Effects of Degree and Timing of Social Housing on Reversal Learning and Response to Novel Objects in Dairy Calves
Publication Date
August 14, 2015
Journal
PLOS ONE
Authors
Rebecca K. Meagher, Rolnei R. Daros, João H. C. Costa, Marina A. G. Von Keyserlingk, et al
Volume
10
Issue
8
Pages
e0132828
DOI
https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132828
Publisher URL
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0132828
PubMed
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26274583
PubMed Central
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4537137
Europe PMC
http://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/26274583
Web of Science
000359493600005
Scopus
84943164871
Mendeley
http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-degree-timing-social-housing-reversal-learning-response-novel-objects-dairy-calves
Events
Loading … Spinner

Mendeley | Further Information

{"title"=>"Effects of degree and timing of social housing on reversal learning and response to novel objects in dairy calves", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Rebecca K.", "last_name"=>"Meagher", "scopus_author_id"=>"26325838500"}, {"first_name"=>"Rolnei R.", "last_name"=>"Daros", "scopus_author_id"=>"55992870500"}, {"first_name"=>"João H.C.", "last_name"=>"Costa", "scopus_author_id"=>"55992752900"}, {"first_name"=>"Marina A.G.", "last_name"=>"Von Keyserlingk", "scopus_author_id"=>"6701413652"}, {"first_name"=>"Maria J.", "last_name"=>"Hötzel", "scopus_author_id"=>"35563241700"}, {"first_name"=>"Daniel M.", "last_name"=>"Weary", "scopus_author_id"=>"7006682969"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"sgr"=>"84943164871", "pmid"=>"26274583", "pui"=>"606195017", "issn"=>"19326203", "scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84943164871", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0132828"}, "id"=>"13d4f9d8-cca6-315b-bdf1-ab15626eb4e0", "abstract"=>"Rodents and primates deprived of early social contact exhibit deficits in learning and behavioural flexibility. They often also exhibit apparent signs of elevated anxiety, although the relationship between these effects has not been studied. To investigate whether dairy calves are similarly affected, we first compared calves housed in standard individual pens (n = 7) to those housed in a dynamic group with access to their mothers (n = 8). All calves learned to approach the correct stimulus in a visual discrimination task. Only one individually housed calf was able to re-learn the task when the stimuli were reversed, compared to all but one calf from the group. A second experiment investigated whether this effect might be explained by anxiety in individually housed animals interfering with their learning, and tested varying degrees of social contact in addition to the complex group: pair housing beginning early (approximately 6 days old) and late (6 weeks old). Again, fewer individually reared calves learned the reversal task (2 of 10 or 20%) compared to early paired and grouped calves (16 of 21 or 76% of calves). Late paired calves had intermediate success. Individually housed calves were slower to touch novel objects, but the magnitude of the fear response did not correlate with reversal performance. We conclude that individually housed calves have learning deficits, but these deficits were not likely associated with increased anxiety.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-degree-timing-social-housing-reversal-learning-response-novel-objects-dairy-calves", "reader_count"=>47, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>3, "Researcher"=>4, "Student > Doctoral Student"=>2, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>12, "Student > Master"=>14, "Other"=>2, "Student > Bachelor"=>5, "Lecturer"=>1, "Lecturer > Senior Lecturer"=>1, "Professor"=>3}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>7, "Engineering"=>1, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>23, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>2, "Neuroscience"=>2, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>5, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>1, "Psychology"=>3, "Social Sciences"=>2}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Engineering"=>{"Engineering"=>1}, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>2}, "Neuroscience"=>{"Neuroscience"=>2}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>2}, "Psychology"=>{"Psychology"=>3}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>23}, "Business, Management and Accounting"=>{"Business, Management and Accounting"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>7}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>{"Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine"=>5}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Canada"=>1, "Hungary"=>1, "Poland"=>1, "United Kingdom"=>1, "Germany"=>1}, "group_count"=>1}

Scopus | Further Information

{"@_fa"=>"true", "link"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"self", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84943164871"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"author-affiliation", "@href"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84943164871?field=author,affiliation"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84943164871&origin=inward"}, {"@_fa"=>"true", "@ref"=>"scopus-citedby", "@href"=>"https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84943164871&origin=inward"}], "prism:url"=>"https://api.elsevier.com/content/abstract/scopus_id/84943164871", "dc:identifier"=>"SCOPUS_ID:84943164871", "eid"=>"2-s2.0-84943164871", "dc:title"=>"Effects of degree and timing of social housing on reversal learning and response to novel objects in dairy calves", "dc:creator"=>"Meagher R.", "prism:publicationName"=>"PLoS ONE", "prism:eIssn"=>"19326203", "prism:volume"=>"10", "prism:issueIdentifier"=>"8", "prism:pageRange"=>nil, "prism:coverDate"=>"2015-08-14", "prism:coverDisplayDate"=>"14 August 2015", "prism:doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0132828", "citedby-count"=>"18", "affiliation"=>[{"@_fa"=>"true", "affilname"=>"The University of British Columbia", "affiliation-city"=>"Vancouver", "affiliation-country"=>"Canada"}], "pubmed-id"=>"26274583", "prism:aggregationType"=>"Journal", "subtype"=>"ar", "subtypeDescription"=>"Article", "article-number"=>"e0132828", "source-id"=>"10600153309", "openaccess"=>"1", "openaccessFlag"=>true}

Facebook

  • {"url"=>"http%3A%2F%2Fjournals.plos.org%2Fplosone%2Farticle%3Fid%3D10.1371%252Fjournal.pone.0132828", "share_count"=>6, "like_count"=>34, "comment_count"=>3, "click_count"=>0, "total_count"=>43}

Twitter

Counter

  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"46", "xml_views"=>"7", "html_views"=>"581"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"24", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"70"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"64"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"44"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2015", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"20", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"55"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"35"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"19", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"1", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"10"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"34"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2016", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"36"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"2", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"3", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"4", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"46"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"33"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"31"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"25"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"21"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"39"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"85"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2017", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"47"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"24"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"32"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"10", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"5", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"16", "xml_views"=>"3", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"15", "xml_views"=>"1", "html_views"=>"19"}
  • {"month"=>"9", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"17"}
  • {"month"=>"10", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"7", "xml_views"=>"2", "html_views"=>"30"}
  • {"month"=>"11", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"27"}
  • {"month"=>"12", "year"=>"2018", "pdf_views"=>"11", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"11"}
  • {"month"=>"1", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"16"}
  • {"month"=>"2", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"6", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"14"}
  • {"month"=>"3", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"13", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"4", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"14", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"5", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"8", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"20"}
  • {"month"=>"6", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"9", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"13"}
  • {"month"=>"7", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"21", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"18"}
  • {"month"=>"8", "year"=>"2019", "pdf_views"=>"0", "xml_views"=>"0", "html_views"=>"1"}

Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2212874"], "description"=>"<p>n = 22 Individual, 13 Early Pair, 9 Group. <b>(a) Latency to touch a novel object was lowest in group-housed calves at approx. 40 d of age</b>. Values are medians with interquartile ranges (maximum value of 10 min assigned to calves who did not make contact). ** indicates a treatment that significantly differs from the others at P<0.05. (<b>b) Latency of calves to touch a familiar human in a handling test was higher in group-housed than in individually housed calves at approximately 41 d of age</b>. Values are means + SE (maximum value of 90 s assigned to calves who did not make contact). Treatments that do not have the same letter differ from each other at P<0.05.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["touch novel objects", "fear response", "Reversal Learning", "behavioural flexibility", "Dairy Calves Rodents", "6 days", "novel objects", "contact exhibit deficits", "Dairy Calves", "discrimination task", "social housing", "pair housing", "reversal performance"], "article_id"=>1511285, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Rebecca K. Meagher", "Rolnei R. Daros", "João H. C. Costa", "Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk", "Maria J. Hötzel", "Daniel M. Weary"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132828.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Response_of_calves_to_anxiety_tests_at_approx_40_8211_41_d_of_age_/1511285", "title"=>"Response of calves to anxiety tests at approx. 40–41 d of age.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-14 03:05:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2212867"], "description"=>"<p>Fewer individual calves successfully learned the reversed colour discrimination by the end of training. n = 7 individual, 8 group calves.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["touch novel objects", "fear response", "Reversal Learning", "behavioural flexibility", "Dairy Calves Rodents", "6 days", "novel objects", "contact exhibit deficits", "Dairy Calves", "discrimination task", "social housing", "pair housing", "reversal performance"], "article_id"=>1511278, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Rebecca K. Meagher", "Rolnei R. Daros", "João H. C. Costa", "Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk", "Maria J. Hötzel", "Daniel M. Weary"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132828.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>9, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_of_calves_meeting_the_learning_criterion_by_treatment_over_the_course_of_training_in_the_reversal_learning_task_in_Experiment_1_/1511278", "title"=>"Percentage of calves meeting the learning criterion by treatment over the course of training in the reversal learning task, in Experiment 1.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-14 03:05:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2212870"], "description"=>"<p>** indicates a significant difference at P<0.05. n = 10 individual, 12 late pair, 12 early pair, 9 group.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["touch novel objects", "fear response", "Reversal Learning", "behavioural flexibility", "Dairy Calves Rodents", "6 days", "novel objects", "contact exhibit deficits", "Dairy Calves", "discrimination task", "social housing", "pair housing", "reversal performance"], "article_id"=>1511281, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Rebecca K. Meagher", "Rolnei R. Daros", "João H. C. Costa", "Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk", "Maria J. Hötzel", "Daniel M. Weary"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132828.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>17, "page_views"=>21, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Percentage_of_calves_able_to_reach_criterion_in_the_reversal_learning_task_was_higher_in_calves_socially_housed_in_early_life_than_in_those_housed_individually_in_Experiment_2_/1511281", "title"=>"Percentage of calves able to reach criterion in the reversal learning task was higher in calves socially housed in early life than in those housed individually in Experiment 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-14 03:05:57"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2212871"], "description"=>"<p>Values are means + SE (maximum value of 24 assigned to calves who did not learn). Sample sizes as in <a href=\"http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0132828#pone.0132828.g002\" target=\"_blank\">Fig 2</a>. Early social = calves that were pair- or group-housed since early life (Early Pair + Group). * indicates a statistical tendency (0.05</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["touch novel objects", "fear response", "Reversal Learning", "behavioural flexibility", "Dairy Calves Rodents", "6 days", "novel objects", "contact exhibit deficits", "Dairy Calves", "discrimination task", "social housing", "pair housing", "reversal performance"], "article_id"=>1511282, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences", "Science Policy"], "users"=>["Rebecca K. Meagher", "Rolnei R. Daros", "João H. C. Costa", "Marina A. G. von Keyserlingk", "Maria J. Hötzel", "Daniel M. Weary"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132828.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Number_of_sessions_taken_to_reach_criterion_in_the_reversal_task_in_Experiment_2_/1511282", "title"=>"Number of sessions taken to reach criterion in the reversal task in Experiment 2.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-08-14 03:05:57"}

PMC Usage Stats | Further Information

  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"14", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"19", "full-text"=>"21", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2015", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"7", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"1", "full-text"=>"1", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"6", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"2", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"13", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"1", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"15", "full-text"=>"17", "pdf"=>"3", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2016", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"4", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"3", "full-text"=>"3", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"2", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2017", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"6", "full-text"=>"7", "pdf"=>"2", "abstract"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"1"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"7", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"9"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"5", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"5"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"9", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"12"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"6"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"11", "full-text"=>"12", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"11"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"10", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"7"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"10", "full-text"=>"13", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"8"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"9", "full-text"=>"8", "pdf"=>"3", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2018", "month"=>"10"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"4", "pdf"=>"0", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"2"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"4", "full-text"=>"5", "pdf"=>"1", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"3"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"8", "full-text"=>"6", "pdf"=>"4", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"0", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"4"}
  • {"unique-ip"=>"16", "full-text"=>"14", "pdf"=>"2", "scanned-summary"=>"0", "scanned-page-browse"=>"0", "figure"=>"2", "supp-data"=>"0", "cited-by"=>"0", "year"=>"2019", "month"=>"5"}

Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
Loading … Spinner
There are currently no alerts