Survival and Mortality of Pumas (Puma concolor) in a Fragmented, Urbanizing Landscape
Publication Date
July 15, 2015
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
T. Winston Vickers, Jessica N. Sanchez, Christine K. Johnson, Scott A. Morrison, et al
Volume
10
Issue
7
Pages
e0131490
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131490
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0131490
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26177290
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4503643
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/26177290
Web of Science
000358197600045
Scopus
84941299808
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/survival-mortality-pumas-puma-concolor-fragmented-urbanizing-landscape
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Survival and mortality of pumas (Puma concolor) in a fragmented, urbanizing landscape", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"T. Winston", "last_name"=>"Vickers", "scopus_author_id"=>"54964315000"}, {"first_name"=>"Jessica N.", "last_name"=>"Sanchez", "scopus_author_id"=>"55974003500"}, {"first_name"=>"Christine K.", "last_name"=>"Johnson", "scopus_author_id"=>"23094404800"}, {"first_name"=>"Scott A.", "last_name"=>"Morrison", "scopus_author_id"=>"7201672369"}, {"first_name"=>"Randy", "last_name"=>"Botta", "scopus_author_id"=>"7003899919"}, {"first_name"=>"Trish", "last_name"=>"Smith", "scopus_author_id"=>"56829835800"}, {"first_name"=>"Brian S.", "last_name"=>"Cohen", "scopus_author_id"=>"56309330400"}, {"first_name"=>"Patrick R.", "last_name"=>"Huber", "scopus_author_id"=>"56648290800"}, {"first_name"=>"Holly B.", "last_name"=>"Ernest", "scopus_author_id"=>"6602409825"}, {"first_name"=>"Walter M.", "last_name"=>"Boyce", "scopus_author_id"=>"7103194129"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0131490", "sgr"=>"84941299808", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84941299808", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)", "pmid"=>"26177290", "pui"=>"605951887"}, "id"=>"fe53f3dc-edbe-33c6-9654-1c51b2c44b5a", "abstract"=>"Wide-ranging large carnivores pose myriad challenges for conservation, especially in highly fragmented landscapes. Over a 13-year period, we combined monitoring of radio collared pumas (Puma concolor) with complementary multi-generational genetic analyses to inform puma conservation in southern California, USA. Our goals were to generate survivorship estimates, determine causes of mortality, identify barriers to movement, and determine the genetic and demographic challenges to puma persistence among >20,000,000 people and extensive urban, suburban, and exurban development. Despite protection from hunting, annual survival for radio collared pumas was surprisingly low (55.8%), and humans caused the majority of puma deaths. The most common sources of mortality were vehicle collisions (28% of deaths), and mortalities resulting from depredation permits issued after pumas killed domestic animals (17% of deaths). Other human-caused mortalities included illegal shootings, public safety removals, and human-caused wildfire. An interstate highway (I-15) bisecting this study area, and associated development, have created a nearly impermeable barrier to puma movements, resulting in severe genetic restriction and demographic isolation of the small puma population (n ~ 17-27 adults) in the Santa Ana Mountains west of I-15. Highways that bisect habitat or divide remaining \"conserved\" habitat, and associated ongoing development, threaten to further subdivide this already fragmented puma population and increase threats to survival. This study highlights the importance of combining demographic and genetic analyses, and illustrates that in the absence of effective measures to reduce mortality and enhance safe movement across highways, translocation of pumas, such as was done with the endangered Florida panther (P. c. coryi), may ultimately be necessary to prevent further genetic decline and ensure persistence of the Santa Ana Mountains population.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/survival-mortality-pumas-puma-concolor-fragmented-urbanizing-landscape", "reader_count"=>88, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>19, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>19, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>6, "Researcher"=>19, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>19, "Student > Postgraduate"=>2, "Other"=>5, "Student > Master"=>14, "Student > Bachelor"=>10, "Professor"=>4}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>8, "Environmental Science"=>24, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>49, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>49}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>2}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>8}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>24}, "Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>{"Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Germany"=>2, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>3}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84941299808"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84941299808?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84941299808&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84941299808&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84941299808", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84941299808", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84941299808", "dc:title"=>"Survival and mortality of pumas (Puma concolor) in a fragmented, urbanizing landscape", "dc:creator"=>"Vickers T.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"10", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"7", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2015-07-15", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"15 July 2015", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0131490", "citedby-count"=>"19", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine", "affiliation-city"=>"Davis", "affiliation-country"=>"United States"}], "pubmed-id"=>"26177290", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0131490", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0131490", "share_count"=>20, "like_count"=>44, "comment_count"=>1, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>65}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"182", "xml_views"=>"10", "html_views"=>"1894"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"80", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"787"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"161"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"203"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"141"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"121"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"128"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"122"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"161"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"114"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"104"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"26", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"105"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"101"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"54"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"97"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"45", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"119"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"103"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"17", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"83"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"106"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"4", "html_views"=>"165"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"161"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"144"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"75"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"25", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"87"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"33", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"191"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"28", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"206"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"102"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"117"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"88"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"35", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"81"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"110"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"47", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"53", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"68"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"40"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"56"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"30", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"132"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"27", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"90"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"94"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"22", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"69"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"31", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"86"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"38", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"76"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"29", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"105"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"105"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"65"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"12", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"59"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"23", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"52"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"48"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2177646"], "description"=>"<p>GPS collar data points are overlaid on lands classified (by color) based on their relative levels of puma protection and typical usage. Primary linkages within the study area are noted and GPS collar data points from pumas M53 and M56 are highlighted. Inset shows location within California.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "survival", "puma population", "movement", "Santa Ana Mountains west", "Santa Ana Mountains population", "usa", "Puma concolor", "pumas"], "article_id"=>1484740, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["T. Winston Vickers", "Jessica N. Sanchez", "Christine K. Johnson", "Scott A. Morrison", "Randy Botta", "Trish Smith", "Brian S. Cohen", "Patrick R. Huber", "Holly B. Ernest", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131490.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>59, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Puma_GPS_collar_data_points_collected_from_2001_8211_2013_in_southern_California_USA_/1484740", "title"=>"Puma GPS collar data points collected from 2001–2013 in southern California, USA.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 04:46:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2177654"], "description"=>"<p>The Coal Canyon Corridor and Santa Ana—Palomar Mountains Linkage are noted, as well as the limits of a wildlife fencing project on SR 241. Inset shows location within California.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "survival", "puma population", "movement", "Santa Ana Mountains west", "Santa Ana Mountains population", "usa", "Puma concolor", "pumas"], "article_id"=>1484748, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["T. Winston Vickers", "Jessica N. Sanchez", "Christine K. Johnson", "Scott A. Morrison", "Randy Botta", "Trish Smith", "Brian S. Cohen", "Patrick R. Huber", "Holly B. Ernest", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131490.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sites_and_causes_of_puma_mortalities_in_the_Santa_Ana_Mountains_1981_8211_2013_/1484748", "title"=>"Sites and causes of puma mortalities in the Santa Ana Mountains, 1981–2013.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 04:46:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2177659"], "description"=>"<p>Area depicted is generally east of Interstate 15, with the Parque to Park linkage noted. Inset shows location within California.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "survival", "puma population", "movement", "Santa Ana Mountains west", "Santa Ana Mountains population", "usa", "Puma concolor", "pumas"], "article_id"=>1484753, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["T. Winston Vickers", "Jessica N. Sanchez", "Christine K. Johnson", "Scott A. Morrison", "Randy Botta", "Trish Smith", "Brian S. Cohen", "Patrick R. Huber", "Holly B. Ernest", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131490.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sites_and_causes_of_puma_mortalities_in_the_eastern_Peninsular_Range_1981_8211_2013_/1484753", "title"=>"Sites and causes of puma mortalities in the eastern Peninsular Range, 1981–2013.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 04:46:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2177662"], "description"=>"<p>Mortalities of radiocollared (n = 36; 2001–2013) and unmarked (n = 212; 1981–2013) pumas were assigned to the Santa Ana Mountains or the eastern Peninsular Ranges subpopulation. Six unmarked pumas were not included in this figure because they were found on the I-15 freeway and could not be assigned to a population.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "survival", "puma population", "movement", "Santa Ana Mountains west", "Santa Ana Mountains population", "usa", "Puma concolor", "pumas"], "article_id"=>1484756, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["T. Winston Vickers", "Jessica N. Sanchez", "Christine K. Johnson", "Scott A. Morrison", "Randy Botta", "Trish Smith", "Brian S. Cohen", "Patrick R. Huber", "Holly B. Ernest", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131490.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>15, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentages_of_pumas_dying_from_different_causes_of_mortality_in_southern_California_USA_/1484756", "title"=>"Percentages of pumas dying from different causes of mortality in southern California, USA.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 04:46:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2177664"], "description"=>"<p>Five year moving average of pumas killed secondary to vehicle collisions or depredation permits (n = 174) in the Santa Ana Mountains and eastern Peninsular Ranges.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "survival", "puma population", "movement", "Santa Ana Mountains west", "Santa Ana Mountains population", "usa", "Puma concolor", "pumas"], "article_id"=>1484758, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["T. Winston Vickers", "Jessica N. Sanchez", "Christine K. Johnson", "Scott A. Morrison", "Randy Botta", "Trish Smith", "Brian S. Cohen", "Patrick R. Huber", "Holly B. Ernest", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131490.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Pumas_killed_secondary_to_vehicle_collisions_or_depredation_permits_from_1981_8211_2013_in_southern_California_USA_/1484758", "title"=>"Pumas killed secondary to vehicle collisions or depredation permits from 1981–2013 in southern California, USA.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 04:46:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2177666"], "description"=>"<p>Demographic characteristics of radio collared pumas in southern California, USA from 2001–2013.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "survival", "puma population", "movement", "Santa Ana Mountains west", "Santa Ana Mountains population", "usa", "Puma concolor", "pumas"], "article_id"=>1484760, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["T. Winston Vickers", "Jessica N. Sanchez", "Christine K. Johnson", "Scott A. Morrison", "Randy Botta", "Trish Smith", "Brian S. Cohen", "Patrick R. Huber", "Holly B. Ernest", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131490.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>13, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Demographic_characteristics_of_radio_collared_pumas_in_southern_California_USA_from_2001_8211_2013_/1484760", "title"=>"Demographic characteristics of radio collared pumas in southern California, USA from 2001–2013.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 04:46:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2177667"], "description"=>"<p><sup>a</sup> Mortalities secondary to depredation permits and vehicle strikes</p><p>differed between the two populations (P = 0.034; Fisher’s exact test).</p><p>Proportions and numbers of radio collared pumas that died from different causes in Southern California study areas from 2001–2013.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "survival", "puma population", "movement", "Santa Ana Mountains west", "Santa Ana Mountains population", "usa", "Puma concolor", "pumas"], "article_id"=>1484761, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["T. Winston Vickers", "Jessica N. Sanchez", "Christine K. Johnson", "Scott A. Morrison", "Randy Botta", "Trish Smith", "Brian S. Cohen", "Patrick R. Huber", "Holly B. Ernest", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131490.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Proportions_and_numbers_of_radio_collared_pumas_that_died_from_different_causes_in_Southern_California_study_areas_from_2001_8211_2013_/1484761", "title"=>"Proportions and numbers of radio collared pumas that died from different causes in Southern California study areas from 2001–2013.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 04:46:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2177668"], "description"=>"<p>Results of the known-fate model (Program MARK) for survival (S) for radio collared pumas in southern California, USA.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "survival", "puma population", "movement", "Santa Ana Mountains west", "Santa Ana Mountains population", "usa", "Puma concolor", "pumas"], "article_id"=>1484762, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["T. Winston Vickers", "Jessica N. Sanchez", "Christine K. Johnson", "Scott A. Morrison", "Randy Botta", "Trish Smith", "Brian S. Cohen", "Patrick R. Huber", "Holly B. Ernest", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131490.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>10, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Results_of_the_known_fate_model_Program_MARK_for_survival_S_for_radio_collared_pumas_in_southern_California_USA_/1484762", "title"=>"Results of the known-fate model (Program MARK) for survival (S) for radio collared pumas in southern California, USA.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 04:46:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2177670"], "description"=>"<p>*Covariates significant at P ≤ 0.05.</p><p><sup>a</sup>The final model controlled for population and sex which were not significantly associated with time to mortality</p><p><sup>b</sup>Oldest age class (>30 months old) designated as reference category.</p><p><sup>c</sup>Years 2007 and 2008 designated as reference category</p><p>Variables related to time to death in the Cox proportional hazards model of survival of radio collared pumas in southern California, USA.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "survival", "puma population", "movement", "Santa Ana Mountains west", "Santa Ana Mountains population", "usa", "Puma concolor", "pumas"], "article_id"=>1484764, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["T. Winston Vickers", "Jessica N. Sanchez", "Christine K. Johnson", "Scott A. Morrison", "Randy Botta", "Trish Smith", "Brian S. Cohen", "Patrick R. Huber", "Holly B. Ernest", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131490.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>7, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Variables_related_to_time_to_death_in_the_Cox_proportional_hazards_model_of_survival_of_radio_collared_pumas_in_southern_California_USA_/1484764", "title"=>"Variables related to time to death in the Cox proportional hazards model of survival of radio collared pumas in southern California, USA.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 04:46:31"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2177637"], "description"=>"<p>The focal area of this study includes the Santa Ana Mountains and the eastern Peninsular Range. Inset shows location within California.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["mortality", "survival", "puma population", "movement", "Santa Ana Mountains west", "Santa Ana Mountains population", "usa", "Puma concolor", "pumas"], "article_id"=>1484734, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Ecology"], "users"=>["T. Winston Vickers", "Jessica N. Sanchez", "Christine K. Johnson", "Scott A. Morrison", "Randy Botta", "Trish Smith", "Brian S. Cohen", "Patrick R. Huber", "Holly B. Ernest", "Walter M. Boyce"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131490.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>6, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Puma_study_area_in_southern_California_USA_and_regional_context_/1484734", "title"=>"Puma study area in southern California, USA, and regional context.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 04:46:31"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"17", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"22", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"11", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"16", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"41", "full-text"=>"24", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"7", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"28", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"31", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"5", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"23", "full-text"=>"26", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"37", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"8", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"8", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"21", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"10", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"55", "full-text"=>"88", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"34", "full-text"=>"58", "pdf"=>"5", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"20", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"0", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"38", "full-text"=>"45", "pdf"=>"16", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"11", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"43", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"50", "full-text"=>"56", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"4", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"20", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"39", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"25", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"6", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"40", "pdf"=>"8", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"12", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"18", "full-text"=>"19", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"47", "full-text"=>"48", "pdf"=>"7", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"32", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"6", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"31", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"30", "full-text"=>"30", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"3", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"33", "full-text"=>"37", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"22", "full-text"=>"23", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"8"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts