Non-Rainfall Moisture Activates Fungal Decomposition of Surface Litter in the Namib Sand Sea
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Non-rainfall moisture activates fungal decomposition of surface litter in the Namib Sand Sea", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Kathryn", "last_name"=>"Jacobson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201665116"}, {"first_name"=>"Anne", "last_name"=>"Van Diepeningen", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507391427"}, {"first_name"=>"Sarah", "last_name"=>"Evans", "scopus_author_id"=>"55214890900"}, {"first_name"=>"Rachel", "last_name"=>"Fritts", "scopus_author_id"=>"56644624300"}, {"first_name"=>"Philipp", "last_name"=>"Gemmel", "scopus_author_id"=>"56644509600"}, {"first_name"=>"Chris", "last_name"=>"Marsho", "scopus_author_id"=>"56644929800"}, {"first_name"=>"Mary", "last_name"=>"Seely", "scopus_author_id"=>"55579449500"}, {"first_name"=>"Anthony", "last_name"=>"Wenndt", "scopus_author_id"=>"56644979300"}, {"first_name"=>"Xiaoxuan", "last_name"=>"Yang", "scopus_author_id"=>"56643363800"}, {"first_name"=>"Peter", "last_name"=>"Jacobson", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004444086"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"604392566", "sgr"=>"84929353068", "issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"25978429", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84929353068", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0126977", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"08dabe65-f376-3ca3-8cc7-16b3fe627778", "abstract"=>"The hyper-arid western Namib Sand Sea (mean annual rainfall 0-17 mm) is a detritus-based ecosystem in which primary production is driven by large, but infrequent rainfall events. A diverse Namib detritivore community is sustained by minimal moisture inputs from rain and fog. The decomposition of plant material in the Namib Sand Sea (NSS) has long been assumed to be the province of these detritivores, with beetles and termites alone accounting for the majority of litter losses. We have found that a mesophilic Ascomycete community, which responds within minutes to moisture availability, is present on litter of the perennial Namib dune grass Stipagrostis sabulicola. Important fungal traits that allow survival and decomposition in this hyper-arid environment with intense desiccation, temperature and UV radiation stress are darkly-pigmented hyphae, a thermal range that includes the relatively low temperature experienced during fog and dew, and an ability to survive daily thermal and desiccation stress at temperatures as high as 50 degrees C for five hours. While rainfall is very limited in this area, fog and high humidity provide regular periods (>= 1 hour) of sufficient moisture that can wet substrates and hence allow fungal growth on average every 3 days. Furthermore, these fungi reduce the C/N ratio of the litter by a factor of two and thus detritivores, like the termite Psammotermes allocerus, favor fungal-infected litter parts. Our studies show that despite the hyper-aridity of the NSS, fungi are a key component of energy flow and biogeochemical cycling that should be accounted for in models addressing how the NSS ecosystem will respond to projected climate changes which may alter precipitation, dew and fog regimes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/nonrainfall-moisture-activates-fungal-decomposition-surface-litter-namib-sand-sea", "reader_count"=>30, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>3, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>8, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>3, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>8, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>16, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>16}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>8}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"South Africa"=>1}, "group_count"=>6}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84929353068"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84929353068?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84929353068&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84929353068&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84929353068", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84929353068", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84929353068", "dc:title"=>"Non-rainfall moisture activates fungal decomposition of surface litter in the Namib Sand Sea", "dc:creator"=>"Jacobson K.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"10", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"5", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2015-05-15", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"15 May 2015", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0126977", "citedby-count"=>"20", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Grinnell College", "affiliation-city"=>"Grinnell", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"25978429", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"0126977", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0126977", "share_count"=>1, "like_count"=>0, "comment_count"=>0, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>1}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"168"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"295"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"48", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"106", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"93", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"58", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"99"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2069791"], "description"=>"<p>Respiration response of litter moistened twice with water, with drying after initial wetting (“H<sub>2</sub>0 initial” and “H<sub>2</sub>O final”); compared to response of litter moistened initially with water (“Captan Initial”) followed by wetting with Captan solution (“Captan Final”). The responses of the first three treatments are not significantly different from one another, but are significantly different from the Captan treatment (p<0.001). (n = 5, error bars = 1 SE).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeochemical cycling", "fog regimes", "Namib Sand Sea", "UV radiation stress", "decomposition", "Surface Litter", "NSS ecosystem", "termite Psammotermes allocerus", "Namib detritivore community", "Energy flow", "rainfall events", "climate changes", "studies show", "desiccation stress", "Namib dune grass Stipagrostis sabulicola", "plant material", "fungi", "moisture inputs", "3 days", "litter losses", "mesophilic Ascomycete community", "moisture availability"], "article_id"=>1416492, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Kathryn Jacobson", "Anne van Diepeningen", "Sarah Evans", "Rachel Fritts", "Philipp Gemmel", "Chris Marsho", "Mary Seely", "Anthony Wenndt", "Xiaoxuan Yang", "Peter Jacobson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126977.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fungicide_suppresses_litter_respiratory_response_to_wetting_/1416492", "title"=>"Fungicide suppresses litter respiratory response to wetting.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-15 02:50:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2069786"], "description"=>"<p>Perennial <i>Stipagrostis ciliata</i> litter with termite casts intact (2a). Termite cast has been removed, showing termites (arrows) stripping the grey outer layer, leaving the golden-yellow interior (2b). Note the small remaining portion of grey litter in the upper center. Standing litter from 2a with cast removed showing that all grey outer surface has been stripped by termites inside the cast (2c). Examples of <i>S</i>. <i>sabulicola</i> stem litter used in the C/N analysis (2d): grey litter (upper right) was compared with golden-yellow stripped material (left and bottom) from inside termite casts and golden-yellow standing litter as seen in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0126977#pone.0126977.g001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 1A</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeochemical cycling", "fog regimes", "Namib Sand Sea", "UV radiation stress", "decomposition", "Surface Litter", "NSS ecosystem", "termite Psammotermes allocerus", "Namib detritivore community", "Energy flow", "rainfall events", "climate changes", "studies show", "desiccation stress", "Namib dune grass Stipagrostis sabulicola", "plant material", "fungi", "moisture inputs", "3 days", "litter losses", "mesophilic Ascomycete community", "moisture availability"], "article_id"=>1416487, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Kathryn Jacobson", "Anne van Diepeningen", "Sarah Evans", "Rachel Fritts", "Philipp Gemmel", "Chris Marsho", "Mary Seely", "Anthony Wenndt", "Xiaoxuan Yang", "Peter Jacobson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126977.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>40, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Termites_Psammotermes_allocerus_consume_fungal_colonized_litter_/1416487", "title"=>"Termites (<i>Psammotermes allocerus</i>) consume fungal-colonized litter.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-15 02:50:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2069787"], "description"=>"<p>Respiration response of moistened grey <i>S</i>. <i>sabulicola</i> standing litter over ten hours. An initial reading of the dried material was taken prior to time 0, when the material was visibly moistened by spraying (n = 10, error bars = 1 SE)<b>.</b></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeochemical cycling", "fog regimes", "Namib Sand Sea", "UV radiation stress", "decomposition", "Surface Litter", "NSS ecosystem", "termite Psammotermes allocerus", "Namib detritivore community", "Energy flow", "rainfall events", "climate changes", "studies show", "desiccation stress", "Namib dune grass Stipagrostis sabulicola", "plant material", "fungi", "moisture inputs", "3 days", "litter losses", "mesophilic Ascomycete community", "moisture availability"], "article_id"=>1416488, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Kathryn Jacobson", "Anne van Diepeningen", "Sarah Evans", "Rachel Fritts", "Philipp Gemmel", "Chris Marsho", "Mary Seely", "Anthony Wenndt", "Xiaoxuan Yang", "Peter Jacobson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126977.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>6, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Rapid_respiratory_response_to_wetting_of_colonized_litter_/1416488", "title"=>"Rapid respiratory response to wetting of colonized litter.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-15 02:50:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2069781"], "description"=>"<p>Living perennial plant with golden-yellow senescent stems (standing litter) and wind-blown detritus (fine grey surface litter) (1a); fog moisture precipitates on the entire length of the grooved upright stems and may be funnelled to the roots (1b); moisture also collects on leaning grass stems and inflorescences and drips to the sand surface where it can be consumed by beetles and reptiles (1c). Even in the absence of rain events, standing senescent stems and inflorescence litter changes color from golden-yellow (1d), to deep grey (1e). Wetting the grey litter, intended to simulate precipitating fog, resulted in visible fungal growth and spore production within 6 hours (1f).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeochemical cycling", "fog regimes", "Namib Sand Sea", "UV radiation stress", "decomposition", "Surface Litter", "NSS ecosystem", "termite Psammotermes allocerus", "Namib detritivore community", "Energy flow", "rainfall events", "climate changes", "studies show", "desiccation stress", "Namib dune grass Stipagrostis sabulicola", "plant material", "fungi", "moisture inputs", "3 days", "litter losses", "mesophilic Ascomycete community", "moisture availability"], "article_id"=>1416483, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Kathryn Jacobson", "Anne van Diepeningen", "Sarah Evans", "Rachel Fritts", "Philipp Gemmel", "Chris Marsho", "Mary Seely", "Anthony Wenndt", "Xiaoxuan Yang", "Peter Jacobson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126977.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Surface_litter_of_the_fog_adapted_grass_S_sabulicola_is_colonized_by_fungi_/1416483", "title"=>"Surface litter of the fog-adapted grass, <i>S</i>. <i>sabulicola</i>, is colonized by fungi.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-15 02:50:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2069796"], "description"=>"<p>Thermal growth characteristics and previously known nutritional mode and habitat of fungi genotyped from standing <i>S</i>. <i>sabulicola</i> litter collected at Nara Valley and Station Dune in the Namib Sand Sea where fog is a frequent occurrence. KJCC Strain no. = Grinnell College Fungal Culture Collection housed at the Noyce Science Center, Grinnell, Iowa, USA; Genbank ITS Accession no. = internal transcribed region of the nrRNA amplified with primers ITS1/ITS4; Genbank SSU Accession no. = portion of the 18S nrRNA amplified with primers NS5/NS6; OGT = Optimal Growth Temperature.</p><p><i>Stipagrostis sabulicola</i> litter fungal taxa and traits.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeochemical cycling", "fog regimes", "Namib Sand Sea", "UV radiation stress", "decomposition", "Surface Litter", "NSS ecosystem", "termite Psammotermes allocerus", "Namib detritivore community", "Energy flow", "rainfall events", "climate changes", "studies show", "desiccation stress", "Namib dune grass Stipagrostis sabulicola", "plant material", "fungi", "moisture inputs", "3 days", "litter losses", "mesophilic Ascomycete community", "moisture availability"], "article_id"=>1416497, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Kathryn Jacobson", "Anne van Diepeningen", "Sarah Evans", "Rachel Fritts", "Philipp Gemmel", "Chris Marsho", "Mary Seely", "Anthony Wenndt", "Xiaoxuan Yang", "Peter Jacobson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126977.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Stipagrostis_sabulicola_litter_fungal_taxa_and_traits_/1416497", "title"=>"<i>Stipagrostis sabulicola</i> litter fungal taxa and traits.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-05-15 02:50:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2069794"], "description"=>"<p>C/N ratios (8a) and %C (8b) of colonized litter were significantly lower than that of uncolonized and stripped litter. %N of colonized litter was significantly higher than that of uncolonized and stripped litter (n = 5; error bars = 1 SE; p<0.001).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeochemical cycling", "fog regimes", "Namib Sand Sea", "UV radiation stress", "decomposition", "Surface Litter", "NSS ecosystem", "termite Psammotermes allocerus", "Namib detritivore community", "Energy flow", "rainfall events", "climate changes", "studies show", "desiccation stress", "Namib dune grass Stipagrostis sabulicola", "plant material", "fungi", "moisture inputs", "3 days", "litter losses", "mesophilic Ascomycete community", "moisture availability"], "article_id"=>1416495, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Kathryn Jacobson", "Anne van Diepeningen", "Sarah Evans", "Rachel Fritts", "Philipp Gemmel", "Chris Marsho", "Mary Seely", "Anthony Wenndt", "Xiaoxuan Yang", "Peter Jacobson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126977.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fungal_colonization_enriches_nitrogen_content_of_colonized_surface_litter_NS_relative_to_that_of_uncolonized_golden_yellow_litter_C_and_litter_remaining_after_grey_surface_is_stripped_by_termites_S_/1416495", "title"=>"Fungal colonization enriches nitrogen content of colonized surface litter (NS) relative to that of uncolonized golden-yellow litter (C) and litter remaining after grey surface is stripped by termites (S).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-15 02:50:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2069795"], "description"=>"<p>High humidity (>95%), rainfall and fog precipitation over a seven-year continuous period (1982–1989) at GRTC. Data retrieved from the long-term data records of the GRTC First Order Meteorological Station, obtained on autographic drum recorders.</p><p>Surface moisture availability at Gobabeb Research and Training Centre, Namib Desert.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeochemical cycling", "fog regimes", "Namib Sand Sea", "UV radiation stress", "decomposition", "Surface Litter", "NSS ecosystem", "termite Psammotermes allocerus", "Namib detritivore community", "Energy flow", "rainfall events", "climate changes", "studies show", "desiccation stress", "Namib dune grass Stipagrostis sabulicola", "plant material", "fungi", "moisture inputs", "3 days", "litter losses", "mesophilic Ascomycete community", "moisture availability"], "article_id"=>1416496, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Kathryn Jacobson", "Anne van Diepeningen", "Sarah Evans", "Rachel Fritts", "Philipp Gemmel", "Chris Marsho", "Mary Seely", "Anthony Wenndt", "Xiaoxuan Yang", "Peter Jacobson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126977.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Surface_moisture_availability_at_Gobabeb_Research_and_Training_Centre_Namib_Desert_/1416496", "title"=>"Surface moisture availability at Gobabeb Research and Training Centre, Namib Desert.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-05-15 02:50:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2069793"], "description"=>"<p><i>Chaetomium strumarium</i> grown in the dark at optimal growth temperature (40⁰C) (7a); and with Namib diel sand-surface thermal cycle (15–50⁰C) (7b): 1 hour increments of increasing temperature from 20–45°C, 50°C for 5 hours, 1-hour increments of decreasing temperature from 45–25°C, and 20°C for 6 hours.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeochemical cycling", "fog regimes", "Namib Sand Sea", "UV radiation stress", "decomposition", "Surface Litter", "NSS ecosystem", "termite Psammotermes allocerus", "Namib detritivore community", "Energy flow", "rainfall events", "climate changes", "studies show", "desiccation stress", "Namib dune grass Stipagrostis sabulicola", "plant material", "fungi", "moisture inputs", "3 days", "litter losses", "mesophilic Ascomycete community", "moisture availability"], "article_id"=>1416494, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Kathryn Jacobson", "Anne van Diepeningen", "Sarah Evans", "Rachel Fritts", "Philipp Gemmel", "Chris Marsho", "Mary Seely", "Anthony Wenndt", "Xiaoxuan Yang", "Peter Jacobson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126977.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>19, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Diel_thermal_cycles_induce_fungal_growth_rings_in_culture_/1416494", "title"=>"Diel thermal cycles induce fungal growth rings in culture.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-15 02:50:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2069790"], "description"=>"<p>Respiration fluxes fall linearly as litter dries (n = 10, error bars = 1 SE)<b>.</b></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeochemical cycling", "fog regimes", "Namib Sand Sea", "UV radiation stress", "decomposition", "Surface Litter", "NSS ecosystem", "termite Psammotermes allocerus", "Namib detritivore community", "Energy flow", "rainfall events", "climate changes", "studies show", "desiccation stress", "Namib dune grass Stipagrostis sabulicola", "plant material", "fungi", "moisture inputs", "3 days", "litter losses", "mesophilic Ascomycete community", "moisture availability"], "article_id"=>1416491, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Kathryn Jacobson", "Anne van Diepeningen", "Sarah Evans", "Rachel Fritts", "Philipp Gemmel", "Chris Marsho", "Mary Seely", "Anthony Wenndt", "Xiaoxuan Yang", "Peter Jacobson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126977.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Litter_respiration_declines_with_drying_/1416491", "title"=>"Litter respiration declines with drying.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-15 02:50:48"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2069789"], "description"=>"<p>Fungal hyphae growing on <i>S</i>. <i>sabulicola</i> substrates after 10 hours incubation (4a: 20x magnification, 4b: 400x magnification).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["biogeochemical cycling", "fog regimes", "Namib Sand Sea", "UV radiation stress", "decomposition", "Surface Litter", "NSS ecosystem", "termite Psammotermes allocerus", "Namib detritivore community", "Energy flow", "rainfall events", "climate changes", "studies show", "desiccation stress", "Namib dune grass Stipagrostis sabulicola", "plant material", "fungi", "moisture inputs", "3 days", "litter losses", "mesophilic Ascomycete community", "moisture availability"], "article_id"=>1416490, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Kathryn Jacobson", "Anne van Diepeningen", "Sarah Evans", "Rachel Fritts", "Philipp Gemmel", "Chris Marsho", "Mary Seely", "Anthony Wenndt", "Xiaoxuan Yang", "Peter Jacobson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126977.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fungal_growth_and_sporulation_on_S_sabulicola_litter_/1416490", "title"=>"Fungal growth and sporulation on <i>S</i>. <i>sabulicola</i> litter.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-05-15 02:50:48"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts