dolphin inshore/offshore community differentiation in the northeast Atlantic. We recommend that social communities should be considered as fundamental units for the management and conservation of bottlenose dolphins and their habitat specialisations.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/evidence-distinct-coastal-offshore-communities-bottlenose-dolphins-north-east-atlantic", "reader_count"=>73, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>25, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>5, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>25, "Student > Postgraduate"=>4, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>9, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>54, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>54}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>9}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2010214"], "description"=>"<p>Five social clusters (A-E), as identified by the social network analysis of associations of permanently marked bottlenose dolphins. Each symbol represents one individual, with the size of the symbols corresponding to the number of sightings of each individual (range: 1–18 sightings per individual). Blue squares represent individuals with typical scarring to the tip of the dorsal fin. Individuals without dorsal fin tip damage are represented by red squares. Black lines represent associations between individuals. The network composition has been manually adjusted to enhance the visualization of the separate clusters.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["North East Atlantic Bottlenose dolphin stock structure", "northeast Atlantic", "bottlenose dolphins", "bottlenose dolphin", "dorsal fin scarring patterns"], "article_id"=>1371541, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Machiel G. Oudejans", "Fleur Visser", "Anneli Englund", "Emer Rogan", "Simon N. Ingram"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0122668.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Social_network_analysis_sociogram_of_permanently_marked_individuals_/1371541", "title"=>"Social network analysis: sociogram of permanently marked individuals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-08 03:11:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2010213"], "description"=>"<p>The number of sightings of individuals comprising network A and network B-E.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["North East Atlantic Bottlenose dolphin stock structure", "northeast Atlantic", "bottlenose dolphins", "bottlenose dolphin", "dorsal fin scarring patterns"], "article_id"=>1371540, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Machiel G. Oudejans", "Fleur Visser", "Anneli Englund", "Emer Rogan", "Simon N. Ingram"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0122668.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_number_of_sightings_of_individuals_comprising_network_A_and_network_B_E_/1371540", "title"=>"The number of sightings of individuals comprising network A and network B-E.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-08 03:11:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2010218"], "description"=>"<p>Chi square pair-wise comparison of the proportion of permanently marked individuals for social networks A-E.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["North East Atlantic Bottlenose dolphin stock structure", "northeast Atlantic", "bottlenose dolphins", "bottlenose dolphin", "dorsal fin scarring patterns"], "article_id"=>1371545, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Machiel G. Oudejans", "Fleur Visser", "Anneli Englund", "Emer Rogan", "Simon N. Ingram"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0122668.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Chi_square_pair_wise_comparison_of_the_proportion_of_permanently_marked_individuals_for_social_networks_A_E_/1371545", "title"=>"Chi square pair-wise comparison of the proportion of permanently marked individuals for social networks A-E.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-04-08 03:11:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2010216"], "description"=>"<p>Survey effort and photo identification analysis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["North East Atlantic Bottlenose dolphin stock structure", "northeast Atlantic", "bottlenose dolphins", "bottlenose dolphin", "dorsal fin scarring patterns"], "article_id"=>1371543, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Machiel G. Oudejans", "Fleur Visser", "Anneli Englund", "Emer Rogan", "Simon N. Ingram"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0122668.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Survey_effort_and_photo_identification_analysis_/1371543", "title"=>"Survey effort and photo identification analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-04-08 03:11:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2010217"], "description"=>"<p>Statistic descriptive of mark severity, dorsal tip damage and sighting record for network A and network B-E.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["North East Atlantic Bottlenose dolphin stock structure", "northeast Atlantic", "bottlenose dolphins", "bottlenose dolphin", "dorsal fin scarring patterns"], "article_id"=>1371544, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Machiel G. Oudejans", "Fleur Visser", "Anneli Englund", "Emer Rogan", "Simon N. Ingram"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0122668.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistic_descriptive_of_mark_severity_dorsal_tip_damage_and_sighting_record_for_network_A_and_network_B_E_/1371544", "title"=>"Statistic descriptive of mark severity, dorsal tip damage and sighting record for network A and network B-E.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-04-08 03:11:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2010215"], "description"=>"<p>The distance from shore for bottlenose dolphin groups that comprised network A (left) and networks B-E (right). The boxplot displays the mean and the 1<sup>st</sup> and 3<sup>rd</sup> quartile of the distance from shore. Whiskers indicate one standard deviation from the mean. Note the logarithmic scale of the Y-axis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["North East Atlantic Bottlenose dolphin stock structure", "northeast Atlantic", "bottlenose dolphins", "bottlenose dolphin", "dorsal fin scarring patterns"], "article_id"=>1371542, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Machiel G. Oudejans", "Fleur Visser", "Anneli Englund", "Emer Rogan", "Simon N. Ingram"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0122668.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Distance_from_shore_/1371542", "title"=>"Distance from shore.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-08 03:11:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2010212"], "description"=>"<p>Examples of the mark severity grades of dorsal fin scarification as applied in this study. (A) Permanently marked, (B) Temporarily marked, (C) Superficially marked, (D1-3) Permanently marked with damage to the tip of the dorsal fin. Pictures represent images cropped using Irfanview software.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["North East Atlantic Bottlenose dolphin stock structure", "northeast Atlantic", "bottlenose dolphins", "bottlenose dolphin", "dorsal fin scarring patterns"], "article_id"=>1371539, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Machiel G. Oudejans", "Fleur Visser", "Anneli Englund", "Emer Rogan", "Simon N. Ingram"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0122668.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Grades_of_severity_of_dorsal_fin_scarification_/1371539", "title"=>"Grades of severity of dorsal fin scarification.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-08 03:11:32"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2010211"], "description"=>"<p>The black lines indicate survey effort in the two research areas off northwest Ireland, Mayo and Connemara. Sighting locations of bottlenose dolphin groups in inshore waters are indicated by red circles, encounters in offshore waters are indicated by green circles. The geological map of Ireland has been reproduced under an open-access license from the DECRN, and the Intellectual Property Right and Copyright of the Geological Service Ireland. The bathymetry is reproduced from GEBCO, and extracted from the GEBCO Digital Atlas published by the British Oceanographic Data Centre on behalf of the IOC and IHO, 2003.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["North East Atlantic Bottlenose dolphin stock structure", "northeast Atlantic", "bottlenose dolphins", "bottlenose dolphin", "dorsal fin scarring patterns"], "article_id"=>1371538, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Machiel G. Oudejans", "Fleur Visser", "Anneli Englund", "Emer Rogan", "Simon N. Ingram"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0122668.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Survey_effort_and_sighting_locations_of_bottlenose_dolphin_group_encounters_/1371538", "title"=>"Survey effort and sighting locations of bottlenose dolphin group encounters.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-08 03:11:32"}

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{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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