Religion and Completed Suicide: a Meta-Analysis
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{"title"=>"Religion and completed suicide: A meta-analysis", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Andrew", "last_name"=>"Wu", "scopus_author_id"=>"56746982200"}, {"first_name"=>"Jing Yu", "last_name"=>"Wang", "scopus_author_id"=>"56748194300"}, {"first_name"=>"Cun Xian", "last_name"=>"Jia", "scopus_author_id"=>"7202262235"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84938301388", "sgr"=>"84938301388", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0131715", "pmid"=>"26110867", "pui"=>"605398652"}, "id"=>"aa6a39a0-828b-37f0-bc56-197567988983", "abstract"=>"INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a major public health concern and a leading cause of death around the world. How religion influences the risk of completed suicide in different settings across the world requires clarification in order to best inform suicide prevention strategies. METHODS: A meta-analysis using search results from Pubmed and Web of Science databases was conducted following PRISMA protocol and using the keywords \"religion\" or \"religious\" or \"religiosity\" or \"spiritual\" or \"spirituality\" plus \"suicide\" or \"suicidality\" or \"suicide attempt\". Random and fixed effects models were used to generate pooled ORs and I2 values. Sub-analyses were conducted among the following categories: young age ( RESULTS: Nine studies that altogether evaluated 2339 suicide cases and 5252 comparison participants met all selection criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis suggested an overall protective effect of religiosity from completed suicide with a pooled OR of 0.38 (95% CI: 0.21-0.71) and I2 of 91%. Sub-analyses similarly revealed significant protective effects for studies performed in western cultures (OR = 0.29, 95% CI: 0.18-0.46), areas with religious homogeneity (OR = 0.18, 95% CI: 0.13-0.26), and among older populations (OR = 0.42, 95% CI: 0.21-0.84). High heterogeneity of our meta-analysis was attributed to three studies in which the methods varied from the other six. CONCLUSION: Religion plays a protective role against suicide in a majority of settings where suicide research is conducted. However, this effect varies based on the cultural and religious context. Therefore, public health professionals need to strongly consider the current social and religious atmosphere of a given population when designing suicide prevention strategies. Language: en", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/religion-completed-suicide-metaanalysis", "reader_count"=>50, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Professor > Associate Professor"=>1, "Librarian"=>1, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>9, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>6, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>7, "Other"=>3, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>2, "Professor"=>6}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>18, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Psychology"=>18, "Social Sciences"=>9}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>18}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>9}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>18}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>1}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"United States"=>2, "Spain"=>1}, "group_count"=>7}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150455", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150456", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150457", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150458", "https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150459"], "description"=>"<div><p>Introduction</p><p>Suicide is a major public health concern and a leading cause of death around the world. How religion influences the risk of completed suicide in different settings across the world requires clarification in order to best inform suicide prevention strategies.</p><p>Methods</p><p>A meta-analysis using search results from Pubmed and Web of Science databases was conducted following PRISMA protocol and using the keywords “religion” or “religious” or “religiosity” or “spiritual” or “spirituality” plus “suicide” or “suicidality” or “suicide attempt”. Random and fixed effects models were used to generate pooled ORs and I<sup>2</sup> values. Sub-analyses were conducted among the following categories: young age (<45yo), older age (≥45yo), western culture, eastern culture, and religious homogeneity.</p><p>Results</p><p>Nine studies that altogether evaluated 2339 suicide cases and 5252 comparison participants met all selection criteria and were included in the meta-analysis. The meta-analysis suggested an overall protective effect of religiosity from completed suicide with a pooled OR of 0.38 (95% CI: 0.21–0.71) and I<sup>2</sup> of 91%. Sub-analyses similarly revealed significant protective effects for studies performed in western cultures (OR = 0.29, 95% CI: 0.18–0.46), areas with religious homogeneity (OR = 0.18, 95% CI: 0.13–0.26), and among older populations (OR = 0.42, 95% CI: 0.21–0.84). High heterogeneity of our meta-analysis was attributed to three studies in which the methods varied from the other six.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>Religion plays a protective role against suicide in a majority of settings where suicide research is conducted. However, this effect varies based on the cultural and religious context. Therefore, public health professionals need to strongly consider the current social and religious atmosphere of a given population when designing suicide prevention strategies.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["selection criteria", "PRISMA protocol", "health professionals need", "religion influences", "suicide prevention strategies", "homogeneity.ResultsNine studies", "effects models", "suicide research", "or", "2339 suicide cases", "Science databases", "health concern", "5252 comparison participants", "search results", "ci", "2 values"], "article_id"=>1464865, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Andrew Wu", "Jing-Yu Wang", "Cun-Xian Jia"], "doi"=>["https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131715.s001", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131715.s002", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131715.s003", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131715.s004", "https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131715.s005"], "stats"=>{"downloads"=>15, "page_views"=>51, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Religion_and_Completed_Suicide_a_Meta_Analysis_/1464865", "title"=>"Religion and Completed Suicide: a Meta-Analysis", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>4, "published_date"=>"2015-06-25 04:30:40"}
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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150446"], "description"=>"<p>Funnel plot evaluating for publication bias among all nine studies included in the meta-analysis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["selection criteria", "PRISMA protocol", "health professionals need", "religion influences", "suicide prevention strategies", "homogeneity.ResultsNine studies", "effects models", "suicide research", "or", "2339 suicide cases", "Science databases", "health concern", "5252 comparison participants", "search results", "ci", "2 values"], "article_id"=>1464856, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Andrew Wu", "Jing-Yu Wang", "Cun-Xian Jia"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131715.g005", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>2, "page_views"=>38, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Publication_Bias_Evaluation_/1464856", "title"=>"Publication Bias Evaluation.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-25 04:30:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150448"], "description"=>"<p>Forest plot of meta-analysis of remaining six articles after three articles were removed due to a significantly greater contribution of heterogeneity.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["selection criteria", "PRISMA protocol", "health professionals need", "religion influences", "suicide prevention strategies", "homogeneity.ResultsNine studies", "effects models", "suicide research", "or", "2339 suicide cases", "Science databases", "health concern", "5252 comparison participants", "search results", "ci", "2 values"], "article_id"=>1464858, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Andrew Wu", "Jing-Yu Wang", "Cun-Xian Jia"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131715.g006", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>30, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Meta_analysis_With_Minimal_Heterogeneity_/1464858", "title"=>"Meta-analysis With Minimal Heterogeneity.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-25 04:30:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150450"], "description"=>"<p>Forest plot of meta-analysis of articles with adjusted risk estimates and those with unadjusted (calculated) risk estimates.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["selection criteria", "PRISMA protocol", "health professionals need", "religion influences", "suicide prevention strategies", "homogeneity.ResultsNine studies", "effects models", "suicide research", "or", "2339 suicide cases", "Science databases", "health concern", "5252 comparison participants", "search results", "ci", "2 values"], "article_id"=>1464860, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Andrew Wu", "Jing-Yu Wang", "Cun-Xian Jia"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131715.g007", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>44, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sensitivity_Analysis_of_Unadjusted_and_Adjusted_Risk_Estimates_/1464860", "title"=>"Sensitivity Analysis of Unadjusted and Adjusted Risk Estimates.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-06-25 04:30:40"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2150451"], "description"=>"<p>Articles are arranged in order of publication year.</p><p>Descriptive information of literature included in meta-analysis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["selection criteria", "PRISMA protocol", "health professionals need", "religion influences", "suicide prevention strategies", "homogeneity.ResultsNine studies", "effects models", "suicide research", "or", "2339 suicide cases", "Science databases", "health concern", "5252 comparison participants", "search results", "ci", "2 values"], "article_id"=>1464861, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Andrew Wu", "Jing-Yu Wang", "Cun-Xian Jia"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0131715.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>4, "page_views"=>61, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Descriptive_information_of_literature_included_in_meta_analysis_/1464861", "title"=>"Descriptive information of literature included in meta-analysis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-06-25 04:30:40"}

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{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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