Effect of Orbital Decompression on Corneal Topography in Patients with Thyroid Ophthalmopathy
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{"title"=>"Effect of orbital decompression on corneal topography in patients with thyroid ophthalmopathy", "type"=>"journal", "authors"=>[{"first_name"=>"Su Ah", "last_name"=>"Kim", "scopus_author_id"=>"55183799500"}, {"first_name"=>"Su Kyung", "last_name"=>"Jung", "scopus_author_id"=>"54393301700"}, {"first_name"=>"Ji Sun", "last_name"=>"Paik", "scopus_author_id"=>"56509031700"}, {"first_name"=>"Suk Woo", "last_name"=>"Yang", "scopus_author_id"=>"22945885400"}], "year"=>2015, "source"=>"PLoS ONE", "identifiers"=>{"scopus"=>"2-s2.0-84944755247", "sgr"=>"84944755247", "pui"=>"606519592", "issn"=>"19326203", "doi"=>"10.1371/journal.pone.0133612"}, "id"=>"0f743fcb-11ea-3639-a702-0ad89ce76c73", "abstract"=>"Objective\\nTo evaluate changes in corneal astigmatism in patients undergoing orbital decompression surgery.\\n\\nMethods\\nThis retrospective, non randomized comparative study involved 42 eyes from 21 patients with thyroid ophthalmopathy who underwent orbital decompression surgery between September 2011 and September 2014. The 42 eyes were divided into three groups: control (9 eyes), two-wall decompression (25 eyes), and three-wall decompression (8 eyes). The control group was defined as the contralateral eyes of nine patients who underwent orbital decompression surgery in only one eye. Corneal topography (Orbscan II), Hertel exophthalmometry, and intraocular pressure were measured at 1 month before and 3 months after surgery. Corneal topographic parameters analyzed were total astigmatism (TA), steepest axis (SA), central corneal thickness (CCT), and anterior chamber depth (ACD).\\n\\nResults\\nExophthalmometry values and intraocular pressure decreased significantly after the decompression surgery. The change (absolute value (|x|) of the difference) in astigmatism at the 3 mm zone was significantly different between the decompression group and the controls (p = 0.025). There was also a significant change in the steepest axis at the 3 mm zone between the decompression group and the controls (p = 0.033). An analysis of relevant changes in astigmatism showed that there was a dominant tendency for incyclotorsion of the steepest axis in eyes that underwent decompression surgery. Using Astig PLOT, the mean surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) was 0.21±0.88 D with an axis of 46±22°, suggesting that decompression surgery did change the corneal shape and induced incyclotorsion of the steepest axis.\\n\\nConclusions\\nThere was a significant change in corneal astigmatism after orbital decompression surgery and this change was sufficient to affect the optical function of the cornea. Surgeons and patients should be aware of these changes.", "link"=>"http://www.mendeley.com/research/effect-orbital-decompression-corneal-topography-patients-thyroid-ophthalmopathy", "reader_count"=>2, "reader_count_by_academic_status"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1}, "reader_count_by_user_role"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Student > Postgraduate"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subject_area"=>{"Unspecified"=>1, "Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "reader_count_by_subdiscipline"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>{"Medicine and Dentistry"=>1}, "Unspecified"=>{"Unspecified"=>1}}, "group_count"=>0}

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Figshare

  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2256012"], "description"=>"<p>This figure demonstrates the direction of the rotation of the steep axis after decompression surgery (CW = clockwise, CCW = counterclockwise, OD = right eye, OS = left eye). (n = 33 in operated eye, n = 9 in control).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cct", "sia", "42 eyes", "3 mm zone", "astigmatism", "Thyroid Ophthalmopathy ObjectiveTo", "decompression surgery.MethodsThis retrospective", "acd", "sa", "axis", "decompression group", "ta", "ii", "decompression surgery"], "article_id"=>1537926, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Su Ah Kim", "Su Kyung Jung", "Ji Sun Paik", "Suk-Woo Yang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133612.g001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>3, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_decompression_surgery_/1537926", "title"=>"Effect of decompression surgery.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-09 03:16:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2256013"], "description"=>"<p>A. Scatter plot of polar astigmatic vectors for preoperative (blue dots) and postoperative (red dots) astigmatism (n = 33). B. Scatter plot of calculated surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) using the mean corneal astigmatism in the 3-mm zone obtained with the Orbscan II (n = 33).</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cct", "sia", "42 eyes", "3 mm zone", "astigmatism", "Thyroid Ophthalmopathy ObjectiveTo", "decompression surgery.MethodsThis retrospective", "acd", "sa", "axis", "decompression group", "ta", "ii", "decompression surgery"], "article_id"=>1537927, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Su Ah Kim", "Su Kyung Jung", "Ji Sun Paik", "Suk-Woo Yang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133612.g002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>22, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Scatter_plots_using_Astig_PLOT_/1537927", "title"=>"Scatter plots using Astig PLOT.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>1, "published_date"=>"2015-09-09 03:16:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2256014"], "description"=>"<p>Average exophthalmometry values and intraocular pressure, measured before and after surgery, are also shown. Significant P values are indicated in bold.</p><p>*Groups were compared with the paired <i>t</i>-test.</p><p><sup>†</sup>Groups were compared with the Mann-Whitney U-test (two-tailed).</p><p>Demographics of study patients.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cct", "sia", "42 eyes", "3 mm zone", "astigmatism", "Thyroid Ophthalmopathy ObjectiveTo", "decompression surgery.MethodsThis retrospective", "acd", "sa", "axis", "decompression group", "ta", "ii", "decompression surgery"], "article_id"=>1537928, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Su Ah Kim", "Su Kyung Jung", "Ji Sun Paik", "Suk-Woo Yang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133612.t001", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>1, "page_views"=>14, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Demographics_of_study_patients_/1537928", "title"=>"Demographics of study patients.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-09 03:16:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2256015"], "description"=>"<p>The definition of ‘difference’ is subtracting the preoperative value from the postoperative value. The definition of ‘change’ is the absolute value (|x|) of the difference. Significant <i>P</i> values are indicated in bold.</p><p>*Groups were compared with the paired t-test.</p><p><sup>†</sup>Groups were compared with the Mann-Whitney U-test (two-tailed).</p><p>Summary of topographic parameters evaluated by the Orbscan (at 3 and 5 mm) in each group.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cct", "sia", "42 eyes", "3 mm zone", "astigmatism", "Thyroid Ophthalmopathy ObjectiveTo", "decompression surgery.MethodsThis retrospective", "acd", "sa", "axis", "decompression group", "ta", "ii", "decompression surgery"], "article_id"=>1537929, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Su Ah Kim", "Su Kyung Jung", "Ji Sun Paik", "Suk-Woo Yang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133612.t002", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>11, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Summary_of_topographic_parameters_evaluated_by_the_Orbscan_at_3_and_5_mm_in_each_group_/1537929", "title"=>"Summary of topographic parameters evaluated by the Orbscan (at 3 and 5 mm) in each group.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-09 03:16:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2256016"], "description"=>"<p>*Groups were compared with the Mann-Whitney U-test (two-tailed).</p><p>Sub-group analysis of relevant changes in astigmatism power and axis in the two-wall and three-wall decompression groups.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cct", "sia", "42 eyes", "3 mm zone", "astigmatism", "Thyroid Ophthalmopathy ObjectiveTo", "decompression surgery.MethodsThis retrospective", "acd", "sa", "axis", "decompression group", "ta", "ii", "decompression surgery"], "article_id"=>1537930, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Su Ah Kim", "Su Kyung Jung", "Ji Sun Paik", "Suk-Woo Yang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133612.t003", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>11, "page_views"=>16, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Sub_group_analysis_of_relevant_changes_in_astigmatism_power_and_axis_in_the_two_wall_and_three_wall_decompression_groups_/1537930", "title"=>"Sub-group analysis of relevant changes in astigmatism power and axis in the two-wall and three-wall decompression groups.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-09 03:16:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2256017"], "description"=>"<p>Distribution of all cases depending on the amount of change in the degree of the steep axis and the direction of the rotation of the steep axis. Analyses were performed using topographic parameters measured at the 3-mm zone (Orbscan II).</p><p>Change and the direction of rotation of the steep axis.</p>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cct", "sia", "42 eyes", "3 mm zone", "astigmatism", "Thyroid Ophthalmopathy ObjectiveTo", "decompression surgery.MethodsThis retrospective", "acd", "sa", "axis", "decompression group", "ta", "ii", "decompression surgery"], "article_id"=>1537931, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Su Ah Kim", "Su Kyung Jung", "Ji Sun Paik", "Suk-Woo Yang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133612.t004", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>0, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Change_and_the_direction_of_rotation_of_the_steep_axis_/1537931", "title"=>"Change and the direction of rotation of the steep axis.", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-09 03:16:53"}
  • {"files"=>["https://ndownloader.figshare.com/files/2256018"], "description"=>"<div><p>Objective</p><p>To evaluate changes in corneal astigmatism in patients undergoing orbital decompression surgery.</p><p>Methods</p><p>This retrospective, non randomized comparative study involved 42 eyes from 21 patients with thyroid ophthalmopathy who underwent orbital decompression surgery between September 2011 and September 2014. The 42 eyes were divided into three groups: control (9 eyes), two-wall decompression (25 eyes), and three-wall decompression (8 eyes). The control group was defined as the contralateral eyes of nine patients who underwent orbital decompression surgery in only one eye. Corneal topography (Orbscan II), Hertel exophthalmometry, and intraocular pressure were measured at 1 month before and 3 months after surgery. Corneal topographic parameters analyzed were total astigmatism (TA), steepest axis (SA), central corneal thickness (CCT), and anterior chamber depth (ACD).</p><p>Results</p><p>Exophthalmometry values and intraocular pressure decreased significantly after the decompression surgery. The change (absolute value (|x|) of the difference) in astigmatism at the 3 mm zone was significantly different between the decompression group and the controls (p = 0.025). There was also a significant change in the steepest axis at the 3 mm zone between the decompression group and the controls (p = 0.033). An analysis of relevant changes in astigmatism showed that there was a dominant tendency for incyclotorsion of the steepest axis in eyes that underwent decompression surgery. Using Astig PLOT, the mean surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) was 0.21±0.88 D with an axis of 46±22°, suggesting that decompression surgery did change the corneal shape and induced incyclotorsion of the steepest axis.</p><p>Conclusions</p><p>There was a significant change in corneal astigmatism after orbital decompression surgery and this change was sufficient to affect the optical function of the cornea. Surgeons and patients should be aware of these changes.</p></div>", "links"=>[], "tags"=>["cct", "sia", "42 eyes", "3 mm zone", "astigmatism", "Thyroid Ophthalmopathy ObjectiveTo", "decompression surgery.MethodsThis retrospective", "acd", "sa", "axis", "decompression group", "ta", "ii", "decompression surgery"], "article_id"=>1537932, "categories"=>["Uncategorised"], "users"=>["Su Ah Kim", "Su Kyung Jung", "Ji Sun Paik", "Suk-Woo Yang"], "doi"=>"https://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133612", "stats"=>{"downloads"=>5, "page_views"=>9, "likes"=>0}, "figshare_url"=>"https://figshare.com/articles/_Effect_of_Orbital_Decompression_on_Corneal_Topography_in_Patients_with_Thyroid_Ophthalmopathy_/1537932", "title"=>"Effect of Orbital Decompression on Corneal Topography in Patients with Thyroid Ophthalmopathy", "pos_in_sequence"=>0, "defined_type"=>3, "published_date"=>"2015-09-09 03:16:53"}

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Relative Metric

{"start_date"=>"2015-01-01T00:00:00Z", "end_date"=>"2015-12-31T00:00:00Z", "subject_areas"=>[]}
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