The Effects of Habitat Type and Volcanic Eruptions on the Breeding Demography of Icelandic Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus
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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171136"], "description"=>"<p>Return rates of Whimbrels to the main study sites in %. Proportions of ringed birds the previous year shown in parentheses.</p><p>Return rates.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate food supply", "habitat quality", "riverplain habitats", "Icelandic Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus Distinct preference"], "article_id"=>1479701, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Borgný Katrínardóttir", "José A. Alves", "Hrefna Sigurjónsdóttir", "Pall Hersteinsson", "Tómas G. Gunnarsson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131395.t006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Return_rates_/1479701", "title"=>"Return rates.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:13:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171135"], "description"=>"<p>Fledging success on main study sites in 2010.</p><p>Fledging success.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate food supply", "habitat quality", "riverplain habitats", "Icelandic Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus Distinct preference"], "article_id"=>1479700, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Borgný Katrínardóttir", "José A. Alves", "Hrefna Sigurjónsdóttir", "Pall Hersteinsson", "Tómas G. Gunnarsson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131395.t005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fledging_success_/1479700", "title"=>"Fledging success.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:13:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171132"], "description"=>"<p>Results of generalized linear model, with the proportion of successful breeders (pairs with chicks) as the response variable and distance from the volcano and year (2010 and 2011) as explanatory variables.</p><p>Effects of distance from volcano and year on breeding success.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate food supply", "habitat quality", "riverplain habitats", "Icelandic Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus Distinct preference"], "article_id"=>1479697, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Borgný Katrínardóttir", "José A. Alves", "Hrefna Sigurjónsdóttir", "Pall Hersteinsson", "Tómas G. Gunnarsson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131395.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>1, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_distance_from_volcano_and_year_on_breeding_success_/1479697", "title"=>"Effects of distance from volcano and year on breeding success.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:13:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171130"], "description"=>"<p>2010 is shown with black symbols & line (y = 0.0035x + 0.455) and 2011 with grey symbols & line (y = 0.0084x−0.088). Riverplains are shown with squares and grassland/heathland with circles.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate food supply", "habitat quality", "riverplain habitats", "Icelandic Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus Distinct preference"], "article_id"=>1479695, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Borgný Katrínardóttir", "José A. Alves", "Hrefna Sigurjónsdóttir", "Pall Hersteinsson", "Tómas G. Gunnarsson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131395.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_distance_to_Eyjafjallajokull_volcano_on_the_proportion_of_successful_pairs_/1479695", "title"=>"Effect of distance to Eyjafjallajokull volcano on the proportion of successful pairs.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:13:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171131"], "description"=>"<p>Results of generalized linear models, with density (breeding density and density during chick rearing) as the response variables, and habitat and year as explanatory variables.</p><p>Effects of habitat and year on density.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate food supply", "habitat quality", "riverplain habitats", "Icelandic Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus Distinct preference"], "article_id"=>1479696, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Borgný Katrínardóttir", "José A. Alves", "Hrefna Sigurjónsdóttir", "Pall Hersteinsson", "Tómas G. Gunnarsson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131395.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>4, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effects_of_habitat_and_year_on_density_/1479696", "title"=>"Effects of habitat and year on density.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:13:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171129"], "description"=>"<p>Average (± SE) density of breeding Whimbrels between riverplain (grey) and grassland/heathland (white) sites during nesting 2010 and 2011, and during chick rearing between 2009 and 2011.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate food supply", "habitat quality", "riverplain habitats", "Icelandic Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus Distinct preference"], "article_id"=>1479694, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Borgný Katrínardóttir", "José A. Alves", "Hrefna Sigurjónsdóttir", "Pall Hersteinsson", "Tómas G. Gunnarsson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131395.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Density_of_breeding_Whimbrels_/1479694", "title"=>"Density of breeding Whimbrels.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:13:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171138", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171139", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171140"], "description"=>"<div><p>Distinct preference of species for habitats is most often driven by long term differences in demographic rates between habitats. Estimating variation in those rates is key for developing successful conservation strategies. Stochastic events can interact with underlying variation in habitat quality in regulating demography but the opportunities to explore such interactions are rare. Whimbrels in Iceland show a strong preference for sparsely vegetated riverplains. Such habitats in Iceland face various threats, e.g., climate change, river regulation and spread of alien plant species. In this study we compared demographic parameters of breeding Whimbrels between riverplains and other habitats before, during and after volcanic eruption events to estimate the importance of the habitats for the species and the effect of ash deposit on breeding success. We found that an estimated minimum of 23% of the Icelandic population of Whimbrels and c. 10% of the world population of the species breed in riverplain habitats in Iceland. Whimbrels bred consistently at much higher densities in riverplain habitats than in other habitats and riverplains also had higher densities of pairs with fledglings although the proportion of successful breeders was similar between habitats. Predation by livestock may have had a considerable negative effect on breeding success on our study sites. Breeding was negatively affected by the volcanic activity, probably through the effects of ash on the invertebrate food supply, with breeding success being gradually worse closer to the eruption. Breeding success was equally affected by volcanism across habitats which differed in underlying habitat quality. This study gives an example of how populations can be regulated by factors which operate at different spatial scales, such as local variation in habitat quality and stochastic events which impact larger areas.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate food supply", "habitat quality", "riverplain habitats", "Icelandic Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus Distinct preference"], "article_id"=>1479703, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Borgný Katrínardóttir", "José A. Alves", "Hrefna Sigurjónsdóttir", "Pall Hersteinsson", "Tómas G. Gunnarsson"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131395.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131395.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131395.s003"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/The_Effects_of_Habitat_Type_and_Volcanic_Eruptions_on_the_Breeding_Demography_of_Icelandic_Whimbrels_Numenius_phaeopus_/1479703", "title"=>"The Effects of Habitat Type and Volcanic Eruptions on the Breeding Demography of Icelandic Whimbrels <i>Numenius phaeopus</i>", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:13:07"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2171133"], "description"=>"<p>Observed and estimated nest success and daily survival of nests on main study sites.</p><p><sup>a</sup>Observed nest success (successful nests/all nests).</p><p><sup>b</sup>Hatched nests according to the Mayfield method, nesting period of 29 days used in calculations.</p><p>Nest success and daily survival of nests.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["invertebrate food supply", "habitat quality", "riverplain habitats", "Icelandic Whimbrels Numenius phaeopus Distinct preference"], "article_id"=>1479698, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["Borgný Katrínardóttir", "José A. Alves", "Hrefna Sigurjónsdóttir", "Pall Hersteinsson", "Tómas G. Gunnarsson"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131395.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>3, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Nest_success_and_daily_survival_of_nests_/1479698", "title"=>"Nest success and daily survival of nests.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-10 04:13:07"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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