Going against the Herd: Psychological and Cultural Factors Underlying the ‘Vaccination Confidence Gap’
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{"title"=>"Going against the herd: Psychological and cultural factors underlying the 'vaccination confidence gap'", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Matthew", "last_name"=>"Browne", "scopus_author_id"=>"14826358800"}, {"first_name"=>"Patricia", "last_name"=>"Thomson", "scopus_author_id"=>"10144820300"}, {"first_name"=>"Matthew Justus", "last_name"=>"Rockloff", "scopus_author_id"=>"6505880640"}, {"first_name"=>"Gordon", "last_name"=>"Pennycook", "scopus_author_id"=>"50061672800"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84943327771", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0132562", "pui"=>"606226369", "pmid"=>"26325522", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84943327771", "issn"=>"19326203", "isbn"=>"1932-6203 (Electronic)\\r1932-6203 (Linking)"}, "id"=>"ed77785f-f127-3c10-b36d-49af660eac45", "abstract"=>"By far the most common strategy used in the attempt to modify negative attitudes toward vaccination is to appeal to evidence-based reasoning. We argue, however, that focusing on science comprehension is inconsistent with one of the key facts of cognitive psychology: Humans are biased information processors and often engage in motivated reasoning. On this basis, we hypothesised that negative attitudes can be explained primarily by factors unrelated to the empirical evidence for vaccination; including some shared attitudes that also attract people to complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). In particular, we tested psychosocial factors associated with CAM endorsement in past research; including aspects of spirituality, intuitive (vs analytic) thinking styles, and the personality trait of openness to experience. These relationships were tested in a cross-sectional, stratified CATI survey (N = 1256, 624 Females). Whilst educational level and thinking style did not predict vaccination rejection, psychosocial factors including: preferring CAM to conventional medicine (OR .49, 95% CI .36-.66), endorsement of spirituality as a source of knowledge (OR .83, 95% CI .71-.96), and openness (OR .86, 95% CI .74-.99), all predicted negative attitudes to vaccination. Furthermore, for 9 of the 12 CAMs surveyed, utilisation in the last 12 months was associated with lower levels of vaccination endorsement. From this we suggest that vaccination scepticism appears to be the outcome of a particular cultural and psychological orientation leading to unwillingness to engage with the scientific evidence. Vaccination compliance might be increased either by building general confidence and understanding of evidence-based medicine, or by appealing to features usually associated with CAM, e.g. 'strengthening your natural resistance to disease'.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/going-against-herd-psychological-cultural-factors-underlying-vaccination-confidence-gap", "reader_count"=>66, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>14, "Student > Postgraduate"=>3, "Student > Master"=>13, "Other"=>4, "Student > Bachelor"=>13, "Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Professor > Associate Professor"=>2, "Researcher"=>6, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>6, "Student > Ph. D. 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Figshare

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  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2249419"], "description"=>"<p>Note: <i>p</i>-values < .05 shown in bold. For these indicators, the levels of vaccination endorsement with higher than baseline % responses are also shown in bold.</p><p>Bivariate association with four levels of vaccination endorsement: demographics, CAM utilization and personal characteristics of the respondent.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["12 CAMs", "attitude", "alternative medicine", "science comprehension", "factor", "information processors", "12 months", "CAM endorsement", "Cultural Factors", "Vaccination compliance", "personality trait", "vaccination rejection", "ci", "vaccination endorsement", "CATI survey", "vaccination scepticism"], "article_id"=>1532646, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Matthew Browne", "Patricia Thomson", "Matthew Justus Rockloff", "Gordon Pennycook"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132562.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>24, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Bivariate_association_with_four_levels_of_vaccination_endorsement_demographics_CAM_utilization_and_personal_characteristics_of_the_respondent_/1532646", "title"=>"Bivariate association with four levels of vaccination endorsement: demographics, CAM utilization and personal characteristics of the respondent.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-01 03:45:02"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2249420"], "description"=>"<p>Note: <i>p</i>-values < .05 shown in bold.</p><p><sup>a</sup> normalized for purpose of calculating odds ratio</p><p><sup>b</sup> CI for intercepts not shown, base odds given for category thresholds: neutral/negative <i>vs</i> agree a little | agree a little <i>vs</i> agree moderately | agree moderately <i>vs</i> agree strongly.</p><p>Ordinal logistic models predicting endorsement of vaccination from demographic, psychological and attitudinal characteristics.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["12 CAMs", "attitude", "alternative medicine", "science comprehension", "factor", "information processors", "12 months", "CAM endorsement", "Cultural Factors", "Vaccination compliance", "personality trait", "vaccination rejection", "ci", "vaccination endorsement", "CATI survey", "vaccination scepticism"], "article_id"=>1532647, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Matthew Browne", "Patricia Thomson", "Matthew Justus Rockloff", "Gordon Pennycook"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132562.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>25, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Ordinal_logistic_models_predicting_endorsement_of_vaccination_from_demographic_psychological_and_attitudinal_characteristics_/1532647", "title"=>"Ordinal logistic models predicting endorsement of vaccination from demographic, psychological and attitudinal characteristics.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-01 03:45:02"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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