The Changing Strength and Nature of Fire-Climate Relationships in the Northern Rocky Mountains, U.S.A., 1902-2008
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"The changing strength and nature of fire-climate relationships in the northern Rocky Mountains, U.S.A., 1902-2008", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Philip E.", "last_name"=>"Higuera", "scopus_author_id"=>"8255192500"}, {"first_name"=>"John T.", "last_name"=>"Abatzoglou", "scopus_author_id"=>"6507237454"}, {"first_name"=>"Jeremy S.", "last_name"=>"Littell", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701373250"}, {"first_name"=>"Penelope", "last_name"=>"Morgan", "scopus_author_id"=>"7402394786"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pui"=>"605407789", "sgr"=>"84938400363", "pmid"=>"26114580", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84938400363", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0127563", "issn"=>"19326203"}, "id"=>"51b725d5-1604-3382-94ed-9f6692511f15", "abstract"=>"Time-varying fire-climate relationships may represent an important component of fire- regime variability, relevant for understanding the controls of fire and projecting fire activity under global-change scenarios. We used time-varying statistical models to evaluate if and how fire-climate relationships varied from 1902-2008, in one of the most flammable forested regions of the western U.S.A. Fire-danger and water-balance metrics yielded the best com- bination of calibration accuracy and predictive skill in modeling annual area burned. The strength of fire-climate relationships varied markedly at multi-decadal scales, with models explaining < 40% to 88% of the variation in annual area burned. The early 20th century (1902-1942) and the most recent two decades (1985-2008) exhibited strong fire-climate relationships, with weaker relationships for much of the mid 20th century (1943-1984), coin- cident with diminished burning, less fire-conducive climate, and the initiation of modern fire fighting. Area burned and the strength of fire-climate relationships increased sharply in the mid 1980s, associated with increased temperatures and longer potential fire seasons. Unlike decades with high burning in the early 20th century, models developed using fire-cli- mate relationships from recent decades overpredicted area burned when applied to earlier periods. This amplified response of fire to climate is a signature of altered fire-climate-rela- tionships, and it implicates non-climatic factors in this recent shift. Changes in fuel structure and availability following 40+ yr of unusually low fire activity, and possibly land use, may have resulted in increased fire vulnerability beyond expectations from climatic factors alone. Our results highlight the potential for non-climatic factors to alter fire-climate relation- ships, and the need to account for such dynamics, through adaptable statistical or pro- cesses-based models, for accurately predicting future fire activity.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/changing-strength-nature-fireclimate-relationships-northern-rocky-mountains-usa-19022008", "reader_count"=>52, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>4, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Researcher"=>16, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>1, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Master"=>8, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>4, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Engineering"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>26, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>{"Earth and Planetary Sciences"=>5}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>11}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>26}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "France"=>1}, "group_count"=>5}

CrossRef

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84938400363"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84938400363?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84938400363&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84938400363&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84938400363", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84938400363", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84938400363", "dc:title"=>"The changing strength and nature of fire-climate relationships in the northern Rocky Mountains, U.S.A., 1902-2008", "dc:creator"=>"Higuera P.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"10", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"6", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2015-06-26", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"26 June 2015", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0127563", "citedby-count"=>"55", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"University of Idaho", "affiliation-city"=>"Moscow", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"26114580", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0127563", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0127563", "share_count"=>3, "like_count"=>13, "comment_count"=>4, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>20}

Counter

  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"60", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"332"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"122"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"124"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"160"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"63"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"45"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"60"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"62"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"32", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"66"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150728"], "description"=>"<p>Scenarios include random variability in “climate” (i.e., a hypothetical metric linked to annual fire activity) which directly determines “fire activity” (e.g., annual area burned or number of large fires). Period 1 is identical in all scenarios, but the y axes are scaled based on values in Period 2. See “<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563#sec001\" target=\"_blank\">Introduction</a>” for a description of each scenario. In all cases of varying fire-climate relationships, a coefficient of efficiency (<i>CE</i>) statistic < 0 indicates a lack of predictive skill (for periods outside of the calibration period). β<sub>0</sub> (intercept) and β<sub>1</sub> (slope) represent regression parameters; directional changes in parentheses represent hypothetical scenarios not illustrated in the figure.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["factor", "decades overpredicted area", "future fire activity", "fire activity", "relationship", "Northern Rocky Mountains", "U.S.A", "model"], "article_id"=>1465088, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Philip E. Higuera", "John T. Abatzoglou", "Jeremy S. Littell", "Penelope Morgan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Generalized_conceptual_model_for_causes_and_signatures_of_shifting_fire_activity_/1465088", "title"=>"Generalized conceptual model for causes and signatures of shifting fire activity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 02:45:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150744"], "description"=>"<p>Area burned, stratified by decade (left), and the three dominant forest types across the study area (right).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["factor", "decades overpredicted area", "future fire activity", "fire activity", "relationship", "Northern Rocky Mountains", "U.S.A", "model"], "article_id"=>1465101, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Philip E. Higuera", "John T. Abatzoglou", "Jeremy S. Littell", "Penelope Morgan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>20, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_U_S_Northern_Rockies_study_area_in_Idaho_and_portions_of_Montana_west_of_the_Continental_Divide_/1465101", "title"=>"The U.S. Northern Rockies study area in Idaho and portions of Montana, west of the Continental Divide.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 02:45:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150750"], "description"=>"<p>Series are plotted relative to the series mean, with red (blue) representing above (below) average conditions conducive for fire activity. The center row includes annual area burned (gray), expressed as ln(ha), with average values for each of three periods identified via piecewise linear regression (1902–1942, 1943–1984, 1985–2008). Metrics are organized based on their overall score (upper left to lower right; <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563#pone.0127563.t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>). Metric type is identified as “FD” (fire danger), “WB” (water balance), or “C” (climate), with units and temporal definitions listed in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563#pone.0127563.t001\" target=\"_blank\">Table 1</a>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["factor", "decades overpredicted area", "future fire activity", "fire activity", "relationship", "Northern Rocky Mountains", "U.S.A", "model"], "article_id"=>1465107, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Philip E. Higuera", "John T. Abatzoglou", "Jeremy S. Littell", "Penelope Morgan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fire_danger_water_balance_and_climate_predictors_of_annual_area_burned_/1465107", "title"=>"Fire-danger, water-balance, and climate predictors of annual area burned.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 02:45:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150751"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Accuracy (<i>r</i><sup><i>2</i></sup> or <i>R</i><sup><i>2</i></sup><sub><i>adj</i></sub>) from the 87 continuous 21-yr regression models. Metrics are ranked (top to bottom) based on the median value. Boxplots display the median, 25<sup>th</sup>, and 75<sup>th</sup> quantiles, and whiskers extend to extreme values not considered outliers. (B) Cross-validation skill, <i>CE</i>, for all 87 cross-validation periods. Metrics are ranked from left to right based on the median value; <i>CE</i> ≤ 0 indicates no predictive skill. (C) Calibration accuracy as a function of cross-validation skill, where darker grey indicates a greater proportion of values. Overall metric rank (i.e., <i>CE</i> * <i>r</i><sup><i>2</i></sup> or <i>R</i><sup><i>2</i></sup><sub><i>adj</i></sub>) is indicated by the within-plot numbers.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["factor", "decades overpredicted area", "future fire activity", "fire activity", "relationship", "Northern Rocky Mountains", "U.S.A", "model"], "article_id"=>1465108, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Philip E. Higuera", "John T. Abatzoglou", "Jeremy S. Littell", "Penelope Morgan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Calibration_accuracy_and_cross_validation_skill_of_potential_predictors_of_annual_area_burned_/1465108", "title"=>"Calibration accuracy and cross-validation skill of potential predictors of annual area burned.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 02:45:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150753"], "description"=>"<p>(A) Annual area burned in linear and log-transformed space (baseline = series-wide average; thick black line = period averages, as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563#pone.0127563.g003\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 3</a>). (B) The changing strength of fire-climate relationships (<i>r</i><sup><i>2</i></sup> or <i>R</i><sup><i>2</i></sup><sub><i>adj</i></sub>) for each 21-yr model. Metrics with the highest explanatory power are labeled, and the length of each overlapping calibration period is represented in the lower right of the panel (“Calib. window”). (C) Changing skill of fire-climate relationships, <i>CE</i>, as in (B). (D) Changing nature of fire-climate relationships, illustrated by varying model parameters through time. The y-axis is the standardized β<sub>1</sub> parameter (for univariate models) or β<sub>1,</sub> β<sub>2</sub> or β<sub>3</sub> parameter for the three-variable models (illustrated by dashed lines), with mean 0, and standard deviation 1. Positive values represent a positive influence on area burned. Metrics are ordered from top to bottom based on the overall model score (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563#pone.0127563.t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["factor", "decades overpredicted area", "future fire activity", "fire activity", "relationship", "Northern Rocky Mountains", "U.S.A", "model"], "article_id"=>1465110, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Philip E. Higuera", "John T. Abatzoglou", "Jeremy S. Littell", "Penelope Morgan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Variability_in_the_strength_and_nature_of_fire_climate_relationships_through_time_/1465110", "title"=>"Variability in the strength and nature of fire-climate relationships through time.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 02:45:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150754"], "description"=>"<p>Periods were identified by piecewise linear regression: Period 1 (1902–1942), Period 2 (1943–1984), Period 3 (1985–2008). Metrics are labeled as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563#pone.0127563.g003\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 3</a> and ordered from upper left to lower right based on the overall model score (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563#pone.0127563.t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>). Metrics with significant among-period variability are highlighted with a bold x and y axis, and results of the post-hoc multiple comparison test are illustrated by lower case “a” “b” and “c” below the x axis. See <i>Detecting changing fire-climate relationships…</i> for details.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["factor", "decades overpredicted area", "future fire activity", "fire activity", "relationship", "Northern Rocky Mountains", "U.S.A", "model"], "article_id"=>1465111, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Philip E. Higuera", "John T. Abatzoglou", "Jeremy S. Littell", "Penelope Morgan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Variability_in_fire_danger_water_balance_and_climate_metrics_across_discrete_periods_of_fire_activity_/1465111", "title"=>"Variability in fire-danger, water-balance, and climate metrics across discrete periods of fire activity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 02:45:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150755"], "description"=>"<p>Small symbols represent cross-validation skill and the regression parameter for 21-yr calibration windows, stratified by Period 1 (1902–1942, circles), Period 2 (1943–1984, squares) and Period 3 (1984–2008, triangles). The grayscale of each small symbol represents <i>r</i><sup><i>2</i></sup> or <i>R</i><sup><i>2</i></sup><sub><i>adj</i></sub> for that window (as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563#pone.0127563.g005\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 5B</a>), and large symbols represent the centroid of all values within each period, +/- one standard deviation. Regression parameters represent the slope of the model, β<sub>1</sub>, for single-variable regression models. GDD<sub>0</sub> represents β<sub>2</sub> from the combined DMC, GDD<sub>0</sub> model, while PPT<sub>JJA</sub>, T<sub>JA</sub>, and T<sub>MAM</sub> represent β<sub>1,</sub> β<sub>2</sub>, and β<sub>3</sub> from the three-variable model, respectively. Parameter values indicated the unit (standard deviation) change in log-transformed area burned for a unit (standard deviation) change in the predictor variable: more extreme values indicated a greater influence on annual area burned. Values below the dashed vertical line on the x axis (<i>CE</i> = 0) lack cross-validation skill. Metrics are ordered from upper left to bottom right based on the overall model score (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563#pone.0127563.t002\" target=\"_blank\">Table 2</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["factor", "decades overpredicted area", "future fire activity", "fire activity", "relationship", "Northern Rocky Mountains", "U.S.A", "model"], "article_id"=>1465112, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Philip E. Higuera", "John T. Abatzoglou", "Jeremy S. Littell", "Penelope Morgan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cross_validation_skill_model_parameters_and_strength_of_fire_climate_relationships_for_top_metrics_/1465112", "title"=>"Cross-validation skill, model parameters, and strength of fire-climate relationships for top metrics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 02:45:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150756"], "description"=>"<p>Global r<sup>2</sup> or R<sup>2</sup>adj (for multiple regression models) reflects comparisons between climate metrics and area burned over the entire 107-year dataset. Median <i>r</i><sup><i>2</i></sup> or <i>R</i><sup><i>2</i></sup><sub><i>adj</i></sub> reflects the median value from the 86, 21-yr calibration periods, and median <i>RE</i> reflects the median value from 86, 86-yr cross-validations prediction periods. The product of median <i>r</i><sup><i>2</i></sup> (or <i>R</i><sup><i>2</i></sup><sub><i>adj</i></sub>) and median <i>RE</i> (“Score”) was used to rank each predictor variable by integrating accuracy (<i>r</i><sup><i>2</i></sup> or <i>R</i><sup><i>2</i></sup><sub><i>adj</i></sub>) and prediction skill (<i>RE</i>).</p><p>Results for linear regression models predicting the natural logarithm of annual area burned.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["factor", "decades overpredicted area", "future fire activity", "fire activity", "relationship", "Northern Rocky Mountains", "U.S.A", "model"], "article_id"=>1465113, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Philip E. Higuera", "John T. Abatzoglou", "Jeremy S. Littell", "Penelope Morgan"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_for_linear_regression_models_predicting_the_natural_logarithm_of_annual_area_burned_/1465113", "title"=>"Results for linear regression models predicting the natural logarithm of annual area burned.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 02:45:41"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150760", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150761"], "description"=>"<div><p>Time-varying fire-climate relationships may represent an important component of fire-regime variability, relevant for understanding the controls of fire and projecting fire activity under global-change scenarios. We used time-varying statistical models to evaluate if and how fire-climate relationships varied from 1902-2008, in one of the most flammable forested regions of the western U.S.A. Fire-danger and water-balance metrics yielded the best combination of calibration accuracy and predictive skill in modeling annual area burned. The strength of fire-climate relationships varied markedly at multi-decadal scales, with models explaining < 40% to 88% of the variation in annual area burned. The early 20th century (1902-1942) and the most recent two decades (1985-2008) exhibited strong fire-climate relationships, with weaker relationships for much of the mid 20th century (1943-1984), coincident with diminished burning, less fire-conducive climate, and the initiation of modern fire fighting. Area burned and the strength of fire-climate relationships increased sharply in the mid 1980s, associated with increased temperatures and longer potential fire seasons. Unlike decades with high burning in the early 20th century, models developed using fire-climate relationships from recent decades overpredicted area burned when applied to earlier periods. This amplified response of fire to climate is a signature of altered fire-climate-relationships, and it implicates non-climatic factors in this recent shift. Changes in fuel structure and availability following 40+ yr of unusually low fire activity, and possibly land use, may have resulted in increased fire vulnerability beyond expectations from climatic factors alone. Our results highlight the potential for non-climatic factors to alter fire-climate relationships, and the need to account for such dynamics, through adaptable statistical or processes-based models, for accurately predicting future fire activity.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["factor", "decades overpredicted area", "future fire activity", "fire activity", "relationship", "Northern Rocky Mountains", "U.S.A", "model"], "article_id"=>1465117, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Philip E. Higuera", "John T. Abatzoglou", "Jeremy S. Littell", "Penelope Morgan"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0127563.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>15, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Changing_Strength_and_Nature_of_Fire_Climate_Relationships_in_the_Northern_Rocky_Mountains_U_S_A_1902_2008_/1465117", "title"=>"The Changing Strength and Nature of Fire-Climate Relationships in the Northern Rocky Mountains, U.S.A., 1902-2008", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-06-26 02:45:41"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"12", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"19", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"9", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"7", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"19", "supp-data"=>"4", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"18", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"5", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2020", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts