Beat Synchronization across the Lifespan: Intersection of Development and Musical Experience
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{"title"=>"Beat synchronization across the lifespan: Intersection of development and musical experience", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Elaine C.", "last_name"=>"Thompson", "scopus_author_id"=>"56348944300"}, {"first_name"=>"Travis", "last_name"=>"White-Schwoch", "scopus_author_id"=>"55383714800"}, {"first_name"=>"Adam", "last_name"=>"Tierney", "scopus_author_id"=>"15053610400"}, {"first_name"=>"Nina", "last_name"=>"Kraus", "scopus_author_id"=>"7102321398"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0128839", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84939203104", "pmid"=>"26107927", "pui"=>"605586378", "sgr"=>"84939203104"}, "id"=>"9e842fa6-8987-3ab0-91ec-9192cd406ee1", "abstract"=>"Rhythmic entrainment, or beat synchronization, provides an opportunity to understand how multiple systems operate together to integrate sensory-motor information. Also, synchronization is an essential component of musical performance that may be enhanced through musical training. Investigations of rhythmic entrainment have revealed a developmental trajectory across the lifespan, showing synchronization improves with age and musical experience. Here, we explore the development and maintenance of synchronization in childhood through older adulthood in a large cohort of participants (N = 145), and also ask how it may be altered by musical experience. We employed a uniform assessment of beat synchronization for all participants and compared performance developmentally and between individuals with and without musical experience. We show that the ability to consistently tap along to a beat improves with age into adulthood, yet in older adulthood tapping performance becomes more variable. Also, from childhood into young adulthood, individuals are able to tap increasingly close to the beat (i.e., asynchronies decline with age), however, this trend reverses from younger into older adulthood. There is a positive association between proportion of life spent playing music and tapping performance, which suggests a link between musical experience and auditory-motor integration. These results are broadly consistent with previous investigations into the development of beat synchronization across the lifespan, and thus complement existing studies and present new insights offered by a different, large cross-sectional sample.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/beat-synchronization-across-lifespan-intersection-development-musical-experience", "reader_count"=>29, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>5, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>10, "Student > Master"=>6, "Other"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Neuroscience"=>5, "Psychology"=>18, "Social Sciences"=>1, "Computer Science"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>5}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>18}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2147909"], "description"=>"<p>Musical Experience Categorization Information.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Beat Synchronization", "Musical Experience", "synchronization", "performance developmentally", "adulthood", "uniform assessment"], "article_id"=>1462971, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Elaine C. Thompson", "Travis White-Schwoch", "Adam Tierney", "Nina Kraus"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128839.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Musical_Experience_Categorization_Information_/1462971", "title"=>"Musical Experience Categorization Information.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-06-24 04:35:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2147908"], "description"=>"<p>Subject Age Group Information.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Beat Synchronization", "Musical Experience", "synchronization", "performance developmentally", "adulthood", "uniform assessment"], "article_id"=>1462970, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Elaine C. Thompson", "Travis White-Schwoch", "Adam Tierney", "Nina Kraus"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128839.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Subject_Age_Group_Information_/1462970", "title"=>"Subject Age Group Information.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-06-24 04:35:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2147903"], "description"=>"<p>The participants practiced tapping to the sound for 20 beats (practice phase), and then immediately tapped to the sound for 20 more beats during which time their taps were recorded (test phase). The participants were asked to tap along to the beat throughout the entire task such that their taps occurred at the exact same time as the drum sounds.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Beat Synchronization", "Musical Experience", "synchronization", "performance developmentally", "adulthood", "uniform assessment"], "article_id"=>1462965, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Elaine C. Thompson", "Travis White-Schwoch", "Adam Tierney", "Nina Kraus"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128839.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Paced_Tapping_Schematic_/1462965", "title"=>"Paced Tapping Schematic.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-24 04:35:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2147910"], "description"=>"<p>Dependent measures of tapping performance.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Beat Synchronization", "Musical Experience", "synchronization", "performance developmentally", "adulthood", "uniform assessment"], "article_id"=>1462972, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Elaine C. Thompson", "Travis White-Schwoch", "Adam Tierney", "Nina Kraus"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128839.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Dependent_measures_of_tapping_performance_/1462972", "title"=>"Dependent measures of tapping performance.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-06-24 04:35:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2147907"], "description"=>"<p>Individuals with musical experience perform better on a tapping task in comparison to individuals without musical experience, as assessed by two measures of tapping performance: (A) variability and (B) asynchrony. Error bars represent one standard error of the mean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Beat Synchronization", "Musical Experience", "synchronization", "performance developmentally", "adulthood", "uniform assessment"], "article_id"=>1462969, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Elaine C. Thompson", "Travis White-Schwoch", "Adam Tierney", "Nina Kraus"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128839.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Relationship_Between_Beat_Synchronization_and_Music_Experience_/1462969", "title"=>"The Relationship Between Beat Synchronization and Music Experience.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-24 04:35:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2147905"], "description"=>"<p>A cubic model fit the data to describe age-related changes in tapping variability, accounting for 42.6% of variance in tapping performance (Y = 85.055 + -5.192*X + .123*X<sup>2</sup> +-.001*X<sup>3</sup>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Beat Synchronization", "Musical Experience", "synchronization", "performance developmentally", "adulthood", "uniform assessment"], "article_id"=>1462967, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Elaine C. Thompson", "Travis White-Schwoch", "Adam Tierney", "Nina Kraus"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128839.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Non_Linear_Development_of_Beat_Synchronization_Throughout_Life_/1462967", "title"=>"Non-Linear Development of Beat Synchronization Throughout Life.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-24 04:35:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2147906"], "description"=>"<p>A cubic model fit the data to describe age-related changes in tapping asynchrony, accounting for 7.2% of variance in tapping performance (F(3,142) = 3.669, <i>p</i> = .014; Y = 97.375 + 6.77*X +-.175*X<sup>2</sup> + .001*X<sup>3</sup>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Beat Synchronization", "Musical Experience", "synchronization", "performance developmentally", "adulthood", "uniform assessment"], "article_id"=>1462968, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Elaine C. Thompson", "Travis White-Schwoch", "Adam Tierney", "Nina Kraus"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128839.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Non_Linear_Development_of_Beat_Synchronization_Throughout_Life_/1462968", "title"=>"Non-Linear Development of Beat Synchronization Throughout Life.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-24 04:35:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2147904"], "description"=>"<p>(A) The ability to tap to a beat improves with age into middle adulthood (ages 22 to 42.9), and then declines in older age, as assessed by tapping variability. (B) Anticipation of the beat was least accurate for children and older adults, as assessed by asynchrony. Error bars represent one standard error of the mean.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Beat Synchronization", "Musical Experience", "synchronization", "performance developmentally", "adulthood", "uniform assessment"], "article_id"=>1462966, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Elaine C. Thompson", "Travis White-Schwoch", "Adam Tierney", "Nina Kraus"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128839.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Beat_Synchronization_Changes_Throughout_Life_/1462966", "title"=>"Beat Synchronization Changes Throughout Life.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-24 04:35:40"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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