Cholera in Pregnancy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Fetal, Neonatal, and Maternal Mortality
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{"title"=>"Cholera in Pregnancy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Fetal, Neonatal, and Maternal Mortality", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Nguyen-Toan", "last_name"=>"Tran"}, {"first_name"=>"Richard", "last_name"=>"Taylor"}, {"first_name"=>"Annick", "last_name"=>"Antierens"}, {"first_name"=>"Nelly", "last_name"=>"Staderini"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLOS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"pmid"=>"26177291", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0132920", "issn"=>"1932-6203"}, "id"=>"ef99f4e3-82ff-3544-9789-11c97eecb211", "abstract"=>"BACKGROUND Maternal infection with cholera may negatively affect pregnancy outcomes. The objective of this research is to systematically review the literature and determine the risk of fetal, neonatal and maternal death associated with cholera during pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Medline, Global Health Library, and Cochrane Library databases were searched using the key terms cholera and pregnancy for articles published in any language and at any time before August 2013 to quantitatively summarize estimates of fetal, maternal, and neonatal mortality. 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for each selected study. Random-effect non-linear logistic regression was used to calculate pooled rates and 95% CIs by time period. Studies from the recent period (1991-2013) were compared with studies from 1969-1990. Relative risk (RR) estimates and 95% CIs were obtained by comparing mortality of selected recent studies with published national normative data from the closest year. RESULTS The meta-analysis included seven studies that together involved 737 pregnant women with cholera from six countries. The pooled fetal death rate for 4 studies during 1991-2013 was 7.9% (95% CIs 5.3-10.4), significantly lower than that of 3 studies from 1969-1990 (31.0%, 95% CIs 25.2-36.8). There was no difference in fetal death rate by trimester. The pooled neonatal death rate for 1991-2013 studies was 0.8% (95% CIs 0.0-1.6), and 6.4% (95% CIs 0.0-20.8) for 1969-1990. The pooled maternal death rate for 1991-2013 studies was 0.2% (95% CIs 0.0-0.7), and 5.0% (95% CIs 0.0-16.0) for 1969-1990. Compared with published national mortality estimates, the RR for fetal death of 5.8 (95% CIs 2.9-11.3) was calculated for Haiti (2013), 1.8 (95% CIs 0.3-10.4) for Senegal (2007), and 2.6 (95% CIs 0.5-14.9) for Peru (1991); there were no significant differences in the RR for neonatal or maternal death. CONCLUSION Results are limited by the inconsistencies found across included studies but suggest that maternal cholera is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, particularly fetal death. These findings can inform a research agenda on cholera in pregnancy and guidance for the timely management of pregnant women with cholera.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/cholera-pregnancy-systematic-review-metaanalysis-fetal-neonatal-maternal-mortality-4", "reader_count"=>26, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Researcher"=>7, "Student > Ph. D. Student"=>2, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1, "Other"=>2, "Student > Master"=>5, "Student > Bachelor"=>7, "Lecturer"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>2, "Environmental Science"=>1, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>4, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>11, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2, "Arts and Humanities"=>1, "Social Sciences"=>3, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>11}, "Social Sciences"=>{"Social Sciences"=>3}, "Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>{"Economics, Econometrics and Finance"=>1}, "Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>{"Agricultural and Biological Sciences"=>2}, "Nursing and Health Professions"=>{"Nursing and Health Professions"=>4}, "Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>{"Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>2}, "Environmental Science"=>{"Environmental Science"=>1}, "Arts and Humanities"=>{"Arts and Humanities"=>1}}, "reader_count_by_country"=>{"Ethiopia"=>1, "India"=>1}, "group_count"=>4}

Scopus | Further Information

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2176405"], "description"=>"<p>Maternal death rate with cholera: study and pooled estimates per 100 pregnancies with 95% confidence intervals.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rr", "cholera", "Cochrane Library databases", "pregnancy outcomes", "Maternal Mortality BackgroundMaternal infection", "ci", "Death rate", "Global Health Library"], "article_id"=>1483761, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nguyen-Toan Tran", "Richard Taylor", "Annick Antierens", "Nelly Staderini"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132920.g004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Maternal_death_rate_with_cholera_study_and_pooled_estimates_per_100_pregnancies_with_95_confidence_intervals_/1483761", "title"=>"Maternal death rate with cholera: study and pooled estimates per 100 pregnancies with 95% confidence intervals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 03:26:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2176403"], "description"=>"<p>Fetal death rate (all trimesters) with maternal cholera: study and pooled estimates per 100 pregnancies with 95% confidence intervals.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rr", "cholera", "Cochrane Library databases", "pregnancy outcomes", "Maternal Mortality BackgroundMaternal infection", "ci", "Death rate", "Global Health Library"], "article_id"=>1483759, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nguyen-Toan Tran", "Richard Taylor", "Annick Antierens", "Nelly Staderini"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132920.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>12, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Fetal_death_rate_all_trimesters_with_maternal_cholera_study_and_pooled_estimates_per_100_pregnancies_with_95_confidence_intervals_/1483759", "title"=>"Fetal death rate (all trimesters) with maternal cholera: study and pooled estimates per 100 pregnancies with 95% confidence intervals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 03:26:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2176404"], "description"=>"<p>Neonatal death rate with maternal cholera: study and pooled estimates per 100 pregnancies with 95% confidence intervals.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rr", "cholera", "Cochrane Library databases", "pregnancy outcomes", "Maternal Mortality BackgroundMaternal infection", "ci", "Death rate", "Global Health Library"], "article_id"=>1483760, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nguyen-Toan Tran", "Richard Taylor", "Annick Antierens", "Nelly Staderini"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132920.g003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Neonatal_death_rate_with_maternal_cholera_study_and_pooled_estimates_per_100_pregnancies_with_95_confidence_intervals_/1483760", "title"=>"Neonatal death rate with maternal cholera: study and pooled estimates per 100 pregnancies with 95% confidence intervals.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 03:26:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2176402"], "description"=>"<p>Search strategy for a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine fetal, neonatal, and maternal mortality among pregnant women with cholera.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rr", "cholera", "Cochrane Library databases", "pregnancy outcomes", "Maternal Mortality BackgroundMaternal infection", "ci", "Death rate", "Global Health Library"], "article_id"=>1483758, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nguyen-Toan Tran", "Richard Taylor", "Annick Antierens", "Nelly Staderini"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132920.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>8, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Search_strategy_for_a_systematic_review_and_meta_analysis_to_determine_fetal_neonatal_and_maternal_mortality_among_pregnant_women_with_cholera_/1483758", "title"=>"Search strategy for a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine fetal, neonatal, and maternal mortality among pregnant women with cholera.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 03:26:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2176407"], "description"=>"<div><p>Background</p><p>Maternal infection with cholera may negatively affect pregnancy outcomes. The objective of this research is to systematically review the literature and determine the risk of fetal, neonatal and maternal death associated with cholera during pregnancy.</p><p>Materials and Methods</p><p>Medline, Global Health Library, and Cochrane Library databases were searched using the key terms <i>cholera</i> and <i>pregnancy</i> for articles published in any language and at any time before August 2013 to quantitatively summarize estimates of fetal, maternal, and neonatal mortality. 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for each selected study. Random-effect non-linear logistic regression was used to calculate pooled rates and 95% CIs by time period. Studies from the recent period (1991-2013) were compared with studies from 1969-1990. Relative risk (RR) estimates and 95% CIs were obtained by comparing mortality of selected recent studies with published national normative data from the closest year.</p><p>Results</p><p>The meta-analysis included seven studies that together involved 737 pregnant women with cholera from six countries. The pooled fetal death rate for 4 studies during 1991-2013 was 7.9% (95% CIs 5.3-10.4), significantly lower than that of 3 studies from 1969-1990 (31.0%, 95% CIs 25.2-36.8). There was no difference in fetal death rate by trimester. The pooled neonatal death rate for 1991-2013 studies was 0.8% (95% CIs 0.0-1.6), and 6.4% (95% CIs 0.0-20.8) for 1969-1990. The pooled maternal death rate for 1991-2013 studies was 0.2% (95% CIs 0.0-0.7), and 5.0% (95% CIs 0.0-16.0) for 1969-1990. Compared with published national mortality estimates, the RR for fetal death of 5.8 (95% CIs 2.9-11.3) was calculated for Haiti (2013), 1.8 (95% CIs 0.3-10.4) for Senegal (2007), and 2.6 (95% CIs 0.5-14.9) for Peru (1991); there were no significant differences in the RR for neonatal or maternal death.</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>Results are limited by the inconsistencies found across included studies but suggest that maternal cholera is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, particularly fetal death. These findings can inform a research agenda on cholera in pregnancy and guidance for the timely management of pregnant women with cholera.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rr", "cholera", "Cochrane Library databases", "pregnancy outcomes", "Maternal Mortality BackgroundMaternal infection", "ci", "Death rate", "Global Health Library"], "article_id"=>1483763, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nguyen-Toan Tran", "Richard Taylor", "Annick Antierens", "Nelly Staderini"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132920", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Cholera_in_Pregnancy_A_Systematic_Review_and_Meta_Analysis_of_Fetal_Neonatal_and_Maternal_Mortality_/1483763", "title"=>"Cholera in Pregnancy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Fetal, Neonatal, and Maternal Mortality", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 03:26:17"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2176406"], "description"=>"<p>Characteristics of studies included in a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine fetal, neonatal, and maternal mortality among pregnant women with cholera.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["rr", "cholera", "Cochrane Library databases", "pregnancy outcomes", "Maternal Mortality BackgroundMaternal infection", "ci", "Death rate", "Global Health Library"], "article_id"=>1483762, "categories"=>["Biological Sciences"], "users"=>["Nguyen-Toan Tran", "Richard Taylor", "Annick Antierens", "Nelly Staderini"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132920.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>5, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Characteristics_of_studies_included_in_a_systematic_review_and_meta_analysis_to_determine_fetal_neonatal_and_maternal_mortality_among_pregnant_women_with_cholera_/1483762", "title"=>"Characteristics of studies included in a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine fetal, neonatal, and maternal mortality among pregnant women with cholera.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-07-15 03:26:17"}

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{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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