Mandible-Powered Escape Jumps in Trap-Jaw Ants Increase Survival Rates during Predator-Prey Encounters
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Mandible-powered escape jumps in trap-jaw ants increase survival rates during predator-prey encounters", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Fredrick J.", "last_name"=>"Larabee", "scopus_author_id"=>"15136268800"}, {"first_name"=>"Andrew V.", "last_name"=>"Suarez", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202765254"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"25970637", "sgr"=>"84929376799", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0124871", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84929376799", "pui"=>"604377752", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"3edda584-41e3-382d-8767-5649cfb71a1c", "abstract"=>"Animals use a variety of escape mechanisms to increase the probability of surviving predatory attacks. Antipredator defenses can be elaborate, making their evolutionary origin unclear. Trap-jaw ants are known for their rapid and powerful predatory mandible strikes, and some species have been observed to direct those strikes at the substrate, thereby launching themselves into the air away from a potential threat. This potential escape mechanism has never been examined in a natural context. We studied the use of mandible-powered jumping in Odontomachus brunneus during their interactions with a common ant predator: pit-building antlions. We observed that while trap-jaw ant workers escaped from antlion pits by running in about half of interactions, in 15% of interactions they escaped by mandible-powered jumping. To test whether escape jumps improved individual survival, we experimentally prevented workers from jumping and measured their escape rate. Workers with unrestrained mandibles escaped from antlion pits significantly more frequently than workers with restrained mandibles. Our results indicate that some trap-jaw ant species can use mandible-powered jumps to escape from common predators. These results also provide a charismatic example of evolutionary co-option, where a trait that evolved for one function (predation) has been co-opted for another (defense).", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/mandiblepowered-escape-jumps-trapjaw-ants-increase-survival-rates-during-predatorprey-encounters", "reader_count"=>35, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>8, "Lecturer"=>2, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Engineering"=>3, "Environmental Science"=>5, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Mathematics"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>19, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Psychology"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>3}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>19}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>4}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Greece"=>1, "United States"=>2, "Brazil"=>1, "Mexico"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84929376799"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84929376799?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84929376799&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84929376799&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84929376799", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84929376799", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84929376799", "dc:title"=>"Mandible-powered escape jumps in trap-jaw ants increase survival rates during predator-prey encounters", "dc:creator"=>"Larabee F.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"10", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"5", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2015-05-13", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"13 May 2015", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0124871", "citedby-count"=>"13", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Smithsonian Institution", "affiliation-city"=>"Washington, D.C.", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign", "affiliation-city"=>"Urbana", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"25970637", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0124871", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Article Coverage

Article Coverage Curated

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0124871", "share_count"=>13, "like_count"=>25, "comment_count"=>3, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>41}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"378", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"5371"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"360"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"527"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"205"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"157"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"191"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"213"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"126"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"422"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"581"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"119"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"116"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"257"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"246"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"119"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"203"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"219"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"275"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"108"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"182"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"107"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2065505"], "description"=>"<p>(<i>A</i>) a worker of <i>Odontomachus brunneus</i> (<i>B</i>) a larval antlion, <i>Myrmeleon</i> sp., removed from its pit (C) aggregation of antlion pits in sandy soil.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mandible", "species", "interaction", "mechanism", "strike", "antlion pits", "worker", "predator"], "article_id"=>1412917, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fredrick J. Larabee", "Andrew V. Suarez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124871.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Study_organisms_/1412917", "title"=>"Study organisms.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-13 02:44:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2065507"], "description"=>"<p>Trap-jaw ant mandibles were glued shut to prevent ants from snapping.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mandible", "species", "interaction", "mechanism", "strike", "antlion pits", "worker", "predator"], "article_id"=>1412919, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fredrick J. Larabee", "Andrew V. Suarez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124871.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Restrained_mandibles_/1412919", "title"=>"Restrained mandibles.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-13 02:44:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2065617", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2065618", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2065619", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2065620"], "description"=>"<div><p>Animals use a variety of escape mechanisms to increase the probability of surviving predatory attacks. Antipredator defenses can be elaborate, making their evolutionary origin unclear. Trap-jaw ants are known for their rapid and powerful predatory mandible strikes, and some species have been observed to direct those strikes at the substrate, thereby launching themselves into the air away from a potential threat. This potential escape mechanism has never been examined in a natural context. We studied the use of mandible-powered jumping in <i>Odontomachus brunneus</i> during their interactions with a common ant predator: pit-building antlions. We observed that while trap-jaw ant workers escaped from antlion pits by running in about half of interactions, in 15% of interactions they escaped by mandible-powered jumping. To test whether escape jumps improved individual survival, we experimentally prevented workers from jumping and measured their escape rate. Workers with unrestrained mandibles escaped from antlion pits significantly more frequently than workers with restrained mandibles. Our results indicate that some trap-jaw ant species can use mandible-powered jumps to escape from common predators. These results also provide a charismatic example of evolutionary co-option, where a trait that evolved for one function (predation) has been co-opted for another (defense).</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mandible", "species", "interaction", "mechanism", "strike", "antlion pits", "worker", "predator"], "article_id"=>1413017, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fredrick J. Larabee", "Andrew V. Suarez"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124871.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124871.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124871.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124871.s004"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>23, "page_views"=>32, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mandible_Powered_Escape_Jumps_in_Trap_Jaw_Ants_Increase_Survival_Rates_during_Predator_Prey_Encounters_/1413017", "title"=>"Mandible-Powered Escape Jumps in Trap-Jaw Ants Increase Survival Rates during Predator-Prey Encounters", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-05-13 02:44:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2065511"], "description"=>"<p>After being attacked by an antlion (location at base of pit marked by black arrows in each frame), the trap-jaw ant (white arrows in each frame) strikes the side or center of the pit with her mandibles and propels herself away from the antlion. Time stamp indicates the time elapsed since first frame (upper left). Scale bar = 1cm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mandible", "species", "interaction", "mechanism", "strike", "antlion pits", "worker", "predator"], "article_id"=>1412923, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fredrick J. Larabee", "Andrew V. Suarez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124871.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Still_images_from_high_speed_video_S2_Video_showing_escape_jumps_of_Odontomachus_brunneus_during_interactions_with_the_antlion_Myrmeleon_carolinus_/1412923", "title"=>"Still images from high-speed video (S2 Video) showing escape jumps of <i>Odontomachus brunneus</i> during interactions with the antlion, <i>Myrmeleon carolinus</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-13 02:44:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2065513"], "description"=>"<p>Frequency of escape by running or jumping was quantified for each interaction. Ants were unmanipulated (Control), had glue applied to the exterior edge of mandible (Mock), or had their mandibles glued shut (Restrained). Each treatment was replicated 76 times.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mandible", "species", "interaction", "mechanism", "strike", "antlion pits", "worker", "predator"], "article_id"=>1412925, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fredrick J. Larabee", "Andrew V. Suarez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124871.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Frequency_of_escape_behavior_by_trap_jaw_ants_in_restraint_experiment_/1412925", "title"=>"Frequency of escape behavior by trap-jaw ants in restraint experiment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-13 02:44:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2065514"], "description"=>"<p>Trial outcome was not independent of treatment (<i>G</i>-test <i>G</i><sup>2</sup> = 21.3, df = 2, <i>P</i> < 0.001, n = 76 per treatment). Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (in parentheses) were calculated from partial contingency tables consisting of pairs of treatments.</p><p>Escape Success In Restraint Experiment.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mandible", "species", "interaction", "mechanism", "strike", "antlion pits", "worker", "predator"], "article_id"=>1412926, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Fredrick J. Larabee", "Andrew V. Suarez"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124871.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Escape_Success_In_Restraint_Experiment_/1412926", "title"=>"Escape Success In Restraint Experiment.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-05-13 02:44:02"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"20", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"62", "full-text"=>"66", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"36", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"26", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"36", "full-text"=>"38", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"14", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"13", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"29", "full-text"=>"25", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"19", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"44", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"16", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"6", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"27", "full-text"=>"27", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"13", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"8", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"32", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"49", "full-text"=>"59", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"9", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"28", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts