Spatial Change of Cruciate Ligaments in Rat Embryo Knee Joint by Three-Dimensional Reconstruction
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{"title"=>"Spatial change of cruciate ligaments in rat embryo knee joint by three-dimensional reconstruction", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Xiangkai", "last_name"=>"Zhang", "scopus_author_id"=>"55337768300"}, {"first_name"=>"Tomoki", "last_name"=>"Aoyama", "scopus_author_id"=>"7401941055"}, {"first_name"=>"Ryota", "last_name"=>"Takaishi", "scopus_author_id"=>"56394403100"}, {"first_name"=>"Shinya", "last_name"=>"Higuchi", "scopus_author_id"=>"56393876600"}, {"first_name"=>"Shigehito", "last_name"=>"Yamada", "scopus_author_id"=>"9269685500"}, {"first_name"=>"Hiroshi", "last_name"=>"Kuroki", "scopus_author_id"=>"8355844900"}, {"first_name"=>"Tetsuya", "last_name"=>"Takakuwa", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006512725"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84939237542", "sgr"=>"84939237542", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0131092", "pmid"=>"26098761", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pui"=>"605586336"}, "id"=>"471f75de-1b4c-34a3-8e4d-d27c6dadb2f3", "abstract"=>"This study aimed to analyze the spatial developmental changes of rat cruciate ligaments by three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction using episcopic fluorescence image capture (EFIC). Cruciate ligaments of Wister rat embryos between embryonic day (E) 16 and E20 were analyzed. Samples were sectioned and visualized using EFIC. 3D reconstructions were generated using Amira software. The length of the cruciate ligaments, distances between attachment points to femur and tibia, angles of the cruciate ligaments and the cross angle of the cruciate ligaments were measured. The shape of cruciate ligaments was clearly visible at E17. The lengths of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) increased gradually from E17 to E19 and drastically at E20. Distances between attachment points to the femur and tibia gradually increased. The ACL angle and PCL angle gradually decreased. The cross angle of the cruciate ligaments changed in three planes. The primordium of the 3D structure of rat cruciate ligaments was constructed from the early stage, with the completion of the development of the structures occurring just before birth.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/spatial-change-cruciate-ligaments-rat-embryo-knee-joint-threedimensional-reconstruction", "reader_count"=>9, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Researcher"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Student > Master"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>5, "Computer Science"=>1, "Engineering"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>5}, "Computer Science"=>{"Computer Science"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Brazil"=>1}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2128990"], "description"=>"<p>A: A 3D reconstruction of the knee joint was generated from 2D continuous sections with Amira software. Femur and tibia (white), ACL (red) and PCL (blue). Red points indicate the attachment of the ACL to the femur and tibia. Blue points indicate the attachment of the PCL to the femur and tibia. The black point indicates the cross point of both ligaments. B: Measurement points. fACL: femoral attachment of ACL. fPCL: femoral attachment of PCL. tACL: tibial attachment of ACL. tPCL: tibial attachment of PCL. The cross point of ACL and PCL was indicated as intersection of cruciate ligament (iCL). Length of ACL (L<sub>ACL</sub>) was calculated by length of ACL on femoral side (L<sub>Af</sub>) plus length of ACL on tibial side (L<sub>At</sub>). Length of PCL (L<sub>PCL</sub>) was calculated by length of PCL on femoral side (L<sub>Pf</sub>) plus length of PCL on tibial side (L<sub>Pt</sub>).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rat cruciate ligaments", "cruciate ligaments", "pcl", "attachment points", "EFIC", "acl", "3 D reconstructions", "3 D structure", "cruciate ligament", "episcopic fluorescence image", "Rat Embryo Knee Joint", "E 20. Distances", "Wister rat embryos"], "article_id"=>1456715, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Xiangkai Zhang", "Tomoki Aoyama", "Ryota Takaishi", "Shinya Higuchi", "Shigehito Yamada", "Hiroshi Kuroki", "Tetsuya Takakuwa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131092.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Imaging_of_measurement_points_/1456715", "title"=>"Imaging of measurement points.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-22 03:15:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2128992"], "description"=>"<p>Histological images of sagittal sections of the knee joint by HE staining. a: Embryonic day (E) 16. The cross section of the knee showed no signs of the ACL and PCL in the interzone. b: E17. The cross section of knee clearly showed the ACL and PCL. c: E18. The cross section showed the PCL. d: E19. The cross section showed the ACL and PCL. e: E20. The border and bundle of the ACL were clearly visible. f: E20. The cross sections of the knee showed buckling of the ACL and PCL. Magnification x100. Bar = 100 μm.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rat cruciate ligaments", "cruciate ligaments", "pcl", "attachment points", "EFIC", "acl", "3 D reconstructions", "3 D structure", "cruciate ligament", "episcopic fluorescence image", "Rat Embryo Knee Joint", "E 20. Distances", "Wister rat embryos"], "article_id"=>1456717, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Xiangkai Zhang", "Tomoki Aoyama", "Ryota Takaishi", "Shinya Higuchi", "Shigehito Yamada", "Hiroshi Kuroki", "Tetsuya Takakuwa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131092.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>131, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Histological_findings_of_cruciate_ligaments_/1456717", "title"=>"Histological findings of cruciate ligaments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-22 03:15:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2128995"], "description"=>"<p>A: The length of the ACL at E17, E18, E19, and E20. The small red circles indicate the length of the ACL in each sample. *<i>p</i> < 0.05 (Dunnett T3 test). B: The length of the PCL at E17, E18, E19, and E20. The small blue circles indicate the length of the PCL in each sample. ** <i>p</i> < 0.01 (Tukey-Kramer test).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rat cruciate ligaments", "cruciate ligaments", "pcl", "attachment points", "EFIC", "acl", "3 D reconstructions", "3 D structure", "cruciate ligament", "episcopic fluorescence image", "Rat Embryo Knee Joint", "E 20. Distances", "Wister rat embryos"], "article_id"=>1456720, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Xiangkai Zhang", "Tomoki Aoyama", "Ryota Takaishi", "Shinya Higuchi", "Shigehito Yamada", "Hiroshi Kuroki", "Tetsuya Takakuwa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131092.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Length_of_cruciate_ligaments_/1456720", "title"=>"Length of cruciate ligaments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-22 03:15:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2128998"], "description"=>"<p>A: The length of the distance between the attachment points of the ACL and PCL on the femur (L<sub>fCL</sub>). The small black circles indicate the distance in each sample. <i>p</i> < 0.05 (Test of Homogeneity of Variances). B: The length of the distance between the attachment points of the ACL and PCL on the tibia (L<sub>tCL</sub>). The small black circles indicate the distance in each sample. <i>p</i> < 0.05 (Test of Homogeneity of Variances).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rat cruciate ligaments", "cruciate ligaments", "pcl", "attachment points", "EFIC", "acl", "3 D reconstructions", "3 D structure", "cruciate ligament", "episcopic fluorescence image", "Rat Embryo Knee Joint", "E 20. Distances", "Wister rat embryos"], "article_id"=>1456723, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Xiangkai Zhang", "Tomoki Aoyama", "Ryota Takaishi", "Shinya Higuchi", "Shigehito Yamada", "Hiroshi Kuroki", "Tetsuya Takakuwa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131092.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>29, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_The_distance_between_the_attachment_points_of_the_cruciate_ligaments_on_the_femur_and_tibia_/1456723", "title"=>"The distance between the attachment points of the cruciate ligaments on the femur and tibia.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-22 03:15:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2128999"], "description"=>"<p>A: The angle of ACL (αACL) at E17, E18, E19, and E20. The small red circles indicate the angle of ACL in each sample. ** <i>p</i> < 0.01 (Tukey-Kramer test). B: The angle of PCL (αPCL) at E17, E18, E19, and E20. The small blue circles indicate the angle of PCL in each sample. ** <i>p</i> < 0.01(Tukey-Kramer test).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rat cruciate ligaments", "cruciate ligaments", "pcl", "attachment points", "EFIC", "acl", "3 D reconstructions", "3 D structure", "cruciate ligament", "episcopic fluorescence image", "Rat Embryo Knee Joint", "E 20. Distances", "Wister rat embryos"], "article_id"=>1456724, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Xiangkai Zhang", "Tomoki Aoyama", "Ryota Takaishi", "Shinya Higuchi", "Shigehito Yamada", "Hiroshi Kuroki", "Tetsuya Takakuwa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131092.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Angle_of_cruciate_ligaments_/1456724", "title"=>"Angle of cruciate ligaments.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-22 03:15:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2129000"], "description"=>"<p>A: Cross angle of cruciate ligaments in the sagittal plane [β(sagittal)]. Each small circle indicates the cross angle in each sample (purple; E17, green; E18, yellow; E19, red; E20). ** <i>p</i> < 0.01 (Tukey-Kramer test). B: Cross angle of cruciate ligaments in the coronal plane [β(frontal)]. Each small circle indicates the cross angle in each sample (purple; E17, green; E18, yellow; E19, red; E20). ** <i>p</i> < 0.01 (Tukey-Kramer test). C: Cross angle of cruciate ligaments in the horizontal plane [β(horizontal)]. Each small circle indicates the cross angle in each sample (purple; E17, green; E18, yellow; E19, red; E20). ** <i>p</i> < 0.01 (Tukey-Kramer test).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rat cruciate ligaments", "cruciate ligaments", "pcl", "attachment points", "EFIC", "acl", "3 D reconstructions", "3 D structure", "cruciate ligament", "episcopic fluorescence image", "Rat Embryo Knee Joint", "E 20. Distances", "Wister rat embryos"], "article_id"=>1456725, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Xiangkai Zhang", "Tomoki Aoyama", "Ryota Takaishi", "Shinya Higuchi", "Shigehito Yamada", "Hiroshi Kuroki", "Tetsuya Takakuwa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131092.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cross_angle_of_cruciate_ligaments_in_each_dimension_/1456725", "title"=>"Cross angle of cruciate ligaments in each dimension.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-22 03:15:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2129001"], "description"=>"<p>The average coordinates of the attachment points at each stage (purple; E17, green; E18, yellow; E19, red; E20) in the sagittal (A), frontal (B), and horizontal (C) planes. Femoral attachment of ACL (fACL). Femoral attachment of PCL (fPCL). Tibial attachment of ACL (tACL). Tibial attachment of PCL (tPCL). Superior (Sup), interior (Inf), anterior (Ant), posterior (Pos), medial (Med), lateral (Lat).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rat cruciate ligaments", "cruciate ligaments", "pcl", "attachment points", "EFIC", "acl", "3 D reconstructions", "3 D structure", "cruciate ligament", "episcopic fluorescence image", "Rat Embryo Knee Joint", "E 20. Distances", "Wister rat embryos"], "article_id"=>1456726, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Xiangkai Zhang", "Tomoki Aoyama", "Ryota Takaishi", "Shinya Higuchi", "Shigehito Yamada", "Hiroshi Kuroki", "Tetsuya Takakuwa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131092.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_changes_of_the_attachment_points_of_the_cruciate_ligaments_in_each_dimension_/1456726", "title"=>"Spatial changes of the attachment points of the cruciate ligaments in each dimension.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-22 03:15:09"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2129002"], "description"=>"<div><p>This study aimed to analyze the spatial developmental changes of rat cruciate ligaments by three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction using episcopic fluorescence image capture (EFIC). Cruciate ligaments of Wister rat embryos between embryonic day (E) 16 and E20 were analyzed. Samples were sectioned and visualized using EFIC. 3D reconstructions were generated using Amira software. The length of the cruciate ligaments, distances between attachment points to femur and tibia, angles of the cruciate ligaments and the cross angle of the cruciate ligaments were measured. The shape of cruciate ligaments was clearly visible at E17. The lengths of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) increased gradually from E17 to E19 and drastically at E20. Distances between attachment points to the femur and tibia gradually increased. The ACL angle and PCL angle gradually decreased. The cross angle of the cruciate ligaments changed in three planes. The primordium of the 3D structure of rat cruciate ligaments was constructed from the early stage, with the completion of the development of the structures occurring just before birth.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rat cruciate ligaments", "cruciate ligaments", "pcl", "attachment points", "EFIC", "acl", "3 D reconstructions", "3 D structure", "cruciate ligament", "episcopic fluorescence image", "Rat Embryo Knee Joint", "E 20. Distances", "Wister rat embryos"], "article_id"=>1456727, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Xiangkai Zhang", "Tomoki Aoyama", "Ryota Takaishi", "Shinya Higuchi", "Shigehito Yamada", "Hiroshi Kuroki", "Tetsuya Takakuwa"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131092", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>31, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Spatial_Change_of_Cruciate_Ligaments_in_Rat_Embryo_Knee_Joint_by_Three_Dimensional_Reconstruction_/1456727", "title"=>"Spatial Change of Cruciate Ligaments in Rat Embryo Knee Joint by Three-Dimensional Reconstruction", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>2, "published_date"=>"2015-06-22 03:15:09"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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