Effects of Beta-Alanine Supplementation on Brain Homocarnosine/Carnosine Signal and Cognitive Function: An Exploratory Study
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{"title"=>"Effects of beta-alanine supplementation on brain homocarnosine/carnosine signal and cognitive function: An exploratory study", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Marina Yazigi", "last_name"=>"Solis", "scopus_author_id"=>"36081015200"}, {"first_name"=>"Simon", "last_name"=>"Cooper", "scopus_author_id"=>"37101280200"}, {"first_name"=>"Ruth M.", "last_name"=>"Hobson", "scopus_author_id"=>"26632154700"}, {"first_name"=>"Guilherme G.", "last_name"=>"Artioli", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006091541"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria C.", "last_name"=>"Otaduy", "scopus_author_id"=>"8594065100"}, {"first_name"=>"Hamilton", "last_name"=>"Roschel", "scopus_author_id"=>"6505559523"}, {"first_name"=>"Jacques", "last_name"=>"Robertson", "scopus_author_id"=>"56647340000"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel", "last_name"=>"Martin", "scopus_author_id"=>"57196726227"}, {"first_name"=>"Vitor S.", "last_name"=>"Painelli", "scopus_author_id"=>"36971131600"}, {"first_name"=>"Roger C.", "last_name"=>"Harris", "scopus_author_id"=>"8316520800"}, {"first_name"=>"Bruno", "last_name"=>"Gualano", "scopus_author_id"=>"16506514000"}, {"first_name"=>"Craig", "last_name"=>"Sale", "scopus_author_id"=>"6603360453"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84929492918", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0123857", "pui"=>"604107796", "pmid"=>"25875297", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84929492918", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"0027-8424"}, "id"=>"691d013c-4b37-3913-80d2-52fa859afe2d", "abstract"=>"OBJECTIVES: Two independent studies were conducted to examine the effects of 28 d of beta-alanine supplementation at 6.4 g d(-1) on brain homocarnosine/carnosine signal in omnivores and vegetarians (Study 1) and on cognitive function before and after exercise in trained cyclists (Study 2).\\n\\nMETHODS: In Study 1, seven healthy vegetarians (3 women and 4 men) and seven age- and sex-matched omnivores undertook a brain 1H-MRS exam at baseline and after beta-alanine supplementation. In study 2, nineteen trained male cyclists completed four 20-Km cycling time trials (two pre supplementation and two post supplementation), with a battery of cognitive function tests (Stroop test, Sternberg paradigm, Rapid Visual Information Processing task) being performed before and after exercise on each occasion.\\n\\nRESULTS: In Study 1, there were no within-group effects of beta-alanine supplementation on brain homocarnosine/carnosine signal in either vegetarians (p = 0.99) or omnivores (p = 0.27); nor was there any effect when data from both groups were pooled (p = 0.19). Similarly, there was no group by time interaction for brain homocarnosine/carnosine signal (p = 0.27). In study 2, exercise improved cognitive function across all tests (P < 0.05), although there was no effect (P>0.05) of beta-alanine supplementation on response times or accuracy for the Stroop test, Sternberg paradigm or RVIP task at rest or after exercise.\\n\\nCONCLUSION: 28 d of beta-alanine supplementation at 6.4 g d(-1) appeared not to influence brain homocarnosine/carnosine signal in either omnivores or vegetarians; nor did it influence cognitive function before or after exercise in trained cyclists.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-betaalanine-supplementation-brain-homocarnosinecarnosine-signal-cognitive-function-explorato", "reader_count"=>40, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>7, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>3, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>4, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Sports and Recreations"=>14, "Psychology"=>2, "Social Sciences"=>2, "Computer Science"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>4}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Sports and Recreations"=>{"Sports and Recreations"=>14}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>2}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>7}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>2}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>4}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>3}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Brazil"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2020776", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2020777", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2020778"], "description"=>"<div><p>Objectives</p><p>Two independent studies were conducted to examine the effects of 28 d of beta-alanine supplementation at 6.4 g d<sup>-1</sup> on brain homocarnosine/carnosine signal in omnivores and vegetarians (Study 1) and on cognitive function before and after exercise in trained cyclists (Study 2).</p><p>Methods</p><p>In Study 1, seven healthy vegetarians (3 women and 4 men) and seven age- and sex-matched omnivores undertook a brain 1H-MRS exam at baseline and after beta-alanine supplementation. In study 2, nineteen trained male cyclists completed four 20-Km cycling time trials (two pre supplementation and two post supplementation), with a battery of cognitive function tests (Stroop test, Sternberg paradigm, Rapid Visual Information Processing task) being performed before and after exercise on each occasion.</p><p>Results</p><p>In Study 1, there were no within-group effects of beta-alanine supplementation on brain homocarnosine/carnosine signal in either vegetarians (p = 0.99) or omnivores (p = 0.27); nor was there any effect when data from both groups were pooled (p = 0.19). Similarly, there was no group by time interaction for brain homocarnosine/carnosine signal (p = 0.27). In study 2, exercise improved cognitive function across all tests (P<0.05), although there was no effect (P>0.05) of beta-alanine supplementation on response times or accuracy for the Stroop test, Sternberg paradigm or RVIP task at rest or after exercise.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>28 d of beta-alanine supplementation at 6.4g d<sup>-1</sup> appeared not to influence brain homocarnosine/carnosine signal in either omnivores or vegetarians; nor did it influence cognitive function before or after exercise in trained cyclists.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["omnivore", "6.4 g", "signal", "Exploratory Study ObjectivesTwo", "exercise", "cyclist", "supplementation", "Sternberg paradigm", "function", "homocarnosine", "RVIP", "Stroop test", "Information Processing task"], "article_id"=>1379648, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Marina Yazigi Solis", "Simon Cooper", "Ruth M Hobson", "Guilherme G. Artioli", "Maria C. Otaduy", "Hamilton Roschel", "Jacques Robertson", "Daniel Martin", "Vitor S. Painelli", "Roger C. Harris", "Bruno Gualano", "Craig Sale"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123857.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123857.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123857.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>13, "page_views"=>26, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_Beta_Alanine_Supplementation_on_Brain_Homocarnosine_Carnosine_Signal_and_Cognitive_Function_An_Exploratory_Study_/1379648", "title"=>"Effects of Beta-Alanine Supplementation on Brain Homocarnosine/Carnosine Signal and Cognitive Function: An Exploratory Study", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-04-14 03:29:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2020774"], "description"=>"<p>Data are mean ± (1SD). No significant differences between vegetarians and omnivores were noted.</p><p>Participants demographic characteristics and dietary beta-alanine intake—Study 1.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["omnivore", "6.4 g", "signal", "Exploratory Study ObjectivesTwo", "exercise", "cyclist", "supplementation", "Sternberg paradigm", "function", "homocarnosine", "RVIP", "Stroop test", "Information Processing task"], "article_id"=>1379646, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Marina Yazigi Solis", "Simon Cooper", "Ruth M Hobson", "Guilherme G. Artioli", "Maria C. Otaduy", "Hamilton Roschel", "Jacques Robertson", "Daniel Martin", "Vitor S. Painelli", "Roger C. Harris", "Bruno Gualano", "Craig Sale"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123857.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Participants_demographic_characteristics_and_dietary_beta_alanine_intake_8212_Study_1_/1379646", "title"=>"Participants demographic characteristics and dietary beta-alanine intake—Study 1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-04-14 03:29:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2020771"], "description"=>"<p>Abbreviation: CS = homocarnosine/carnosine signal.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["omnivore", "6.4 g", "signal", "Exploratory Study ObjectivesTwo", "exercise", "cyclist", "supplementation", "Sternberg paradigm", "function", "homocarnosine", "RVIP", "Stroop test", "Information Processing task"], "article_id"=>1379643, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Marina Yazigi Solis", "Simon Cooper", "Ruth M Hobson", "Guilherme G. Artioli", "Maria C. Otaduy", "Hamilton Roschel", "Jacques Robertson", "Daniel Martin", "Vitor S. Painelli", "Roger C. Harris", "Bruno Gualano", "Craig Sale"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123857.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_1H_MRS_spectrum_of_an_omnivore_and_a_vegetarian_subject_before_and_after_beta_alanine_supplementation_/1379643", "title"=>"1H-MRS spectrum of an omnivore and a vegetarian subject before and after beta-alanine supplementation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-14 03:29:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2020773"], "description"=>"<p>Panel A: Homocarnosine/carnosine signal in vegetarians <i>versus</i> omnivores. Panel B: Effects of beta-alanine supplementation on brain homocarnosine/carnosine signal in all the subjects irrespective of their diet. Panel C: Effects of beta-alanine supplementation on homocarnosine/carnosine signal in vegetarians. Panel D: Effects of beta-alanine supplementation on homocarnosine/carnosine signal in omnivores. Data are expressed as individual data (circles), mean (central line) ± 95% confidence interval (lower and upper lines). Neither diet nor beta-supplementation significantly affected homocarnosine/carnosine signal.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["omnivore", "6.4 g", "signal", "Exploratory Study ObjectivesTwo", "exercise", "cyclist", "supplementation", "Sternberg paradigm", "function", "homocarnosine", "RVIP", "Stroop test", "Information Processing task"], "article_id"=>1379645, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Marina Yazigi Solis", "Simon Cooper", "Ruth M Hobson", "Guilherme G. Artioli", "Maria C. Otaduy", "Hamilton Roschel", "Jacques Robertson", "Daniel Martin", "Vitor S. Painelli", "Roger C. Harris", "Bruno Gualano", "Craig Sale"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123857.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>26, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Homocarnosine_carnosine_signal_in_vegetarians_and_omnivores_before_and_after_beta_alanine_supplementation_/1379645", "title"=>"Homocarnosine/carnosine signal in vegetarians and omnivores before and after beta-alanine supplementation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-14 03:29:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2020772"], "description"=>"<p>Flow diagram from study 2.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["omnivore", "6.4 g", "signal", "Exploratory Study ObjectivesTwo", "exercise", "cyclist", "supplementation", "Sternberg paradigm", "function", "homocarnosine", "RVIP", "Stroop test", "Information Processing task"], "article_id"=>1379644, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Marina Yazigi Solis", "Simon Cooper", "Ruth M Hobson", "Guilherme G. Artioli", "Maria C. Otaduy", "Hamilton Roschel", "Jacques Robertson", "Daniel Martin", "Vitor S. Painelli", "Roger C. Harris", "Bruno Gualano", "Craig Sale"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123857.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Flow_diagram_from_study_2_/1379644", "title"=>"Flow diagram from study 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-04-14 03:29:05"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2020775"], "description"=>"<p>Data are mean ± (1SD). No significant differences between groups were noted.</p><p>Participants demographic characteristics—Study 2.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["omnivore", "6.4 g", "signal", "Exploratory Study ObjectivesTwo", "exercise", "cyclist", "supplementation", "Sternberg paradigm", "function", "homocarnosine", "RVIP", "Stroop test", "Information Processing task"], "article_id"=>1379647, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Marina Yazigi Solis", "Simon Cooper", "Ruth M Hobson", "Guilherme G. Artioli", "Maria C. Otaduy", "Hamilton Roschel", "Jacques Robertson", "Daniel Martin", "Vitor S. Painelli", "Roger C. Harris", "Bruno Gualano", "Craig Sale"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123857.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Participants_demographic_characteristics_8212_Study_2_/1379647", "title"=>"Participants demographic characteristics—Study 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-04-14 03:29:05"}

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{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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