Surnames and Y-Chromosomal Markers Reveal Low Relationships in Southern Spain
Publication Date
April 10, 2015
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Rosario Calderón, Candela L. Hernández, Pedro Cuesta & Jean Michel Dugoujon
Volume
10
Issue
4
Pages
e0123098
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123098
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0123098
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25860017
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4393112
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/25860017
Web of Science
000352590300076
Scopus
84928914656
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/surnames-ychromosomal-markers-reveal-low-relationships-southern-spain
Events
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Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Surnames and Y-chromosomal markers reveal low relationships in southern Spain", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Rosario", "last_name"=>"Calderón", "scopus_author_id"=>"7007086335"}, {"first_name"=>"Candela L.", "last_name"=>"Hernández", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202905269"}, {"first_name"=>"Pedro", "last_name"=>"Cuesta", "scopus_author_id"=>"8902276900"}, {"first_name"=>"Jean Michel", "last_name"=>"Dugoujon", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006761522"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"604107346", "sgr"=>"84928914656", "pmid"=>"25860017", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84928914656", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "arxiv"=>"arXiv:1206.2332v1", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0123098", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"e0a4746b-680d-30a5-9789-4485c958383c", "abstract"=>"A sample of 416 males from western and eastern Andalusia has been jointly analyzed for surnames and Y-chromosome haplogroups and haplotypes. The observed number of different surnames was 222 (353 when the second surname of the Spanish system of naming is considered). The great majority of recorded surnames have a Castilian-Leonese origin, while Catalan or Basque surnames have not been found. A few Arab-related surnames appear but none discernible of Sephardic-Jewish descent. Low correlation among surnames with different population frequencies and Y-chromosome markers, at different levels of genetic resolution, has been observed in Andalusia. This finding could be explained mainly by the very low rate of monophyletic surnames because of the historical process of surname ascription and the resulting high frequencies of the most common Spanish surnames. The introduction of surnames in Spain during the Middle Ages coincided with Reconquest of the territories under Islamic rule, and Muslims and Jews progressively adopted the present male line surname system. Sampled surnames and Y-chromosome lineages fit well a power-law distribution and observed isonymy is very close to that of the general population. Besides, our data and results show that the reliability of the isonymy method should be questioned because of the high rate of polyphyletic surnames, even in small geographic regions and autochthonous populations. Random isonymy would be consistently dependent of the most common surname frequencies in the population.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/surnames-ychromosomal-markers-reveal-low-relationships-southern-spain", "reader_count"=>17, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Master"=>2, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Engineering"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>6, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Physics and Astronomy"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>5}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>6}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Czech Republic"=>1, "United States"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2013526"], "description"=>"<p>Power law distributions with the calculated parameters and goodness of fit to the data of surnames as well as their Ewens-Waterson tests are shown. <i>F</i><sub><i>ST</i></sub>-statistic value for the first <i>versus</i> second surnames is provided.</p><p><i>n</i>, <i>sample size</i>.</p><p><i>k</i>, <i>number of different surnames</i>.</p><p><sup><i>a</i></sup><i>P-value n</i>.<i>s</i>. <i>(>0</i>.<i>05)</i>.</p><p>Observed surnames in the Andalusian sample.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["population frequencies", "results show", "Islamic rule", "Southern Spain", "Spanish surnames", "monophyletic surnames", "Low correlation", "Spanish system", "416 males", "line surname system", "isonymy method", "surname ascription", "Middle Ages", "surname frequencies", "Sampled surnames", "autochthonous populations", "Random isonymy", "Basque surnames", "polyphyletic surnames"], "article_id"=>1374272, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Rosario Calderón", "Candela L. Hernández", "Pedro Cuesta", "Jean Michel Dugoujon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123098.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>105, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Observed_surnames_in_the_Andalusian_sample_/1374272", "title"=>"Observed surnames in the Andalusian sample.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-04-10 03:09:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2013524"], "description"=>"<p>Ranked distributions of Y-chromosome haplogroups and first surnames observed in the Andalusian sample.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["population frequencies", "results show", "Islamic rule", "Southern Spain", "Spanish surnames", "monophyletic surnames", "Low correlation", "Spanish system", "416 males", "line surname system", "isonymy method", "surname ascription", "Middle Ages", "surname frequencies", "Sampled surnames", "autochthonous populations", "Random isonymy", "Basque surnames", "polyphyletic surnames"], "article_id"=>1374270, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Rosario Calderón", "Candela L. Hernández", "Pedro Cuesta", "Jean Michel Dugoujon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123098.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ranked_distributions_of_Y_chromosome_haplogroups_and_first_surnames_observed_in_the_Andalusian_sample_/1374270", "title"=>"Ranked distributions of Y-chromosome haplogroups and first surnames observed in the Andalusian sample.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-10 03:09:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2013521"], "description"=>"<p>Values in the Andalusian sample were compared with those observed in Spain and in the weighted average*of Huelva and Granada provinces (census 2010). *<i>based on current population sizes</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["population frequencies", "results show", "Islamic rule", "Southern Spain", "Spanish surnames", "monophyletic surnames", "Low correlation", "Spanish system", "416 males", "line surname system", "isonymy method", "surname ascription", "Middle Ages", "surname frequencies", "Sampled surnames", "autochthonous populations", "Random isonymy", "Basque surnames", "polyphyletic surnames"], "article_id"=>1374267, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Rosario Calderón", "Candela L. Hernández", "Pedro Cuesta", "Jean Michel Dugoujon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123098.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_distributions_of_the_most_common_Spanish_first_surnames_/1374267", "title"=>"Frequency distributions of the most common Spanish first surnames.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-10 03:09:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2013520"], "description"=>"<p>The study provinces of Huelva and Granada are showed in dark color. Locations where blood samples were collected are indicated by white dots and the capital cities of the two provinces are denoted with a white square.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["population frequencies", "results show", "Islamic rule", "Southern Spain", "Spanish surnames", "monophyletic surnames", "Low correlation", "Spanish system", "416 males", "line surname system", "isonymy method", "surname ascription", "Middle Ages", "surname frequencies", "Sampled surnames", "autochthonous populations", "Random isonymy", "Basque surnames", "polyphyletic surnames"], "article_id"=>1374266, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Rosario Calderón", "Candela L. Hernández", "Pedro Cuesta", "Jean Michel Dugoujon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123098.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>218, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Map_of_the_Iberian_Peninsula_with_Andalusia_region_/1374266", "title"=>"Map of the Iberian Peninsula with Andalusia region.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-10 03:09:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2013529"], "description"=>"<p>*Sampled individuals with repeated surnames are 257.</p><p>First surname-haplotype coincidences within specific haplogroups in the Andalusian sample.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["population frequencies", "results show", "Islamic rule", "Southern Spain", "Spanish surnames", "monophyletic surnames", "Low correlation", "Spanish system", "416 males", "line surname system", "isonymy method", "surname ascription", "Middle Ages", "surname frequencies", "Sampled surnames", "autochthonous populations", "Random isonymy", "Basque surnames", "polyphyletic surnames"], "article_id"=>1374275, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Rosario Calderón", "Candela L. Hernández", "Pedro Cuesta", "Jean Michel Dugoujon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123098.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_First_surname_haplotype_coincidences_within_specific_haplogroups_in_the_Andalusian_sample_/1374275", "title"=>"First surname-haplotype coincidences within specific haplogroups in the Andalusian sample.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-04-10 03:09:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2013523"], "description"=>"<p>For comparisons, random isonymy values based on the most common surnames in the population of Spain (100) and Huelva and Granada provinces (50). (b) Regression analyses for cumulative random isonymy data tails in the populations above indicated have been fitted.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["population frequencies", "results show", "Islamic rule", "Southern Spain", "Spanish surnames", "monophyletic surnames", "Low correlation", "Spanish system", "416 males", "line surname system", "isonymy method", "surname ascription", "Middle Ages", "surname frequencies", "Sampled surnames", "autochthonous populations", "Random isonymy", "Basque surnames", "polyphyletic surnames"], "article_id"=>1374269, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Rosario Calderón", "Candela L. Hernández", "Pedro Cuesta", "Jean Michel Dugoujon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123098.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cumulative_random_isonymy_I_i_values_for_surnames_with_frequencies_x_i_versus_surname_frequencies_x_i_1000_a_Cumulative_random_isonymy_in_the_Andalusian_sample_/1374269", "title"=>"Cumulative random isonymy <i>I</i><sub><i>i</i></sub> values for surnames with frequencies ≥ <i>x</i><sub><i>i</i></sub> versus surname frequencies <i>x</i><sub><i>i</i></sub> (*1000). (a) Cumulative random isonymy in the Andalusian sample.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-10 03:09:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2013522"], "description"=>"<p>The corresponding expected power law distribution (dashed line) is plotted.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["population frequencies", "results show", "Islamic rule", "Southern Spain", "Spanish surnames", "monophyletic surnames", "Low correlation", "Spanish system", "416 males", "line surname system", "isonymy method", "surname ascription", "Middle Ages", "surname frequencies", "Sampled surnames", "autochthonous populations", "Random isonymy", "Basque surnames", "polyphyletic surnames"], "article_id"=>1374268, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Rosario Calderón", "Candela L. Hernández", "Pedro Cuesta", "Jean Michel Dugoujon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123098.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_First_surname_occurrences_versus_abundances_distribution_in_the_Andalusian_sample_/1374268", "title"=>"First surname occurrences <i>versus</i> abundances distribution in the Andalusian sample.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-10 03:09:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2013530"], "description"=>"<div><p>A sample of 416 males from western and eastern Andalusia has been jointly analyzed for surnames and Y-chromosome haplogroups and haplotypes. The observed number of different surnames was 222 (353 when the second surname of the Spanish system of naming is considered). The great majority of recorded surnames have a Castilian-Leonese origin, while Catalan or Basque surnames have not been found. A few Arab-related surnames appear but none discernible of Sephardic-Jewish descent. Low correlation among surnames with different population frequencies and Y-chromosome markers, at different levels of genetic resolution, has been observed in Andalusia. This finding could be explained mainly by the very low rate of monophyletic surnames because of the historical process of surname ascription and the resulting high frequencies of the most common Spanish surnames. The introduction of surnames in Spain during the Middle Ages coincided with Reconquest of the territories under Islamic rule, and Muslims and Jews progressively adopted the present male line surname system. Sampled surnames and Y-chromosome lineages fit well a power-law distribution and observed isonymy is very close to that of the general population. Besides, our data and results show that the reliability of the isonymy method should be questioned because of the high rate of polyphyletic surnames, even in small geographic regions and autochthonous populations. Random isonymy would be consistently dependent of the most common surname frequencies in the population.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["population frequencies", "results show", "Islamic rule", "Southern Spain", "Spanish surnames", "monophyletic surnames", "Low correlation", "Spanish system", "416 males", "line surname system", "isonymy method", "surname ascription", "Middle Ages", "surname frequencies", "Sampled surnames", "autochthonous populations", "Random isonymy", "Basque surnames", "polyphyletic surnames"], "article_id"=>1374276, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Rosario Calderón", "Candela L. Hernández", "Pedro Cuesta", "Jean Michel Dugoujon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123098", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Surnames_and_Y_Chromosomal_Markers_Reveal_Low_Relationships_in_Southern_Spain_/1374276", "title"=>"Surnames and Y-Chromosomal Markers Reveal Low Relationships in Southern Spain", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-04-10 03:09:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2013527"], "description"=>"<p><sup>1</sup>Power-law distribution parameters: A = 38.747, B = -1.267; R<sup>2</sup> = 0.6801.</p><p><sup>2</sup>Power-law distribution parameters: A = 293.28, B = -3.799; R<sup>2</sup> = 0.9551.</p><p>Occurrences-Abundances of Y-STR haplotypes and number of first surname—haplotype (<i>Ht</i>) coincidences in the Andalusian sample.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["population frequencies", "results show", "Islamic rule", "Southern Spain", "Spanish surnames", "monophyletic surnames", "Low correlation", "Spanish system", "416 males", "line surname system", "isonymy method", "surname ascription", "Middle Ages", "surname frequencies", "Sampled surnames", "autochthonous populations", "Random isonymy", "Basque surnames", "polyphyletic surnames"], "article_id"=>1374273, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Rosario Calderón", "Candela L. Hernández", "Pedro Cuesta", "Jean Michel Dugoujon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123098.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Occurrences_Abundances_of_Y_STR_haplotypes_and_number_of_first_surname_haplotype_Ht_coincidences_in_the_Andalusian_sample_/1374273", "title"=>"Occurrences-Abundances of Y-STR haplotypes and number of first surname—haplotype (<i>Ht</i>) coincidences in the Andalusian sample.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-04-10 03:09:15"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2013525"], "description"=>"<p>The ten most common surnames and the surname classes with two or three occurrences were represented. For each surname and classes, gene diversity based on haplogroups, <i>h</i> and haplotypes, <i>H</i> and number of individuals are provided.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["population frequencies", "results show", "Islamic rule", "Southern Spain", "Spanish surnames", "monophyletic surnames", "Low correlation", "Spanish system", "416 males", "line surname system", "isonymy method", "surname ascription", "Middle Ages", "surname frequencies", "Sampled surnames", "autochthonous populations", "Random isonymy", "Basque surnames", "polyphyletic surnames"], "article_id"=>1374271, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Rosario Calderón", "Candela L. Hernández", "Pedro Cuesta", "Jean Michel Dugoujon"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123098.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Y_chromosome_haplogroup_composition_in_surnames_with_more_than_one_occurrence_in_the_Andalusian_sample_/1374271", "title"=>"Y-chromosome haplogroup composition in surnames with more than one occurrence in the Andalusian sample.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-10 03:09:15"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

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  • {"unique-ip"=>"62", "full-text"=>"65", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
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  • {"unique-ip"=>"66", "full-text"=>"69", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"50", "full-text"=>"57", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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