Investigating the Goldilocks Hypothesis: The Non-Linear Impact of Positive Trait Change on Well-Being
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Investigating the goldilocks hypothesis: The non-linear impact of positive trait change on well-being", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Chris C.", "last_name"=>"Martin", "scopus_author_id"=>"56374050000"}, {"first_name"=>"Corey L.M.", "last_name"=>"Keyes", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006795882"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"26161648", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84941286992", "pui"=>"605952499", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0131316", "sgr"=>"84941286992"}, "id"=>"637928de-a4a0-3c81-a5a2-aaffec242b28", "abstract"=>"This paper attempts to reconcile two perspectives on the impact of positive trait change. The first perspective views positive trait change as salubrious because it reflects the process of self-enhancement, whereas the second perspective views positive change as costly because it disrupts the self-verification process. We propose that benefits and costs accrue at discrete rates, such that moderate positive trait change is more beneficial than too little and too much positive change. This constitutes a Goldilocks hypothesis. Using the MIDUS longitudinal dataset (N = 1,725) we test this hypothesis on four traits, namely, social extraversion, agentic extraversion (agency), conscientiousness, and neuroticism. The Goldilocks hypothesis was supported for social extraversion, agentic extraversion (agency), and conscientiousness. Reduction in neuroticism seemed uniformly predictive of higher well-being. Thus, not all amounts of positive trait change are beneficial. While we find no evidence for a limit to the benefits of reduced neuroticism, there is a \"just right\" amount of positive change in extraversion and conscientiousness that results in the highest level of well-being. Our findings suggest that non-monotonic models may be more valid in investigations of personality change and well-being.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/investigating-goldilocks-hypothesis-nonlinear-impact-positive-trait-change-wellbeing", "reader_count"=>17, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>5, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>1, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>1, "Psychology"=>10, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>1}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>10}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Sweden"=>1, "United States"=>2}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84941286992"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84941286992?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84941286992&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84941286992&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84941286992", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84941286992", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84941286992", "dc:title"=>"Investigating the goldilocks hypothesis: The non-linear impact of positive trait change on well-being", "dc:creator"=>"Martin C.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"10", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"7", "prism:pageRange"=>"4952747", "prism:coverDate"=>"2015-07-10", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"10 July 2015", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0131316", "citedby-count"=>"5", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"Emory University", "affiliation-city"=>"Atlanta", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"26161648", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0131316", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0131316", "share_count"=>2, "like_count"=>26, "comment_count"=>4, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>32}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"6", "html_views"=>"288"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"18", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"77"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"37"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"195"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"42"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"105"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"38"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"26"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"28"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"43"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"41"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"9"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"6"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"12"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"7"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"4"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"5"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"8"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2020", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"4"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171500"], "description"=>"<p>The lines of best fit are from lowess regressions using the Epanechnikov kernel with 75% of points fitted.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479968, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scatterplots_of_Trait_Change_X_axis_and_Well_Being_Y_axis_among_participants_in_the_lowest_trait_quartile_at_Time_1_/1479968", "title"=>"Scatterplots of Trait Change (X axis) and Well-Being (Y axis) among participants in the lowest trait quartile at Time 1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171503"], "description"=>"<p>Lines represent the results of piecewise regression analyses.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479971, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.g008", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scatterplots_of_Standardized_Trait_Change_X_axis_and_Well_Being_Y_axis_with_outliers_removed_/1479971", "title"=>"Scatterplots of Standardized Trait Change (X axis) and Well-Being (Y axis) with outliers removed.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171504"], "description"=>"<p>Demographic Characteristics of Participants (N = 1,725).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479972, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Demographic_Characteristics_of_Participants_N_1_725_/1479972", "title"=>"Demographic Characteristics of Participants (N = 1,725).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171505"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>. <i>NA</i> = negative affect. NA scores were square-root transformed and reversed to produce scores for NA. Emotional well-being is the sum of positive affect and life satisfaction. Conscientiousness was computed using factor scores.</p><p>Trait and Well-Being Levels of Participants (N = 1,725).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479973, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Trait_and_Well_Being_Levels_of_Participants_N_1_725_/1479973", "title"=>"Trait and Well-Being Levels of Participants (N = 1,725).", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171507"], "description"=>"<p>Note</p><p>* p < .05</p><p>** p < .01</p><p>*** p < .001.</p><p>Inter-Correlations of Predictor and Outcome Variables.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479975, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Inter_Correlations_of_Predictor_and_Outcome_Variables_/1479975", "title"=>"Inter-Correlations of Predictor and Outcome Variables.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171509"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>. The bias-corrected confidence intervals were computed using bootstrapping. Blank cells indicate regressions in which quadratic terms were excluded because they explained no additional variance. NA was square-root transformed prior to analysis in order to minimize skewness.</p><p>* p < .05</p><p>** p < .01</p><p>*** p < .001.</p><p>Trait Change Analyses: Estimates of the Slopes and Curvature Coefficients of Line of Stability and Its Orthogonal.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479977, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Trait_Change_Analyses_Estimates_of_the_Slopes_and_Curvature_Coefficients_of_Line_of_Stability_and_Its_Orthogonal_/1479977", "title"=>"Trait Change Analyses: Estimates of the Slopes and Curvature Coefficients of Line of Stability and Its Orthogonal.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171510"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>. The bias-corrected confidence intervals were computed using bootstrapping. EWB = emotional well-being. NA (R) = negative affect (reversed). PWB = psychological well-being. NA was square-root transformed prior to analysis in order to minimize skewness.</p><p>Estimates and confidence intervals of displacement and parallelism between the lines of stability and optimality.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479978, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Estimates_and_confidence_intervals_of_displacement_and_parallelism_between_the_lines_of_stability_and_optimality_/1479978", "title"=>"Estimates and confidence intervals of displacement and parallelism between the lines of stability and optimality.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171511"], "description"=>"<p><i>Note</i>. Absence of NA was square-root transformed prior to analysis in order to minimize skewness.</p><p><sup>†</sup> p < .10</p><p>* p < .05</p><p>** p < .01</p><p>*** p < .001.</p><p>Trait Change Analyses: Piecewise Regression with Moderate Changers and Large Changers.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479979, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>7, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Trait_Change_Analyses_Piecewise_Regression_with_Moderate_Changers_and_Large_Changers_/1479979", "title"=>"Trait Change Analyses: Piecewise Regression with Moderate Changers and Large Changers.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171512", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171513"], "description"=>"<div><p>This paper attempts to reconcile two perspectives on the impact of positive trait change. The first perspective views positive trait change as salubrious because it reflects the process of self-enhancement, whereas the second perspective views positive change as costly because it disrupts the self-verification process. We propose that benefits and costs accrue at discrete rates, such that moderate positive trait change is more beneficial than too little and too much positive change. This constitutes a Goldilocks hypothesis. Using the MIDUS longitudinal dataset (N = 1,725) we test this hypothesis on four traits, namely, social extraversion, agentic extraversion (agency), conscientiousness, and neuroticism. The Goldilocks hypothesis was supported for social extraversion, agentic extraversion (agency), and conscientiousness. Reduction in neuroticism seemed uniformly predictive of higher well-being. Thus, not all amounts of positive trait change are beneficial. While we find no evidence for a limit to the benefits of reduced neuroticism, there is a “just right” amount of positive change in extraversion and conscientiousness that results in the highest level of well-being. Our findings suggest that non-monotonic models may be more valid in investigations of personality change and well-being.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479980, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.s002"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>16, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Investigating_the_Goldilocks_Hypothesis_The_Non_Linear_Impact_of_Positive_Trait_Change_on_Well_Being_/1479980", "title"=>"Investigating the Goldilocks Hypothesis: The Non-Linear Impact of Positive Trait Change on Well-Being", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171477"], "description"=>"<p>In the moderation graph, X is the focal variable, Y is the moderator variable, and Z is the dependent variable. In the response surface graph, X is the first focal variable, Y is the second focal variable, and Z is the dependent variable.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479951, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Illustration_of_identical_results_plotted_on_a_a_moderation_graph_and_b_a_response_surface_/1479951", "title"=>"Illustration of identical results plotted on (a) a moderation graph, and (b) a response surface.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171480"], "description"=>"<p>Hypothetical response surfaces supporting the hypotheses that (a) stability is optimal, (b) moderate growth is optimal, or (c) maximal growth is optimal.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479953, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Hypothetical_response_surfaces_supporting_the_hypotheses_that_a_stability_is_optimal_b_moderate_growth_is_optimal_or_c_maximal_growth_is_optimal_/1479953", "title"=>"Hypothetical response surfaces supporting the hypotheses that (a) stability is optimal, (b) moderate growth is optimal, or (c) maximal growth is optimal.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171488"], "description"=>"<p>Response surfaces for polynomial analyses of sociality and well-being.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479956, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Response_surfaces_for_polynomial_analyses_of_sociality_and_well_being_/1479956", "title"=>"Response surfaces for polynomial analyses of sociality and well-being.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171493"], "description"=>"<p>Response surfaces for polynomial analyses of agency and well-being.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479961, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Response_surfaces_for_polynomial_analyses_of_agency_and_well_being_/1479961", "title"=>"Response surfaces for polynomial analyses of agency and well-being.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171494"], "description"=>"<p>Response surfaces for polynomial analyses of neuroticism and well-being.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479962, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>2, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Response_surfaces_for_polynomial_analyses_of_neuroticism_and_well_being_/1479962", "title"=>"Response surfaces for polynomial analyses of neuroticism and well-being.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171498"], "description"=>"<p>Response surfaces for polynomial analyses of conscientiousness and well-being.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["Positive Trait Change", "conscientiousnes", "Goldilocks hypothesis", "neuroticism", "perspective views", "trait change", "MIDUS", "agentic extraversion"], "article_id"=>1479966, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Chris C. Martin", "Corey L. M. Keyes"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131316.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Response_surfaces_for_polynomial_analyses_of_conscientiousness_and_well_being_/1479966", "title"=>"Response surfaces for polynomial analyses of conscientiousness and well-being.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:36:26"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"10", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"165", "full-text"=>"174", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"1", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"3", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"2", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"15", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"12"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts