Mapping Systemic Risk: Critical Degree and Failures Distribution in Financial Networks
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Mapping systemic risk: Critical degree and failures distribution in financial networks", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Matteo", "last_name"=>"Smerlak", "scopus_author_id"=>"16029626700"}, {"first_name"=>"Brady", "last_name"=>"Stoll", "scopus_author_id"=>"55651171700"}, {"first_name"=>"Agam", "last_name"=>"Gupta", "scopus_author_id"=>"56394874900"}, {"first_name"=>"James S.", "last_name"=>"Magdanz", "scopus_author_id"=>"56856760900"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"26207631", "arxiv"=>"1402.4783", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84941899138", "sgr"=>"84941899138", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0130948", "pui"=>"605996976", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"9469b4ae-c400-35a5-b2c0-5a85a685fff2", "abstract"=>"The 2008 financial crisis illustrated the need for a thorough, functional understanding of systemic risk in strongly interconnected financial structures. Dynamic processes on complex networks being intrinsically difficult, most recent studies of this problem have relied on numerical simulations. Here we report analytical results in a network model of interbank lending based on directly relevant financial parameters, such as interest rates and leverage ratios. Using a mean-field approach, we obtain a closed-form formula for the \"critical degree\", viz. the number of creditors per bank below which an individual shock can propagate throughout the network. We relate the failures distribution (probability that a single shock induces $F$ failures) to the degree distribution (probability that a bank has $k$ creditors), showing in particular that the former is fat-tailed whenever the latter is. Our criterion for the onset of contagion turns out to be isomorphic to the condition for cooperation to evolve on graphs and social networks, as recently formulated in evolutionary game theory. This remarkable connection supports recent calls for a methodological rapprochement between finance and ecology.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/mapping-systemic-risk-critical-degree-failures-distribution-financial-networks", "reader_count"=>38, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>3, "Researcher"=>3, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>15, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>3, "Student > Master"=>6, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>2, "Mathematics"=>5, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>3, "Physics and Astronomy"=>4, "Psychology"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Computer Science"=>4, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>12}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Physics and Astronomy"=>{"Physics and Astronomy"=>4}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>1}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>12}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>1}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>4}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>3}, "Mathematics"=>{"Mathematics"=>5}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Belgium"=>1, "United States"=>2, "Luxembourg"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>1, "Spain"=>2}, "group_count"=>2}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84941899138"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84941899138?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84941899138&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84941899138&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84941899138", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84941899138", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84941899138", "dc:title"=>"Mapping systemic risk: Critical degree and failures distribution in financial networks", "dc:creator"=>"Smerlak M.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"10", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"7", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2015-07-24", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"24 July 2015", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0130948", "citedby-count"=>"6", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics", "affiliation-city"=>"Waterloo", "affiliation-country"=>"Canada"}], "pubmed-id"=>"26207631", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0130948", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0130948", "share_count"=>43, "like_count"=>151, "comment_count"=>12, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>206}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"42", "xml_views"=>"23", "html_views"=>"922"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"168", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1998"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"298"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"79"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"57"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"29"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"133"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"100"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"126"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"125"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"74"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"91"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"50"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"15"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"5", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"2"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2189607"], "description"=>"<p>Observe the “robust-yet-fragile” nature of scalefree networks: while the maximum expected number of failures is lower than for ER networks, the probability of catastrophic failures is much higher.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interbank lending", "network model", "scalefree ones", "interest rates", "Dynamic processes", "failures distributions", "Financial Networks", "Critical Degree", "Failures Distribution", "leverage ratios", "network topologies", "game theory"], "article_id"=>1494097, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Matteo Smerlak", "Brady Stoll", "Agam Gupta", "James S. Magdanz"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130948.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Statistics_of_failures_in_ER_networks_Fig_4a_and_BA_networks_Fig_4b_for_R_1_02_r_1_01_f_50_and_3_/1494097", "title"=>"Statistics of failures in ER networks (Fig 4a) and BA networks (Fig 4b), for <i>R</i> = 1.02, <i>r</i> = 1.01, <i>f</i> = 50% and Λ = 3%.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-24 04:06:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2189608"], "description"=>"<p>Initial balance sheet of bank <i>i</i>.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interbank lending", "network model", "scalefree ones", "interest rates", "Dynamic processes", "failures distributions", "Financial Networks", "Critical Degree", "Failures Distribution", "leverage ratios", "network topologies", "game theory"], "article_id"=>1494098, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Matteo Smerlak", "Brady Stoll", "Agam Gupta", "James S. Magdanz"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130948.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Initial_balance_sheet_of_bank_i_/1494098", "title"=>"Initial balance sheet of bank <i>i</i>.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-24 04:06:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2189611"], "description"=>"<div><p>The financial crisis illustrated the need for a functional understanding of systemic risk in strongly interconnected financial structures. Dynamic processes on complex networks being intrinsically difficult to model analytically, most recent studies of this problem have relied on numerical simulations. Here we report analytical results in a network model of interbank lending based on directly relevant financial parameters, such as interest rates and leverage ratios. We obtain a closed-form formula for the “critical degree” (the number of creditors per bank below which an individual shock can propagate throughout the network), and relate failures distributions to network topologies, in particular scalefree ones. Our criterion for the onset of contagion turns out to be isomorphic to the condition for cooperation to evolve on graphs and social networks, as recently formulated in evolutionary game theory. This remarkable connection supports recent calls for a methodological rapprochement between finance and ecology.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interbank lending", "network model", "scalefree ones", "interest rates", "Dynamic processes", "failures distributions", "Financial Networks", "Critical Degree", "Failures Distribution", "leverage ratios", "network topologies", "game theory"], "article_id"=>1494101, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Matteo Smerlak", "Brady Stoll", "Agam Gupta", "James S. Magdanz"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130948", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mapping_Systemic_Risk_Critical_Degree_and_Failures_Distribution_in_Financial_Networks_/1494101", "title"=>"Mapping Systemic Risk: Critical Degree and Failures Distribution in Financial Networks", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-24 04:06:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2189601"], "description"=>"<p>The first two critical degrees </p><p></p><p></p><p></p><p><mi>k</mi></p><p><mo stretchy=\"false\">(</mo><mn>1</mn><mo stretchy=\"false\">)</mo></p><mo>*</mo><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p> and <p></p><p></p><p></p><p><mi>k</mi></p><p><mo stretchy=\"false\">(</mo><mn>2</mn><mo stretchy=\"false\">)</mo></p><mo>*</mo><p></p><p></p><p></p><p></p> as functions of the liquidity ratio <i>f</i> and of the leverage ratio Λ for <i>R</i> = 1.05, <i>r</i> = 1.01 (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0130948#pone.0130948.g001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 1a</a>) and as functions of the external rate <i>R</i> and the interbank rate <i>r</i> for <i>f</i> = 50% and Λ = 3% (<a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0130948#pone.0130948.g001\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 1b</a>).<p></p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interbank lending", "network model", "scalefree ones", "interest rates", "Dynamic processes", "failures distributions", "Financial Networks", "Critical Degree", "Failures Distribution", "leverage ratios", "network topologies", "game theory"], "article_id"=>1494091, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Matteo Smerlak", "Brady Stoll", "Agam Gupta", "James S. Magdanz"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130948.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_first_two_critical_degrees_k_1__and_k_2__as_functions_of_the_liquidity_ratio_f_and_of_the_leverage_ratio_for_R_1_05_r_1_01_Fig_1a_and_as_functions_of_the_external_rate_R_and_the_interbank_rate_r_for_f_50_and_3_Fig_1b_/1494091", "title"=>"The first two critical degrees k(1)* and k(2)* as functions of the liquidity ratio <i>f</i> and of the leverage ratio Λ for <i>R</i> = 1.05, <i>r</i> = 1.01 (Fig 1a) and as functions of the external rate <i>R</i> and the interbank rate <i>r</i> for <i>f</i> = 50% and Λ = 3% (Fig 1b).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-24 04:06:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2189603"], "description"=>"<p>Here <i>R</i> = 1.02, <i>r</i> = 1.01, <i>f</i> = 50% and Λ = 3%.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interbank lending", "network model", "scalefree ones", "interest rates", "Dynamic processes", "failures distributions", "Financial Networks", "Critical Degree", "Failures Distribution", "leverage ratios", "network topologies", "game theory"], "article_id"=>1494093, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Matteo Smerlak", "Brady Stoll", "Agam Gupta", "James S. Magdanz"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130948.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Failures_in_sample_networks_with_N_53_and_z_4_Cayley_tree_Fig_2a_ER_network_Fig_2b_BA_network_Fig_2c_The_black_node_indicates_the_shocked_bank_the_red_nodes_the_failed_banks_the_green_nodes_the_safe_banks_/1494093", "title"=>"Failures in sample networks with <i>N</i> = 53 and <i>z</i> = 4: Cayley tree (Fig 2a), ER network (Fig 2b), BA network (Fig 2c). The black node indicates the shocked bank, the red nodes the failed banks, the green nodes the safe banks.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-24 04:06:37"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2189605"], "description"=>"<p>The dashed line indicates the value of the critical degree <i>k</i>*. The discrepancy between the empirical and theoretical values at low <i>z</i> is due to the contribution of second neighbors, neglected in our approximation.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["interbank lending", "network model", "scalefree ones", "interest rates", "Dynamic processes", "failures distributions", "Financial Networks", "Critical Degree", "Failures Distribution", "leverage ratios", "network topologies", "game theory"], "article_id"=>1494095, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Matteo Smerlak", "Brady Stoll", "Agam Gupta", "James S. Magdanz"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130948.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Mean_number_of_failures_as_a_function_of_mean_degree_z_as_estimated_analytically_circles_and_as_obtained_numerically_dots_for_ER_networks_Fig_3a_and_BA_networks_Fig_3b_/1494095", "title"=>"Mean number of failures as a function of mean degree <i>z</i>, as estimated analytically (circles) and as obtained numerically (dots), for ER networks (Fig 3a) and BA networks (Fig 3b).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-24 04:06:37"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner

Net::HTTPTooManyRequests

Source
Scopus
Time
2019-09-27 14:13:16 UTC
Target URL
https://api.elsevier.com/content/search/index:SCOPUS?query=DOI(10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0130948)
Trace

/app/models/concerns/networkable.rb:21:in `get_result'
/app/models/source.rb:165:in `get_data'
/app/models/retrieval_status.rb:47:in `perform_get_data'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:52:in `block (2 levels) in perform'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:51:in `block in perform'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:35:in `each'
/app/jobs/source_job.rb:35:in `perform'