UV Light Reveals the Diversity of Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns: Examples from the Cordebugle Lagerstätte (Calvados, France)
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"UV light reveals the diversity of Jurassic shell colour patterns: Examples from the Cordebugle Lagerstätte (Calvados, France)", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Bruno", "last_name"=>"Caze", "scopus_author_id"=>"36622143900"}, {"first_name"=>"Didier", "last_name"=>"Merle", "scopus_author_id"=>"6604044206"}, {"first_name"=>"Simon", "last_name"=>"Schneider", "scopus_author_id"=>"24081433900"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"604840427", "sgr"=>"84935904543", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"26039592", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84935904543", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0126745"}, "id"=>"f671865e-0a40-3171-9002-a04e603c0479", "abstract"=>"Viewed under UV light the diverse and exceptionally well-preserved molluscs from the Late Jurassic Cordebugle Konservat Lagerstätte (Calvados, Normandy, France) reveal fluores- cent fossil shell colour patterns predating the oldest previously known instance of such pat- terns by 100 Myr. Evidently, residual colour patterns are observable inMesozoic molluscs by application of this non-destructive method, provided the shells are not decalcified or re- crystallized. Among 46 species which are assigned to twelve gastropod families and eight bivalve families, no less than 25 species yielded positive results. Out of nine colour pattern morphologies that have been distinguished six occur in gastropods and three in bivalves. The presence of these variant morphologies clearly indicates a significant pre-Cenozoic di- versification of colour patterns, especially in gastropods. In addition, the occurrence of two distinct types of fluorescence highlights a major difference in the chemical composition of the pigments involved in colour pattern formation in gastropods. This discovery enables us to discriminate members of higher clades, i.e. the Vetigastropoda emitting red fluorescence from the Caenogastropoda and Heterobranchia emitting whitish-beige to yellow fluores- cence. Consequently, fluorescent colour patterns may help to allocate part of the numerous enigmatic Mesozoic gastropod taxa to their correct systematic position.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/uv-light-reveals-diversity-jurassic-shell-colour-patterns-examples-cordebugle-lagerst%C3%A4tte-calvados-f", "reader_count"=>16, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>1, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>6}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>8}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1, "Italy"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84935904543"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84935904543?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84935904543&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84935904543&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84935904543", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84935904543", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84935904543", "dc:title"=>"UV light reveals the diversity of Jurassic shell colour patterns: Examples from the Cordebugle Lagerstätte (Calvados, France)", "dc:creator"=>"Caze B.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"10", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"6", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2015-06-03", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"3 June 2015", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0126745", "citedby-count"=>"10", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Sorbonne Universite", "affiliation-city"=>"Paris", "affiliation-country"=>"France"}], "pubmed-id"=>"26039592", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0126745", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0126745", "share_count"=>15, "like_count"=>11, "comment_count"=>6, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>32}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"420", "xml_views"=>"8", "html_views"=>"2511"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"93"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"49"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"58"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"111"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"37", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"162"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"168"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"162"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"135"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"225"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"176"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"181"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"167"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"130"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"130"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"181"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"175"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"296"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"318"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"211"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"217"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"183"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"216"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"193"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"159"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"160"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"137"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"204"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"163"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"198"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"205"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"138"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"168"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"153"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"179"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"169"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"172"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"178"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"151"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"151"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"206"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"243"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"171"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"143"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"219"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"158"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"180"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"255"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"366"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"43", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"325"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"305"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"291"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"34", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"363"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"363"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"51", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"385"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"262"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2021", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"184"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094384"], "description"=>"<p>(A-L) <i>Ampullina clio</i>. (A-E) MNHN.F.J10210 (Cossmann coll.). (A) ablabral view. (B) detailed view of the colour pattern. (C) apertural view. (D) detailed view of the colour pattern. (E) aperturo-labral view. (F, G) MNHN.F.J10426 (Cossmann coll.). (F) apertural view. (G) detailed view of the colour pattern. (H, I) MNHN.F.J10425 (Cossmann coll.). (H) dorsal view. (I) labro-dorsal view. (J, K) MNHN.F.A46211 (Bigot coll.). (J) dorsal view. (K) detailed view of the colour pattern. (L) MNHN.F.A30347 (de Morgan coll.), dorsal view. (M-P) Gastropods from the Eocene of the Paris basin showing a similar meshwork pattern. (M) <i>Globularia (Globularia) patuloides</i> (Cossmann and Pissarro, 1902), MNHN.F.A31162 (Faullummel coll., Bartonian), dorsal view. (N) <i>Diameza (Miniseraphs) eratoides</i> (Cossmann, 1889), MNHN.F.A28934 (Pacaud coll., Lutetian), dorsal view. (O) <i>D</i>. <i>(Diameza) fragilis</i> (Defrance, 1825), MNHN.F.A28939 (Pacaud coll., Lutetian), dorsal view. (P) <i>D</i>. <i>(Miniseraphs) isabella</i> (Bernay <i>in</i> Deshayes, 1865), MNHN.F.A28936 (Pacaud coll., Lutetian), dorsal view. Scale bars: 10 mm (A, C, D, E, H-J, M), 5 mm (B, F, G, K, O), 2 mm (M, N).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435617, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g010", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>17, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Residual_colour_pattern_of_Ampullina_clio_d_Orbigny_1850_from_the_Oxfordian_of_Cordebugle_Calvados_/1435617", "title"=>"Residual colour pattern of <i>Ampullina clio</i> (d’Orbigny, 1850) from the Oxfordian of Cordebugle (Calvados).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094366"], "description"=>"<p>(A, B) MNHN.F.J10471 (Cossmann coll.). (A) dorso-labral view. (B) detailed view of the colour pattern. (C-E) MNHN.F.J10208 (Cossmann coll.). (C) dorsal view. (D) detailed view of the colour pattern. (E) detailed view of the colour pattern in apertural view. (F, G) MNHN.F.J10468 (Cossmann coll.). (F) dorsal view. (G) detailed view of the colour pattern. (H-J) MNHN.F.A46213 (Bigot coll.). (H) apertural view. (I) detailed view of the colour pattern. (J) labral view. Scale bars: 10 mm (A, C, E, F, H, J), 5 mm (B, D, I), 2 mm (G).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435600, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Residual_colour_pattern_of_Pseudomelania_brasili_Bigot_1938_from_the_Oxfordian_of_Cordebugle_Calvados_/1435600", "title"=>"Residual colour pattern of <i>Pseudomelania brasili</i> (Bigot, 1938) from the Oxfordian of Cordebugle (Calvados).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094394"], "description"=>"<p>(A-G) <i>Cloughtonia abbreviata</i>. (A, B) MNHN.F.J10209 (Cossmann coll.). (A) apertural view. (B) dorsal view. (C) MNHN.F.A32267 (Bigot coll.), aperturo-labral view. (D) MNHN.F.A32265 (Bigot coll.), dorsal view. (E-G) MNHN.F.A32266 (Bigot coll.). (E) dorsal view. (F) ablabral view. (G) labro-dorsal view. (H) <i>Pachycrommium</i> sp. (ampullinid) from the Ypresian of the Paris Basin showing similar axial stripes. MNHN.F.A30482 (Pacaud coll.), dorsal view. Scale bars: 10 mm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435625, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g011", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Residual_colour_pattern_of_Cloughtonia_abbreviata_R_mer_1836_from_the_Oxfordian_of_Cordebugle_Calvados_/1435625", "title"=>"Residual colour pattern of <i>Cloughtonia abbreviata</i> (Römer, 1836) from the Oxfordian of Cordebugle (Calvados).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094395"], "description"=>"<p><b>(A-M) Gastropods from the Oxfordian of Cordebugle (Calvados).</b> (A, B) <i>Nerineopsis boidini</i> (de Loriol, 1874), MNHN.F.J04464 (Cossmann coll.). (A) apertural view. (B) labral view. (C) <i>Paracerithium echinophorum</i> Cossmann, 1913, UPMC-141 (Le Marchand coll.), apertural view. (D) <i>P</i>. <i>echinophorum</i>, UPMC-142 (Le Marchand coll.), labral view. (E, F) <i>Exelissa diacritica</i> Cossmann, 1913, MNHN.F.J10445 (Cossmann coll.). (E) apertural view. (F) dorsal view. (G) <i>E</i>. <i>diacritica</i>, MNHN.F.J10443 (Cossmann coll.), dorsal view. (H) <i>E</i>. <i>diacritica</i>, MNHN.F.J10447 (Cossmann coll.), apertural view. (I) <i>E</i>. <i>diacritica</i>, MNHN.F.J10446 (Cossmann coll.) apertural view. (J) <i>E</i>. <i>diacritica</i>, MNHN.F.J11595 (Cossmann coll.), dorsal view. (K) <i>Exelissa distans</i> Cossmann, 1913, MNHN.F.A32270 (de Morgan coll.), ablabral view. (L, M) <i>E</i>. <i>distans</i>, UPMC-143 (Le Marchand coll.). (L) apertural view. (M) dorsal view. (N, O) Cerithioid gastropods from the Lutetian of the Paris basin for comparisons. (N) <i>Granulolabium (Granulolabium) multinodosum</i> (Deshayes, 1833), MNHN.F.A31733 (Faullummel coll.), labral view. (O) <i>Vicinocerithium calcitrapoides</i> (Lamarck, 1804), MNHN.F.A31096 (MNHN coll.), apertural view. (P-S) <i>Pseudonerinea caecilia</i> (d’Orbigny, 1851) from the Oxfordian of Calvados (Cordebugle). (P, Q) MNHN.F.J10466 (Cossmann coll.). (P) dorsal view. (Q) detailed view of the colour pattern. (R, S) MNHN.F.J11591 (Cossmann coll.). (R) dorso-ablabral view. (S) ablabral view. Scale bars: 10 mm (N, O, P), 5 mm (E-M, Q), 2 mm (A-D, R, S).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435626, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g012", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>45, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Residual_colour_patterns_of_gastropod_species_belonging_to_the_clades_Cerithioidea_and_Heterobranchia_/1435626", "title"=>"Residual colour patterns of gastropod species belonging to the clades Cerithioidea and Heterobranchia.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094356"], "description"=>"<p>(A, B) <i>Pseudomelania brasili</i> (Bigot, 1938), MNHN.F.A46213 (Bigot coll.). (A) in natural light. (B) under UV light. (C, D) <i>Neocrassina ovata</i> (Smith, 1817), MNHN.F.J10473 (Cossmann coll.). (C) in natural light. (D) under UV light. Seen under UV light, fluorescent areas correspond to areas with residual pigmentation while dark areas correspond to unpigmented regions. Scale bars: 10 mm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435595, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Residual_colour_patterns_revealed_in_molluscs_from_the_Oxfordian_of_Cordebugle_Calvados_/1435595", "title"=>"Residual colour patterns revealed in molluscs from the Oxfordian of Cordebugle (Calvados).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094357"], "description"=>"<p>(A, B) <i>Pseudomelania brasili</i> (Bigot, 1938), MNHN.F.J10471 (Cossmann coll.). (A) dorso-labral view. (B) detailed view of the colour pattern. (C) <i>P</i>. <i>brasili</i>, MNHN.F.A46213 (Bigot coll.), apertural view. (D) <i>Gerasimovcyclus</i> cf. <i>lorioli</i> (Schmidt, 1905), MNHN.F.J10402 (Cossmann coll.), dorsal view. (E, F) <i>Ataphrus (Ataphrus) marschmidti</i> Gründel and Kaim, 2006, MNHN.F.J11070 (Cossmann coll.). (E) labral view. (F) detailed view of the colour pattern. (G) <i>Myophorella nodulosa</i> (Lamarck, 1801), UPMC-138 (UPMC coll.), left valve view. Scale bars: 10 mm (A, C, E, G), 5 mm (B, D), 2 mm (F).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435596, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Descriptive_terminology_for_the_elements_of_colour_patterns_/1435596", "title"=>"Descriptive terminology for the elements of colour patterns.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094398"], "description"=>"<p>(A-M) Bivalves from the Oxfordian of Calvados (Cordebugle). (A) <i>Myophorella nodulosa</i> (Lamarck, 1801), UPMC-139 (UPMC coll.), left valve view. (B) <i>M</i>. <i>nodulosa</i>, UPMC-138 (UPMC coll.), left valve view. (C) <i>M</i>. <i>nodulosa</i>, UPMC-140 (UPMC coll.), left valve view. (D) <i>Mesolinga typica</i> Chavan, 1952, MNHN.F.J11589 (Cossmann coll.), left valve view. (E) <i>M</i>. <i>typica</i>, MNHN.F.J11590 (Cossmann coll.), right valve view. (F, G) <i>Mesomiltha pulchra</i> (Zittel and Goubert, 1861), UPMC-144 (Le Marchand coll.). (F) left valve view. (G) detailed view of the colour pattern. (H, I) <i>Jagonoma circumcisa</i> (Zittel and Goubert, 1861), MNHN.F.J11586 (Cossmann coll.). (H) right valve view. (I) detailed view of the colour pattern. (J) <i>J</i>. <i>circumcisa</i>, MNHN.F.J11588 (Cossmann coll.), left valve view. (K) <i>J</i>. <i>circumcisa</i>, MNHN.F.J11587 (Cossmann coll.), left valve view. (L, M) <i>J</i>. <i>circumcisa</i>, MNHN.F.J11585 (Cossmann coll.). (L) right valve view. (M) detailed view of the colour pattern. (N-P) Bivalves from the Lutetian of the Paris basin showing similar commarginal stripes. (N) <i>Pseudomiltha (Pseudomiltha) mutabilis</i> (Lamarck, 1807), MNHN.F.A25068 (Faullummel coll.), left valve view. (O, P) <i>Katelysia (Textivenus) scobinellata</i> (Lamarck, 1806). (O) MNHN.F.A31917 (Faullummel coll.), right valve view. (P) MNHN.F.A31910 (Faullummel coll.), right valve view. Scale bars: 10 mm (A-C, J, K, N), 5 mm (D-F, H, L, O, P), 2 mm (G, I, M).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435629, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g013", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Residual_colour_patterns_of_bivalve_species_Trigonioidea_and_Lucinoidea_from_the_Oxfordian_of_Cordebugle_Calvados_/1435629", "title"=>"Residual colour patterns of bivalve species (Trigonioidea and Lucinoidea) from the Oxfordian of Cordebugle (Calvados).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094359"], "description"=>"<p>(A-G, I-K) Gastropods from the Oxfordian of Cordebugle (Calvados). (A, B) <i>Ataphrus (Ataphrus) marschmidti</i> Gründel and Kaim, 2006, MNHN.F.J11070 (Cossmann coll.). (A) apertural view. (B) labral view. (C) <i>A</i>. <i>(A</i>.<i>) marschmidti</i>, MNHN.F.J11074 (Cossmann coll.), apical view. (D) <i>A</i>. <i>(A</i>.<i>) marschmidti</i>, UPMC-136 (Le Marchand coll.), apertural view. (E) <i>A</i>. <i>(Endianaulax) sarahae</i> (Chavan, 1954), UPMC-137 (Le Marchand coll.), dorsal view. (F, G) <i>Gerasimovcyclus</i> cf. <i>lorioli</i> (Schmidt, 1905), MNHN.F.J10402 (Cossmann coll.). (F) apertural view. (G) dorsal view. (H) <i>Calliomphalus (Calliomphalus) squamulosus</i> (Lamarck, 1804) from the Lutetian of the Paris Basin showing red fluorescence, MNHN.F.A24999 (Pacaud coll.), dorsal view. (I, J) <i>Neridomus ovula</i> (Buvignier, 1843), MNHN.F.A32286 (de Morgan coll.), dorso-labral view. (I) in natural light. (J) under UV light. (K), <i>Neridomus</i> sp., MNHN.F.A32268 (de Morgan coll.), dorso-labral view. (L, M) <i>Pseudodostia pentastoma</i> (Deshayes, 1864) from the Lutetian of the Paris Basin, MNHN.F.A31564 (Faullummel coll.), labral view. (L) in natural light. (M) under UV light. Scale bars: 5 mm (A, B, C, D, F, G), 2 mm (E, L, M), 10 mm (H, I, J, K).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435598, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Residual_colour_patterns_in_Vetigastropoda_and_Neritimorpha_/1435598", "title"=>"Residual colour patterns in Vetigastropoda and Neritimorpha.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094358"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Descriptive terminology for the incorporation process of pigments. ia: incorporation area. ge: growing edge. ip: incorporation phase. (B-E) Examples of incorporation processes. (B) Continuous incorporation of pigments over space and time. (C) Continuous incorporation of pigments over space, along the entire growing edge, and discontinuous and recurrent over time. (D) Discontinuous incorporation of pigments over space, at several areas along the growing edge, and continuous over time. (E) Discontinuous incorporation of pigments over space, and discontinuous and recurrent over time.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435597, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Descriptive_terminology_/1435597", "title"=>"Descriptive terminology.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094401"], "description"=>"<p>(A-J) Bivalves from the Oxfordian of Cordebugle (Calvados). (A-C) <i>Neocrassina ovata</i> (Smith, 1817). (A) MNHN.F.J10472 (Cossmann coll.), left valve view. (B) MNHN.F.J10473 (Cossmann coll.), left valve view. (C) MNHN.F.J11075 (Cossmann coll.), right valve view. (D) <i>Nicaniella communis</i> (Zittel and Goubert, 1861), MNHN.F.J10474 (Cossmann coll.), left valve view. (E, F) <i>Nicaniella bruni</i> Chavan, 1952. (E) UPMC-145 (UPMC coll.), right valve view. (F) UPMC-146 (UPMC coll.), left valve view. (G) <i>Nicaniella morini</i> (de Loriol, 1875), UPMC-147 (UPMC coll.), left valve view. (H) <i>Neomiodon percrassus</i> Chavan, 1945, UPMC-148 (UPMC coll.), left valve view. (I, J) <i>Modiolus imbricatus</i> Sowerby, 1818, UPMC-149 (UPMC coll.). (I) left valve view. (J) view of the anterior part of the valve. (K-O) Bivalves from the Lutetian of the Paris basin showing similar radial stripes. (K) <i>Pitar (Paradione) lunularia</i> (Deshayes, 1825), MNHN.F.A25079 (Faullummel coll.), right valve view. (L) <i>Costacallista laevigata</i> (Lamarck, 1806), MNHN.F.A25081 (Faullummel coll.), left valve view. (M) <i>Nuculana (Saccella) striata</i> (Lamarck, 1805), MNHN.F.A31834 (Faullummel coll.), left valve view. (N) <i>Musculus (Planimodiola) sulcatus</i> (Lamarck, 1805), MNHN.F.A31975 (Faullummel coll.), left valve view. (O) <i>Nuculana (Nuculana) terminalis</i> Deshayes, 1858, MNHN.F.A31835 (Faullummel coll.), left valve view. Scale bars: 10 mm (A-C, K, L, N), 5 mm (H-J, M, O), 2 mm (D-G).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435632, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g014", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Residual_colour_patterns_of_bivalve_species_Crassatelloidea_Sphaerioidea_and_Mytiloidea_from_the_Oxfordian_of_Calvados_/1435632", "title"=>"Residual colour patterns of bivalve species (Crassatelloidea, Sphaerioidea and Mytiloidea) from the Oxfordian of Calvados.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094371"], "description"=>"<p>(A-C) MNHN.F.A46213 (Bigot coll.). (A) apertural view. (B, C) detailed views of the colour pattern. (D) MNHN.F.J10208 (Cossmann coll.), detailed view of the colour pattern in apertural view. (E, F) UPMC-133 (Curet coll.). (E) apertural view. (F) detailed view of the colour pattern. (G) UPMC-135 (UPMC coll.), juvenile individual in labral view. Scale bars: 10 mm (A, D, E), 5 mm (C, F), 2 mm (B, G).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435605, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Colour_pattern_variants_of_Pseudomelania_brasili_Bigot_1938_from_the_Oxfordian_of_Cordebugle_Calvados_/1435605", "title"=>"Colour pattern variants of <i>Pseudomelania brasili</i> (Bigot, 1938) from the Oxfordian of Cordebugle (Calvados).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094407", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094408", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094409", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094410", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094411", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094412", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094413", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094414", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094415", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094416", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094417", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094418", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094419", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094420", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094421", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094422", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094423", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094424", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094425", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094426", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094427", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094428", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094429", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094430", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094431", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094432", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094433"], "description"=>"<div><p>Viewed under UV light the diverse and exceptionally well-preserved molluscs from the Late Jurassic Cordebugle Konservat Lagerstätte (Calvados, Normandy, France) reveal fluorescent fossil shell colour patterns predating the oldest previously known instance of such patterns by 100 Myr. Evidently, residual colour patterns are observable in Mesozoic molluscs by application of this non-destructive method, provided the shells are not decalcified or recrystallized. Among 46 species which are assigned to twelve gastropod families and eight bivalve families, no less than 25 species yielded positive results. Out of nine colour pattern morphologies that have been distinguished six occur in gastropods and three in bivalves. The presence of these variant morphologies clearly indicates a significant pre-Cenozoic diversification of colour patterns, especially in gastropods. In addition, the occurrence of two distinct types of fluorescence highlights a major difference in the chemical composition of the pigments involved in colour pattern formation in gastropods. This discovery enables us to discriminate members of higher clades, i.e. the Vetigastropoda emitting red fluorescence from the Caenogastropoda and Heterobranchia emitting whitish-beige to yellow fluorescence. Consequently, fluorescent colour patterns may help to allocate part of the numerous enigmatic Mesozoic gastropod taxa to their correct systematic position.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435638, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s006", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s007", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s008", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s009", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s010", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s011", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s012", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s013", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s014", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s015", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s016", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s017", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s018", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s019", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s020", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s021", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s022", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s023", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s024", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s025", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s026", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.s027"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>13, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_UV_Light_Reveals_the_Diversity_of_Jurassic_Shell_Colour_Patterns_Examples_from_the_Cordebugle_Lagerst_228_tte_Calvados_France_/1435638", "title"=>"UV Light Reveals the Diversity of Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns: Examples from the Cordebugle Lagerstätte (Calvados, France)", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094373"], "description"=>"<p>(A-F) <i>Pseudomelania cornelia</i>. (A-D) MNHN.F.A45819 (Bigot coll.). (A) dorsal view. (B) detailed view of the colour pattern. (C) labral view. (D) detailed view of the colour pattern. (E, F) UPMC-134 (Curet coll.). (E) ablabral view. (F) detailed view of the colour pattern. (G, H) <i>Mitreola maxwelli</i> (Le Renard, 1994) from the Lutetian of the Paris basin, a volutid showing similar patches. (G), MNHN.F.B64860 (MNHN coll.), dorsal view. (H) MNHN.F.A25041 (Faullummel coll.), dorsal view. Scale bars: 10 mm (A, C, E), 5 mm (B, D, F-H).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435607, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Residual_colour_pattern_of_Pseudomelania_cornelia_d_Orbigny_1851_from_the_Oxfordian_of_Cordebugle_Calvados_/1435607", "title"=>"Residual colour pattern of <i>Pseudomelania cornelia</i> (d’Orbigny, 1851) from the Oxfordian of Cordebugle (Calvados).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094355"], "description"=>"<p>Geographic overview, showing the location of the Cordebugle site.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435594, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Geographic_overview_showing_the_location_of_the_Cordebugle_site_/1435594", "title"=>"Geographic overview, showing the location of the Cordebugle site.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2094381"], "description"=>"<p>(A-C) UPMC-131 (Le Marchand coll.). (A) apertural view. (B) labro-dorsal view. (C) dorsal view. (D, E) UPMC-130 (Le Marchand coll.). (D) apertural view. (E) detailed view of the colour pattern. (F, G) UPMC-132 (UPMC coll.). (F) juvenile in apertural view. (G) juvenile in ablabral view. Scale bars: 10 mm (A-D), 5 mm (E), 2 mm (F, G).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["shell colour patterns predating", "colour pattern formation", "colour patterns", "Jurassic Shell Colour Patterns", "colour pattern morphologies", "fluorescence", "uv", "Mesozoic gastropod taxa"], "article_id"=>1435614, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Bruno Caze", "Didier Merle", "Simon Schneider"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126745.g009", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>18, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Residual_colour_pattern_of_Pseudomelania_collisa_de_Loriol_1874_from_the_Oxfordian_of_Cordebugle_Calvados_/1435614", "title"=>"Residual colour pattern of <i>Pseudomelania collisa</i> (de Loriol, 1874) from the Oxfordian of Cordebugle (Calvados).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-03 04:25:04"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"16", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"27", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"12", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"10", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"27", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"27", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"27", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"54", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"12"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts