The Micronesia Challenge: Assessing the Relative Contribution of Stressors on Coral Reefs to Facilitate Science-to-Management Feedback
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{"title"=>"The Micronesia Challenge: Assessing the relative contribution of stressors on coral reefs to facilitate science-to-management feedback", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Peter", "last_name"=>"Houk", "scopus_author_id"=>"8720120600"}, {"first_name"=>"Rodney", "last_name"=>"Camacho", "scopus_author_id"=>"36445318200"}, {"first_name"=>"Steven", "last_name"=>"Johnson", "scopus_author_id"=>"56075752700"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthew", "last_name"=>"McLean", "scopus_author_id"=>"55901016300"}, {"first_name"=>"Selino", "last_name"=>"Maxin", "scopus_author_id"=>"56780481300"}, {"first_name"=>"Jorg", "last_name"=>"Anson", "scopus_author_id"=>"56779711000"}, {"first_name"=>"Eugene", "last_name"=>"Joseph", "scopus_author_id"=>"56526392800"}, {"first_name"=>"Osamu", "last_name"=>"Nedlic", "scopus_author_id"=>"56780284500"}, {"first_name"=>"Marston", "last_name"=>"Luckymis", "scopus_author_id"=>"6504825322"}, {"first_name"=>"Katrina", "last_name"=>"Adams", "scopus_author_id"=>"56817958100"}, {"first_name"=>"Don", "last_name"=>"Hess", "scopus_author_id"=>"56779543900"}, {"first_name"=>"Emma", "last_name"=>"Kabua", "scopus_author_id"=>"56780337100"}, {"first_name"=>"Anthony", "last_name"=>"Yalon", "scopus_author_id"=>"56780335100"}, {"first_name"=>"Eva", "last_name"=>"Buthung", "scopus_author_id"=>"56780483300"}, {"first_name"=>"Curtis", "last_name"=>"Graham", "scopus_author_id"=>"56596122400"}, {"first_name"=>"Trina", "last_name"=>"Leberer", "scopus_author_id"=>"56862186900"}, {"first_name"=>"Brett", "last_name"=>"Taylor", "scopus_author_id"=>"36440434900"}, {"first_name"=>"Robert", "last_name"=>"Van Woesik", "scopus_author_id"=>"7004233433"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "pmid"=>"26087252", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84939172393", "pui"=>"605585705", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0130823", "sgr"=>"84939172393"}, "id"=>"4ffa91b6-ae4e-348e-8dea-363cee5c352f", "abstract"=>"Fishing and pollution are chronic stressors that can prolong recovery of coral reefs and contribute to ecosystem decline. 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High variances among ecosystem-condition scores reflected the large gaps between the best and worst reefs, and suggested that the current scores were unlikely to remain stable through time because of low redundancy. Accounting for the presence of marine protected area (MPA) networks in statistical models did little to improve the models’ predictive capabilities, suggesting limited efficacy of MPAs when grouped together across the region. Yet, localized benefits of MPAs existed and are expected to increase over time. Sensitivity analyses suggested that (i) grazing by large herbivores, (ii) high functional diversity of herbivores, and (iii) high predator biomass were most sensitive to fishing pressure, and were required for high ecosystem-condition scores. 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Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2125967"], "description"=>"<p>Error bars (thin lines) represent standard deviations associated with the differing jurisdiction and reef-habitat strata.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["score", "mpa", "Micronesia Challenge", "reef", "ecosystem", "fishing pressure", "fisheries management policies"], "article_id"=>1454209, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Peter Houk", "Rodney Camacho", "Steven Johnson", "Matthew McLean", "Selino Maxin", "Jorg Anson", "Eugene Joseph", "Osamu Nedlic", "Marston Luckymis", "Katrina Adams", "Don Hess", "Emma Kabua", "Anthony Yalon", "Eva Buthung", "Curtis Graham", "Trina Leberer", "Brett Taylor", "Robert van Woesik"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sensitivity_of_ecosystem_condition_scores_depicted_by_correlation_coefficients_between_individual_metrics_and_their_respective_latent_variables_circles_fish_squares_benthic_and_crosses_corals_or_between_latent_variables_and_overall_ecosystem_condition_bo/1454209", "title"=>"Sensitivity of ecosystem condition scores depicted by correlation coefficients between individual metrics and their respective latent variables (circles-fish, squares-benthic, and crosses-corals), or between latent variables and overall ecosystem condition (bottom triangles).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-18 04:29:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2125968"], "description"=>"<p>Fishing pressure predicted ecosystem condition on reefs > 5 km from land across Micronesia, with notable variation among islands and reef habitats (a). Independent slopes, in turn, predicted the variance among the top four non-normalized ecosystem condition scores (b, <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823#pone.0130823.s005\" target=\"_blank\">S2 Table</a>), and also the relative influence of wave exposure—coral assemblages—ecosystem condition (blue), or the fishing pressure proxy-fish assemblages—ecosystem condition (red), or a direct relationship between the two integrated variables, fishing pressure proxy—ecosystem condition (black). Conversely, interactions between fishing and pollution proxies, termed localized stressors, best predicted condition for lagoon reefs <5 km from land (c), with stressors acting equally (blue) or unequally (red) across benthic, coral, and fish latent variables. Excluding marine protected areas (MPA, dashed circles around site symbols) did not improve the regional model fit, but removing two successful MPAs on Pohnpei (circles on furthest right) did improve the localized association between stressors and ecosystem condition.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["score", "mpa", "Micronesia Challenge", "reef", "ecosystem", "fishing pressure", "fisheries management policies"], "article_id"=>1454210, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Peter Houk", "Rodney Camacho", "Steven Johnson", "Matthew McLean", "Selino Maxin", "Jorg Anson", "Eugene Joseph", "Osamu Nedlic", "Marston Luckymis", "Katrina Adams", "Don Hess", "Emma Kabua", "Anthony Yalon", "Eva Buthung", "Curtis Graham", "Trina Leberer", "Brett Taylor", "Robert van Woesik"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Regression_models_depicting_the_relationships_between_localized_stressors_and_ecosystem_condition_/1454210", "title"=>"Regression models depicting the relationships between localized stressors and ecosystem condition.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-18 04:29:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2125970", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2125971", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2125972", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2125973", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2125974", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2125975"], "description"=>"<div><p>Fishing and pollution are chronic stressors that can prolong recovery of coral reefs and contribute to ecosystem decline. While this premise is generally accepted, management interventions are complicated because the contributions from individual stressors are difficult to distinguish. The present study examined the extent to which fishing pressure and pollution predicted progress towards the Micronesia Challenge, an international conservation strategy initiated by the political leaders of 6 nations to conserve at least 30% of marine resources by 2020. The analyses were rooted in a defined measure of coral-reef-ecosystem condition, comprised of biological metrics that described functional processes on coral reefs. We report that only 42% of the major reef habitats exceeded the ecosystem-condition threshold established by the Micronesia Challenge. Fishing pressure acting alone on outer reefs, or in combination with pollution in some lagoons, best predicted both the decline and variance in ecosystem condition. High variances among ecosystem-condition scores reflected the large gaps between the best and worst reefs, and suggested that the current scores were unlikely to remain stable through time because of low redundancy. Accounting for the presence of marine protected area (MPA) networks in statistical models did little to improve the models’ predictive capabilities, suggesting limited efficacy of MPAs when grouped together across the region. Yet, localized benefits of MPAs existed and are expected to increase over time. Sensitivity analyses suggested that (i) grazing by large herbivores, (ii) high functional diversity of herbivores, and (iii) high predator biomass were most sensitive to fishing pressure, and were required for high ecosystem-condition scores. Linking comprehensive fisheries management policies with these sensitive metrics, and targeting the management of pollution, will strengthen the Micronesia Challenge and preserve ecosystem services that coral reefs provide to societies in the face of climate change.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["score", "mpa", "Micronesia Challenge", "reef", "ecosystem", "fishing pressure", "fisheries management policies"], "article_id"=>1454212, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Peter Houk", "Rodney Camacho", "Steven Johnson", "Matthew McLean", "Selino Maxin", "Jorg Anson", "Eugene Joseph", "Osamu Nedlic", "Marston Luckymis", "Katrina Adams", "Don Hess", "Emma Kabua", "Anthony Yalon", "Eva Buthung", "Curtis Graham", "Trina Leberer", "Brett Taylor", "Robert van Woesik"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.s005", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.s006"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_Micronesia_Challenge_Assessing_the_Relative_Contribution_of_Stressors_on_Coral_Reefs_to_Facilitate_Science_to_Management_Feedback_/1454212", "title"=>"The Micronesia Challenge: Assessing the Relative Contribution of Stressors on Coral Reefs to Facilitate Science-to-Management Feedback", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-06-18 04:29:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2125961"], "description"=>"<p>A map of the tropical Western Pacific Ocean and Micronesia with study islands indicated by stars.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["score", "mpa", "Micronesia Challenge", "reef", "ecosystem", "fishing pressure", "fisheries management policies"], "article_id"=>1454203, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Peter Houk", "Rodney Camacho", "Steven Johnson", "Matthew McLean", "Selino Maxin", "Jorg Anson", "Eugene Joseph", "Osamu Nedlic", "Marston Luckymis", "Katrina Adams", "Don Hess", "Emma Kabua", "Anthony Yalon", "Eva Buthung", "Curtis Graham", "Trina Leberer", "Brett Taylor", "Robert van Woesik"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_A_map_of_the_tropical_Western_Pacific_Ocean_and_Micronesia_with_study_islands_indicated_by_stars_/1454203", "title"=>"A map of the tropical Western Pacific Ocean and Micronesia with study islands indicated by stars.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-18 04:29:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2125963"], "description"=>"<p>Latent variables were generated from independent datasets. Biological metrics were established by a working group of regional scientists, and linked with key processes required for ecosystem function and maintenance (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823#pone.0130823.s004\" target=\"_blank\">S1 Table</a>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["score", "mpa", "Micronesia Challenge", "reef", "ecosystem", "fishing pressure", "fisheries management policies"], "article_id"=>1454205, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Peter Houk", "Rodney Camacho", "Steven Johnson", "Matthew McLean", "Selino Maxin", "Jorg Anson", "Eugene Joseph", "Osamu Nedlic", "Marston Luckymis", "Katrina Adams", "Don Hess", "Emma Kabua", "Anthony Yalon", "Eva Buthung", "Curtis Graham", "Trina Leberer", "Brett Taylor", "Robert van Woesik"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ecosystem_condition_evaluation_process_depicting_the_contribution_of_individual_biological_metrics_on_their_respective_latent_variables_and_the_weighting_of_latent_variables_on_overall_condition_scores_/1454205", "title"=>"Ecosystem condition evaluation process depicting the contribution of individual biological metrics on their respective latent variables, and the weighting of latent variables on overall condition scores.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-18 04:29:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2125965"], "description"=>"<p>Monitoring sites were stratified by reef habitat, management, geography, and/or wave exposure, as appropriate (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823#pone.0130823.s001\" target=\"_blank\">S1 Fig</a>). Dashed lines depict the ‘effective-conservation’ threshold used to assess progress towards the Micronesia-Challenge conservation goals. Percentages indicate the proportion of sites currently above the threshold. Site-circle sizes on the maps adjacent to the bar graphs were scaled by their normalized ecosystem-condition scores. Marine protected areas are designated on the bar graphs with an asterisk (*).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["score", "mpa", "Micronesia Challenge", "reef", "ecosystem", "fishing pressure", "fisheries management policies"], "article_id"=>1454207, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Peter Houk", "Rodney Camacho", "Steven Johnson", "Matthew McLean", "Selino Maxin", "Jorg Anson", "Eugene Joseph", "Osamu Nedlic", "Marston Luckymis", "Katrina Adams", "Don Hess", "Emma Kabua", "Anthony Yalon", "Eva Buthung", "Curtis Graham", "Trina Leberer", "Brett Taylor", "Robert van Woesik"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130823.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Normalized_ecosystem_condition_scores_across_Micronesia_/1454207", "title"=>"Normalized ecosystem-condition scores across Micronesia.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-18 04:29:37"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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